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his Hebrew seed; the blessing of his seed by adoption; and in him and in his seed, the blessing of all the families of the earth. This is that beloved habitation which he looked for, and the city which hath foundations, whose builder and maker is God. That the promise of God made to Abraham, will have in this city its complete fulfilment, is shewn plainly by the following passages, Gen. xvii. 7, 8. "And I will establish "covenant between me and thee, and thy seed "after thee, in their generations, for an everlasting covenant: to be a God unto thee, and to thy seed after thee. And I will give unto thee, "and to thy seed after thee, the land wherein "thou art a stranger, all the land of Canaan, for an everlasting possession; and I will be their "God." Ezek. xxxvii. 27. “My tabernacle al
so shall he with them: yea, I will be their God, " and they shall be my people." Heb. viii. 10. "For this is the covenant that I will make with "the house of Israel after those days, saith the "Lord, I will put my laws in their mind, and "write them on their hearts: and I will be to "them a God, and they shall be to me a people." Rev. xxi. 2, 3. "And I John saw the holy city, "New Jerusalem, coming down from God out "of heaven, prepared as a bride adorned for her "husband. And I heard a great voice out of "heaven, saying, Behold, the tabernacle of God "is with men, and he will dwell with them, and. they shall be his people, and God himself shall "be with them, and be their God." And that the New Jerusalem, as she will appear in the millennial day, will be the seat of perfect glory, is manifest from the name by which she will then be called. Ezek. xlviii. 35. "Jehovah-shammah, "the Lord is there."
The saints of the New Jerusalem, during the thousand years of their mediatorial kingdom
will be employed in the most active scenes of rule and judgment. This kingdom is one part of the mediatorial dipensation of Christ and his saints, and is designed as the ample counter part to their state of humiliation and suffering under the rule and judgment of the antichristian powers. It is given to them, expressly, as a reward for those sufferings; and, in promise, it is the principal motive which has induced them to make the sacrifices, and undergo the labours and pains of their long conflicts with the adversary. Some, whose religious views have been drawn chiefly, to the subject of a moral change, the illumination of the mind and the renovation of the affections, may conceive that the wide and active administrations of the millennial kingdom, present an employment to its possessors encumbered and clogged with the concerns of government, and which is much inferior to that of a state of pure meditation and devotion. But the active and heroic souls, who have endured hardness, fought and bled for the rejected claims of Jesus of Nazareth, as " prince of the kings of the "earth," have never dreamt of a heaven sweeter than this, to have from him "power over the nations, even as" he "received of" his "Fa"ther."
The law of the Lord will be dispensed by this church triumphant, in a very different manner from what it now is, by the church militant........ The king's messenger will not then "stand at "the door," knocking and begging; and with cries and tears plead with men to be" reconciled "to God; but he will fly upon the wings of a cherub, and carry " the everlasting gospel" unto "them that dwell on the earth; and to every na❝tion, and kindred, and tongue, and people, say"ing with a loud voice, Fear God, and give glory "to him, for the hour of his judgment is come."
And which "commandment of the everlasting "God," will be attended with a power that will instantly force its way through all the earth. "For out of Zion shall go forth the law, and the "word of the Lord from Jerusalem. And he shall judge among the nations, and shall rebuke many people:" and he will" render his judgment "with fury, and his rebuke with flames of fire : "For by fire, and by his sword, will the Lord plead with all flesh."
The authority which will disclose in the New Jerusalem, will be without any proviso, absolute and irresistible. That church will extend the sceptre of righteousness over the nations, with all the natural elements, and powers of the creation, at their command.......He whom they bless will be blessed, and he whom they curse will be cursed....... "And it shall be, that whoso will not come up of "all the families of the earth unto Jerusalem, to "worship the king the Lord of Hosts, even upCC on them shall be no rain.”
Whatever may be the state of the nations, which, through mediatorial intervention, shall be saved from the conflagration, and planted in the new world; and though it be admitted that they will still remain in the mutable condition of men in the flesh, yet there exists no room for such a supposition concerning the inhabitants of the holy city. It is shewn by many declarations of Scripture, made in the strongest terms, that they will be in a state of immortal blessedness, equal untò the angels of God........" God shall wipe away all "tears from their eyes; and there shall be no "more death, neither sorrow, nor crying, neither "shall there be any more pain: for the former "things are passed away. And there shall in no "wise enter into it any thing that defileth, nei"ther whatsoever worketh abomination, or mak"eth a lie: but they which are written in the
"Lamb's book of life." This subject of the New Jerusalem is deeply interesting to believers; but as my views of this state of consummate glory, which awaits the faithful, have already been given to the public, in my Lectures concerning the coming and kingdom of Christ, it is thought to be unnecessary here to enlarge.
SECTION IV......... Unremissible Judgment.
SOME obscurity and difficulties have existed respecting the state of the millennial world, which have evidently arisen from the want of proper attention to the twofold nature of the judgment, and the distinction which is made in the Scriptures between the bottomless pit, and the lake that burns with fire and brimstone; or, the first and second death. The doctrine of purgatory, in the papal church, has existed from this obscurity respecting these distinctions; and the doctrine of universal salvation, which is prevailing among us, has its origin in the same grounds; and which difficulties, it will be the object of this Section to obviate.
The Apostle to the Hebrews, in illustrating his great point of the subordinate nature of the legal authority to that of the gospel, makes this remark: "And as it is appointed unto men once "to die, but after this the judgment: So Christ "was once offered to bear the sins of many; and "unto them that look for him shall appear the "second time, without sin, unto salvation." And Peter, to the same purpose, says, "Christ" was
put to death in the fiesh, but quickened by the Spirit." Flesh and spirit are terms used in the New Testament, to denote the two constitutions of the law and the gospel. Here are brought into view two judgments as established by God; one by the law, revokable, the other by the gospel, immutable. All men must once die, as by the law, but this does not fix their eternal state. Christ was "put to death in the fiesh;" but he was "justified in the Spirit." This appointment of God, of a first and second judgment, operates through all his dispensations, whether they regard the natural, political, or spiritual worlds.
The natural world has suffered one dreadful doom by water, but was restored; it must suffer another by fire, which will be decisive; for the world which will succeed, will be supernatural, new heavens and a new earth. The Jewish political world has once been judged, and the sentence executed unto death; but this decree is temporal and revokable, the Jewish state will be again restored. What befel Nebuchadnezzar; his being driven from the society of men, and again being restored to his kingdom, is a wonderful illustration of the theory of divine judgment; and it is intimated that this event took place with him with design, to foreshew the destinies awaiting the great empire of which he was at the head........ In like manner, there are two judgments, or censures, established in the church; one, which respects offences against natural law, which admits of repentance and absolution; the other, which respects offences against the peculiar law resulting from our "redemption by the blood of Christ, which admits of no repentance or remission.
In the Jewish state there existed three judica-tories, rising one above the other, as their preroatives approached nearer to the glory of Christ's kingdom; which were the council, the principali