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God requireth of us faith in Jesus Christ, repentance unto lifec, with the diligent use of all the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption d.
Q. 86. What is faith in Jesus Christ?
À Faith in Jesus Christ is a faving grace e, whereby we receive, and relt upon him alone for salvation, as he is offered to us in the gospelf.
Q. 87. What is repentance unto life?
ten, Curfed is every one that conti- all they that hate me, love death. nueth not in all things which are Ifa. lv. 3. Incline your ear, and written in the book of the law to do come unto me: hear, and your soul them. Lam, iii. 39. Wheretore shall live, and I will make an everdoth a living man complain, a man latting covenant with you, even the for the punishment of his lins ? Mat. fure mercies of David XXV. 41. Then shall he say also un 86 e Heb. x. 39. But we are not to them on the left hand, Depart of them who draw back unto perfrom me, ye cursed into everlalting dition, but of them that believe, co fire, prepared for the devil and his the saving of the soul. angels.
s John i. 12. But as many as re85. c Ads xx. 21. teftifying both ceived him, to them gave he power to the Jews, and also to the Greeks, to become the fons of God, even to repentance toward God, and faith them that believe on his name. Ifa. toward our Lord Jesus Christ. xxvi. 3. Thou wilt keep him in per
d Prov. ii. 1. My son it thou wilt fe&t peace, whose mind is stayed on receive my words, and hide my com- thee: because he truleth in thee. mandments with thee. v. 2. So that v. 4. Trust ye in the Lord for ever: thou incline thine ear uóto wisdom, for in the Lord Jehovah is everlastand apply thine heart to understand- ing strength. Phil. iii. 9. And be ing: v. 3. Yea, if thou criest after found in him, not having mine own knowledge, and liftelt up thy voice righteousness, which is of the law, for understanding: v. 4. If thou but that which is through the faith feekeft hér as filver, and searchelt of Christ, the righteousness which
for her, as for hid treasure: v. 5. is of God by faith. Gal. ii. 16. Know • then shalt thou understand the fear ing that a man is not justified by the
of the Lord: aod find the knowledge works of the law, but by the faith of God Prov. viii. 33. Hozar instruc- of Jesus Chrift; even we have believtion and be wise, and refuse it not, ed in Jésus Christ; that we might 5.34. Blessed is the man that hear- be justified by the faith of Christ, eth me, watching daily at my gates, and not by the works of the law: waiting at the posts of my doors. v. for by the works of the law Mall no 35. for wboso findeth me, findeth fleth be justified. life, and fhall obtain favour of the 87. & Ads xi. 18. When they Lord v. 36, But he that finneth a. heard these things, they held their gainst me, wrongoth his own foal: peace, and glorified God, saying
your own evil
ner, out of the true sense of his sin h, and apprehension of the mercy of God in Christ i, doth with grief and hatred of his sin, turn from it unto God k, with full purpose of, and endeavour after, new obedience l.
83. What are the outward means whereby Christ communicateth to us the benefits of redemption?
A. The outward and ordinary means, whereby Christ communicateth.to us the benefits of redemption, are, his ordinances, especially the word, facraments and prayer; all which are made effectual to the elect for salvation m.
Q. 89. How is the word made effectual to salvation ?
À. The Spirit of God maketh the reading, but especially the preaching of the word, an effectual means of convincing
and Then bath God also to the Gentiles xxvi. 31. Then shall ye remember granted repentance unto life.
your dob Ads ii. 37. Now when they ings that were aot good, and shall heard this, they were pricked in lothe yourselves in your own light, their heart, and said unto Peter, for your iniquities, and for your aand to the rest of the apostles, Men bominations, and brethren, what shall we do? v. 12 Cor. vii. 11. For behold, this 38. Then Peter said unto them, Re- self same thing that ye forrowed af. peut, and be baptized every one of ter a godly sort, what carefulness it you in the name of Jesus Christ, for wrought in you, yea, what clear. the remission of fins, and ye fhall re. ing of yourselves, yea, what indig. ceive the gift of the Holy Ghoft. nation, yea, what fear, yea, what
i Joel ii. 12. Therefore also now, vehement desire, yea, what zeal. faith the Lord, turn ye even to me yea, what revenge! in all things ye with all your heart, and with fasting, have approved yourselves to be clear and with weeping, and with mourn. in this matter. Isa. i. 16. Walh ye, ing. Jer. iii. 22. Return, ye back. make you clean, put away the eril Niding children, and I will heal your of your doings from before mine backslidings: Behold, we come unto eyes, cease to do evil, v. 17. Learn thee, for thou art the Lord our God, to do well, seek judgment, relieve
k Jer. xxxi. 18. I have surely heard the oppressed, judge the fatherless, Ephraim bemoaning himself thus, plead for the widow. Thou hall chastised me, and I was 88. w Mat. xxviii. 19. Go ye chastised, as a bullock unaccustom- therefore and teach all nations, bap. ed to the yoke : turn thou me, and tizing them in the name of the Fa. I shall be turned; for thou art the ther, and of the Son, and of the hoLord my God. v. 19. Surely after ly Ghost: v. 20. Teaching them to that I was turped, I repented; and observe all things whatsoever I have after that I was instructed, i smote commanded you: and lo, I am with upun my thigh: I was alhamed, yea, you alway, even unto the end of the even confounded, because I did bear world. Amen. Aas ii. 42. And ti.e reproach of my youth. Ezek, they continued fedfaitly in the a
and converting finners, and of building them up in holiness, and comfort, through faith unto salvation n. Q. 90. How is the word to be read and heard that it
may become effectual to salvation ?
A. That the word may become effectual to salvation, we must attend thereunto with diligence o, preparati
on polles doctrine and fellowship, and foretime, were written for our learnin breaking of bread, and in pray- ing; that we through patience and ers. v. 46. And they continued dai- comfort of the scripture might have ly with one accord in the temple, hope, 2 Tim. ii. 15. And that from and breaking bread from house to a child thou hast known the holy house, did eat their meat with glad. scriptures, which are able to make ness and singleness of heart; v. 17. thee wife unto salvation, through Praising God, and having favour faith which is in Christ Jesus. v. 16. with all the people. And the Lord All fcripture is given by inspiration added to the church daily such as of God, and is profitable for docshould be saved.
trine, for reproof, for correction, 89. - Neh, viii. 8. So they read for inftruction in righteousness : v. in the book, in the law of God dis 17. That the man of God may be tinály, and gave the sense, and caus- perfect, throughly furnished unto all ed them to understand the reading. good works. Rom. X. 13. For who1 Cor. xiv. 24. But if all prophesy, foever shall call upon the name of and there come in one that believeth the Lord, shall be saved. v. 14. not, or voe unlearned, he is convinc. How then shall they call on him, in ed of all, he is judged of all : v. 25. whom they have not believed ? and and thus are the secrets of his heart how shall they believe on him of made manifelt; and fo falling down whom they have not heard? and how on his face, he will worship God, shall they hear without a preacher ? and report that God is in you of a v. 15. And how shall they preach, truth. Ads xxvi. 18. To open their except they be fent? as it is written, eyes, and to turn them from dark. How beautiful are the feet of them ness to light, and from the power of that preach the gospel of peace, and Satan unto God, that they may re- bring glad tidings of good things ? ceive forgiveness of sins, and inheri- v.16. But they have not all obeyed tance among them which are fancti. the gospel. For Efaias faith, Lord, fied by taith that is in me. Psal. xix. who hath believed our report? v. 8. The statutes of the Lord are right, 17. So then, faith cometh by hearrejoicing the heart : the command- ing, and hearing by the word of ment of the Lord is pure, enlight- God, Rom. i. 16. For I am not aning the eyes. A&s xx. 32. And now, shamed of the gospel of Chrift: for brethren, I commend you to God, it is the power of God unto falvatiand to the word of his grace, which on, to every one that believeth, to is able to build you up, and to give the Jew first, and also to the Greek. you an inheritance among all them 90. o Prov. viii. ;4. Blessed is the which are sanctified. Rom. xv.
For mar: that heareth me, watching dai. whatíoever things were written a. ly at my gates, waiting at the posis
on p, and prayer q; receive it with faith and love r, lay it up in our heartss, and practise it in our lives 1.
l. 91. How do ibe /craments become effettual means of salvation ?
A. The sacraments become effectual means of salvation, not from any virtue in them, or in him that doth administer them, but only by the blessing of Christ v, and the working of his Spirit in them that by faith receive them w. 0.92 What is a facrament?
A. A facrament is an holy ordinance instituted by Christ; wherein, by sensible figns, Christ and the benefits of the new covenant are represented, sealed and applied to believers x.
Q. 93. of my doors.
91. v. 1 Pet. iii. 21. The like fi. pi Pet. ii. 1. Wherefore laying gure whereunto, even baptism, doth alide all malice, and all guile, and also now save us, not the putting a. hypocrisies, and envies, and all evil way the filth of the flesh, but the speakings, v. 2. as new born babes answer of a good conscience towards defire the fincere milk of the word, God, by the resurrection of Jesus that ye may grow thereby.
Chrilt. Mat, iii. II. I indeed bapq Psal. cxix. 18. Open thou mine tize you with water unto repentance; eyes, that I may behold wondrous but he that cometh after me, is things out of thy law,
mightier than I, whose shoes I am r Heb iv. 2. For unto us was the not worthy to bear : he shall bapgospel preached, as well as tize you with the holy Ghost and them: but the word preached did with fire. 1 Cor. iii. 6. I have plant. not profit them, not being mixed ed, Apollos watered: but God gave with faith in them that heard it 2. the increase. v. 7. So then, neither Thess. ii. 10. And with all deceivea is he that planteth any thing, nei. bleness of unrighteousness in them ther he that watereth : but God that that perish ; because they received giveth the increase. not the love of the truth, that they wi Cor. xii. 13. For by one Spirit might be saved.
are we all baptized into one body, s Pfal. cxix. II. Thy word have I whether we be Jews or Gentiles, hid in mine heart, that might not whether we be bond or free ; and sia against thee.
have been all made to drink into one 1 Luke viii. 15. But that on the Spirit. good ground are they, which in an 92. * Gen. xvii. 7. And I will c. honest and good heart, having heard stablish my covenant between me and the word, keep it, and bring forth thee, and thy feed after thee, in fruit with patience. James i. 25. But their generations, for an everlasting whoso looketh into the perfe&t law covenant to be. God unto thee, and of liberty, and continueth therein, to thy feed after thee. v. 10. This he being not a forgerful hearer, but is my covenant, which ye shall keep a doer of the work, this man shall between me and you, and thy seed be blessed in his deed.
after thee: Every man child among
Q. 93: which are the sacraments of the new I estament?
À. The sacraments of the new Testament are, baptism y, and the Lord's supper z.
Q. 94. what is baptism?
À. Baptism is a sacrament, wherein the washing with water, in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Ghost a, doth signify and seal our ingrafting into Christ, and partaking of the benefits of the covenant of grace, and our engagement to be the Lord's b.
Q. 95. To whom is baptism to be administred?
A. Baptism is not to be administred to any that are out of the visible church, till they profess their faith in Christ, and obedience to him c; but the infants of such as are members of the visible church are to be baptized d.
Q. 96. What is the Lord's fupper?
A. The Lord's supper is a sacrament, wherein, by giving and receiving bread and wine according to Christ's appointment, his death is thewed forth; and the worthy receivers are, not after a corporal'and carnalmanner, but by faith, made partakers of his
you shall be circumcised. Exod. xii. b Rom. vi. 4. Therefore we are throughout. 1 Cor. xi. 23. For I buried with him by baptism into have received of the Lord that which death : that like as Christ was raised also I delivered unto you, That the up from the dead by the glory of the Lord Jesus, the same night in which Father, even so we also should walk he was betrayed, took bread, v. 26. in newness of life. Gal. iji. 27. For For as often as ye eat this bread, as many of you as have been baptiz. and drink this cup, ye do shew the ed into Christ, have put on Christ. Lord's death till he come.
95. c Acts viii. 36. And as they 93 y Mat xxviii. 19. Go ye there went on their way, they came unto fore and teach all nations, baptizing a certain water: and the eunuch them in the pame of the Father, and said, See, here is water; what doth of the Son, and of the holy Ghoit. hinder me to be baptized ? v. 37.
z Mat. xxvi. 26. And as they were And Philip said, If thou believelt cating, Jesus took bread, and bleifed with all thine heart, thou mayest. it, and brake it, and gave it to the And he answered and said, I believe disciples, and said, Take, eat; this that Jesus Christ is the Son of God. is my body v. 27. And he took the A&s ii. 38. Thed Peter said unto cup, and gave thanks, and gave it them, Repent, and be baptized eveto them, saying, Drink ye all of it:, ry one of you in the name of Jesus v 28. For this is my blood of the Christ, for the remiffion of sins, and new Teltament, which is shed for ye shall receive the gift of the holy many for the remiffion of sins. Gholt. 94. a Mat. xxviii, 19. See in let d Acts ii. 38. See before, v. 39.