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Pyrenees. They occupied nearly the whole of what is now called
Arragonia, together with Lerida.
Insubres, a people in Cisalpine Gaul, whose territory extended southward
to tho Po, on the west to the river Sesia, and on the north to the
Isara, Isère, river in France.
Janiculum, a hill not included in the seven on which Rome was built; on
the west side of the Tiber.-See Plan of Rome.
Lacetania, territory of the Lacetani, extending from the Pyrenees down
towards the Ebro, and embracing the northern half of the modern
Lacus Trasimenus. See Trasimenus.
Lanuvium, a town in Latium, now the village of Civita Lavigna.
Larinum, a town in the territory of the Frentani; now Larino in the
Neapolitan Province Capitanata.
Lavici ; seo note, B. 2, 39.
Libui Galli, a tribe in Cisalpine Gaul ; according to Mannert, in the neigh-
borhood of the modern Bergamo and Brescia ; according to others,
the same as the Libici, who lived near Vercelli on both sides of the
Ligúres, inhabitants of Liguria, a country extending along the Mare
Ligusticum, (Gulf of Genoa ;) now Genoa, Piedmont, and Nice.
Lilybæum, a city on the western coast of Sicily, where is now the city of
Liparæ insulæ, also Æoliæ or Vulcaniæ Insulæ, islands north of Sicily.
Liternum, or Linternum, a city in Campania, north of the mouth of the
river Liternus; now Patria.
Locri, or Locrenses Epizephyrii, inhabitants of the town of Locri, and the
surrounding country in Bruttium.
Longuntica, a city in Spain south of the Ebro, on the sea-coast.
Luca, Lucca, city in Etruria ; now Lucca.
Lucāni, a tribe in Lower Italy, separated from Campania and Apulia by
the rivers Silărus and Bradānus, and from Bruttium by the Laus
Luceria, a city in Daunian Apulia; now Lucera.
Lusitania; this name belonged first to the country between the Durius
and the Tagus, from the sea as far as the eastern border of modern
Portugal. Afterwards, as a Roman province, it embraced all of
Portugal south of the Duero, Salamanca, the largest part of Estre-
madura, and the western extremity of the province of Toledo.
Mæsia, the name of a wood, probably between Rome and the sea.
Marrucīni, a people who lived in the country which is now the Hither
Abruzzo (Abruzzo citeriore) of the kingdom of Naples, on the
right bank of the Aternus. Capital, Teate, now Chieti.
Marsi, a people in Samnium, north of Lacus Fucinus.
Massicus mons, a range of hills on the borders of Latium and Campania,
celebrated for the wines grown there.
Massilia, a city in southern Gaul, now Marseilles.
Melita, or Melite; the island of Malta.
Menix or Meninx insula, an island in the Syrtis minor, on the coast of
Messāna, a city in Sicily ; Messina.
Metapontum, a city in Magna Græcia, on the Gulf of Tarentum.
Mutina, a Roman city in Cisalpine Gaul; now Modena.
Nova Classis, a place in Spain, whose exact situation is unknown.
Numidæ, a people living on the north coast of Africa.
Ocricŭlum, the last southern city in Umbria, on the Tiber.
Olcădes, a people in Spain, probably in the southern part of the modern
Cuença, in the mountains of Ortospeda.
Onusa, a city in Spain, south of the Ebro, on the sea-coast; according to
some, the modern village of Joyosa in Valencia.
Oretani, a tribe in Spain, whose territory probably corresponded to the
eastern part of Estremadur most of the central part of La
Mancha, the eastern extremity of Jaen, and the northern extremity
Ostia, a town in Latium, not far from the mouth of the Tiber.
Padus, the Po, chief river of Italy.
Pæstum, or Posidonia, a town in Lucania, near the mouth of the Silărus.
Pedum; see note, B. 2, 39.
Peligni, a people in Samnium, whose territo y corresponded to the modern
Hiiher Abruzzo, in the kingdom of Naples.
Peninus, (mons,) the modern Great St. Bernard.
Pentri, a Samnite people, whose capital was Bovianum.
Picenum, a district of Italy, nearly corresponding the modern Mark
Ancona, in the Papal States.
Pisæ, a city in Etruria, at the junction of the é nus (Arno) and the
Ausar, (Serchio ;) now Pisa.
Placentia, a city on the Po; now Piacenza.
Pometia, a town of Latium, at one time the capital of the Volsci ; called
also Suessa, and Suessa Pometia.
Præneste, a city in Latium; now Palestrina.
Prætutianus ager. This district was separated from Picenum proper by
the river Truentus, (Tronto,) and extended on the south to the river
Vomānus, (Voman ;) it corresponded to the modern Teramo.
Rhodănus, Rhone, river in France.
Ruscino, a city on a river of the same name in southern Gaul; now la
Tour de Roussillon, not far from Perpignan.
Rutúli, a people on the coast of Latium ; capital, Ardèa.
Sabini, an Italian people, who dwelt originally about Amiternum in tho
Apennines; afterwards they occupied à territory bounded on the
east by the Apennines, on the west by the Tiber, on the north by
the river Nar, and on the south by the Anio.
Sacer, (mons,) a hill about three miles from Rome, on the right bank of
the Anio.--Comp. note, B. 2, 34.
Saguntum, (neut.,) and Saguntus, (fem.,) a city of Spain on the Sinus Su-
cronensis, in the territory of the Edetani ; its ruins are visible near
the modern town of Murviedro, which indeed derives its name
from those ruins, (Muri veteres.)
Salassi, a people of Cisalpine Gaul, who lived in the valley of the Duria,
(Doria Baltea,) whose country corresponded to the mountain-
region in the northwestern part of Piedmont. They were probably
a branch of the Insubres.
Salyes, or Salluvii, a tribe of Gauls who lived on the Druentia and Rhoda.
nus, in the country corresponding to the modern Provence.
Samnium, the territory of the Samnites in Central Italy, which extended
from Campania northward as far as the Adriatic; divided into the
cantons of the Frentanians, Hirpinians, Pentrians, and Caudines.
Satricum ; see note, B. 2, 39.
Scissis, or Cissa, a town in Lacetania, (which word see.)
Senones, a tribe of Transalpine Gauls, who afterwards settled in Umbria.
Sidicīni, an inconsiderable Ausonian tribe, who occupied the northern
parts of Mons Massicus. Their chief town was Teanum Sidici-
num; now Teano.
Sinuessa, a town in Latium on the sea-coast; on the via Appia, between
Minturne and Capua. Near it were hot baths, called aquæ Sinu-
Spolētum, or Spoletium, a city in Umbria; now Spoleto, in the Papal
Stellas Campus, a fruitful Campanian district, south of Cales.
Suessa ; see Pometia.
Sulci, an old Carthaginian town on the southern coast of Sardinia.
Surrentum, a city in Campania ; now Sorrento, in the Bay of Naples.
Syracūsæ, an important city on the east coast of Sicily; now Siragosa.
Tagus, the Tajo, river in Spain and Portugal.
Tannētum, first a village of the Boii, afterwards a city of Cisalpine Gaul,
on the road between Parma and Mutina; according to Mannert.
the modern village St. Illario, according to others, Taneto.
Tarentum, a celebrated city in Magna Græcia, on a gulf of the same
name, which is now the Gulf of Taranto.
Tarracina, a city of the Volsci in Latium, called also Anxur, near the
Pontinian marshes; now Terracina.
Tarrăco, a town in the
country of the Cosetani in Spain; from which the
name Hispania Tarraconensis was derived; now Tarragona.
Taurīni, a Ligurian tribe, south of the Salassi Capital, Augusta Tauri-
norum; now Turin.
Telesia, a town in Samnium; now Telese.
Tellenæ, a Latin town taken by Ancus Marcius.
Tibur, one of the oldest cities of Latium, on the Anio; now Tivoli.
Ticinus, now Tessino, or Ticino, river in Cisalpine Gaul.
Trasimenus Lacus, a lake in Etruria; now Lago di Perugia, in the Pa-
Trebia, a Latin town taken by Coriolanus; Liv. 2, 39.
Trebia, Trebia, a river in Cisalpine Gaul.
Tricastini ; see note 21, 31.
Tricorii, a tribe in Gaul, east of the Vocontii, in the neighborhood of the
Turdetani, a tribe in Spain, in the western part of Bætica. They after-
wards extended westward along the coast, beyond the Anas (Gua-
diana) to the farthest limits of Spain.
Umbria, a country in Central Italy, bounded on the north by the Rubico,
west by the Tiber, northeast by the sea, south by the Nar.
Utens, a river in Cisalpine Gaul.
Vaccæi, a Spanish tribe, who occupied the greatest part of the modern
Valladolid, the northern extremity of Salamanca, the southeast ex-
tremity of Leon, southern Palencia, and the largest part of Toro.
Chief town Palantia, now Palencia.
Vocilius, (mons). See note, B. 3, 50.
Veii, an Etrurian town, twelve miles northwest of Rome.
Velia. See note, B. 2, 7, and Plan of Rome.
Venusia, a town on the borders of Apulia and Lucania, but belonging to
the former; now Venosa.
Vibonensis Ager, district of the city Vibo Valentia, on the western coast
Victumviæ, in Cisalpine Gaul, not far from Placentia.
Viminalis, Collis, one of the seven hills of Rome.-See Plan.
Vocontii, a tribe in southeastern Gaul, whose territory embraced a part of
the modern Provence, and the southeastern part of Dauphiné.
Volcæ, a Celtic tribe in southern Gaul, on the west side of the Rhone,
who were divided into two branches: 1. Volcæ Arecomici, whose
country extended from the river Orbis, (Orbe,) or, according to
Mannert, the river Arauris, (Herault,) to the Rhone; 2. Volcæ
Tectosăges, who lived westward of the former, towards the Pyrenees.
The chief town of the Arecomici was Nimausus, Nimes; of the
Tectosăges, Tolosa, Toulouse.
Volciani, tribe in Spain, near the Bargusii.
Volsci. From the Anio to the sea at Tarracina extends a line of high-
lands interrupted by a break, to the south of Præneste, and thereby
divided into two parts of unequal length, the shorter one extending
from Tibur to Præneste, tho longer from Præneste to Tarracina
and the sea.
Of this mountain wall, the longer part was occupied
by ihe Volscians, the shorter by the Æquians.-See Arnold's Hist.
1, p. 120.
Vulcani Insula, the most southerly of the Liparæan islands; also called
Hiěra; now Volcano.
Vulturnus, now Volturno, river in Campania.
Zacynthus, an island in the Ionian sea; now Zante
A or ab, = a parte, apud, i. 12; ib. 33 ; xxi. 5; expressing a causo, v. 47;
- post, xxii. 18; ib. 40.
Ablative, without cum, xxi. 48; of the gerund, instead of a conditional
clause, xxi. 5; of instrument with persons, xxii. 46; absolute, ox-
pressing the circumstances under which something takes place,
Abstinere, with the dative, i. 1.
Ac, explicative, xxi. 4; xxii. 41 ; "than," after antidea, xxii. 10.
Acies, meaning, i. 23.
Ad, “in the vicinity of,” i. 33; after it, the accusative omitted, ib.; v. 47;
“in consequence of,” “ by,” iii. 48; “according to,” xxi. 21;
“about,” xxi. 22; “ in comparison with,” xxii. 22; -id locorum,
xxii. 38; -mille, for a substantivo, xxii. 31; -tempus, xxi. 25;
-unum omnes, xxi. 42; -vivum, xxii. 17.
Adeo, its meaning, at the end of the Preface.
Admodum, xxi. 36.
Adversi montes, xxii. 17; adverso flumine, adversa ripa, xxi. 27; adver.