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2. I charge you also, because of your many Oaths to the King, that you keep them inviolably. Be faithful to him according to your Covenant, the Oaths of God are upon you; if directly or indirectly you do any thing against his standing, God, by whom ye have fworn, will be avenged upon you for the Breach of his Oath.

And now I will close up all in one word more to You, Sir: You are the only Covenanted King with God and his People in the World: Many have obstructed your Entry in it ; now seeing the Lord hath brought you in over all these Obstructi. ons, only observe to do what is contained therein; and it shall prove a happy Time for You and Your House. And because you are entered in Times of great difficulty, wherein small itrength seems to remain with you in the eyes of the World, for recovering your juft Power and Greatnets; therefore také the Counsel which David, when he was dying, gave to his Son Solomon, 1 Kings 2. 2, 3. Be strong, and how thy self a Man, and keep the charge of the Lord thy God, to walk in his ways, and keep his Commandments, that thou may'st prosper in all that thou doʻjt, and whithersoever thou turnejt thy felf.

After this Exhortation, the Minifter closed the whole Adion with Prayer; and the 20th Psalm being fung, he dismissed the People with the Blessing.

Then did the King's Majesty descend from the Stage, with the Crown upon his Head; and receiving again the Scepter in his Hand, returned with the whole Train in solemn manner to his Palace, the Sword being carried before him.


Phenix x.

The Answer of the States-General

of the United Provinces of the Low-Countries, to the Declaration of War of the King of Great Britain.

Printed in 1674

Publish'd by Their Lordship’s Order.

HE States-General of the United Provinces of the Low-
Countries; To all to whom these mall come, Greeting.

The Hopes we had hitherto, that our continual seeking of Peace would, in time, prove more successful; and that the reiterated Instances of the Prince of Orange should at last carry it above the Arts which have been us’d againft us, have kept us from publishing sooner an Answer to the Declaration of War of his Majesty of Great Britain ; Being unwilling to encrease the Feud, or to let the whole World see at what rate fo great a King hath been abus'd, by the publishing in his Name of a Manifest, wherein Truth is what hath been leaft aim'd at, and which is all full of things that deserve so little to bear in the Front so Illustrious a Name.

But since all our Endeavours, as well as those of the Prince of Orange, have prov'd fruitless; and that our moft earneft Suits are not only rejected with Scorn, but are also look'd up: on as Injuries, as it appears by the Exceptions that have been

taken taken at the respectful Letter we had written to his faid Majefty, the care we are bound to have of our Honour, and what we owe to our Subjects, doth not give us leave to defer any longer the laying of our Innocence open, and to make known to all Europe the Justice of our Arms, which we'll be always ready to lay down as soon as the Violence of our Enemies shall cease ; as we did not take them up, but out of an unavoidable necefhty.

Howbeit, before we go further, we think it necessary to defire his Majesty of Great Britain to be perfuaded, that our intention is not to offend his Royal Person, for which we have ever had, and will ftill have, all imaginable Respeit, altho the strength of Truth doth constrain us to disown most of what his Ministers have persuaded him to aver.

We do also defire all those of the English Nation, into whose hands these may come, to read them with an impartial Mind, and to seek only the Truth in them, without considering it comes from Enemies, since we bear that Title with much regret ; and that we desire nothing more earnestly, than to see our felves united again with a Nation, to which we are link'd by the facred Bont of the same Religion, besides a joint Interest in several other respects.

English Declaration. ANSWER.

E have been always so peaW

E never intended to Tous for the Quiet of Chri.

call in question the stendom, and lo careful not to In- peaceable and generous Intenvade any other Kingdom or State, tions of the King of Great Brithat we hope the World will do tain; and we are enough perUs the fustice to believe, that it suaded, that all the misunderis nothing but inevitable Necefity standing that hath been beforceth Us to the Resolution of ta- tween us since his Restoration, king up Arms.

hath proceeded only from the Immediately upon Our Restau- Counsels of ill-affected Perration to Our Crowns, the first sons. But by reason that to work We undertook, was the elta- what concerns the Person of blishing of Peace, and the jetling his Majesty, (which we do not a good correspondence between Us gainsay they add several And Our Neighbours; and in par- groundless Accusations relaticular, Our care was, to conclude ting to our felves, a short and a strict League with the States. faithful Account of what hath General of the United Provinces, pass’d most conliderable before upont


upon such equal Terms, es would the Treaty of Breda, will fufficertainly not have been broken, if ciently demonstrate which of any Obligations could have kept both Parties hath moft endeathem within the bounds of Friend-vour'd to preserve a fair Corship or Justice.

respondence, and who have This League was maintaind in-fought Peace with the greatest violable on Our part. But in the reality and zeal. Tear 1664. we were stirred up by When his Majefty of Great the Complaints of Our People, and Britain was miraculously called the unanimous Vote of Both Our again by his Subjects to the Houses of Parliament ; finding it a Government of his Kingdoms, vain Attempt to endeavour the Pro- he was pleased to make choice Sperity of Our Kingdoms by peace of one of our Towns to receive able ways at home, whilst Our the Deputies that were fent Subjets were still expos’d to the to him, and stay'd with us till Injuries and oppressions of those all things were ready for his States abroad.

Transportation. During the That whole Summer was spent said time, we endeavour'd to in Negotiations and Endeavours on give him all possible DemonOur fide, to bring them to reason a- ftrations of Our respect to his ble Terms, which notwithstanding Person, and of the fervent deall We could do, proved at length fire we had to purchase his in effe&ual; for the more we pur. Friendship, and to preserve sued them with friendly Propositi. the same inviolable. And what ons, the more obstinately they kept we did in that respect, prov'd off from agreeing with us. so acceptable to his Majesty,

Upon this ensued the War in the and did so far persuade hím of Tear 1665. and continued to the the fincerity of our intentions, Tear 1667. in all which time Our that he was pleased to acknowVi&tories and their Losses were me- ledg it much beyond what we morable enough, to put them in expected ; and assured us, with mind of being more faithful to the most obliging Expressions, their Leagues for the future. But that he was resolved,' and did instead of that, the Peace was no earnestly delire to enter with sooner made, but they returned to our State into a stricter Allie their usual custom of breaking Arti- ance than any of his Predecles, and supplanting our Trade. cessors had done, and that he

did hope his Restoration would be of no less advantage to the Inhabitants of our Provinces than to his own Subjects, and that they should all taste the fruits of it with an equal satisfaction : Adding to this, that he should not without jealousy see us prefer the Friendship or Alliance of any other Prince before his. Several general Proposals and Projeets of Treaties were made even at that time; after which we rent a folemn Embassy to put an end to what had been already propos’d, and to offer on our part all that



was both reasonable and fearable. But our Einbassadors were no sooner arriv'd, but they perceiv'd a great Alteration in the Mind and Inclinations of his faid Majesty, and found that fome ill-affected Persons had poliefs'd him against us since he had left the Hague : So that inst-ad of concluding the Alliance which he had propos'd to us Himself, he began to fide with other Princes against us.' And in particular, tho the War we had with Portugal was most just and most warrantable, yet he openly threatned to break with us, if we did seek any longer, by way of Arms, a reparation of the Wrongs we had receiv'd from that Crown.

In the mean time, our Embassadors did not intermit their Instances, and press'd with all poffible Zeal for the concluding of a ftriéter Alliance with the Crown of England : But after several Objections and Difficulties rais'd by that Court, upon the Articles which our Emballadors had propos’d, in conforinity to the Project that had been made, whilst his Majesty was ftill at the Hague; the Commissioners with whom they treated, offer'd them at lait, after above a Year's delay, the Treaty which was concluded in the Year 1654 with Cromwell : And this Treaty could not be confirm'd neither, but with much dificulty and trouble, and with the addition of several Points, that made it more disadvantagious to us than the very Treaty of 1654.

At laft, having overcome all those Difficulties, and given to the King of Great Britain so clear Proofs of the fingular Efteem we had of his Friendship, we thought thereby to have laid the Fountation of a firm and durable Peace,' and did hope the English Ministers would have contributed on their part, as we did on ours, to extinguish the leait Sparks of Dilcord: But the Treaty was no sooner concluded, than they begun to renew and set on foot certain Pretensions, that were regulated in general by the Treaty, but not perfectly ended. And whilst the Embarradur Downing made a great Noise in the Hague, of a few groundless Demands of fone private Merchants, they fent a Fleet to poffefs themselves of several Pla. ces belonging to us upon the coast of Guiney, and of all the New Netherlands; and that in the midit of a setled Peace, with. out a previous Declaration of War, and without any denial on our part, to give them fatisfaction upon any Complaint they had made: and afterwards they seiz'd all our Merchant Ships that fail'd along their Coast.

Th se Excuties were follow'd by a Declaration of War; during which, we may truly lay, we never refus'd to hearken to any Overture of Peace that was made to us, either by Princes and States, or by any other unconcernd Persons; But, to


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