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them, they should be left to ap- | Proclaims a dying Saviour's love, proach, and withdraw from it, at Calls me from guilt and death to rise, their leisure, till their judgment is And seek unfading joys above formed. And if its aspeet is not 5. My soul the call divine obeys, evidently forbidding, their scruples Transform me by the for'reigo grace,

Jesus, a prodigal forgive; will be likely to vanish as it be- And bid the dying finner live. comes familiar. As they will not 6. I trust thy fure unchanging word, haftily adopt any thing that is Humbly my all to thee religa; new, and as they are disposed to Be thou my friend, my portion, Lord, think and act for themselves, to And seal my heart forever thise. urge them to an immediate deci

Jefus the Chrifian's refuge in trouble. fion with respect to an object with 1. JESUS, my Saviour agd my king, which they are unacquainted, is


Thy mercy and thy truth I'll Ging; the sure way to make them decide Thy pard’ning mercy hath no bound, against it, notwithstanding all that And all thy words are faithful sound. can be done by the most perfuasive 2 When first my finful state I saw, arguments or the infuence of And Aed the terrors of the law, friends. These tho'ts have helped Jesus, in thee i lourd relief.

Oppreft with guilt and hopeless grief, to console me of late under a re

3. And now, beneath these coaded kies, view of the grievous delays I have While waves of trouble round me rife, met with.”

Shall I thy goodness doubt, or fear

Thou wilt no more attend my prayer ? POETRY.

4. I will not fear; thy grace and pow's

Have often cheer'd my darkest hour : COMMUNICATED AS ORIGINAL.

My fun, my shield, I know thy rame, Tbe awakened and repenting finner's Thy pow'r and grace are still the same. refolve.

5. Thou knowe why thy children 1. TTAIN world, I bidthee now adieu!

V 4db yote ile the best in time for thou all their burdens borne ; heart;

Exalted now, thou hear't their cry, To heav'n's bleh hills I turn my view, And for their aid art ever nigh. And willingly from thee ! part.

6. Though fore temptations vei my 2. For happiness in thee I've fought,

peace, But folid bliss could never find :

Atchy command the storm fall ceaic; Thy pleatures are too dearly bought, Be thou my krength, and ev'ry foe And often leave a king behind.

The conquests of thy grace fhall know 3. Tuc dream is fled, infoul awakes, 7 Tho fickness turo my frame to duft, With wonder thy deceits I fee : Jefus, in thee I fix my truit: My peace a guilty conscience breaks,

Thou canst restore my fainting breath, And bids me from thy follies fice.

Or grant a vidory in death. 4. A voice of mercy from the skies

Donations to the Milionary Society of Connecticut.
January 18. Solomon Goodell, Jamaica, Vermont, appro D. C.

priated to Indian Millions,
28. Rev. John Willard, New Settlements,

33 40 Feb. 11. From a friend of Missions,

116 75

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In ihe Editors' New Year's address p. 245, it is mentioned that the Rev. Mr. Potwine was the only minister who had died in this flate during the

1802. This was a mijlake which the Editors hope their readers will excuf. The Reverend and learned John Devotion, for many years Paftor of the third Society in Saybrook, died the oub of laf September.


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FOR THE CONNECTICUT Evan- | language of the natives about the

GELICAL Magazine. year 1644-Act of the General Attempts to propagate the Gospel Assembly of the Massachusetts to the Indians in New Eng. the Indians

Of the aflitance Mr. among

encourage the christianizing of land, &c.

Eliot received from the Ministers, [Continued from p. 257.] and the encouragement given by

good men, in general, in the New NUMBER vir.

England colonies-Of his first CHAPTER II. public effay in 1646, to instruct Concerning the propagation of the from his own house ; his mode of

some of the natives a few miles Gospel among the Indians in New England, particularly in

inftruction, and the pleating profthe colonies of the Maffachusetts

, Silits-Of his translating the Bi

pect which opened upon his first and New Plymouth, in the seven-ble, and other books upon divine teenth century, by the miffionary subjects into the Indian language labors of the Rev. John Eliot, -His early care that schools of Roxbury, and of those divines, should be instituted among the Inwho, after some time, were allo- dians-His reducing those whom ciated with him, as fellow-labor-he

first taught, to some degree of ers in the good work.

civil order, and industry-General INTRODUCTION. Some ac- Court of Massachusetts pass fome count of Mr. John Eliot prior to Resolves to reduce the natives to his coming to New England civil order-Indians at Concord His arrival, and fettlement in the express their defire to be civilized, Ministry, at Roxbury, near Bof- and taught Chriftianity; and a ton-Of the resolution he formed visit is paid them for this purpose to make an attempt' to gospelize to some good effect--Mr. Eliot's the Heathen, particularly in Maf. great diligence in his missionary fachusetts and New Plymouth col- work—The obftructions he met onies ; and of his preparing him with in pursuing his work; the felf for a Mission by learning the hardships he endured, and the

Vol. III. No. 10.

Z z

dangers to which he was exposed tury. He that makes any effays in his missionary course ; and his in history, cannot but wish for the patience, fortitude, perseverance, benefit of original writers. Howand trust in Divine Providence ever, in the present case, this de. amidst all his trials and perils— feat may be, in a good measure, Brief account of the London So- supplied, by Dr. Cotton Mather, ciety for propagating the Gospel Mr. Neale, and Governor Hutch. in New England, and parts adja- inson. These three gentlemen, cent, who affifted in supporting at least the two first, as it appears, the Missionaries Of the settle had many of the original publica. ment of the Indians at Natick, tions before them, when they and forming themselves into a wrote their histories ; and the last body politic under the direction had some of them; and they were of Mr. Eliot—They desire to be gentlemen much esteemed in the formed into a Church : Elders province of history. and Brethren from neighboring In the seventeenth century, not churches convene upon the occa a little was done to propagate the sion, and examine their qualifi- Gospel among the Indians in New cations.

England. Some writers indeed, Rev. Richard Mather's remarks contrary to historic truth, have upon the serious appearance of the attempted to diminish the work, Indians at Natick at the time the and indeed have had the confidence council met to examine them. * to affirm, that what was done was Gathering a church, and ordain- trifling, scarcely worthy of being ing a minister at Mashipauge-mentioned ; and have passed se Of Mr. Eliot's assistants in his vere censures upon our ancestors; missionary services - The ftate of but it will appear in the sequel, the christianized churches and in connexion with the narratives, congregations under the superin- which have been already given, tendance of Mr. Eliot in 1670- that their censures were ill found. Religious exercises in the Indian ed—that great pains were taken congregations, and a specimen of to propagate the Gospel among the exhortations, or sermons of the natives ; and that, tho' many two of their teachers, compre- rejected the offer of the Gofpel, hended within a very narrow com- yet the endeavors of the Mission.pass.

aries were crowned with no small INTRODUCTION.


However, it may seem, at this IT is matter of regret to the day, not a little strange, that such compiler, that he has not been pious men as the early settlers of able, after much enquiry made by New England undoubtedly were his friends and himself, to obtain in general, should so long neglect any books upon the subject of to make any special attempts to Mr. Eliot's Mision and labors, christianize the Heathen, confiprior to Dr. Cotton Mather's his- dering that the work was so betory of his life, published in the nevolent and excellent, and that of the seventeenth cen the Charter, granted by King

Charles I. to the Massachusetts They are kept for a season, in the Company, expressly mentions this ftate of Catechumens; and at length

as one defign of encouraging the are formed into a church.

plantation, that the emigrants

latter part

might have an opportunity to The people of New Plymouth carry on this pious work : the

were, for many years, few in numwords of the Charter are these, ber-in very low circumstances at viz. “ To win and incite the na their first settlement, and for matives of that country to the know- ny years after; having had their ledge and obedience of the only property greatly reduced by pertrue God and Saviour of mankind, fecution in their native country; and the Christian faith, is in our by being obliged to remove to royal intention; and the adven. Holland, that they might enjoy turers' free profession, is the prin- that religious liberty which they cipal end of the plantation."* were unreasonably denied in En

A much better apology can be gland, and peaceably worship made for the colony of New Ply- God agreeably to the dictates of mouth, than for either Massachu- their consciences ; and by the fetts or Conne&ticut; and indeed great expense incurred by coming a good apology for the early plant- to New England, and making a ers of the former.

settlement here. Besides, the lands

on which they planted were far • " As the conversion of the Hea- from being productive ; they met then was, from the first, one profeffed with heavy loffes at sea ; they aim of our forefathers in settling New

were also for a considerable time England; so almost all the royal charters, grants, letters patent, and acts of destitute of a settled minister ; government, in England, relative to Mr. Robinson, their very worthy this country, have made mention of, paftor, was prevented from comand encouraged, yea enjoined upon the ing over from Holland ; and after settlers the prosecution of this pious his death, for a considerable course design: to which purpose is the following passage in the charter of the of years, they were repeatedly difMassachusetts (usually called the New appointed of having one fixed aCharter) granted in the 12th of Wil-mong them for any long term. liam and Mary—“ To dispose of mat But the Massachusetts colony & ters and things whereby our subje&s, in particular, could not plead such s inhabitants of our faid province, may be special inabilities, many of the " religiously, peaceably and civilly come first planters having been gentle“crned, protected and defended; so as “ their good life, and orderly conversa men of a handsome property, some " tion may win the Indians, natives of of them opulent, and sundry of * the country, to the knowledge and the original churches having been “ obedience of the only true God, and supplied with

two ministers each, “ Saviour of mankind, and the Chrif“ tian faith ; which his royal majesty,

as Boston, Dorchester, Water“our royal grandfather, King Charles town, Salem, Ipswich, Newbury,* “ the First, in his faid letters patent and several others. There was no « declared was his royal intention, and " the adventurers' free profession to be in 1637, till the general war in

war, except that with the Pequots “ the principal end of taid plantation.”

--Dr. Mayhew's Remarks upon Mr. 1675. That with the Pequots Apthorp.

was not of long continuance. 'William Penn, in the charter granted Though there were repeated dishim as proprietary of Pennsylvania, by putes with the natives at other King Charles the Second, is represented times, and there was a prospect as having it in view, in proposing to

of war breaking out, yet by one settle a colony—“To reduce the savage “natives, by gentle and just manners, “ to the love of civil society and the

Wonder working Providence of " Christian religion.”

Zion's Saviour in New England.

mean or another it was prevented, tion, that when the work of gos. and accommodations took place. pelizing the Indians was begun

The neglects of the original in earneft, it was carried on with planters were observed by the na- vigor and perseverance, both in tives, and, it may be, prejudiced the colonies of Mafsachusetts and the minds of many of them against New Plymouth, by the excellent Christianity, and the professors of Mr. Eliot of Roxbury, near Bofit. The Indians asked, “ How ton, and other pious ministers, his it happened, if Christianity was of associates in the good work, whose such importance, that for six and names will be mentioned and their twenty years the English had said worthy services related in the fenothing to them about it."'* quel of the history. Laudable And a Sachem on Martha's Vine exertions were also made by feve. yard told Mr. Mayhew, “ That ral eminent ministers in Connectihe wondered the English should cut to Chriftianize the Indians in be almost thirty years in the coun- that jurisdi&tion. The labors of try, and yet the Indians fools i the Missionaries were encouraged ftill.”+-The answer of the En- by gentlemen of prime distinction glish to these criminations was, in the civil department, as well as “ That they repented that they by their brethren in the miniftry, had not instructed the Indians in in the several colonies now menChristianity long ago; telling the tioned. Indians, at the same time, that

hear, &c. T

who read the Evangelical that “ as one professed design of Magazine, that before an account the colony charter was the gof- be particularly given of Mr. Elpelizing the natives, so the long ot's faithful, laborious and fucneglect of any attempt that way, cessful missionary labors, there cannot be excused."

should be inserted a brief account To speak of the neglects and of him in the younger part of his fqilings of predecessors, or ancest- | life, (preceding his arrival in A. ors, is not, in it felf, a pleafing merica) as drawn by Dr. C. Ma. topic, and is not to be defended ther, and abridged by Rev. Thomupon any other principle than that as Prince* of Boston. of benefitting our contemporaries, N. B. The words included and posterity; and promoting, if within brackets were, I suppose, it may be, an extensive good. inserted by Mr. Prince. The mistakes and omisions of Mr. John Eliot was born in those that have gone before us, England (I suppose about Nox. are exhibited, as a caveat, to those 1604.] His parents gave him a that succeed ; as well as their vir- pious education ; [and] bis Grit tues an incentive to laudable ac- times were seasoned with the fear tions.

of God, the word and prayer. Notwithstanding these neglects, He was educated at one of the it must however be allowed, and universities ; [I suppose ai Comspoken of with high commenda- bridge] God had furnished him

with a good mcafure of learning, • Hutchinson’s Hift. Massa. vol. i. which made him capable of disi. 160. + Mayhew's Indian Converts, p. 80. * Annals, vol. ii. p.gel.

Governor Hutchinleto bobler des; IT may be acceptable to fome,

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