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room, where abode both Peter, and James, and John, and Andrew, Philip, and Thomas, Bartholomew, and Matthew, James the fon of Alpheus, and

Simon Zelotes, and Judas the brother of James, 14 These all continued with one accord in prayer and

fupplication, with the women, and Mary the mother

of Jesus (f ), and with his brethren. 15 And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of

the disciples, and said, (the number of the names to16 gether were about an hundred and twenty). Men

and brethren, This scripture must needs have been fulfilled, which the holy Ghost by the mouth of Da

vid spake before concerning Judas, which was guide 17 to them that took Jesus. For he was numbered with 18 us, and had obtained part of this ministry. Now this

man purchased a field with the reward of iniquity (g);

and falling headlong, he burst asunder in the midit, 19 and all his bowels gushed out (h). And it was known

unto all the dwellers at Jerusalem; infomuch as that

field is called in their proper tongue, Aceldama, that 20 is to say, The field of blood. For it is written in the

book of psalms, Let his habitation be desolate, and

let no man dwell therein: and, His bishoprick let ano21 ther take, Wherefore of these men which have

companied with us, all the time that the Lord Jesus 22 went in and out among us, Beginning from the bap

tism of John, unto that same day that he was taken

us, must one be ordained to be a witness with 23 us of his resurrection. And they appointed two, Jo

seph called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and 24 Matthias. And they prayed and said, Thou, Lord,

which knowest the hearts of all men, shew whether

(f) After this time the bleffed Virgin is not mentioned in the New Testament.

(8) Judas had probably agreed to buy the field for his own use, but having refunded the money, the chief priests applied it to the fame purpose, and completed the purchase. * Matt. xxvii. 7.

(4) Sce Matt. xxvii. 5. Note.

25 of these two thou hast chosen; That he may take

part of this ministry and apostleship, from which

Judas by transgression fell, that he might go to his 26 own place (i). And they gave forth their lots; and

the lot fell upon Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven apostles (k).


I 2


ND when the day of Pentecost was fully come,

they were all with one accord in one place : And suddenly there came a found from heaven, as of a

rushing mighty wind, and it filled all the house where s 3 they were fitting. And there appeared unto them

cloven tongues, like as of fire, and it sat upon each 4 of them: And they were all filled with the holy

Ghost, and began to speak with other tongues as the 5 Spirit gave them utterance. And there were dwell

ing at Jerusalem, Jews, devout men(a), out of every 6 nation under heaven. Now when this was noised

abroad, the multitude came together, and were con

founded, because that every man heard them speak 7 in his own language. And they were all amazed,

and marvelled, faying one to another, Behold, are 8 not all these which speak, Galileans? And how hear

we every man in our own tongue, wherein we were 9

born? Parthians, and Medes, and Elamites, and the dwellers in Mesopotamia, and in Judea, and Cappa



. (1) Judas fell by tranfgreflion, and so went to the place appointed for him. Observe how amiably St. Peter forbears to use an harsher

(k) Completing the number twelve, as they were at first appointed by Chrift.

(a) This being the feast of weeks, one of the three great fellivals, when the Jews were obliged to go to the temple of Jerusalem from all parts, the city could not but be exceedingly full of people. Luke ii. 44. Note.

10 docia,

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10 docia, in Pontus, and Asia, Phrygia, and Pamphy

lia, in Egypt, and in the parts of Libya about Cy

rene, and strangers of Rome (6), Jews and profelytes, u Cretes and Arabians, we do hear them speak in our 12 tongues the wonderful words of God. And they

were all amazed, and were in doubt, saying one to 13 another, What meaneth this? Others mocking (c), said, 14 These men are full of new wine. But Peter standing

up with the cleven, lift up his voice, and said unto them, Ye men of Judea, and all ye that dwell at Je

rusalem, be this known unto you, and hearken to my 15 words: For these are not drunken, as ye suppose, 16 feeing it is but the third hour of the day (a). But

this is that which was spoken by the prophet Joel, 17 And it shall come to pass in the last days (faith God),

I will pour out of my Spirit upon all Aesh: and your fons and your daughters shall prophefy, and your

young inen shall see vifions, and your old men shall18 dreain dreams : And on my servants, and on my

hand-maidens, I will pour out in thofe days of my 19 Spirit, and they shall prophesy: And I will thew

wonders in lieaven above, and signs in the earth be20 neath; blood, and fire, and vapour of smoke. The

sun shall be turned into darkness, and the moon into

(1) Strangers from Rome who fojourned at Jerusalem, some of whom were Jews by extraction and descent, that observed the whole law of Moses, and others who were called proselytes or con. verts of the gate (the stranger within thy gates, as in the fourth commandment), being permitted to dwell among them, and to worship in the outward court of the temple, on renouncing idolatry, and professing their belief in the one true God.

(c) Others, who, understanding but one language, supposed that what was said in other tongues was only found without sense.

(d) The third hour of the day was nine o'clock in the morning, the hour of prayer and morning facrifice, to which the Jews always went fafting


blood, before (e) that great and notable day of the 21 Lord come: And it shall come to pass, that who

soever shall call on the name of the Lord, shall be 22 faved (f). Ye men of Israel, hear these words; Je

fus of Nazareth, a man approved of God among you by miracles, and wonders, and figns, which God

did by him in the midst of you, as ye yourselves also 23 know: Him, being delivered by the determinate

counsel and foreknowledge of God, ye have taken,

and by wicked hands have crucified and slain; 24. Whom God hath raised up, having loosed the pains

of death : because it was not poslible that he should 25

be holden of it. For David speaketh concerning him, I foresaw the Lord always before my face, for

he is on my right hand, that I should not be mo. 26 yed. Therefore did my heart rejoice, and my

tongue was glad: moreover also, my flesh shall reit 27 in hope. Because thou wilt not leave my soul in hell,

neither wilt thou suffer thine holy One to see corrup28 tion (8). Thou hast made known to me the ways of

life; thou shalt make me full of joy with thy coun29 tenance. Men and brethren, let me freely speak un

to you of the patriarch David, that he is both dead

and buried, and his fepulchre is with us unto this 30 day: Therefore being a prophet, and knowing that

God had sworn with an oath to him, that of the fruit

of his loins, according to the flesh, he would raise up 31 Christ to fit on his throne; He seeing this before,

spake of the resurrection of Christ, that his soul was

not left in hell, neither his Aesh did see corruption. (e) Before the terrible defru&tion that is coming upon Jerusalem, described in terms representing the day of judgment; and, in fact, it was accompanied with the same distress of mind, that we can ima. gine to happen at the end of the world.

(f) They who embrace and obey the religion of Christ, shall escape and be faved from the common destruction. Matt. xxiv. 13.

(5) In full assurance that thou wilt not leave my soul in the state of the dead, nor suffer my body to remain in the grave-long enougla to undergo corruption. Psi xvi. 10.


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32. This 32 This Jesus hath God raised up, whereof we all are 33 witnesses. Therefore being by the right hand of God

exalted, and having received of the Father the pro

mise of the holy Ghoft, he hath shed forth this, 34

which ye now fee and hear. For David is not al-
scended into the heavens: but he faith himself, The

LORD said unto my Lord, Sit thou on my right 35 hand, Until I make thy foes thy footstool. There36 fore let all the house of Ifrael know assuredly, that

God hath made that fame Jesus whom ye have cru37 cified, both Lord and Chrift. Now when they heard

this, they were pricked in their heart, and faid unto

Peter, and to the rest of the apostles, Men and bre38 thren, what fhall we do? Then Peter said unto

them, Repent, and be baptized every one of you in

the name of Jesus Christ, for the remission of fins, 39 and ye shall receive the gift of the holy Ghost. For

the promise is unto you, and to your children, and

to all that are afar off, even as many as the Lord our 40 God shall call. And with many other words did he

testify and exhort, saying, Save yourselves from this 41 untoward generation. Then they that gladly receiv

ed his word, were baptized, and the same day there

were added unto them about three thousand fouls (?). 42 And they continued stedfastly in the apostles' doctrine

and fellowship, and in breaking of bread, and in 43 prayers. And fear came upon every soul : and many 44 wonders and figns were done by the apostles. And

all that believed were together, and had all things 45 common, And sold their poffeffions and goods, and

parted them to all men, as every man had need. 46 And they continuing daily with one accord in the


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(h) Obfetve how juftly the Gospel fate is compared to a grain of mullard-feed. Matti xiii. 32. There having been an increase of three shoufand fouls, besides the one hundred and twenty mentioned, Chap. i. 15. and a daily addition of more, verse 47. so that Chap. iv. 4. the number is faid to be five thousand.


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