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comes minglinge with the brieze."-Old MS.
and crowded with tombs of an ancient and massive character. Just by, stands the parsonage, where Thomas Seward the poet, and his still more cekbrated daughter Anna, once resided; and though since enlarged, where the ever-memorable William Mompesson and his devoted and unsbrink:ag Ca
tharine offered life and all in the service of their Crossing these high moors about three miles, we afflicted flock. These and other interesting charac. saw Eyam before us, placed in a situation similar to ters, who have acted here a little part of their drama that of Longstone, at the foot of another lofty range of human life, call up a spirit from the dead to of moor-land. As we approached, its situation be- shroud the pilgrim of nature in the solemn influence came every moment more interesting. It appeared of their memories. Some manuscripts of different to stretch along a level about a mile in length. characters of genius or worth, which it has been the Behind, rose that wild, high mountain, whence two fate of this secluded spot to possess, are still in the valleys broke and ran down towards the town; the hands of different individuals in the neighbourhood; one on the right, wide, deep, and gloomy with wood. and many a traditionary story, I doubt not, might be On the slope behind the town was scattered here learnt from the oldest inhabitants, which, if we had and there a pleasant house and plantation: before had time, I should have liked to seek after. Here it, and immediately around it, rose a rich profusion is the tomb of Catherine Mompesson, who fell a of trees, appearing most beautiful amidst the naked-victim to conjugal affection during the plague which
that centering here, expands over the world, cerpente, was suddainly crowded with humane corpses, like the
Mr. Phillips was heard throughout with the most profound silence; and when he had concluded, the cheering continued for a considerable time.
Never before published.]
A PEDESTRIAN PILGRIMAGE
BY WILFRED WENDER.
(Continued from page 355.)
ness of the surrounding country. Descending still
"A palace in a woody valley found,
Brown with dark forests and with shades around;
It seemed to speak of gifted and cultivated souls drawing the charms and elegancies of polished life into the lone and rocky wilderness, and raising the paradise of literary ease and domestic bliss, and the "The wilde heathe which heretofore had only received into purest enjoyments of artificial existence, in the very its bosome the carcases of the salvage beastes, or the patiente bosom of nature's most romantic glens. Our first sheepe, that dumbly suffering dies, and bleaching awaye in the visit was, as usual, to the church-yard. It has a windes leaves a greene spotte as a memorial of its deathe; or the birde which the shepherde noteth by its bones, talons, and pleasing and venerable aspect, planted round, like feathers, to have bene rente by the cruelle hawke or charning many in the peak villages, with flourishing limes,
raged here in 1666, the year after that in London,
Obsarve, And Here You'll See,
My Husband's Dead By Me."
It was fortunate the old woman died first, or one might suspect from the last line that she had murdered "Dear Isaac" by an ungodly tongue à some other fatal weapon.
On the tower is fixed the following, remarkale for the skilful division of its lines:
"Eliz. Laugher Ob. Feb. 4th 1741. Etat 24. "Fear no more the
Heat o'th Sun,
Nor the furious
Task has done,
I weep thee now,
But I too must
Here end with
Thee, and turn to dust:
-Less union prove
Neither of these, however, is equal to one now standing in Longnor Churchyard, four miles from Hartington:
"Here lies my three children dear,
Our next visit was to the glen where the people used to assemble, during the plague, for divine worship, and their pastor addressed them from a rock. This excellent man by his influence prevailed upon his parishioners not to flee at the breaking out of the plague, and thus to carry it into a multitude of places, but to remain in their own village, and by every wise endeavour, by prayer, and by every prudent regulation, to remove the dreadful calamity. This piety and wisdom well merited the astonishing confidence of his flock. He was their pillar of earthly hope, and their director, and inspirer of a higher; their physician, and pastor, and friend. To avoid the dangerous consequences of assembling in the church, they met in an adjoining glen where each could sit apart, and their invaluable teacher could deliver his addresses from a rock opposite to them. This is the woody dell we saw as we approached, to the left of the road, as we entered the town. This is a delightful
"Ecco! non leingi un vel cespuglio vide
Ch 'invitano a posaree chi s'appresenta."
ing height, covered with a rich garment of green | undaunted amidst the overpowering pestilence,
"A little lowly hermitage it was, Down in a dale, hard by a forest's side, Far from resort of people that did pass In travel to and fro; a little wide There was a little chapel edified, Wherein the hermit duly went to say The holy things, at morn and eventide : Thereby a chrystal stream did gently play, Which from a sacred fountain welled forth alway." This spot, you feel sure, must have witnessed the joyous metings, and heard the vows and At the bottom of Middleton Dale, stupendous affectionate parlance of all the more passionate rocks with trees, like those we just spoke of, sur- and sentimental lovers of the neighbouring village rounded the entrance. About a hundred yards is for ages: but most of all, the idea of that solemn open to the road, destitute of bushes, grassy, and assembly dwells upon the imagination, when terrors grazed by sheep. A wall there runs across it, and and desolation hovered over the place, and death was mass of trees seem to close the entrance. Passing busy amongst the panic-struck multitude: when over the walls among the trees, a footpath leads you all communication was cut off with every other up the middle of the dell, amidst an assemblage place, and every one expected bis fate the next, of wild and beautiful scenes which it is impossible and hopeless of this world, came to listen to the to describe. On the one hand are vast precipices, promises of a better, from the pious, affectionate, on the other a steep bank runs up to an astonish- and indefatigable pastor, who still stood calm and
communicate to them a secret thus capable' of emparadising prosperity, and of charming away, as a mere gloomy vision, the most dreadful, aggra vated, and complicated calamities? Alas! that any brother mortal should want such an antidote to his miseries! I stood upon the spot occupied by this venerable man with a sensation of awe and admiration, heightened by the character of the sur rounding scenes, till I could almost persuade myself I saw him beside me, and that I read the counte. nances of his audience on the opposite hill, and saw dismay and terror gradually yielding to his animated arguments, till his own glowing faith and triumph of invincible holiness brightened over every face.
We next went to the place on the high moor about a mile from the town, where those who died of the plague were buried: we found only the marks of the interment of one family of the name of Hancock. A tomb is placed over the parents, with an inscription and motto “Orate et vigilate, nescitis horam;" and six headstones of their children stand in a scattered manner about it: four yew trees grew amongst them but they are now cut down. It is recorded that between the 7th of Sept 1665, and Nov. 1666, there were 260 burials, and 91 years afterwards, the ground being accidentally disturbed, the plague broke out again and carried off great numbers. We were told of a trough, on the top of the moor, where charitable contributions were left in water, principally by the Duke of Devonshire, during the plague, but we could not find it.
Dearest Ellen, what can move thee
Full many weary hours are past;
Full many a deep and heart-wrung sigh I've breathed since I beheld thee last,
And gaz'd upon thy jet-black eye.
Think not, dear maid, this constant heart
I'd scorn to act so base a part,
As first to win, and then deceive thee.
Then let not idle fears oppress thee,
.TO THE EDITOR.
SIR,-I found the above verses a few days ago, in a letter, written in 1809: if they are not already in print and well known, the feeling that pervades them will, I trust, make them deserving of a place in your agreeable and useful miscellany.-I am, &c.
A SUBSCRIBER AND WELL-WISHER.
15th May, 1821.
When silent time, with lightly foot,
I sought again my native land,
Or if I e'er again may taste
The joys I left lang syne.
As I drew near my ancient pile,
My heart beat all the way;
Ilk place I pass'd seem'd yet to speak
Those happy days of mine,
The ivy'd tower now met my eye,
Where minstrels used to blaw;
I ran to ilka weel-kenn'd place,
I shut the door and sabb'd aloud,
Some puny chields, a new-sprung race,
"Na, na, your fathers' names grow there, Memorial o' lang syne."
To win me frae sic waefu' thoughts
But sure her mother's blushing face
In vain I tried in music's sound
Ye sons to comrades of my youth,
Forgive an auld man's spleen; Wha 'midst your gayest scenes still mourns
The joys he ance has seen. When time is past and seasons fied,
Your hearts may feel like mine; And then the sang will maist delight, That minds you o' lang syne.
TO MY OWN NOSE.
(From the New Monthly Magazine J
Oh, Nose! thou rudder in my face's centre,
TO MY BIG TOE.
Oh, my big toe! my trunk's remotest sprout!
Thou ever in the breach wert good as whip.
MR. PUTNAM'S READINGS, AT MR. PARIS'S ROOMS,
Body of the Room 3s. Gallery 2s.
The Readings and Recitations of this Gentleman, which are considerably varied each evening, are, we feel pleasure in saying, attended by the most respectable audiences. His evenings are Mondays, Wednesdays, and Fridays; but we have to state, that the present week will afford the only opportunities, to the Liverpool Public, of enjoying his instructive and amusing speci mens of Elocution, as Mr. P. proceeds to London after Friday evening.
Orthography.-(Inserted at the request of a corres pondent, who does not probably know that it has already graced our columns.)-The following note was received lately by a Surgeon :-" Cer,- Yole oblige me uf yale kom un ce me; I hev a Bad Kowd, am Hill in my Bow Hills, and hev lost my Happy Tight."
Jan. Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sept. Oct. Nov. Dec. 1807 29.88 29.65 30.01 29.64 29.63 29.81 29.67 29.65 29.62 29.65 29.46 29.71 1808 29.61 29.89 29.98 29.66 29.68 29.76 22 73 29.6429.63 29.49 29.67 29.64 1809 29.34 29.53 29.89 29.69 29.73 29.55 29.72 29.50 29.52 29.95 29.77 29.56 1810 29.00 29.59 29.45 29.56 29.67 29.93 29.50 29.64 29.87 29.70 29.11 29.39 1811 29.66 29.13 30.00 29.45 29.43 29.64 29.81 29.69 29.82 29 39 29.86 29.52 1812 29.77 29.33 29.68 29.91 29.86 29.88 29.92 30.01 30.07 29.26 29.86 30.04 30.10 29.53 30.19 29.90 29.64 30.06 29.79 30.11 30.08 29.61 29.76 29.89 1813 1814 29.51 30.16 29.79 29.88 30.14 30.12 29.99 30.00 30.15 29.8329.77 29.42 1815 29.95 29.86 29.75 30 00 30.00 29.96 30.14 30.00 30.00 29.94 30.04 29.84 1816 29.69 29.89 29.83 29.82 29.92 30.02 29.72 30.0229.95 29.90 29.8229.75 29.83 29.95 29.87 30.39 29.84 29.92 29.85 29.74 30.04 30.10 29.98 29.63 1817 1818 29.68 29.53 29.35 29.57 29.44 29.88 29.95 29.92 29.64 29.71 29 66 29.90 1819 29.52 29.43 29.70 29.66 29.77 29.75 29.88 29.81 29.81 29.67 29.57 29.57 1820 29.72 29.82 29.76 29.80 29.59 29.79 29.81 29.72 129.80 29.13 29.73 29.83
Comprehending Notices of new Discoveries or Improvements in Science or Art; including, occasionally, singular Medical Cases; Astronomical, Mechanical, Philosophical, Botanical, Meteorological, and Mineralogical Phenomena, or singular Facts in Natural History, Vegetation, &c.; Antiquities, &c.; to be continued in a Series through the Volume.]
MEAN HEIGht of the barometeR AT MANCHESTER:
Mr. Hutchinson's results are from an average of 25 years' observations at Liverpool; namely, from 1768 to 1792, inclusive.
Feb. March April May June July Aug. Sept.
29.72 29.72 29.71
ral 29.66 29.66 29.81 29.78 29.73* 29.86* 29.82 29.82 29.84 29.66* 29.73* 29.69"|| 29.75′′|
.09m. .09m. .06p. 03p. .02m. .11p. .07p. .07p. 09p. .09m. .02m. 06m.
General Mean of the first three months, 29.704; second, 29.791; third, 29.830; fourth, 29.693 inches. General Mean of the first six months, 29.747; of the second, 29.761 inches; of the six winter months, 29.698; and of the six summer months, 29,810 inches.
The highest barometrical pressure, which took place in the above fourteen years, was 30.88 inches: it occurred on the 7th of December, 1812. The weather presented nothing remarkable at the time; the wind blew gently from the north-east; it was fine and cloudy, and the mean temperature for the day was 32°.
The lowest pressure was 27.77! and which occurred on the 19th of October, in the same year; just fifty days before the highest state.-I made the following observations at the close of that month:-"The present month is particularly notable, for bearing date to a most unparalleled atmospherical depression. It occurred on the morning of the 19th; fifty hours previous to which, the mercurial column was at a mean elevation; but on the above morning, the barometer showed 27.77 inches, having lost one inch and seven-tenths; it was now stationary for a few hours, and there were frequent gusts of wind from the south, but no material change of temperature. From about noon of the 19th to noon of the 21st, the mercury had more than regained its loss, by two-tenths; when it oscillated with inferior but still large and quick movements to the end.
reached 30.86, on the 1st of May, 1814; 30.84,on the 30th
In like manner are the general monthly means found;
The first five years' observations were made at the Lying-in Hospital, during my residence there: the barometer used was a common upright one; but, from 1812 The desultory movements of the barometer in the to 1817, it was changed for one of a wheel kind, which preceding month (September, 1812) were very trivial; ex-in part I conceive may account for the difference in the cept one, which was worthy of notice, viz. between the monthly and annual means being so much higher in 27th and 28th. Much rain fell at the time; and the those years. For the last three years I have used the river Irwell was so much swollen, as to do much damage common upright one again, made as accurate as possible. upon the low lands in its vicinity, by floating down My present residence in Bridge-street is not more than sheaves of corn and other valuables. It has not been so 200 yards from the former one, and the situation of the high these seven years. Its perpendicular rise at the present barometer is elevated not more than four yards Lying-in Hospital, from its usual height, measured 15 above the situation of the one formerly kept at the Hosfeet 9 inches. This must have been occasioned from a pital. larger fall of rain in a northerly direction, than what fell in the town."-The mean temperature of the day, on which this very low pressure happened, was 50°; the wind blew a hurricane from the south, and the moon was almost at the full. Upwards of two inches of rain fell on the 18th and 19th. The difference of the two extremes is 3.11 inches. With the exception of the depression in October, 1812, the barometrical surface rarely ever descends below 28 inches: it has been twice at 28; first, on the 17th of December, 1809; and the second, on the 20th of January, 1814. On the 27th of October, 1811, it was at 28.08 inches. Next to the great elevation of 30.88 inches, the surface of the mercury in the tube
It has often been asked, if the barometer, or in other words the mercurial surface, be not higher in summer than in winter. This can only be answered from general results of a long series of years. I think we shall now be able to settle this point, from the joint observations of myself, Mr. Dalton, and Mr. Hutchinson. Some allowances ought, however, to be made, from the expansion of the mercury in the tube of the barometer in the sum mer months. But when these allowances are made, we still find the means higher in summer, than those in the winter months. Mr. John Dalton's general monthly means are drawn from 25 years' observations in Man chester; namely, from 1794 to 1818, both inclusive,
The whole of the results I will arrange as under:
From the above general results, it appears, that March, April, May, June, July, August, and September are all above the
The mean of 29.77 inches, from attentive notations at Liverpool and Manchester during the above periods, may be relied on as pretty near the truth. Perhaps, if we make allowances for the expansion of the mercury in the summer months, we may fix a mean elevation of the barometrical surface in Lancashire at a mean height above the sea, at 29.75 inches.
Astronomy-Dr. Olbers has calculated, that once only in a period of 88,000 years, a Comet will come as near to the earth as the moon is. Once only in four millions of years, a comet will approach the earth within 7,700 geographical miles; and if it be equal in size to the earth, will raise the water to the height of 13,000 feet (a second deluge.) And only in 200 millions of years, will such a body come in contact with the earth !!!
Diamond. An extraordinary large diamond, belonging to the Honourable East India Company, has recently been received from India. It is denominated the Nas suck Diamond, and was taken with the baggage from the Peishwa of the Marattas. It weighs 351 grains, or 894 carats: its shape is triangular. Mr. Mawe (who visited the diamond district cf Brazil) has, through the favour of the chairman, modeled it. He thinks the form when rough was an irregular octohedron, and has been cut into its present shape to preserve its size and weight. It is of the finest water, and the largest diamond that has appeared in Europe, except the Pitt diamond, and the one in the possession of the Emperor of Russia.
There is not a science or study that has been more generally appreciated than Physiognomy, since the close of the life of Lavater, whose works have been published in every European language; and there are few well-educated persons who do not pique themselves upon the knowledge of judging of the characters of men from their various countenances. How pleasing then, it must be, to the lovers of the science, to know that they have, at present, an opportunity of gratifying their curiosity, by viewing Madame Tussaud's collection of figures, now in this town. There, they may, at leisure, view and study the countenances of some of the most celebrated
characters of the past and present times, which have been faithfully copied, many of them from life, and others from the finest busts and statues. The pleasure to be derived from this cannot be too fully appreciated: it enables the amateur to concentrate his ideas
TO THE "BRIEF JOURNAL OF THE SIEGE
Which appeared in three Numbers of our present
[Continued from pages 341, 347, and 366 of our present volume.]
(8.) The difficulties of the Royalists were shared by
within their proper boundaries; and, by having an op-
Since the arrival of the collection in Liverpool, it has met with the most flattering marks of approbation; and we assure those who have not beheld it, that, in omitting to view these beautiful figures, they lose a treat of no ordinary kind.
teeld to make a werk upon: presentlie these furious soldiers followed me, and sogt me in that howse, but found me not; watched my lodging with a gard, all night to catch me if I should go home, commanded the gards at every avenu not to let me out of towne, so that I was forced to ly out of my howse that night, and the next morning was fane to loope hedges and ditches to get to Lancaster, for they had beset all passages to kill me. When I came to Lancaster there was 8 companies of soldiers; the cannon was carrying up to the Castle: Manchester, Bolton, Preston were stryving who should have the best peeces; but having intelligence that Tilslie was to joyne with my Lord, and to assault Lancaster, I removed from that place and returned to Preston, for then the soldiers were a little apeased by the persuasion of Collonell Shuttleworth. I sent for all the troops I could have from Blackborne and Bolton, and had comanded Colonell Holland, with his regiment from Manchester, to set upon Warrinton. I got 12 companies of foot together; but, having refrom Lancaster, I could not stir out of my bed, and ceived a great fall from my horse that night I came am not well as yet, but I sent Coll. Ashton with 9 comhim to march forward and assault the enemie in the panies, and keept but 3 in towne: and so I comanded reare, the 8 companies in Lancaster, in the van, wold be a means to relieve them of Lancaster, who were besieged by these troopes. The Colonell being half way at Gerstein (Garstang) had no corage to go on; showing that the enemie was strong, and if they should be beatten, the countrie were lost. I wrot to him to stay there: that wold amuse the enemie. He called the councell of warre, which were all of his mynd to return again the next day. They were not so soone out of the place, but 2 scouts of the enemies rydes back and advertised them. Imediately they assault Lancaster, and were beatten of again, had not a soldier cryed We have no powder! so they made a fresh assault, and came and burnt the towne, for the most pt. our soldiers retired to the church and castle. I, hearing of this, knew, that in case I relieved them not presently, they must surrender men, armes, and canons to the enemie. The next day I got upon my horse, sore as I was, with eleven companies of foot, some few ill-mounted horse, who durst not look the enemie in the face, and with these I marched to Lancaster, having left in garrison, in Preston, 4 companies of foote, a troop of horse of Captn. Dukinfield, with 500 clubmen; Coll. Holland being in towne, and Sergeant Major Chantrell. I marched in a closse way, having nor horse nor canons yet in view of the enemie. So soon as I was past they knew I would relieve Lancaster. The enemie marched forward to attempt against Pres ton, which they carried maliceuslie. I was to march from Lancaster about two of the clock again; but no soldier would stir, in regard they were wearied, having marched 20 myles. The next morning, being reddie to march, none wold stay in Lancaster. Coll. Stankies 3 companies, who were into it, caused beat their drums in spyt of my teeth; and when I caused shut the gates, they swore they wold fire the canons and the castle, and began, so that I was fain to cause set open the gates. None of Coll. Shuttleworths regiment weld stay, so that I was in a greater perplexity than ever. At last 2 of Coll. Hollands regiment sayd, Sir, we will stay if you will stay, but not els.' I was forced to stay in the Castle, and send the other away to Preston; but about mid way news came to them that Preston was taken by my Lord. Sergeant Major writ this to me by post, and desires me to retire me by the way of Clethro' (Clitheroe) and by night, otherwyse I could not escape. I mayd this known to the two Cap tens with me; they said this was no place for me to be in, neither wold they stay after me. So I parted out of the castle, and wrot to the liftienents how things stood; desiring them, if the soldiers wold not stay to defend the castle, to retire the same way to Clethro'. It seems the companies had got salt beef and porke for a month or 2, and there is water in the castle, so that if we can relieve them against that time it is well: but I dispare of that, seeing it is to farre from us, above 40 myles. This ship has been the cause of all our sorrow, having our troops divyded only to gett these canons. But it is Gods pleasure thus to deal with vain man, who puts their confidence in canons and men more than in God. And now I am at Manchester: scarcely dare I come into the strectes for feare of killing of me." We are presently to go to the feelds and seek the enemie, and either fight with them or attempt some towne. But yet I am in as bad a case as before; the soldiers say they will kill me, because I gave them not the plundrage and papists goods of Preston, which