« PreviousContinue »
Fiat Justitia Ruat Coelum.
that drop. Far be it, however, that we
And proud Ambition strove to stir his heart,
One by one,
They were his
His Slaves. Yet never had they known with him
Had he entreated them; but with a grave
As of an elder brother 'midst the band
With a free gush of tears, and his ear hung
On every cadence of his master's voice,
Oh how can I
Depart from thee? 'tis sweet, most sweet, to be
I ne'er have been
A slave within thy house-hast thou not wrought
I blessed thee in my heart!
Oh tell me not
That I must leave thee! sure I cannot be
Ha! says't thou then That thine own James shall 'midst thine household be,
My master, and my friend! and yet be free?
Then bless thee for the boon, thou best of men! Oh let me press thy hand upon my heart, Whose grateful love, with life alone, shall part, And weep my thanks to thee!
LETTER FROM CANADA.
E. M. C.
"Wilberforce, Dec. 7th, 1832.
I received your letter of the second of Nov. ult. with great pleasure, and was very glad to hear of your arrival again in the United States. It gives me pleasure to hear of your prospects in the Republic of Mexico; and I would offer up my prayers to Almighty God, for your success; for I am sensible that if you succeed in establishing å settlement, or colony, to the South, many more of my countrymen, who now are groaning in slavery, and probably would continue to do so until death, may yet taste the sweets of liberty, and sing the song of redemption. And should you thus be the means of redeeming but a few more of our brethren, who are doomed to slavery and degradation, what joy will you experience! how consoling to the Christian must such a
Of a dead father's household. Yet their bonds reflection be, when time is drawing to a
Upon his heart laid heavily and sad,
There was one
close with him! what sweet consolation to hear the language; "I was naked and you clothed me; I was an hungered, and you fed me," &c.
Our settlement is very healthy, and
Fiat Justitia Ruat Colum.
people are industrious, and clearing up their farms as fast they can. We have not had a great addition to our numbers, since you were here; but our coloured friends are settling in the neighborhood of Wilberforce, and we are in hopes as soon as our Agent, Mr. N. Paul, returns from England, to obtain what land we want;*--and then settlers will come in faster."
"IMMEDIATE, NOT GRADUAL."
ters, they shall really receive the protection of law:
That the power which is now vested in every slaveholder to rob them of their just dues,to drive them into the fields like beasts, to lacerate their bodies, to sell the husband from his wife, the wife from her husband, and children from their parents, shall instantly cease :
That the slaves shall be employed as free laborers, fairly compensated, and protected in their earnings:
That they shall be placed under a be nevolent and disinterested supervision, which shall secure to them the right to obtain secular and religious knowledge, to worship God, according to the dictates of their consciences, to accumulate wealth, &c.
The motives and objects of the advocates of Universal Emancipation, in this country, are not generally understood. It must be confessed that many of its friends have not always been sufficiently particular, in explaining their views. -Ours have been frequently and fairly stated. There may, indeed, be some "fanatics" among us, who would recommend ill advised To say that this transformation is immeasures; but few if any entertain the idea of practicable at present, is nothing to the turning all the slaves loose, with no restriction purpose: it is impracticable only because whatever, as some have believed we have de- of obstinacy, hatred, pride, ambition, and signed to do. Even the zealous and “enthusias-lust, on the part of the oppressors. Their tic" GARRISON indulges no such wild, impru-duty is clear and imperious—to break dent notions. Below, we give his sentiments relative to this subject, in an extract from his prospectus for the third volume of the "Liberator." (Its great length forbids an insertion of the whole.) He urges nothing impracticable, nor,in the least degree, dangerous to the peace and welfare of the community at large. The utility and safety of measures, such as are here proposed, have been often tested and fully sustain
every yoke, undo the heavy burdens, and let the oppressed go free, in obedience to the command of God. Because they refuse to do justly and love mercy now, it does not vacate their obligation to fulfil the royal law, instantly.
We hope to be successful in our attempts to abolish slavery→
Not by exciting and encouraging the slaves to rebel, for that would be perfidious and wicked:
Not by a physical interposition on the part of the free states, for that would be productive of war and anarchy:
Not by an unlawful exercise of politi cal supremacy, for that would be despo tism:
But by pricking the consciences of the planters-by faithfully showing them their guilt, infatuation and danger-by appealing to their selfishness, on the score of pecuniary interest--by moral suasion by concentrating public sentiment against slavery-by inducing the
That instead of being under the unlimited control of a few irresponsible mas-pulpit and the press to plead for those
*We have seen a late letter, from this gentleman, in which he states that he has met with much encouragement from persons of the first standing, in England. May great success attend him! and may the worthy bands of the "Pilgrim" pioneers, who have established the coloured settlements in Canada, be recompenced a thousand fold for their sacrifices and privations the consequences of their noble enterprise-in founding asylums there, for the oppressed and persecuted, in this "land of liberty," and of slavery!G. U. E.
who are poor and needy, and bound with fetters--by constitutional authority, growing out of constitutional guilt and alliance -by the prodigal dissemination of antislavery tracts, pamphlets and petitions— by the formation of anti-slavery societies, uniting and co-operating together as temperance societies have done by the constant presentation of motives, touching every chord of the human heart→→→
Fiat Justitia Ruat Coelum.
and by the use of those spiritual weapons which are mighty, through God, to the pulling down of the strong holdsof Satan."
AFFRAY IN NEW JERSEY.
Three slaves escaped from Maryland, a few weeks since, and were pursued to the vicinity of Camden, New Jersey. They were employed in cutting wood, but armed with guns, &c. to defend themselves. On the approach of the pursuers, they were joined by a number of other persons, black and white, when an attack was made on the former, and they were nearly killed. It is said the number on the side of the slaves, amounted to about fifty. The ringleader was subsequently taken, and imprisoned.
A PARDON ASKED.
ben Chambers, at Bethania, Pennsylvania. Success to it! We shall have more such-in fact, a variety of new publications-to notice
If friend Chambers will examine the last number of the G. U. E. (now forwarded,) he will see the "reasons" why he has not before had an exchange with us:
Late accounts from Monrovia, are rather unfavourable. The colonial agent, in a letter to the Rev. R. R. Gurley, dated September,' 1832, remonstrates in severe terms, against the sending of "vagrants" thither, to people the colony. He objects to receiving such as have "never, when in the United States, voluntarily labored for their own support, and now, when the stimulus of the overseer's lash is removed, cannot be induced to exert themselves sufficiently to procure even a scanty subsistence," &c. We fear that too many of the "slaves, liberated on condition of going to Liberia," were old and confirmed in their degraded habits. There is much of that kind of philanthropy in vogue, that would dispense with the services of such persons as these, for such a worthy purpose!
The British cruizers in the West Indies, appear to be actively and successfully engaged in watching the slave traders. The schooner Speedwell lately captured one bound to Cuba with 616 slaves on board, after an action of half an hour. She has also taken another with 134 slaves.
Not of our enemies, are we soliciting favors; but we crave the indulgence of friends, who have been vexatiously neglected. While the editor was out on his late western tour, many names were added to the subscription list for this work, more than three hundred of which were obtained in the states of Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, and Indiana. With extreme mortification, he learns, that a considerable number of these were not supplied until the Addenda for the last volume was issued. The only apology that can be offered is this: During a part of the time, while travelling in the west The "Society of Christian Morals," in and south, the publication was attended to by a France, has petitioned the government for the melioration of the condition of the slave popufew friends; and it appears that a list of subscrip-lation in its colonies, with a view to ultimate tions from Springborough, Ohio, Richmoud and New Garden, Indiana, and several other places, which had been forwarded to the office, were mislaid, and forgotten, until the editor's return. Nearly all of these should have commenced with the 10th number of the eleventh volume; but seeing the paper was not then forwarded, the time of beginning will be changed to the first number of the present volume.
The editor hopes that these explanations and this arrangement will be acceptable to his friends, who have been so unintentionally neglected. The case, it is obvious, was entirely beyond his control.--And seeing that his own time, labor, and pecuniary means, are wholly devoted to the cause of the suffering, bleeding victims of oppression and cruelty, he hopes for the kind indulgence of those who, in the enjoyment of a happier lot, may sometimes, as in the present instance, meet with small disappointments, in co-operating with him.
NEW ANTI-SLAVERY PAPER.
emancipation. The good cause is gaining friends, throughout the Christian world.
PRICE OF SLAVES.-For a man, 9 ounces, (doubloons,) or 216 yards of cloth, or 9 rolls of tobacco, or 36 gallons of spirits, or 139 handkerchiefs. For a woman 8 ounces, or 192 yds. or 8 rolls, or 32 gallons, or 128 handkerchiefs. For a child, 6 ounces, or 144 yards, or 6 rolls, or 24 gallons, or 96 handkerchiefs.-Actual state of the slave trade on the coast of Africa.
In St. Christopher's, and Dominica, the Free People of Colour have been invested with political privileges.
TO READERS AND CORRESPONDENTS.
An interesting letter from Charles Stuart, of London, will appear in our next.
A Fourth of July Address, by Jabez D. Hammond Esq. at Cherry Valley, N. Y. is on file, and will be reviewed.
A communication from the Secretary of the Manumission Society of Tennessee, will be attended to, very soon.
Our correspondent at Annapolis, is informed that the absence of the editor, alone, prevented the insertion of his communication. It will yet appear.
The "Appeal" of our friend, Matthew Carey, of Philadelphia, shall have a response, ere long. A friend or two, in Alexandria, will be 10
A new paper, (with an anti-slavery department,) has recently been established, by Reu-membered.
Fiat Justitia Ruat Colum.
- Philanthropic and Literary.
PRINCIPALLY CONDUCTED BY A LADY.
REASONS FOR FLOGGING THE SLAVES. To those whose humane feelings have not been utterly debased, the afflictions of suffering nature, when the heart is bereaved of the dearest objects of its affection, appeal with an irresistable claim for compassion and sympathy. Who will not say that the heart must be dead to even the most common feelings of humanity, ere it can witness without some softening, the grief of an affectionate child for the loss of a beloved
parent? Who would not shudder to make the sorrows of a bereaved wife the object of ridicule,
still less to convert the natural exhibition of
rous thong. A million female hearts may be lacerated, at the will of tyrant man, by being wrenched from the objects of their fondest love. Oh, how can their happier sisters lie down and rise up with the knowledge of these things upon their souls, and strive not to release them from the grasp of such a thraldom!
This is an article, of which the use should be
carefully avoided, by all who do not wish to purchase the gratification of their palates at the expense of the extreme sufferings and lives of their fellow creatures. So laborious and destructive to human life, is the manner of its cultivation, that it is characterized by Thomas Jefferson, as "a plant which sows life and death
with almost equal hand.”
Adams, in his geography, gives the following
her woe into an offence demanding the inflic-short description of the mode of its culture.
tion of a barbarous punishment? What mother, bending over the cold and pale brow of her beautiful and loved, would not feel it an inhu
"The cultivation is wholly by negroes. No work can be imagined more laborious, or pre
man cruelty to be denied the privilege of pour-judicial to the health. They are obliged to stand in the water oftentimes midieg high, exing out her grief in tears and lamentations? posed to the scorching heat of the sun, and And how still more barbarous would such a rebreathing an atmosphere poisoned by the unwholesome effluvia of an oozy bottom and stagnant water."
striction seem to her, if instead of resigning her darling in his unspotted innocence into the arms of God, he had been wrested from her by the hand of violence, and forced far and forever from her sheltering arms, to struggle alone beneath all the bitterness of life, and die at last on the bosom of ignominy? Yet such is the lot of the slave. Not only are all the dearest and strongest ties of her heart wantonly rent asunder, but the gushing forth of the natural feelings of her affection and tenderness, are arrested with cruel punishment. It is criminal in a slave to sink, heart-broken, under oppression. The possession of the best and holiest feelings with which the merciful God has enriched the human heart, is assigned as a reason why they must be ranked with the stubborn brutes, and, even more unmercifully than they, lacerated with the horse whip! A female writer, on the subject of slavery in the West Indies, says, that a naval officer, who had been in the East dies, was trying to prove to her, "that the negroes must be flogged; and his proof was this: that when they lose a father, or mother, or perhaps a lover, they sulk, (that is they are broken hearted,) and then nothing will do but flogging them, and flogging them severely."
All the arguments which have been brought forward against the use of slave cultivated sugar, apply equally well to this article. Like that, it is a staple product of slavery; and like that, a source of severest suffering to the slaves. So that even if the disuse of it did not tend to promote their emancipation, they would at least be benefitted by having their labour directed to some other less fatal and oppressive employment.
FREE PRODUCE STORES.
We are pleased to learn that several of these establishments continue to prosper. The Dry Goods Store, kept by Lydia White, at No.: 42, North Fourth Street, Philadelphia, contains a great variety of articles, of superior quality. This enterprising and truly philanthropic lady bas, within a few months past, purchased, and caused to be manufactured, a number of bales of cotton—the production of free labour-from North Carolina. She has politely furnished us with the following statement of Cotion Goods, now on hand, with the prices of the various arNor is it only in the West India Islands, that ticles annexed. For durability, and beauty of the lash is thus used to silence the affecting texture and finish, these goods are excelled by bursts of fillial or maternal sorrow. The forms none perhaps of either American or European of a million females in our own country may be manufacture. She expects a still larger supmade to bleed and writhe beneath the barba-l ply, in a short time.
Fiat Justitia Ruat Coelum.
Domestic Goods, manufactured of Cotton cultivated by free labor, and for sale at the store of Lydia White, No. 42, North Fourth street, Philadelphia.
Bleached, unbleached, and colored Muslins prices, (per yard) from 9 to 18 3-4 cents.
Do. do. do. Cotton Flannels, 12 1-2 to 20 cts. Do. do. do, men's, women's and children's Hosiery, (per pair) 18 3-4 to 75 cents.
Furniture and apron Checks, (per yd.) 12 1-2 to 23 cts.
Plaid and striped Domestics, 12 1-2 to 14 cts. Bleached and unbleached Diaper, 18 3-4 to 31 1-4 cents.
Knitting Cotton, (per pound) 56 to 75 cents. Bed Ticking, Cotton Laps, Wadding, Cord, &c.-India, Book, Mull, and Nansook MuslinsSeersuckers, Bengals, &c. &c.
From Wilmington Delaware, we also learn that the Free Grocery Store, kept by Jane Webb, is in a prosperous condition. The following notice of this establishment is copied from the Delaware Free Press.
This establishment commenced in 1825. It
among which are: one from the Liberia Herald, || relative to the decease of Hannah Kilham, the celebrated philanthropist, who recently visited the colonies of Africa; one on the subject of Mexican emigration, by a colored lady of Philadelphia; and various others, selected from a large parcel, lately received from our highly valued correspondent, Lucy Townsend, Secretary of the Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society, at Birmingham in England. These shall severally be attended to in our next number.
"FEMALE LITERARY ASSOCIATION OF PHILADELPHIA."
In the 10th number of the last volume of this work, we adverted to the organization of a society, with the above title, by the colored females of the city of Philadelphia. The Consti tution of said society was forwarded to this office in due season, by an esteemed female friend; but unfortunately, in consequence of the editor's absence, it was mislaid, and has not been
"FREE PRODUCE. The grocery store, for the sale of goods free from the polluting touch of slavery, is removed to Market street, nearly op-inserted. We truly beg the pardon of our cor** posite the basin, or water works. respondent, for the omission, and now present had to struggle in its infancy with the difficul- the Constitution, &c. to our readers. Such sotles incident to a new business, undertaken with-cieties, of either sex, will do far more for the out knowledge or experience; the consequence of which was, a small pecuniary loss to the proprietors, for several years after it was esFEMALE LITERARY ASSOCIATION. tablished. During all this period there never Pursuant to adjournment, the Society met, was any public or private solicitations for support; it worked its way by the quiet and silent Sept. 20th, 1331; when the following Preamble conviction, that the cause of emancipation, ci-and Constitution were read, and unanimously ther mental or physical, was a just and a rightadopted.
How few individuals are there, of the vast number of those who habitually consume slave produce, who would frequent the shop of a tradesman of avowed dishonesty? yet, small as the number comparatively is, we fear it is larger than that of those who scruple to purchase the extorted fruits of that worst sort of robbery, which deprives so many human beings of all that makes life valuable!--which plunders men, not of a few pieces of coin, but of their own persons, of their children, of their friends, of their liberties, of all the fruits of their labours, almost of their very intellectual natures; and which to all these wrongs, adds that of severe personal cruelty!!
We very much regret that our limits will not permit the insertion, this month, of a number of interesting articles, already prepared,
cause of emancipation, than all the foreign calonization schemes that were ever yet invented.
that have engaged the attention of mankind, in Conscious, that among the various pursuits, the different eras of the world, none have ever been considered, by persons of judgment and penetration, as superior to the cultivation of the intellectual powers bestowed upon us by the God of nature, it becomes a duty incumbent upon us, as women-as daughters of a despised race to use our utmost endeavours to enlighten the understanding, and to cultivate the talents entrusted to our keeping; that, by so doing, we may in a great measure, break down the strong barrier of prejudice, and raise ourselves to an equality with those of our fellow beings who ourselves, children of one Eternal Parent; and differ from us in complexion, but who are, with by his immutable law, we are entitled to the same rights and privileges:-Therefore, we; whose names are hereunto subscribed, do agree to form ourselves into a Society, for the promotion of this great object, to be called the "Female Literary Association of Philadelphia."
when properly enacted and adininistered, are Conscious also, that rules and regulations, for the well being of every community, we adopt the following Constitution for its govern
Article 1st. The officers of this Association, shall consist of a President, Vice President, Secretary, Treasurer, Agent, Librarian, a Committee of Investigation, and a Purchasing Committee, to be chosen annually.