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Moral appliances to be preferred in possible to serve with, XVII. xv.;
government, II. iii.

personal correctness essential to,
Mourners, Confucius' sympathy with, XIII. xiii.; should first attend to
VII. ix., and X. xvi.

their proper work, XIX. xiii.
Mourning, three years for parents, Official notifications of Ch‘ing, why

XVII. xxi. ; government, how car- excellent, XIV. ix.
ried on in time of, XIV. xliii. ; the Old knowledge, to be combined with
trappings of, may be dispensed with, new acquisitions, II, xi.
XIX. xiv.

Old man, encounter with an, XVIII.
Murder of the duko of Ts'e, XIV. vii.

Opposing a father, disapproved of,
Music, and ceremonies, vain without VII. xiv,

virtue, III. iii. ; effect of, VIII. | Ordinances of Heaven necessary to be
viii. ; effect of, on Confucius, VII. known, XX. iii.
xii. ; influence of, in government, Ordinary people could not understand
XVII. iv. ; of Shun and Woo com- Confucius, XIX. xxiii. ; ordinary
pared, III. xxv.; on the playing of, rules, Confucius not to be judged by,
III. xxiii. ; service rendered to, by XVII. vii.
Confucius, IX. xiv. ; the sound of Originator, Confucius not an, VII. i.
instruments does not constitute,
XVII. xi.

Parents, grief for, brings out the real
Musicians of Loo, the, dispersion of, nature of a man, XIX. xvii.; how a
XVIII. ix.

son may remonstrate with, IV. xviii.;
Music-master, praise of a, VIII. XV. should be strict and decided, XIV.

viii. ; three years' mourning for,
Name, danger of a bad, XIX. xx.; XVII. xxi.; their years to be remem-
without reality, VI. xxiii.

bered, IV. xxi.
Names, importance of being correct, People, what may and what may not
XIII. iii.

be attained to with the, VIII. ix.
Narrow-mindedness, Tsze-chang on, Perfect virtue, caution in speaking,
XIX. ii.

characteristic of, XII. iii.; charac-
Natural duty and uprightness in col- teristics of, XIII. xix, ; estimation

lision, XIII. xviii. ; ease in cere- of, V. xviii. and VI. XX.; five
monies to be prized, I. xii.; qualities things which constitute, XVII. vi.;
which are favourable to virtue, XIII. how to attain to, XII. i. ; not easily

attained, XIV. vii.; wherein real-
Nature of a man, grief brings out the ized, XII. ii.
real, XIX. xvii.

Persistence in error, lament over, V.
Neighbourhood, what constitutes the xxvi.
excellence of a, IV. i,

Perseverance proper to a student, VI. x.
Nine subjects of thought to the supe- Personal attainment, a man's chief
rior man, XVI, X.

concern, 1. xvi. and XIV. xxxii. ;
Notoriety, not true distinction, XII. conduct, all in all to a ruler, XIII.

xvi.; correctness, essential to an

officer, XIII. xiii.
Ode (s), the Chow-nan and Shaou- Perspicuity the chief virtue of lan-

nan, XVII. x. ; the Kwan-ts'eu,
III. xx. ; the Yung, III. ii.; Pih- Pervading unity, Confucius' doctrinea,
kwei, X. v. ; of Ch'ing, XV. x. ; the IV. xv. ; how Confucius aimed at,
Nga, IX. xiv.; XVII. xviii.

XV. viii.
Odes, the study of the Book of, XVI. Phænix, the, IX. viii. and XVIII. v.

xiii. and XVII. ix., X. ; quotations Piety, see Filial.
from the, I. XV., III. xviii., IX. | Pity of Confucius for misfortune, IX.
xxvi., XII. x. ; the pure design of ix.
the, II. ii.

Plans, what is necessary to concord
Office, declined by Tsze-k'een, VI. vii.; in, XV. xxxix.

desire for, qualified by self-respect, Poetry, benefits of the study of the
IX. xii. ; Confucius, why not in, II. Book of, VIII. viii., and XVII. ix.,
xxi.; when to be accepted, and when x. , and music, service rendered to
to be declined, VIII. xiii.

by Confucius, IX. xiv.
Officers, classes of men who may be Posthumous titles, on what principle

styled, XIII. xx.; mercenary, im- conferred, V. xiv.


guage, XV. xl.

Poverty, happiness in, VI. ix. ; harder | Rash words cannot be recalled, III.

to bear aright than riches, XIV. xi.; xxi.

no disgrace to a scholar, IV. ix. Readiness of Confucius to impart in-
Practical ability, importance of, XIII. struction, VII. vii.; of speech, V.

iv. and XVII. xiv,
Practice, Confucius' zeal to carry his Reading and thought, should be com-
principles into, XVII. v.

bined, II. xv, and XV. Xxx,
Praise of the house of Chow, VIII. Rebuke to Yen Yew, &c., XVI. i.

xx.; of the music-master Ch'é, VIII. | Receptivity of Hwuy, II. ix. and
xv. ; of Yaou, VIII. xix.; of Yu, XI. iii.
VIII. xxi.

Reciprocity the rule of life, XV.xxiii.
Praising and blaming, Confucius' cor- Recluse, Isze-loo's encounter with a,
rectness in, XV. xxiv.

XVIII. vii.
Prayer, sin against Heaven precludes, Recluses, Confucius and the two,

III, xiii. ; Confucius declines, for XVIII. vi,
himself, VII. xxxiv.

Recollection of Hwuy, Confucius' fond,
Precaution, necessity of, XV. xi.

XI. xx.
Preliminary study, necessity of, to Reflection, the necessity of, IX. XXX.

governing, XI. xxiv.

Regretful memory of disciples' fidelity,
Presumption, &c., of the chief of the XI. ii.

Ke family, XVI. i. ; and pusillan- Relative duties, necessity of maintain-
imity conjoined, XVII. xii.

ing, XII. xi.
Pretence, against, II. xvii. ; Confucius' Remark of an ignorant man about
dislike of, IX. xi.

Confucius, IX. ii.
Pretentiousness of Confucius' time, Remoustrance with parents, IV. xviii.
VII. xxy.

Repentance escaped by timely care,
Prince, and minister, relation of, III. I. xiii.

xix.; Confucius' demeanour before a, Reproof to Tsze-loo, XI. xxiv.
X. ii. ; Confucius' demeanour in re- Reproofs, frequent, warning against
lation to, X. xiii.

the use of, IV. xxvi.
Princes, Confucius' influence on, I. x.; Reputation not a man's concern, XV.
how to be served, III. xviii.

Principles, agreement in, necessary to Resentments, how to ward off, XV.

concord in plans, XV. xxxix. ; and xiv.
ways of Yaou, Shun, &c., XX. i.; Residence, rule for selecting a, IV.i.
of duty, an instrument in the hand Respect, a youth should be regarded
of man, XV. xxviii.


with, IX. xxii.; of Confucius for
Prompt decision good, V. xix.

men, XV. xxiv.; of Confucius for
Propriety, and music, influence of, rank, IX. ix.

XVII. iv. ; combined with learning, Retired worthy's judgment on Confu-
VI. xxv. and XII. xv. ; effect of, cius, XIV. xlii.
love of, facilitates go-

Reverence for parents, II. vii.
vernment, XIV, xliv. ; necessary to Riches, pursuit of, uncertain of success,
a ruler, XV, xxxii. ; not in external VII. xi,
appurtenances, XVII, xi. ; rules of, Right way, importance of knowing the,
I. xii., III. xv.; rules of, necessary IV. viii.
to be known, XX. iii. ; value of the Righteous and public spirit of Con-
rules of, VIII. ii.

fucius, XIV. xxii.
Prosperity and ruin of a country, on Righteousness the Keun-tsze's concern,

what dependent, XIII. xv. and IV. xvi.; is his rule of practice,
XVI. ii.

IV. x.
Prowess conducting to ruin, XIV. vi. Root of benevolence, filial and fraternal
Prudence, a lesson of, XIV. iv.

duty is the, I. ii.
Pursuit of riches, against, VII. xi, Royal ruler, a, could, in what time,
Pusillanimity and presumption, XVII. transform the empire, XIII. xii.

Ruin and prosperity dependent on what,

XIII. xv. and XVI. ii.
Qualifications of an officer, VIII. Rule of life, reciprocity the, XV. xxiii.

Ruler, virtue in

Qualities that are favourable to virtue, Rulers, a lesson tó, VIII. x. ; personal

XIII. xxvii. ; that mark the scholar, conduct all in all to, XIII. xvi;
XIII. xxviii.

should not be occupied with what is

II. i.


the proper business of the people, progress, different persons stop at
XIII. iv.

different, IX. xxix.
Ruling, best means of, II. iii.

States of Ts'e and Loo, VI. xxii.
Running stream, a, Confucius how af- Strange doctrines, Il. xvi.
fected by, IX. xvi.

Strength, not a fit subject of praise,

XIV. xxxv.
Sacrifice, Confucius' sincerity in, III. Student's proper work, XIX. xiii.

xii. ; the great, III. X., xi. ; wrong Stupidity of Ning Woo, V. xx.
subjects of, II. xxiv.

Subjects, avoided by Confucius, VII.
Sagehood, not in various ability, IX. xx.; of Confucius' teaching, VII.

xxiv. See Topics.
Scholar, attributes of the true, XIX. i.; Submission of subjects, how secured,

bis aim must be higher than comfort, II. xix.
XIV. iii.

Substantial qualities, and accomplish-
Self-cultivation, I. viii. and IX. xxiv. ; ments, in the Keun-tsze, X.II. viii.
a man's concern, IV. xiv. ; a charac- Sun and moon,

Sun and moon, Confucius like the,
teristic of the Keun-tsze, XIV. xlv.; XIX. xxiv.
Confucius' anxiety about, VII. iii. ; | Superficial speculations, against, XV.
steps in, I. xv.

Self-examination, I. iv.

Superior and mean man, II. xii., xiii.,
Selfish conduct causes murmuring, IV. xiv., IV. xi., xvi., VI. xi., VII.

Xxxvi., XVI. viii, ; different air and
Self-respect should qualify desire for bearing of, XIII. xxvi. ; different in
office, IX. xii,

their relation to those employed by
Self-willed, Confucius not, XIV. xxxiv. them, XIII. xxv.; different manners
Sequences of wisdom, virtue, and of, XIII. xxiii,, different tendencies
bravery, IX. xxviii.

of, XIV. xxiv. ; how to know, XV.
Servants, difficult to treat, XVII. XXV. xxxiii. ; opposite influence of, XII.
Shame of caring only for salary, XIV. i. xvi.
Shaou, a name of certain 'music, III. Superior man, above distress, XV. i.;

changing appearances of, to others,
Sheep, the monthly offering of a, III, XIX. ix.; cleaves to virtue, IV. v.;

does not conceal, but changes, his
Shoo-king, quotation from, II. xxi., errors, XIX. xxi.; firmness of, based

XIV.xliii.; compilation from, XX. i. on right, XV. xxxvi. ; four charac-
Silent mourning, three years of, XIV. teristics of, V. xv.; is righteous,

courteous, humble, and sincere, XV.
Simplicity, instance of, VIII. v.

xvii.; more in deeds than in words,
Sincerity, cultivation of, I. iv. ; ne- XIV. xxix.; nine subjects of thought

cessity of, II. xxii.; praise of, y. to, XVI. X. ; rule about his words

and actions, IV. xxiv. ; self-cultiva-
Slandering of Tsze-loo, XIV. xxxviii. tion, characteristic of, XIV. xlv.;
Slowness to speak, of the ancients, IV. talents and virtues of, VIII. vi.;

xxii.; of the Keun-tsze, IV. xxiv. thoughts of in harmony with his
Small advantages not to be desired in position, XIV. xxviii. ; truth the ob-
government, XIII. xvii,

ject of, XV. xxxi.; various charac-
Social intercourse, qualities of the teristics of, XV. XX., xxii., xxiii. ;
scholar in, XIII. xxiii.

wishes to be had in remembrance,
Solid excellence blended with orna- XV. xix.
ment, VI. xvi.

Superiority of Hwuy, VI. ii., V.
Son, a, opposing his father, against, Superstition of Tsang Wăn, V. xvii.

VII. xiv. ; Confucius' instruction of Supreme authority ought to maintain
his own, XVI. xiii.

its power, XVI. ii.
Sources of Confucius' knowledge, XIX. Susceptivity of learners, teachers to

be guided by, VI. xix.
Specious words, danger of, XV. xxvi. Swiftness to speak, incompatible with
Speech, discretion in, XV. vii.

virtue, XVII. xiv.
Spirit of the times, against, III. xviii. Sympathy of Confucius with mourners,
Spirits, Confucius evades a question

VII, ix. ;

with sorrow, IX. ix.
about serving, XI. xi. ; of the land,
altars of, III. xxi.

Talents, men of, scarce, VIII. xx. ;
Stages of attainment, VI. xviii.; of worthless without virtue, VIII. xi.


X. i., X.

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Taxation, light, advantages of, XII. sistent with, V. xxiii. ; necessary to

true virtue, VI. xvii,
Teacher, qualification of a, II. xi. Usurped rites, against, III. i., ii., vi.
Teaching, effect of, XV. xxxviii.; Con- | Usurping tendencies of the Ke family,
fucius' earnestness

earnestness in, IX. vii. ; XIII. xiv.
Confucius' subjects of, VII. xxiv. ; Utensil, Tsze-kung an, V. iii.; the ac-
graduated method of, XIX. xii.; complished scholar not an, II. xii.
necessary to prepare the people for
war, XIII. xxix., XXX.

Valour subordinate to righteousness,
Temple, Confucius in the grand, XIII, XVII. xxiii.
xv. and X. xiv.

Various ability of Confucius, IX. vi.
Thieves made by the example of rulers, Vice, how to correct, XII. xxi.
XII. xviii.

Vices, of a father, no discredit to a
Think, those who will not, the case of, good son, VI. iv.; which youth,
hopeless, XV. xv.

manhood, and age have to guard
Thinking without reading, fruitless, against, XVI. vii.
XV, xxx.

Village, Confucius' demeanour in his,
Thought and learning, to be combined,

Vindication, Confucius', of himself,
Three, errors of speech, in the presence VI. xxvi.; of Confucius by Tsze-loo,

of the great, XVI. vi.; families, of XVIII. vii.
Loo, III. 11., friendships advantage- Virtue, alone adapts a man for his con-
ous, and three injurious, XVI. iv. ; dition, IV. ii.; and not strength, a fit
sources of enjoyment, id. id., XVI. subject of praise, XIV. xxxv. ; cere-
v.; things of which the superior man monies and music vain without, III.
stands in awe, XVI. viii, ; years' iii. ; complete, I. i.; contentment
mourning, XIV. xliii., XVII. xxi.; with what is vulgar injures, XVII.
worthies of the Yin dynasty, XVIII.. xiii.; devotion of the Keun-tsze to,
Thunder, Confucius how affected by, X. IV. v.; exceeding, of Tae-pih, VIII.

i. ; few really know, XV, iii. ; how
Topics, avoided by Confucius, VII. xx.; to exalt, XII. X., xxi. ; in conceal-

most common of Confucius, VII, ing one's merit, VI. xiii.; influence
xvii.; seldom spoken on by Con- of, ll. i.; kñowledge not lasting
fucius, IX. i.

without, XV. xxxii.; leading to em-
Traditions of the principles of Wăn pire, XIV, viiearning necessary
and Woo, XIX. xxii.

to the completion of, XVII. viii.;
Training of the young, I. vi.

Llearning leading to, XIX. vi. ; love
Transmitter, Confucius a, VII. i.

of, rare, IV, vi., IX. xvii., XV. xii.;
Trappings of mourning may be dis- natural qualities which favour, XIII.
pensed with, XIX. xiv.

xxvii.; not far to seek, VII. xxix. ;
Treatment of a powerful but unworthy the highest, not easily attained, and
officer by Confucius, XVII. i.

incompatible with meanness, XIV.
True men, paucity of, in Confucius' vii.; the practice of, aided by inter-
time, VII. XXV.

course with the good, XV. ix. ; to be
Truthfulness, necessity of, 1. xxii.

valued more than life, XV.viii. ; true
Two classes only whom practice cannot nature and art of, VI. xxviii. ; with-

change, XVII. iii. ; recluses, Con- out wealth, &c., XVI. xii.
fucius and the, XVIII. vi.

Virtues, the great, demand the chief

attention, XIX. xi.
Unbending virtue, V. x.

Virtuous men, not left alone, IV. XXV.;
Unchangeableness of great principles, only can love or hate others, IV.
II. xxiii.

Unity of Confucius' doctrine, IV. xv. Vocation of Confucius, a stranger's view
and XV.ii.

of, III. xxiv.
Unmannerly old man, Confucius' con- Vulgar ways and views, against con-
duct to an, XIV. xlvi.

tentment with, XVII, xiii.
Unoccupied, Confucius' manner when,
VII. iv.

War, how a good ruler prepares the
Unworthy man, Confucius responds to people for, XIII. xxix., XXX.

the advances of an, XVII. vii. Warning to Tsze-loo, XI. xii.
Uprightness, and natural duty in col-Waywardness, lament over, VI. xv.

lision, XIII. xviii.; meanness incon- Wealth without virtue, &c., XVI. xii.



Wickedness, the virtuous will preserves XIV. xl.
from, IV. iv.

Withdrawing from the world, Con-
Wife of a prince, appellations for, XVI. fucius proposes, V. vi. ; Confucius'

judgment on, XVIII. viii.
Will, the virtuous, preserves from Words, the force of, necessary to be
wickedness, IV. iv.; is unsubduable, known, XX. iii.

Work, a man's, is with himself, XIV.
Wisdom and virtue, chief elements of,

VI. xx.; contrasts of, VI. xxi., IX. | Workshop, the student's, XIX. vii.

Wishes, different, of Yen Yuen, &c., | Young, duty of the, I. vi.; should be

V. xxv.; of Tsze-loo, &c., XI. xxv. regarded with respect, IX. xxii.
Withdrawing from public life, differ- Youth, the vice to be guarded against

ent causes of, XIV, xxxix. ; of Con- in, XVI. vii.
fucius, XVIII. V., vi.; of seven men,




Names in Italics will be found in their own places in this Index, with additional




Ch'ae, surnamed Kaou, and styled Chow dynasty, II. xxiii. III. xiv.,
Tsze-kaou, a disciple of Confucius, XI. xxi., VIII. XX., XV. X., XVI. v.,

XVIII, xi., XX. i.
Chang, Tsze-chang, XIX. XV., xvi. Chow, the last emperor of the Yin
Ch'ang-tseu, a worthy of Ts'oo, XVIII. dynasty, XVIII. i., XIX. xx.

Chow Jin, an ancient historiographer,
Chaou, a prince celebrated for his XVI. i.
beauty of person, VI. xiv.

Chow-kung, or the duke of Chow, VII.
Chaou, one of the three families which V., VIII. xi., XI. xvi., XVIII.

governed the state of Tsin, XIV.

Chuen-yu, a small territory in Loo,
Ch'aou, the honourable epithet of Chow, XVI. i.
duke of Loo; B. c. 540-509, VII. | Chung-hwŭh, an officer of Chow,

XVIII. xi.
Che, the Music-master of Loo, VIII. Chung-kung, the designation of Yen
XV., XVIII. ix.

Yung, a disciple of Confucius, VI.i.,
Ch‘ih, surnamed Kung-se; and styled iv., XI. ii., XII. ii., XIII. ii.

Tsze-hwa, a disciple of Confucius, V. Chung-mow, a place in the state of
vii., VI. iii., XI. xxv.

Tsin, XVII. vii.
Ch'in, the state of, V. xxi., VII. xxx., Chung-ne, Confucius, XIX.xxii.--XXV.
XI, ii., XV.i.

Chung-shuh Yu, the name as K'ung
Ch'in K‘ang, Tsze-k'in, a disciple of Wan, XIV.xx.
Confucius, XVI. xiii.

Chung Yeu, styled Tsze-loo, a disciple
Ch'in Shing, or Ch'in Hang, an officer of Confucius, VI. vi., XI. xxiii.,

of Keen, duke of Tsze, XIV. xxii. XVIII. vi.
Chin Wăn, an officer of Ts'e, V. xxii. Chwang of Peen, XIV. xiii.
Ch‘ing, the State of, XV. x.
Choo-chang, a person who retired from E, a small town on the borders of the
the world, XVIII. viii.

State of Wei, 111. xxiv.

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