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highly esteemed, and, when produced early, highly appreciated as a variety, deserves to be noticed, as they will produce good crops of early fruit of tolerable flavour, by forcing. Any of the varieties will force, but the double bearing, both red and white, and the red Antwerp, generally prove very successful.

The plants should be two or three years old, having two, three, or four canes (young shoots of the year) to each, and taken up from the open ground, in the autumn previous to the forcing, and potted in twenty-fours or sixteen size pots, letting some of the earth remain about the fibres: light rich loam or garden mould will suit for potting them in. If potted early in October, they will take fresh root almost immediately, which will greatly strengthen them by the forcing season, and cause them to set their fruit more freely, and likewise to become much finer than when potted late in the season, or immediately previous to forcing. The plants after potting should be placed in a sheltered situation during the winter months, until they are removed to the forcing house.

The peachery, or any other tree-fruit forcing house, or the vinery, when not too powerfully forced, will suit for forcing raspberries. The most convenient part of the house for this purpose, and where they will succeed well, is the centre, where there is no bark pit, or trees planted. Therefore in that case, in the centre space of the house plunge the pots, in cross rows, about fifteen inches plant from plant, and eighteen row from row, the canes being loosely tied together with bass. The plants may be introduced successfully about the beginning or middle of February, or earlier, if thought proper, but this fruit will have little or no flavour until the sun has sufficient power to render assistance to the ripening; and although we are subjected to severe cutting winds in March, the sun generally has great influence; at the end of which month, and throughout April and May, good fruit may be obtained.

When the potting has been omitted, as directed above, some plants may be taken up with as much earth as will remain about the roots, and be either potted immediately before forcing, or

taken direct to the forcing house, and planted in the earth of the house, when there is a space in the centre vacant. Where there is no vacancy for plunging the pots, some may be introduced in convenient places in the lower part of the house; but they succeed decidedly better when plunged, and more particularly when potted early.



Par. 67.-Kidney beans can be brought forward in any of the forcing departments, to be fit for use in March, and a succession continued till the crops in the open ground are fit to gather, by commencing setting the seed in January, when any forcing has commenced.

The earliest crops are generally raised in twenty-fours (size pots); these should be filled within an inch and a half of the brim (well shook down) of rich light soil; then set four or five beans in each, and cover them over about an inch thick with the same sort of soil, which should be tolerably dry. Place them in the forcing house

near the glass, or in such a part as is most convenient. The seed will soon germinate, when a moderate watering should be given, but not before, but they will require frequent waterings after the plants have come up; and by planting some in succession about every three weeks in smaller pots, (forty-eights or thirty-twos,) three or four beans in each, and the plants placed close together in any convenient part of the house, to be coming forward while the more early crops are arriving to maturity; and when the plants have come up one, two, or three inches high, shift them into larger pots with their balls entire, and give them an immediate watering. Likewise some may be raised in the borders of the forcing houses, in small drills an inch deep, either length or crossways the borders, placing the beans about two inches apart, earthing them over regularly, and give waterings as directed for those in pots. By this practice good crops may be obtained throughout the spring, until full crops succeed them in the open ground.


Par. 68.-Cucumbers may be raised in the vinery, the peach-house, or other forcing houses. The plants should be raised by sowing the seed in a hotbed of dung or bark, in December, January, or February, and when the plants are a few days old, while in the seed leaves, prick them into small pots, (forty-eights,) three in each; and when they have formed their rough leaves about two inches broad, turn them out of the pots with balls, and plant them into large ones, or into narrow oblong boxes, the earth being rich and fine, the same as is generally used for frame cucumbers. Place them near the top glasses behind, that they may not shade the trees, &c. below; as the plants advance in growth, place sticks for them to run upon for support, and give frequent waterings. When in bloom, impregnate the female with the farina of the male, by applying the centre of the flower (after removing the outside flower leaf) of the male; commonly called the false blossom, to the centre of the female flower, which always has the

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