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Psalm xl. Expeétans expe&tavi.
Waited patiently for the Lord: and he inclined unto me,

and heard my calling. 2 He brought me also out of the horrible pit, out of the mire and clay: and sec my feet upon the rock, and ordered my goings.

3 And he hath put a new song in my mouth: even a thanksgiving unto our God.

4. Many thall see it, and fear : and shall put their trust in the Lord.

5 Bleffed is the man that hath ser his hope in the Lord. and turned not unto the proud, and to such as go about with Jies.

6 O Lord my God, great are the wondrous works which thou hast done, like as be also thy thoughts, which are to us-ward : and yet there is no man that ordereth them unto thee.

7 If I should declare them, and speak of them: they should be more than I am able to express.

8 Sacrifice and meat-offering thou wouldst not : but mine cars haft thou opened.

9 Burnt-offerings and sacrifice for fin hast thou not required : then said I, Lo, I come.

10 In the volume of the book it is written of me, that I should fulfil thy will, 'O my God: I am content to do it, yea, thy law is within my heart.

11 I have declared thy righteousness in the great congregation : lo, I will not refrain my lips, O Lord, and that chou knowelt.

12 I have not hid thy righteousness within my heart my talk hath been of thy truth, and of thy salvation.

PRACTICAL OBSERVATION S. prosperity of the wicked, is to represent to ourselves the shortness of our lives, and the infignificancy of the good things of this world. 2. David teaches us, that God can put an end to our lives when he pleases, and deprive as of all our advantages ; that we are only strangers and fojourners here below; and that the only remedy for thé miseries and vanity of human life is, to put all our hope in the Lord, to ask his aflitance, and pardon of our fins, and to submit with resignation to his holy will.


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13 I have not kept back thy loving mercy and truth : from the great congregation.

14 Withdraw not thou thy mercy from me, O Lord: let thy loving kindness and thy truth alway preferve me.

15 For innumerable troubles are come about me, my fins have taken such hold upon me, that I am not able to look up : yea, they are more in number than the hairs of my head, and my heart hath failed me.

16 O Lord, let it be thy pleasure to deliver me : make hafte, O Lord, to help me.

17 Let them be ashamed and confounded together, that feek after my soul to destroy it : let them be driven backward, and put to rebuke, that wish me evil.

18 Let them be defolate and rewarded with shame : that fay unto me, Fie upon thee, fie upon thee.

19 Let all those that seek thee, be joyful and glad in chee: and let such as love thy salvation fay alway, The Lord be praised.

20 As for me, I am poor and needy : but the Lord carech for me.

21 Thou art my helper and redeemer : make no long tarrying, O my God

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. Plalm xs. This pfalm contains extraordinary strains of piety and gratitude. 17e here observe the sentiments of a heart full of confidence, and affected with a lively fenfe of God's mercies, with profound humility, and an ardent defire to be entirely devoted to him. Therefore the infructions we here meer with are thele. 1. That in our afflictions, we ought to wait patiently for the Lord; who, though he delay for a time, will come at lait to the affittance of those that hope in him. 2. That the true happiness of man confills in chusing the Lord for his refuge, without feeking for it in men, or in the things of the world. 3. That the mere cies of God towards us are so many in number, that we cannot reckon them, nor celebrate theni as they deferve. 4. That what God chiefly requires of us is, that we should fubmit ourselves to him without reserve; fa: ing, “Lo, I come to do thy will, o God, thy law is within my hcart:" and that we should publish his praises and his truth before all the 'world. We see in this plalm, chat this is the only service that is pleafing to God; and that when we are in this condition, we may call upon him with a fuil asfurance of his asistance. Lally, We muit confider, shas David speaks in this pralim, as the type of Jesus Chrift, when he fays,

In Sacria

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Psalm xdi. Beatus qui intelligit.
Lessed is he that considereth the poor and needy : the

Lord shall deliver him in the tiine of trouble. 2 The Lord preserve him, and keep him alive, that he may be blessed upon earth : and deliver not thou him into the will of his enemies.

3 The Lord comfort him when he lieth fick upon his bed : make thou all his bed in his sickness. 4

I said, Lord be merciful unto me : heal my soul, for I have sinned against thee.

5 Mine enemies speak evil of me: When fhall he die, and his name perish?

6 And if he come to fee me, he speakerh vanity : and his heart conceiveth fallhood within himself, and when he com. eth forth he tellech it.

7 All mine enemies whisper together against me : even against me do they imagine this evil.

8 Let the sentence of guilciness proceed against him: and now that he lieth, let him rise up no more.

9 Yea, even mine own familiar friend, whom I trusted : who did also eat of my brerd, hath laid great wait for me.

io But be thou merciful unto me, O Lord: raise thou me up again, and I shall reward them.

11 By this I know thou favoureft me: that mine enemy doch noi triumph against me.

12 And when I am in my health, thou upholdest me : and faalt fer me before thy face for ever,

13 Bleffed be the Lord God of Israel : world without end. Amen,

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. “ Sacrifice and meat-offering thou wouldest not, but mine ears hast thou Opened. Then said I, Lo, I come to do thv will, O my God.” St. Paul applies thefe words to our Lord in the epiftle to the Hebrews; and remarks, that by Jesus Christ's oblation and facrifice of himfelf, we are fanctified and dedicated to God. This affords us a powerful motive to celebrate the infinite love of our Redeemer, to devote ourselves to the Lord, and conform in all things to his will,




Psalm xlii. Quemadmodum.
Ike as the hart defireth the water-brooks: so longeth

my soul after thee, O God, 2 My soul is athirst for God, yea, even for the living God: When shall I come to appear before the presence of God?

3 My tears have been my meat day and night : while they daily say unto me, Where is now thy God?"

• 4 Now when I think thereupon, I pour out my heart by myself: for I went with the multitude, and brought them forth into the house of God;

5 In the voice of praise and thanksgiving : among such as keep holy-day.

6 Why art thou so full of heavineis, O my soul : and why art thou so disquieted within me?

7 Put thy trust in God: for I will yet give him thanks for the help of his countenance.

8 My God, my soul is vexed within me: therefore will i remember thee concerning the land of Jordan, and the little hill of Hermon.

9 One deep calleth another, because of the noise of the water-pipes: all thy waves and storms are gone over me.

10 The Lord háth granted his loving kindness in the daytime; and in the night-season did I sing of him, and made my prayer unto the God of my life.

PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS, Psalm xli.] In this pfalm, the bleffing of God is promised to those who have compassion on the afflicted, who judge charitably of them, and comfort them in their sufferings. David assures the kind and charitable, that God will deliver them in their calamities ; that he will heal them when they are fick and languishing; and that he will preserve them, and make them happy in this life. These promises ought to inspire us with sentiments of charity, and compassion for the unfortunate ; and engage us to comfort them, and contribute to their ease as far as we are able, On the other hand, what David says of the proceedings of his enemies, thews us, that it is a great fin to insult the miserable, to wish evil to of desire the death of any one, and to judge that all those whom God afflicts are punished because of their fins. This should teach us to avoid hard. heartedness and rash judgments, and to think always favourably of people in affi&tion, and especially of those who are remarkable for piety and the fear of the Lord.




11 I will say unto the God of my strength, Why hast thou forgotten me : why go I thus heavily, while the enemy oppreffech me?

12 My bones are smitten asunder as with a sword : while mine enemies that trouble me cast me in the teeth ;

13 Namely, while they say daily unto me: Where is now thy God?

14. Why art thou so vexed, O my soul : and why art thou so disquieted within me?

15 o put thy trust in God: for I will yet thank him, which is the help of my countenance, and my

Pfalm xliii. Judica me, Deus.
Ive fentence with me, O God, and defend my cause a.

gainst the ungodly people : 0 deliver me from the deceitful and wicked man.

2 For thou art the God of my strength, why hast thou put me from thee: and why go I fo heavily, while the enemy opprefleth me?

3 O send out thy light and thy truth, that they may lead me : and bring me unto thy holy hill, and to thy dwelling.


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PRACTICAL OBSERVATIONS. Psalm xlii.] In the earnest desire of the prophetic author of this psalm, who was probably David, to com: again to the house of God, which he was kept from, we see what sentiments true devotion and fincere piety inspire men with. The faithful desire nothing more fincerely, than to appear before God, and particularly to worship in the affemblies of the faints, and to be edified by the company and good examples of godly men. In like manner, there is nothing grieves them more than to be deprived of that comfort, and to see the wicked impiously insult God, and scoff at the just man's trust in him. Obferve next, that the author of this psalm had been in exceeding great distress, and as it were finking under the afflicting hand of God ; in which condition his soul was dit. tracted, and almost deftitate of comfort; but that, nevertheless, his faith had raised and supported him. This example ought to strengthen the righteous in their afflictions, comfort them in their greatest bitterness of Soul, and make them say with the psalmist, “Why art thou so vexed, O my soul: and why art thou so disquieted within me? O put thy trust in God : for I will yet thank him, which is the help of my countenance, and my God.”


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