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Mr. Holley's popular Preaching and liberal. Sentiments. 355 meeting house, to hinder his entering hundred pounds, to abide by the deci. the pulpit, for which another minister sion. Accordingly two arbitrators, a was provided. This, of itself revolt- minister and a layman for each party, ing scene, was productive of great and an umpire, were appointed, who uproar there, and on this and several assembled at Kidderminster about successive Sabbaths the town was in Michaelmas 1818, and having beard disgraceful confusion. Many of the all the circumstances of the unhappy lower order taking advantage of the contention related by both sides, came contest, proceeded to outrage, by to this decision : that the expenses grossly iosulting some of the principal incurred by either party in law propeople, and breaking several win- ceedings should be added together dows. During the contention, on one and jointly defrayed; that Mr. H. of the Lord s days, after the consta- might, if he thought proper, return to bles were withdrawn, a personal con- the Old Meeting-house, and preach flict ensued between Nir. H., with there for the space of six months, and the assistance of two of his warmest that at the expiration of the allotted friends, and several of his opponents, term he should cease to officiate within who had statioued themselves at the the limits of the parish. The time stairs of the pulpit to prevent his as- allowed him having elapsed, he has cending 10 it': in consequence of this resigned his claim and left the meetthe former were iudicted for an as- ing; and the congregation is now at sault, to be tried at the quarter ses liberty to elect another minister. The sions at Worcester, and were admitted people who have adhered to Mr. H. to bail; but the trial vever came on, being indisposed to continue their it having been thought advisable to attendance at that place, now he is desist from a further prosecution. The excluded, are endeavouring to proissue of these violent proceedings was, cure a new erection; but whether that the minister was under the ne. they will succeed is at present uncercessity of quitting the meeting-house, tain. I conclude with expressing my when he hired the assembly room at sincere hope, that the cause of Nonan inn, and for some months preached conformity may never again be dis. to his attendants, still claiming the honoured, in any of its branches, by house for which he had contended, as such contrariety to the Christian spirit having a right to officiate there, he and practice. being the ordained and proper mi.

R. F. nister of that place. However this shocking disturbance might be viewed SIR,

York, May 4, 1819.

TP. FLOWER's letter on the sent, it is impossible that it should have afforded a pleasurable feeling to tucky, in your last Number, (p. 242,] any, except the bigoted subjects of a having probably excited some interest church in which the exercise of just in many of your readers, I send you liberty in the choice of a teacher is the following extract from a letter I precluded by purchase or patronage. received from a valuable friend in By all others it must have been pain- Massachusetts, with whom I have the fully witnessed, especially in a town privilege of occasionally correspondaccustomed from the days of the emi. ing, written in December last. nent Richard Baxter to a decent ob- « Of occurrences ainong us, that servance of the Sabbath. At length, which has most excited public notice, in order to terminate this lamentable is the removal of Mr. Holley, the most affair, and either to give up the house, eloquent pulpit orator our country which their fathers erected for the has known, from his society in Bosworship of God, or to silence the ton to the Presidency of Transylvania minister's claim to it for his life, a College in Kentucky. Mr. Holley proposition was made on the part of had distinguished himself by bis bold the majority of subscribers to nomi- ani animated discussion of theological nate an arbitration, and thus have opinions ; and though he had surrecourse to the wisest mode of settling prised some by the freedom of his differences. This being acceded to, sentiments, yet his clear and forcible both parties entered into a legal en- elucidation of Christian doctrines had gagement, under a penalty of five made a great impression. On his

as dishonourable to the cause of Doisa M'spread of Unitarianism in Ken

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entrance, however, on his new charge, explain what is said in Scripture the alarm was given among the Trans- abont the efficacy of the death of allegany bigots, and the Presbytery Christ, by considering the importance of the state have published a caveat, of which it was, in establishing Chrisaccompanied with a statement of the tianity. Thus for instance, the point necessity of erecting another College, which he labours is this; that if Jesus where instruction may be given less had avoided death, he would have dangerous to the Kirk."

ruined the cause in which he was CATH. CAPPE. engaged. On the other hand, it is

here contended, that the efficacy of

our Lord's death, which is princiSir,

Clapham. pally noticed in Scripture, lay in its SOMETIME ago you were so kind tendency to impress on mankiud cer

to insert a few arguments, tain seasonable and salutary lessons, [XIII. 235,] which I sent you in fa- such as peculiarly befitted the introvour of the doctrine of aionement. duction of the dispensation of grace My conviction both of the truth and and forgiveness, to manifest the evil importance of that doctrine has since of sin, and make meu hate it. View. become confirmed. Allow me then ing the death of our Lord in this once more to endeavour to interest light, it appears to me most eminently your readers in its behalf. It appears and justly an atonement for sin, for io me, that the Unitarian cause suffers the sins of the world; nor can I wonmore from our unqualified rejection der, that in the Scripture our attention of this article of belief than from any appears to be so often directed to it other circumstance. I must premise, as such. Does any one then ask me, that the doctrine of atonement must Do you think that the Scripture reby no means be confounded with that presents the death of Jesus as an of satisfaction: they are totally dif- atonement or expiation for sin : 1 ferent things, and the latter to me answer, undoubtedly it does: how appears manifestly unscriptural. In can it be denied ? Does he further the eighth chapter of Dr. Carpenter's ask, In at way do you suppose it “ Unitarianism the Doctrine of the could be so ?

I answer, because it Gospel,” it is observed, “ that the was an event calculated to impress death of our Lord must have had its believers in Christ with a deep hatred efticaey in one of these two ways; of sin; and, therefore, calculated to either it must have acted out of the prevent any abuse to which the grace usual order of Providence, directly of the gospel might have been liable

, producing, without any intermediate had it not been introduced in conagency, some change in the Divine nexion with such solemn and striking disposition or purposes towards mau- circumstances.

Perhaps he farther kind, or it must have been a means asks, But is this doctrine consistent operating according to the usual order with Unitarian views of the person of of Providence, and in the then cir- Christ? I answer, quite cumstances necessary to promote the as with Trinitarian : according to purposes for which he came from either belief, the death of Christ is a God." The Author adopts the latter great monument of the evil of sin, and supposition, and so do I; for it is per- à solemn warning to fee from it; it fectly consistent with the doctrine of tends to guard those whose sins are atonement, and that in the full force forgiven, from thinking lightly of of the word. I contend, that the death their guilt, or being careless about a of our Lord was regarded by God as relapse. Such is the lesson which an atonement for sin, principally, if the Scripture draws from it. not entirely, (at least, as far as it im- that despised Moses' law, died withports us to understand the matter,) out mercy: of how much sorer plu on account of the impressions which, nishment shall he be thought worthy according to the usual order of Provi- who hath profaned the blood of dence, it was calculated to make on Christ!" There is one misconception mankind. The difference then lies against which I wish to guard : I exactly here. The respectable Author suppose it may be said, but all Unitawhom I have quoted, and with him rians draw such instructions as these I believe the main part of Unitariaus from the death of Christ,

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Commonwealth Marriage Act.

357

those who receive this doctrine. No ning of this service is most unpromisdoubt this is true; but still there willing to a Unitarian; for though the be this difference: those who are first words of the Creed, I believe in led to such an improvenient of the God the Father, are in the margin, they death of Christ, by the authority of are expanded in the text into, I bethe numerous passages which are re- lieve and confess my Lord God, one in garded as teaching the atonement, substance and three in person, Father, will consider the death of Christ, in Son and Holy Ghost." There is, how. this respect, as a much more important ever, nothing of this theology in " the and significant event; as forming an Form of Marriage,” (p. 249). At the integral and necessary part in the plan close of the service, “ the minister of redemption: inasmuch as they see commendeth them to God, in this or it so frequently and expressly pointed such like sort: • The Lord sanctify out to their notice by God himself, as and bless you: the Lord pour the the way in which they have been saved. riches of his grace upon you, that ye

Our Lord's death is thus invested may please him and live together in with a holy moral meaning, which is holy love to your lives' end.' Then nearly lost when it is viewed so much is sung the i28th Psalm, or some with an historiau's eye, as a meau of other pertaining to the same purpose." confirming truth or advancing a cause. These appear to have comprehended In this influence of the cross of Christ all the devotional part of the service. on the heart of a Christian, I think I need scarcely add, that there was no we may see the best explanation of form of wedding with the ring, nor the doctrine of the atonement. Lastly, any of the exceptionable language that Unitarians should allow the ex. which the Church of England contrayagance of Calvinists to drive them nects with that ceremony. This Cal. into an opposite extreme, appears to vin's Common Prayer Book was the me lamentable. It is the rejection of form used by the English at Geneva," this doctrine which makes the great during their exile in the reign of Mary. breach between them and the rest of At the end of the French Protestant Christians : it is this which makes Testament, published at Charenton, the hearts of other Christians shrink 1668, I find, among other public from their communion as a dead and forms, La Manière de célébrer le Ma. unholy thing: it is this which makes riage. This is in substance the same them to be esteemed impious, pre.

as the Geneva service. At the end sumptuous and God-denying. So is a short prayer, which, like every thinks the Christian world: for my. reference to the Deity through the self I will only say, it is this, possibly, whole service, is strictly Unitarian. which contributes to shed a chilly

I also mentioned at the meeting in influence on their communion, which January, the very just views of mar. even they themselves are constrained riage, as a civil contract, entertained to acknowledge and lament.

by the Short Parliament in 1653. T. F. BARHAM. That legislature has been assailed by

the ridicule of almost all political

writers, who, probably, were ill-inClapton, June 1, 1819. formed of whom it consisted and how WER since I read your Number it was employed during the four to offer you some additions to what before me a collection of their Acts, occurs [p. 53] respecting that very all attested by “ Hen. Scobell, Clerk important object of attention for the of the Parliament,” and “ printed by Cnitarian Association, a relief from John Field, printer to the Parliament the enforcement of the present Mar- of England, 1653." A perusal of riage Ceremony. I mentioned at the these would, I think, serve to shew meeting in January, that “the Ge- that the ridicule attached to “ Bareseva form" was to be found in a col. bone's Parliament,” has been very ill ection of papers called the Pheenix, deserved. In the second volume, 1708, at p. 204, Praise-God Barbone, as he is named t appears under the title of “ Calvin's in the List prefixed to Scobell, or BarCommon Prayer Book." The begin- bon, as in the List of Commissioners,

SIR,

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under the Act for an Assessment, (p. deep disgrace of the Restoralion. But 286,) was one of the seven members I return to the Acts of the Short Par. for the city of London, though not an liament, from a digression into which Alderman. Being a very active mem- I have insensibly wandered. ber, his name, corrupted to Barebone Among several of a useful public or Barebones, was given to the Parlia. tendency, is that to which I referred, ment. His name, Praise-God, has, I and which you will probably wisli to apprehend, been not unfrequently con- preserve entire, as now become an sidered as a name fanatically assumed historical curiosity. It not only reby himself, whereas there cau scarcely spects the contract and registry of be a doubt that it was the choice of marriage, but also the registry of his parents, just as Frewen, Arch. births and burials. Much in the man. bishop of York, was named Accepted. ver of this Act, marriage is recognized It appears also from the last Classical and regulated as a civil contract by Journal, (p. 187, that in the name of the Code Napoleon, (Nos. 75, 165,) the late celebrated scholar, Christian and happily for France, it bas beeu Gottlob Heyne,

" Gottlob means adopted, with whatever reluctance, in praise God, and is frequently used as the Code-Royale of that legitimate a Christian name in that part of Ger- race, with whose goverunent she has many where Heyne was born." Ano- been again blessed by the bayouets of ther instance, among many which Britain and the Holy Alliauce. might be mentioned, is Deodatus con

J. T. RUTT. verted into the well known Italian

“ An Act touching Marriages and the name, Diodati. Mr. Granger, in his Biographical

Registring thereof; and also touch

ing Births and Burials. Wednesday History, (Ed. 2, III. 68,) calls this

the 24th of August, 1653. Ordered senator, Barebone, and commences a curious note, with the following gos

by the Parliament, that this Act be

fórthwith printed and published sip's tale, unauthenticated and unwor.

Hen. Scobell, Clerk of the Parliathy of such a writer. “I have been

ment. London, printed by Jeden informed that there were three bro

Field, Printer to the Parliament of thers of this family, each of whom had

England. 1653. a sentence to his name ; namely, Praise-God Barebone ; Christ came

“ Be it enacted, by the authority of this 14:43 If Christ had not died, thou hadst wealth of England, after the nine and into the world to save Barebone; and, present Parliament, that whosoever sball F127

agree to be married within the Common. been danned Barebone. Some are

twentieth day of September, in the year said to have omitted the former part one thousand six hundred fifty-three, shall of the sentence, and to have called (one and twenty days at least before sach him only Dumned Burebone." The intended marriage) deliver in writing, er senator is then described by Mr. cause to be so delivered unto the register, Granger as a “furious zealot," on the (hereafter appointed by this Act,) for the authority of Roger Coke. In his De. respective parish where each party to be tection, (II. 89, speaking of the inter- tious and place of abode of the parties so that

married liveth, the names, sirnames, addival, while Monk was maturing his treachery, that Author says, that dians or overseers; all which the said

to be married, and of their parents, guara “ Praise-God Barebones, with a mul- register shall publish or cause to be pulber titude of watermen and others, (who, lisbed, three several Lord's days, then it may be, could neither write nor

next following at the close of the morning read,) presented a petition to the exercise, in the public meeting-place

, Rump, for the excluding the King commonly called The Church or Chapel and Royal Family." In the next or (if the parties so to be married shall fino page he denounces “ that leering he desire it) in the market-place next to the retic Barebones, and all bis rabble.” said church or chapel, on three market we look back, not without respect, which being so performed, the register The time, however, is arrived when days, in three several weeks next follow

ing, between the hours of eleven and two; upon watermen and others, even a reputed rabble who, like Milton, and cerned) inake a true certificate of the des

shall (upon request of the parties cueunlike the courtly Presbyterians, would performance thereof; without which cerita have saved their country from the tificate, the persons hereinafter authorized

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359

Commonwealth Marriage Act. shall not proceed in such marriage: and dispense with pronouncing the words afore

if any exception shall be made against the said ; and with joining hands in case of * said intended marriage, the register shall persons that have no bands.

also insert the same, with the name of the “ And that a true and just account may person making such exception, and their be always kept, as well of publications, as place of abode, in the said certificate of of all such marriages, and also of the publication.

birthy of children, and deaths of all sorts " And it is further enacted, That all of persons within ibis Commonwealth; Be such persons so intending to be married, it farther enacted, That a book of good shall come before some justice of peace vellum or parchment shall be provided by within and of the same county, city or every parish, for the registring of all such

town corporate, where publication shall be marriages, and of all births of children, met made as aforesaid; and shall bring a cer. and burials of all sorts of people within in tificate of the said publication, and shall every parish; for the safe keeping of

make sufficient proof of the consent of which book, ihe inhabitants and housetheir parents or guardians, if either of the holders of every parish chargeable to the said parties shall be under the age of one relief of the poor, or the greater part of and twenty years : and the said justice them present, shall, on or before the two sball examine, by witnesses upon oath or and twentieth day of September, in the otherwise, (as be shall see canse,) con- year one thousand six hundred fifty-three,

cerni, u the truth of the certificate, and make choice of some able and honest pere due performance of all the premises; and son (such as shall be sworn and approved i also of any exception made or arising; by one justice of the peace in that parish,

aod (if there appear no reasonable cause division or county, and so signified under to the contrary) the marriage shall proceed bis hand in the said register book), to have in this manner:

the keeping of the said book ; who shall "The man to be married, taking the therein fairly enter in writing all such woman to be married by the hand, shall publications, marriages, births of children plainly and distinctly pronounce these and burials of all sorts of persons, and the words :

names of every of them, and the days of "I, A. B , do here in the presence of the month and year of publications, maris God, the searcher of all hearts, take thee, riages, births and burials, and the parents",

C. D, for my wedded wife ; and do also, guardians' or overseers' names : and the in the presence of God and before these register in such parish shall attend the witnesses, promise to be unto thee a loving said justice of peace to subscribe the entry and faithful husband.'

of every such marriage. And the person "And then the woman, taking the man so elected, approved and sworn, shall be by the hand, shall plainls and distinctly called The Parish Register, and shall conno pronounce these words:

tinue three years in the said place of "*1, C. D., do bere in the presence of register and longer, until some other be God, the searcher of all hearts, take thee, chosen, unless such justice of the peace, or 4. B., for my wedded husband ; and do the said parish, with consent of such jus. also, it the presence of God and before tice, shall think fit to remove him sooner. these witnesses, promise to be unto thee And for such publications and certificate a loving, faithful and obedient wife.' thereof, twelve pence and no more may

" And it is further enacted, That the be taken; and for the entry of every mar.

man and woman having made sufficient riage, twelve pence and no more ; and for -tó proof of the consent of their parents or every birth of child, four pence and no

guardians as aforesaid, and expressed their more; and for every death, four pence and consent unto marriage, in the manner and no more; and for publications, marriages, by the words aforesaid, before such justice births or burials of poor people who live of

peace, in the presence of two or more upon alıms, nothing shall be taken. And credible witnesses ; the said justice of the said justice of peace (if it be desired) peace may and shall declare the said man shall give unto the parties so married, a and woman to be from thenceforth bus- certificate in parchment, under his hand band and wife; and from and after such and seal, of such marriage, and of the day Consetit so expressed, and sich declaration of the solemnization thereof, and of two made, the same (as to the form of mar- or more of the witnesses then present; riage) shall be good and effectual in law. and the justice's clerk for this certificate And no other marriage whatsoever within may receive twelve pence and no more. the Commonwealth of England, after the And if such certificate shall be produced twenty-ninth day of September, in the year to the clerk of the peace for that county, one thousand six hundred fifty-three, shall and request made to him to make an entry be held or accounted a marriage according thereof, then the said clerk of the peace is to the laws of England. But the justice hereby required to enter the same in a of peace, (before whom a marriage is so- book of parchment to be provided for that lemnized,) in case of dumb persons, may purpose, and kept amongst the records of

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