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French Protestants, would not have feared rational and sublime and silent joy, whick the refusal of his support. His was no will be felt by men of noble minds, who party attachment to freedom-no lip pro- ' have attained their rights-by men who fession-be loved freedom in his heart. can think on their forefathers without With bis earliest recollections, the evils of shame-who can view their children with persecution were connected. The first out sorrow-who have achieved their free. sounds he heard, were the sighs of bis pa dom—who have deserved their freedomrents-expatriated for their religion from who feel that they are free. their native land. With his growth the Long and continued cheers marked the remembrance bad grown ; and the senti- interest excited in the meeting by a speech, ments would have expired only with his which we have already characterized, and lise. Had he been present this day, what which occupied two hours, and of which indignation would he have felt! Yet his even this long report is opavoidably but indignation was unselfish, was passionless. an abbreviated skeich It resembled the emotions of holy spirits The following resolutions were then suc. -blending abhorrence of the wrong with successively proposed and unanimously pity for the wrong-doer. But he too was approved. lost. (Loud cheers.) Yet they were not 1. That this meeting, including without advocates. He was happy to see friends of religious freedom of every party, his friend Mr. Alderman Wood present on receive with great interest the statement the occasion. He knew his benevolent of the proceedings of the Commiltee of heart—bis sagacious head — his active the Protestant Society for the protection hand. Nor did the country contain one of Religious Liberty, during the past year. man more ardently desirous to do good. That they have not forgotten the merito(Cheers.)

rious labours of preceding Committees

, But they had also present another advo. who mainly contributed to obtain the cate for all that was benevolent and wise. amended Toleration Act, aided to procure He could remember when but a boy, he the recognition of more liberal principles read his masterly reply to Burke, with in the administration of ludia, and wbo eloquence equal to that of Burke. He could at the same time did not neglect to defend not but overcome, as he had the quarrel the domestic rights of Dissenters and of just. With delight, too, he had listened Methodists ; and they rejoice, that the to bis defence of the freedom of the pre Committee for the pust year have imitated When before Buonaparte, Europe trem- their example, and laudably advanced in bled, and our government yielded to pro- the same useful and honourable course. sccute a defenceless einigraut for the af. 2. That impressed with the essential im. firmance of the truth, he stepped forward portance of Academies for the preparation on his behalf, and delivered an oration of pious young men for the ministry among which Cicero, when most elated with his Dissenters, and solicitous that no avoidaown immortal efforts, would have been ble charges should oppress their funds or proud to claim. (Applause.) India, diminish their utility, they learn with too, blessed the hour of his arrival on her great satisfaction that it has now been shores. He went there to administer jus- finally decided, that the apartments occu. tice, and by his administration, lenient pied by students in those institutions shall though upright, and by the mild exercise be exempt from public and parochial as. of his authority, he was there reverenced, sessments ; and that the Committee bare till they regarded him as a tutelary mes- prevented the interposition of church. senger from heaven. (Applause.) wardens with schools established on those

He has stepped into the situation of Sir liberal principles, which alone tbe enSamuel Romilly, he has directed his great lightened friends of education can comand comprehensive mind to the ameliora. mend. tion of those laws, which have been justly 3. That experience has convinced many said to be a written in blood.” He bas members of this Society, that the demand wrapped around him the mantle of the of tolls on Sundays from Dissenters and departed Romilly, more honourable than Meibodists attending their own places of the judicial ermine, the senatorial robe, religious worship, imposes on them a buror the imperial purple. (Loud cheers.) den peculiar and injurious: and that they, He is not lost! Such a living advocate therefore, applaud the efforts of the Com. Dissenters will possess! Whilst such evils unittee to avert that inconvenience; and exist and such duties remain, he could recommend to their consideration the exnot consent to indulge his wish, to sing pedience of applying for some permanent the requiem of the Society, or to chaunt provision, that may establish their right its dirye. But he did anticipate, that the to exemption in a distinct and unequivocal day would come, when they inight chaunt this requiein, interrupted, perhaps, by 4. That whilst this meeting learn with shouts of exultation !-No not with approbation the liberal conduct of the shouts of exultation, but with a calm and Committee in preseuting fifty guineas 10



Intelligence.Protestant Society: Sir J. Mackintosh's Speech. 391 the Independent Chapel at York, and fifty surer and Secretaries, be appointed to act guineas to the congregation of the Rev. as the Committee of the Society during the Mr. Slatterie, at Chatham, towards their ensuing year : expenses in resisting the assessment of Rev. J. Brooksbank, Dr. Collyer, George their meeting houses to the rates for the Collison, F. A. Cox, Thomas Cloutt, relief of the poor; they learn also with Alex. Fletcher, "Rowland Hill, Thomas regret, that the resistance of those con. Jackson, Dr. Newman, W. F. Platt, S. W. gregations has not been attended with suc. Tracy, John Townsend, Matthew Wilks, cess; and they hope, that the Committee Mark Wilks : will take the earliest opportunity that pru- David Allan, Esq., Wm. Bateman, Esq., dence will allow, to apply for an act by J. B. Brown, Esq., James Emerson, Esq., which not only the pecuniary charge shall James Esdaile, Esq., Colonel Handfield, be preventert, but the degradation of sub- Alderman Wood, Esq., M. P., Thomas mitting the expedience of the expenditure Hayter, Esq, J.O.Oldham, Esq., J. Priti, of Dissenting congregations to uninformed Esq., William Townsend, Esq., Thomas or unfriendly magistrates at quarter ses- Wontoer, Esq., Thomas Walker, Esq., sions shall be for ever removed.

James Young, Esq. 5. That this meeting would be unworthy 8. That this meeting also repeat their descendants of wise, pious and noble- thanks to Robert Steven, Esq., the active, minded men, if they could ever consider benevolent and enlightened Treasurer of with contented or indifferent minds the this Suciety. continued operation of the Test and Cor- 9. That they also renew, with even inporation Acts on Protestant Dissenters, or creasing pleasure, their cordial acknowcould cease to regard them as a profana- ledgments 10 Thomas Pellatt and John tion of the sacrament of their religion to Wisks, the intelligent, zealons and disin. secular purposes, and a violation of those terested Secretaries, and respectfully rerights of conscience which it is the delight invite their useful exertions. of every man to enjoy and his duty to 10. That this meeting acknowledge with maintain : and that they invite the atten. gratitude the kind attention of the Rev. T. tion of the Committee to some general and Tayler, the Rev. Dr. Collyer, the Rev. J. energetic efforts, for the repeal of all such Phillips, and James Gibson, Esq., the penal and prohibitory statutes, and for the Trustees of Coward's Funds, who have final establishment of the rights of Dis. again indicated their attachment to liberal senters on a basis tbat honour and reason principles, and to the true interests of Proand religion shall approve.

testant Dissenters, by a donation to the 6. That when this meeting consider the Society of fifty pounds. local persecutions which obstruct liberty 11. That this meeting recognize upon of worship, the hostile spirit which many this occasion with great pleasure, the preciergymen of the Established Church con- sence of Matthew Wood, Esq., Alderman tinue to manifest, the vexations of which and M. P. for the city of London, and the perverted poor laws are made the in- congratulate the citizens of that city on struments, tbe parliamentary measures in- the re-election of a Representative, anxious compatible with the past privileges of to promote education, peace and liberty Dissenters, which require constant atten- throughout the world. tion, and the more combined and progres- 12. But that to Sir James Mackintosh), sive labours of the Established Church, M.P., the honourable and eloquent Chairnot merely to perpetuale, but to extend man, this meeting offer their peculiar its power; they cannot but perceive the praise : and would express their hope, that increasing importance of vigilauce and he who asserted the freedom of the press, and union, among all the friends of religious benefited India by his wisdom and his preliberty of every denomination, and must sence, will succeed in his beneficent' atrecommend, as their general representa- tempt to render our Criminal Jurisprudence tive, the Protestant Society, which in- milder, more efficacious, and more just; cludes all parties within its protection, to and will soon complete a National History, universal and more zealous support.

to which the friends of truth and freedom 7. That to the Committee for the past in every future age may with confidence rear, composed equally of ministers and refer. laymen, and including gentlemen who are These resolutions were recommended members of the Established Church as well by the Rev. Dr. Bogne, Messrs. Orme, of as Dissenters from that Church, this meet- Perth, and James, of Birmingham. ing present their thanks for the prudence Sir James Mackintosh, the Chairman, and zeal, the activity and caution, with rose amidst the loudest plaudits, and spoke which they have discharged the important to the following effect :- After the apduties they were appointed to fulfil: and probation of one's own conscience, I certhat the following ministers and laymen tainly consider as the best reward of any also in equal proportions with the Trea- human action, the approbation of wise

and good men--highest among whom I historian and philosopher, and enemy of must place the friends of civil and reli- civil and religious liberty. (Cheers.) gious liberty.

You have also beard the unspeakable value Gentlemen, for every reason, but for of religious liberty. No nian or body of the mere performance of duty, I should men can be justified in infringing on the now be silent. Every thing which trub privilege of any buman being to worsbip could say has been already urged. Every God; and that man who presumes to take thing which I could say, did I possess the such a course, acts not only contrary to talent, or the health, has this day been the dictates of common sense, but in oppo. far surpassed. I declare, that I never in sition to the great and divine attributes of the whole course of my life heard in any Christianity. But it bas also been truly assembly a speech more conclusive, more stated, that civil liberty cannot exist witbenlightened, or more eloquent, than that out religious liberty, but I would stale, which I have this day beard from your that civil liberty is also indebted to reliexcellent Secretary. ( Applause.) And gion. To the progress of that spirit of I have been also astonished, as I followed justice and paternal benevolence, which the admirable speech of the eloquent and religion inculcates, the safety of civil reverend gentleman, Mr. James. It is my liberty is to be attributed. (Heas.) The duty in the first place to return my thanks; spirit of religious liberty went forth at the and then to make some general observa- Reformation. The contests which then lions on the principles in support of which took place, although ardent, were unsucwe have all assembled.

cessful. Religious liberty did not appear It is also my duty to say, that I am here witb that lustre in the eyes of the Re. in consequence of the indisposition of my formers wbich it has since assumed. The beloved friend Lord Holland, who, al. Reformers, however, ought not to be ac. though precluded from being present, I cused of intolerance, inasmuch as having need hardly say is always present in heart gained the one great object of their pur. and feelings whenever the cause of civil suit, they were justified in supposing that and religious liberty is to be sustained; all else would follow. who inherits and acts upon those principles I was proud to hear the learned abser. which reflect splendour upon the name of vations of my countryman, Mr. Orme. Fox, and who, following the example of the first person, he stated, who maintained bis illustrious uncle, bas invariably advo- the true principles of religious liberty in cated the rights of his fellow-men, to wor- this country, was Dr. Owen, the preceptor ship God after the dictates of their con- of Mr. Locke. I would also mention anoscience. (Applause.)

ther individual greatly entitled to our ad. Gentlemen, it affords me pleasure to miration, and who also developed these succeed a Royal Duke iu this situation, principles—Sir Harry Vane. His writings as it reflects additional honour on the are little known to the majority of readers; House of Brunswick, when its princes act but he is alluded to by Hume, and bis upon those principles which placed their book contains the principles of religious family upon the throne; and they could liberty in three or four pages, in a manner not act more consonantly with those prin- clear and irrefragable. ciples, than by placing the great body of As to that part of the Revolution of Protestant Dissenters, who are the friends 1688, in which the privileges of religious of the Royal House, who assisted in plaeing liberty were for the first time asserted by the crown of England firmly on their law, we find at that glorious period, that heads, in the enjoyment of those privileges security from persecution was the first to which by reason, as well as by right, object which was obtained. Certainly, they are unquestionably entitled. (Ap- the Act of Toleration was imperfect, yet plause.). For my own part, from my it is a subject for congratulation, that the youth I have been devoted to the sacred unceasing exertions of your ancestors accause of civil and religious liberty; and I complished the greater part of this act. cannot but feel high honour, in the sin- I must, in justice to the memory of King gular gratification of presiding at a meeting William, say, that if this act was not more of a great body of Dissenters; the best perfect, it was not bis fault. If the wishes Protestant part of a Protestant world, ibe of King William had been complied with, authors of the principles of religious li- you would have obtained all you desired. berty among mankind, the fosterers and King William was hinself a Calvinist: he preservers of the English constitution. did not, however, come to England to (Loud applause.)

attack the members of the Church of EnThis has been well stated by the Rev. gland. He had far greater objects in Gentleman oo my left, (Dr. Bogue,) when view, and yielded his own private feelings he bore a testimony to the virlues and to matters of more vital importance. He firmness of these individuals, which was re- was a great-talented man, and no doubt luctantly extracted from Hume, that great anticipated all that the Dissenters could Intelligence.Protestant Society: Sir J. Mackintosh's Speech. 99$ wish, and all that a belief in Christianity power or privilege you enjoy, you owe to could warrant, would eventually be ob. the indulgence or moderation of the gotained. It is well known that he wished vernment, by whom it is only granted from all distinction among Protestant sects to year to year. It is a yearly lease, detercease, and that with great reluctance he miuable at the end of the year at the will was compelled to acquiesce in the imper- of his Majesty's ministers; and this comes fect scheme of toleration.

from the deliberate opinion of a most imI must express my surprise when I see portant person in the King's Council, and the bishops of the Protestant Church puh. a person of considerable weight; it was licly preaching that a man is not entitled mitered in a place too and with a delibeto the privileges of a Christian, unless lie ration which adds to its weight. unequivocally accords with the Liturgy of Permit me to say that I have been rethe Church. This certainly appears to freshed this day by the praises which I me extraordinary in a Protestant country; have heard bestowed upon liberty, and esindeed it would seem that the only differ- pecially by the inimitable speech of your ence between the Church of England and Secretary, which I could devote the day the Church of Rome, as a wit humorously 10 eulogize. Without any of the cold desaid, is, that the one was infallible and that liberation of a formal assembly, I have the other never erred.. (Applause.) As heard it justly stated, and as elegantly as long as persons entertaining such doctrines justly, that liberty is essential to greatness obtain high preferment, it will continue and goodness in man. We seek it not our meritorious duty, as the 'friends of re- alone for ourselves, but for our children. ligious liberty, to watch over their con. For what was the blood of Hampden and duct; and until the rights and privileges Sidney and Russell shed, but for ihe cause for which you are now contending are at- of liberty? For what was the great King tained, I shall say that the ends of the William called great, but for his exertions Revolution are incomplete. (Cheers )

in the same cause? And for what did I have heard with infinite pleasure the William and Somers live, but to establish resolution you have passed with respect to liberty? (Cheers.) the Test Act I do hope it is not a mere

What we desire is what these great men annual formality, but a resolution delibe- thought worthy the sacrifice of ibeir lives. rately formed, And I think those will And what is liberty, but equal justice render the greatest service to the public, among men? And what is more heavenly who will join in endeavouring to effect the and godlike than the exertions which are full and unshackled enjoyment of civil and made for the establishment of justice upou religious liberty throughout the empire. earth? (Applause.) It is to secure man (Cheers.)

against wrong that a form of governnent Now, gentlemen, I cannot but think it is established; but can this be obtained part of my duty to state to you a principle, without the possession of civil and reliwhich was lately urged in a place of greai gious liberty? importance, and by a minister of great I must say that I have attended to the moderation, and great discretion and pru- important statement wbich has been made, dence. A question arose in the House of with instruction as well as with surprise. Lords upon a comparison of two measures, I was ignorant, till this day, that scenes one of which was proposed by Lord Grey, of vexation, such as have been described, in 1807, and the other was carried into conld have occurred in this civilized couneffect in 1817. The bill was to exempt try; and the knowledge of their existence the Catholics in the army and navy from will certainly induce me to watch with those oaths which they had declined and more vigilance every measure connected refused to take. Lord Grey in the course with this subject, that may be brought of the discussion, said, that the present before the Legislature. I shall be most ministers had now done that very thing for happy to state every grievance that may be which he and his friends had been obliged presented to my notice, and to assist in to quit power.

Lord Liverpool (whom I obtaining for the Dissenters all those rights very much respect) said, that there was to which they are entitled. I consider ibat a very great difference between the two I should be disgraced in the eyes of this measures, and justified his own by stating, respectable assembly, if I did not act puba that the act of 1807 was a permanent act, licly upon the principles which I now pubwhile that of 1817 was only an annual act, licly profess. 'I therefore solemnly pledge and left the Catholics, as well as Protestant myself, on every occasion, to endeavour to Dissenters, entirely dependent upon the in. carry into effect the instructions which I dalgence of the Legislature. This consi- have received, and to promote your honourderation is of the greatest importance to able and enlightened views. (Cheers.) you. You see the principle upon which

Ladies and Gentlemen, I am now, in my you are regarded. You are all Dissenters turn, about to require a favour. I am from the Established Church, and whatever going to beg a reward for the small exVOL. XIV.




ertions which I bare made. You have tration, the preacher exposed the futility been pleased to express your approbation of the claims set up for the notions of a of my humble efforts to amend ibe criminal Triune Deity, and salvation by vicarious laws of our country. You are all of you suffering, as the leading and peculiar persons of some influence in society, and truths of the gospel; and direcied the especially among those whom you love, attention of bis hearers to those simple, and who, no doubt, feel for you a reciprocal intelligible and important principles which afection. Let ine ask, then, that you will are, in reality, the substance of the Chrisemploy that influence in forwarding pe- tian revelation, and the diffusion of wbicb, titions and addresses to promote the object inmixed with human inventions, is the which I have stated. (Applause.) We object of this institution ; concluding with are surrounded by the mivisters of the an animated exhortation to its friends and gospel, whose duty, as well as inclination, supporters to persevere iu exertions which is to inculcate the doctrines of bumanity: Providence has alreaily crowned with Upon the exertions of these men I may greater success than the most sanguine rely, and those who think that in principle of them could originally have anticipated. we ought not to forbear the severe infic. The unanimous and earnest request of the tion of punishment upon moral guilt, will be Society for the publication of the sermon pleased to call in mind an observation which was kindly acceded to by Mr. Yates, and was inade by a friend of mine, a common- we trust it will soon be in the hands of council-man (Mr. Richard Taylor) who, our readers. After divine service, Tbomas when a member of that body got np and Cooke, Esq., of Newport, was called to the quoted the law of Moses as a justification Chair, and the Society proceeded to busiof the laws of England as they stood, most The Treasurer and Secretary then aptly replied, by quoting the words of our made their reports of the state of ibe SoSaviour, “ Ye have heard that it bath been ciety's finances, and of its proceedings said by them of old, an eye for an eye and during the past year. The Secretary's a tooth for a looth; but I say unto you Report was, as ustal, ordered to be pub. that ye resist not evil, but that whoever lished at the discretion of the Committee. shall smite thee on the right cheek, turn to The principal topics embraced by it were him the other also.” It was the most in the following: i. A missionary journey genious retort I ever heard in public de- in parts of Kent and Sussex, performed bị bate ; and will, no doubt, remind the Mr. Wright, immediately after tbe last Fund ministers of religion of the spirit of the Anniversary, in the course of which he gospel which they preach. (Applause.) visited Battle, Northiam, Rolvenden, TeoI have now only to renew my thanks for terden, Cranbrook, &c. 2. A much longer the honour you have conferred, and to and more important journey by that indere-assure you of my anxious desire to pro- fatigable servant of the Society, in Yorkmote the attainment of those objects which shire, Lancashire, and parts of the adhave been so ably and su conclusively joining counties, during the months of stated by the gentlemen who have ad- July, August, September and October last. dressed you.

Mr. W. considers this journey one of the Among loud and reiterated plaudits the most successful which he has ever made. meeting was dissolved, and all present ex- It was undertaken at the suggestion of pressed their additional determination to the late Dr. Thomson of Leeds, to whose afford to the institution, and to the mea- memory an affectionate and well-merited sures then proposed, their best exertions, tribute was offered in the Report, and who and to retire to their respective counties rendered one of his last services to the and congregations, and by their recom- Unitarian cause, hy some nseful hints for mendation, to procure additioual and uni. Mr. W.'s guidance, which be trausmitted versal support.

to the Secretary only a few days before

his lamented death. In part of this jourUnitarian Fund Anniversary.

ney, Mr. Wright was accompanied by Mr.

F. Horsfield, late a student in the Unitarian The Annual Meeting of the Unitarian Academy at Hackney, and now completing Fund was held on Wednesday, 2d June, at his preparation for the ministry under Dr. Parliament Court Chapel, Artillery Lane, Morell of Brighton, by whom much effecBishopsgate Street. The devotional part tive assistance was rendered. Mr. Wright of the service was conducted by Messrs. Preached in inany places which had not W.Jevons, (of Walthamstow,) Aspland and been visited before by a Unitarian misGilchrist; and a very able, ingenious and sionary, and in several, ( Todmorder, interesting sermon was delivered by the Browóridge, Jagger-green, Lindley, BrigRev. James Ya:cs, of Birminghamn, from house, Mirfield, Horley, Cropland, Saltet. 1 Timothy i. 11, on the Peculiar Doc- Hebble, Ovenden,) where the Unitarias trines of the Gospel. With great force of doctrine had never been preached before. argument, and richness of historical illus- 3. A missionary lour in Cornwall and De

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