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Bull Bishop, on guardian angels, ii. Christmas, origin of, ii. 297.
203.

Chronology, limits of ancient, i. 54.
Bura Pennu, ii. 327, 350, 368, 404. Cicero, on dreams, i. 444; sun-gods,
Burial, ghost wanders till. i. 27; ii. 291.

corpse laid east and west, 423. Civilization, see Culture.
Burning oats from straw, i, 44.

Civilized men adopt savage life, i. 45.
Burton, Capt. R. F., continuance- Civilization-myths, i. 39, 353.

theory of future life, ii. 75; disease- Clairvoyance, by objects, i. 116.
spirits, 150.

Clashing rocks, myth of, i. 348.
Burton, Anatomy of Melancholy, in- Clicks, i. 171, 192
cubi, etc., ii. 191.

Cocoa-nut, divination by, i. 80.
Buschmann, Prof., on nature-sound, i. Coin placed with dead, i. 490, 494.
223.

Columba, St., legend of, i. 104.
Butler, Bishop, on natural religion, ii. Columbus, his quest of Earthly Para-
356.

dise, ii. 61.

Comparative theology, ii. 251.
Cacodæmon, ii. 138.

Comte, Auguste, i. 19 : fetishism, i.
Cæsar, on German deities, ii. 294. 478. ii. 147,354; species-deities, 242.
Cagots, i, 115, 384.

Confucius, i. 157; funeral sacrifice, i.
Calderwood, Prof., i. vii., ii. 96.

464, ii. 42; spirits, 206; name of
Calls to animals, i. 177.

supreme deity, 352.
Calmet on spirits, ii. 188, etc.

Consonants, i. 169.
Calumet, i. 210.

Constellations, myths of, i, 290, 356.
Candles against demons, ii. 194. Continuance-theory of future life, ii.
Cant, myth on word, i. 397.

75.
Cardinal numbers, i. 257.

Convulsions :- by demoniacal posses-
Cards, Playing, i. 82, 126.

sion, ii. 130; artificially produced,
Cassava, i. 53.

410.
Castrén, ii. 8., 155, 177, 245, 351. Convulsionnaires, ii. 420.
Cave-men, condition of, i. 59.

Copal incense, ii. 384.
Ceremonies, religious, ii. 362, etc. Cord, magical connexion by, i. 117.
Ceres, ii. 306.

Corpse taken out by special opening
Chances, games of, their relation to in house, ii. 26, soul remains near,
arts of divination, i. 78.

ii. 29, 150.
Chanticleer, i. 413.

Cortes, i. 319.
Charivari at eclipse, i. 329.

Costume, i. 18.
Charms :-objects, i. 118, ii. 148; Counting, art of, i. 21, 240, etc.; on

formulas, their relation to prayers, fingers and toes, 244; by letters of
ii. 373.

alphabet, etc. 258; derivation of
Charon, i. 490, ii. 93.

numeral words, 247; evidence of
Chesterfield, Lord, on customs, i. 95; independent development of low
on omens, i. 118.

tribes, 271.
Chic, myth on word, i. 397.

Counting-games, i. 75, 87.
Childbirth-goddess, ii. 305.

Couvade, in South India, i. 84.
Children, numerical series of names Cow, name of, i. 208; purification by

for, i. 254; suckled by wild beasts, nirang, etc. ii. 438.
i. 281; receive ancestors' souls and Cox, Mr. G. W.,i. 311, 346, 362.
names, ii. 4; sacrifice of, ii. 398, Creator, doctrine of, ii. 249, 312, 321,

403.
Children's language, i. 223.

Credibility of tradition, i. 275, 370.
China, religion of :-funeral rites, i. Crete, earth of, fatal to serpents, i. 372.

464, 493; manes-worship, ii. 118; Cromlechs and menhirs objects of
cultus of heaven and earth, 257, worship, ii. 164.
272, 352; divine hierarchy, 352; Culture :-definition of, i. 1; scale of,
prayer, 370; sacrifices, 385, 405. i. 26; primitive, represented by
Chinese culture-tradition, i. 40; re- modern savages, i. 21, 68, ii. 413,
Inains in Borneo, i. 57.

etc ; development of, i. 21 etc., 62,
Chiromancy or palmistry, i. 125.

etc., 237, 270, 417, etc, ii. 335i, 445 ;
Chirp or twitter of ghosts, etc., i. 453. evidence of independent progress

etc

from low stages, i. 50, etc ; survival
in culture, 7il, etc ; evidence of
early culture from language, 236;
art of counting, 270: myth, 284;
religion, i 500. ii. 104, 114, 356,
etc. ; practical import of study of

culture, 443.
Curtius, Marcus, le up of, ii. 378.
Curupa, cohola, narcotic used in W.

Ind. and S. Amer., ii. 416,
Customs. permanence of, i. 70, 156 ;

rational origin of, 94.
Customs of Dahome, i. 462.
Cycle of Secessity, ii. 13.
Cyclops, i. 391.
Cyrus, i. 281, 286.

82.

Danc'ng for religious excitement, ii.

133, 420.
Danse Macabre, myth on name, i. 397.
Dante, Divina Commed a, ii. 55, 220.
Daphne, ii. 2:20.
Dark, evil -p'rits in, ii. 191.
Darwin, Mr., i. vii. ii. 152, 223.
Dasent. Dr., i. 19.
Davenport Brothers, i. 152, 311.
Dawn, i. 3:8, 344, etc.
Day, sun as eve of, i. 350.
Day and Night, myths of, i. 322, 337,

etc., ii. 4, 323.
Dead, lise objects sacrificed for them,

i. 485, feasts of, ii. 29; region of
future life of, ii. 59, 74, 24+; god

and judge of, ii 75, etc., 308.
Deaf and Dumb. counting, i. 244, 262;

their mythic ideas, i. 248, 413.
Death:--ascribed to sorcery. i. 138 ;

omens of, i. 145, 449; angel of, i.
295, ii. 196, 321; personification
and myths of, i. 295, 319, 355. ii
46, etc.. 309; death and sunset,
myths of, i. 335, ii. 18; exit of soul
at death, i. 448, ii. 1, etc. ; death of

soul ii. 22.
Death-watch, i. 146.
Decimal notation, i. 261.
Degeneration in culture, i. 35, etc.; is

a secondary action, i. 38, 69; ex-
amples of, in Africa, North America,

etc i. 47.
Delphi, oracle of, i. 94, ii. 137.
Demeter, i. 328, ii. 273, 306.
Democritus, theory of ideas, i. 497.
Demons: souls become ii 27, 111,

etc ; iron, charm against, i. 140;
pervade world, ii. 111, 137, 185, etc;
disease demons, 126, etc., 177, 192,
215; water-demons, i. 109, ii. 209;

tree and forest demons, ii. 215, 222;
possession and obsession by demons,
i. 98, 152, 309, ii. 111, 123, etc., 179,
401; expulsion of. i. 103, ii. 125,
438; answer in own name through
patient or medium, ii. 124. etc., 132,

3.
Dendiil. creation-poem of, ii. 21.
Deodand origin of, i, 287.
Destruction of objects sacrificed to

dead. i. 483; to deities, ii. 3in, atc,
Development of culture, see Culture.
Development myths, men froin apes,

etc i. 376.
Devil ;-as satyr, i. 307; devils' tree,

ii. 148; devil-dancers, ii. 1.3, devil.

worsbippers, ii 329.
Dice, for divination and gambling, i.
Dies Natalis, ii. 202, 297.
Different al worls, phonetic expression

of distance and sex, i. 220.
Dirge, Lyke-wake, i 495; of Hos, ii.

32.
Disease :--personification and myths

of, i, 295: by exit of Boul, i. 436;
by demoniacal possession, etc..i. 127,
ii. 114, 123, 404; disease-spirits, ii
125, etc, 178, 215, 408, embodied
in objects or an'mals, 145, 175, etc ;

see Demons, Vampires.
Distance expiressed by phonetic modi.

fication, i. 220.
Divination : lots, i. 78; symholic pro.

cesses, 31, 117; angury, etc., 119;
dreams, 121; haruspication, 124;
swinging ring, etc., 126; astrology
128; possessed objects, i. 125, ii.

155.
Divining rod and pendulum, i. 127.
Doctrines borrowed by low from high

races :-on future life, ii. 91 ; dual-

ism, :316; supremacy, 333.
Dodona, oak of, ii, 219.
Dog heuded men, i. 389.
Dolmens, etc, myths suggested by, i.

387.
Domina Abundia, ii. 389.
Dook, ghost, i. 433.
D'Orbigny, on religion of low tribes,

i. 419; on sun-worship, ii. 280.
Dravidian languages, high and low

gender, i. 302.
Dreams :-omens by, i 121; by con-

traries, 122 ; caused by exit of soul,
i. 410; by spiritual visit to soul, i.
412, 478 ; evidence of future life, ii.
24, 49,75; oracular fasting for, 410:
narcotizing for, 416.

Drift, stone implements from, i. 58.
Drivers' and Drovers' words, i. 180.
Drowning, superstition against rescu-

ing from, i. 107; caused by spirits,

109,
Drugs used to produce morbid excite-

ment, dreams, visions, etc., ii. 416.
Dual and plural numbers in primitive

culture, i. 265.
Dualism :-good and evil spirits, ii.

1811; good and evil genius, 202;

good and evil deity, 316.
Dusii, ii. 190.
Dwarfs, myths of, i. 385.
Lyu, ii. 258.

names

Earth, myths of, i. 322, etc., 364, ii.

270, 320.
Earth-bearer, i. 364.
Earth-goddess and earth-worship, i.

322, etc., ii. 274, 306, 342.
Earth-mother, i. 3:26, etc., 365.
Earthquake myths of, i. 364.
Earthly Paradise, ii. 57, etc.
Earthly resurrection, ii. 5.
East and West, burial of dead, turn-

ing to in worship, adjusting temples

toward, ii. 383, 422.
Easter fires and festivals, ii. 297.
Eclipse, myths of, i. 28, 329, 356;

driving off eclipse monster, i. 328.
Ecstasy, swoon, etc. :-by exit of soul,

i. 439; by demoniacal possession,
ii. 130; induced by fasting, drugs,

excitement, ii. 410, etc.
Edda, i. 84, ii. 77, etc.
Egypt, antiquity of culture, i. 54;
religion of, transniigration, ii. 13;
future life. 96; animal-worship,
233 ; sun-worship, 295, 311 ; dual-
ism, 327; polytheism and supreniacy,

355.
El, ii. 355.
Elagabal, Elagabalus, Heliogabalus, ii.

295, 398.
Elements, worship of the four, ii. 303.
Elf-furrows, myth of, i. 393.
Elijah as thunder-god, ii. 264.
Elysium, ii. 97.
Embodiment of souls and spirits, ii.

3, 123, etc.
Emotional tone, i. 166, etc.
Emphasis, i. 173.
Endor, witch of, i. 416.
Energumens or demoniacs. ii. 139.
Englishman, Peruvian myth of, i. 354.
Engmus, Greek, i. 93.
Enoch, Book of, i. 408.

Enthusiasm, changed signification of,

ii. 183.
Epicurean theory of development of
culture. i. 37, 60; of soul, 456; of

ideas, 497.
Epileptic fits by demoniacal posses-

sion, ii. 130, 137; induced, 419.
Eponymic ancestors, etc., myths of,

i. 387, 398, etc., ii. 235.
Essence of food consimed by souls,

ii. 39; by deities, 381,
Ethereal substance of soul, i. 454; of

spirit, ii. 193.
Ethnological evidence from myths of

monstrous tribes, i. 379, etc.; from

eponymic race-genealogies, 401.
Etiquette, significance of, i. 95.
Etymological myths :-

of
places, i. 395; of persons, 396;
nations, cities, etc., traced to epony-

mic ancestors or founders, 395, etc.
Euhemerism, i. 27%.
Evans, Mr. John, on stone implements,

i., 65; Mr. Sebastian, i. 106, 453.
Evil deity, ii. 316, etc. ; worshipped

only, 320.
Excitement of convulsions, etc., for

religious purposes, ii. 133, 419.
Exeter, myth on name of, i. 396.
Exorcism and expulsion of souls and

spirits, i. 102, 454, ii. 26, 40, 125,

etc., 146, 179, 199, 433.
Expression of feature causes corres-

ponding tone, i. 165, 183,
Espressive sound modifies words, i.

215.
Ex-voto offerings, ii. 406, 409.
Eye of day, of Odin, of Graiæ, i. 350.

Fables of animals, i. 381, 409.
Familiar spirits, ii. 199.
Fancy, in mythology, i. 315, 405.
Farrar, Rev. F. W., i. 161, ii. 83.
Fasting for dreams and visions, i. 306,

445, ii. 410.
Fauns and satyrs, ii. 227.
Feasts, of the dead, ii. 30; sacrificial

banquets, 395.
Feralia, ii. 42.
Fergusson, Mr., on tree-worship, ii.

218; serpent-worship, 240,
Fetch or wraith, i. 448, 452.
Fetish, etymology of, ii. 143.
Fetishism :- defined, ii. 143 ; doctrine

of, i. 477, ii. 157, etc., 175, 205,
215, 270, etc. ; survival of, ii. 160;
its relation to philosophical theory
of force, 160; to nature-worship,
205; to animal-worship, 231; tran.
of future life, 100; its practical
effect on mankind, 104; god of the
dtad, 308.

sition to polytheism. 243; to supre-
macy, 335; to pantheism, 3.14.
Fiji and S. Africa, moon-myth com-

mon to, i. 355.
Finger joints cut off as sacrifice, ii.

400.
Fingers and toes, counting on, i. 242.
Finns, as sorcerers, i. 84, 115.
Fire, jassing through or over, i. 85,

ii. 281, 499, etc. : lighted on grave,
i. 444; drives off spirits, ii. 194 ;
new fire, ii. 278, 290, 297, 432;
perpetual fire, 278; sacrifice by fire,

383, etc.
Fire-drill, i. 15, 50; antiquity of, ii.

280: ceremonial and sportive sur-

vival of, i. 75.
Fire-god and fire-worship, ii. 277, 376,

etc., 403.

Firmament, belief in existence of, i.

299, ii. 10.
First Cause, doctrine of, ii. 335.
Food offered to dead, i. 485, ii. 30,

etc.; to deities, ii, 397 ; how con-

sumed, ii. 39, 376.
Footprints of souls and spirits, ii. 197.
Forest-spirits, ii. 215. etc.
Formalism, ii. 363,371.
Formulas :-prayers, ii. 371 ; charms,

373.
Fortunate Isles, ii. 63.
Four winds, cardinal points, i. 361.
Frances, St., her guardian angels, ii.

203.
French numeral series in English, i.

268.
Fumigation, see Lustration.
Funeral procession :-horse led in, i.

463,474; kill persons meeting, 464.
Funeral sacrifice :-attendants and

wives killed for service of dead, i.
458; animals, 472'; objects depo.
sited or destroyed, 481; motives of,
458, 472, 483 ; survival of, 463,

474, 492; see Feasts of Dead.
Future Life, i. 419, 469, 480, ii. 1,

etc., 100; transmigration of soul, ii.
2; remaining on earth or departure
to spirit-world, 22; whether races
without belief in, 20; connexion
with evidence of senses in dreams
and visions, 24, 49; locality of
region of departed souls, 74 ;
visionary visits to, 46; connexion
of solar ideas with, 48, 74, 311, 422;
character of future life, 74; con-
tinuance-theory, 75; retribution-
theory, 83; introduction of moral
element, 10, 83; stages of doctrine

Gambling-numerals, i. 268.
Games :--children's games related to

serious occupations, i. 72; counting:
games, 74; games of chance related

to arts of divination, 78.
Gataker, on lots, i. 79.
Gates of Harles, Night, Death, i. 317.
Gayatri, daily sun-prayer of Brahmans,

ii. 29.
Genders, distinguished as male and

female, animate and inanimate, eta,

i. 301.
Genghis-Khan, worshipped, ii. 117.
Genius, patron or natal. ii. 199, 216;

good and evil. 203; changed signi.

fication of word, 181.
German and Scandinavian mythology

and religion :-funeral sacrifice, i.
464, 491; Walhalla, ii. 79,88; Hel,
i. 347, ii. 88; Odin, Woden. i. 351;
362, ii. 269; Loki, i. 83, 365; Thor,
Thunder, ii. 266; Sun and Moon,

i. 289, ii. 294.
Gesture-language, and gesture accom.

panying language, i. 163 ; effect of
gesture on vocal tone, 165; gesture-
counting original method, i. 246.
Ghebers or Gours, fire-worshippers,

ii. 282.
Gheel, treatment of lunatics at, ii. 143.
Ghost :-ghost-soul, i. 112, 428, 433,

445,488, seen in dreams and visions,
440, etc. ; voice of, 452; substance
and weight of, 453; of men, animals,
and objects, 429, 469, 479; popular
theory inconsistent and broken-
down from primitive, 479; ghosts
as harmful and vengeful demons,
ii. 27 ; ghosts of unburied wander,
ii. 28 ; ghosts remain near cor; se
or dwelling, ii. 29, etc.; laying

ghosts, ii, 153, 191,
Giants, myths of, i. 386.
Gibbon, on development of culture, i.

33.
Glanvil, Sadncismus Triumphatus, ii.

140,
Glass-mountain, Anafielas, i. 492.
Godless month, ii. 350.
Gods :-seen in vision, i. 306; of

waterd, ii. 209; of trees. groves,
and forests, 215; embodied in or
represented by animals. 231; gods
of species, 212; higher gods of
polytheism, 247, etc. ; of dualism,

316; gods of different religions Harvest-deity, ii. 305, 364, 368.
compared. 250; classified by com- Hashish, ii. 379.
mon attributes, 254.

Head-hunting, Dayak, i. 459.
Gog and Magog, i. 386, etc.

Headless tribes, myths of, i. 390.
Goguet, on degeneration and develop- Healths. drinking, i. 96.
ment, i. 32.

Heart, related to soul, i. 431, ii. 152.
Gold, worshipped, sii. 154.

Heaven, region of departed souls, ii.
Good and evil.rud mentary distinction 70.

of, ii. 89.318 ; good and evil spirits Heaven and earth. universal father
and dualistic deities, 317.

and mother, i. 322, ii. 272, 3 15.
Goodman's croft, ii. 408.

Heaven.god. and heaven-worship, i.
Graiæ, eye of, i. 352.

304, 322, ii. 255, etc., 337, etc.,
Great-eared tribes, i. 388.

367,395.
Greek mythology and religion :- Hebrides low culture in, i. 45.

pature-myths, i. 320, 328, 349; Hekate, i. 150, ii. 302, 418.
funeral rites, 464, 490 ; future life, Hel. death-goddess, i. 301, 317, ii. 88,
ii. 53, 63, etc. ; nature-spirits and 311.
polytheism, 206, etc. ; Zeus, 258, Hell, ii. 56. 68, 97; related to Hades,
etc., 3.35; Demeter. 27:, 306; ii. 74, etc.; as place of torment,
Nereus, Poseidon, 277; Hephaistis, not conception of savage religion,
Hestia, 234; Apollo, 294; Hekate,

103
Artemis, 302; stone-worship, 165; Hellenic race-genealogy, i. 402.
sacrifice, 356.390 ; orientation, 426; Hellsboon, i. 491.
lustration, 439.

Hephai-tos, ii. 212, 280.
Grey, Sir George, i. 322.

Hera, ii. 305.
Grote, Mr., on mythology, i. 276, 100. Herakles, ii. 294 ; and lesione, i..
Grove-spirits, ii. 215.

339.
Guarani, name of, i. 401.

Hermes Trismegistus, ii. 178.
Guardian spirits and angels, ii. 199. Hermotimus, i. 439, ii. 13.
Guif of dead, ii. 62.

Hero-children suckled by beasts, i.
Gunthrain, dream of, i. 442.

281.
Gypsies, i. 49, 115.

Hesiod, Isles of Blest, ïi. 63.
Hestia, ii. 284.

Hiawatha, poem of, i. 345, 361.
Hades, under-world of departed souls, lide-boiling, i. 4 t.

i. 335, 310, ii. 65, etc., 81, 97, 309; Hierarchy, polytheistic, ii. 248, 337,
descent into, i. 340, 345, ii. 45, 51, 319, etc.
83; personification of, i. 310, ii. 55, Hissing, for silence, contempt, respect,
309, 311.

i. 197.
Haetsh, Kamchadal. ii. 46, 313.

History, relation of myth to, i. 278,
Hagiology, ii. 120, 261; rising in air, 416, ii. 447; criticism of, i. 200;

i. 1.1; niracles, i. 1.7, 371; similarity of nature-myth to, 320.
second-sight, i. 449; hagiolatry, ii. Hole to let out soul, i, 453.
120.

Holocaust, ii 385, 396.
Hair, lock of, as offering, ii. 401. Holyoake, Holywood, etc., ii. 229.
Half-blood, succession of forbidden, i. Holy Sepulchre, Easter fire at, ii. 297.
20.

Holy water, ii. 188, 439.
Half men, tribes of, i. 391.

Holy wells, ii. 214.
Haliburton, Mr., on sneezing-rite, i. Horne Tooke on interjections, i. 175.
103.

Horse, sacrificed or led at funeral, i.
Hamadryad, ii. 215.

413, 473.
Hand-numerals, from counting on fin- Horseshoes, against witches and
gers, etc., i. 246.

demons, i. 140.
Hanuman, monkey-god, i. 378.

House abandoned to ghost, ii. 25.
Hara kari, i. 46:3.

Hucklebones, i. 82.
Harmodins and Aristogiton, ii. 63. Huitzilopocht'i, ii. 254, 307.
Harpies, ii. 269.

Human sacritice :-funerals, i. 458 : to
Harpocrates, ii. 295.

deities. ii. 271, 3:5, 389, 398, 463.
Haruspication, i. 123, ü. 179.

Humboldt, W. v., on continuity, i.

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