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BRESLAU 500 have been forwarded. circulation of the Scriptures, without the The Posen Society is in a state of Apocrypha, wherever it could be effected. considerable activity, and has cir- of the word of God, this is likely to be
In parts where the poor are very destitute culated during the year 1699 co- the case to a considerable extent, at very pies. They have solicited further reduced prices, or gratuitously, where help, and 410 Bibles and 1100 Tes- needful; and even amongst the adherents taments have been granted. The
to the Apocrypha there is, in many in
stances, found a disposition to co-operate MEMEL Society has applied for for the benefit of the poor and destitute. and received 400 Lutheran Testa- Amongst the Catholic population in ments.
Bavaria, within the last sixteen years, 20 editions of Gosner's New Testament have been printed and circulated, to the extent
of 160,000 copies. In France the distri. A member of the Committee of bution amongst the Catholicks is still prothe British and Foreign Bible So- the present year the return was 50 copies
gressively increasing: the first quarter of ciety, in a letter to the Treasurer of the New Testament, and the second of the Philadelphia Bible Society, quarter it exceeded 60, with a growing of the date of 230 July, ult., com
demand from extensive districts throughmunicates the following interesting moral effects are becoming silently,
out that long neglected land, where the information.
but powerfully, apparent, to ibe joy and “Of the character of the late annual encouragement of many benevolent permeeting of the British and Foreign Bible sons who are actively devoting themselves Society, you will have seen something in to promote the circulation. Some inthe printed sketch of the speeches con
stances of a very affecting character are tained in the monthly extracts: its con
communicated from time to time. trast with that of the preceding year
The late appointment of a bishop to Inwas most striking, affording a delightful dia has afforded great satisfaction to the manifestation of Christian principle and friends of Christianity, the Rev. Daniel Christian feeling, on the simple object of Wilson, not only possessing eminent liteBiblo circulation, in which the followers rary attainments, but being an eminently of Christ may rejoice to co-operate with pious and devoted minister of Christ, and the whole family of man. Many wander- active worker with Bible and Missionary ers have been brought back, and others societies in his native country, for the last that were hesitating, have been confirmed 25 years. He goes out attended by the in the great principle of the society, ac- benedictions and prayers of every denoknowledging the correctness of a steady mination; and it is hoped he will be spared adherence ihereto at all hazards. The for extensive usefulness in India. good hand of our God has thus mercifully
Mr. Cresson is actively exciting an in. interposed on behalf of the society, in the
terest in the American Colonization Soseason of apprehension, and to his name ciety; and by many amongst us it is view. be all the glory.
ed with much favour. Mr. Clarkson, the You will be aware of Mr. James Thom- great friend of Africa and of the negroes, son having some time since gone to visit bas addressed to him a most valuable letthe West Indies on behalf of the Bible ter on the society, which will no doubt be Society: in Antigua his endeavours have published with you, and may produce been peculiarly blessed; no less than
some important effects on the publick twenty associations having been establish
mind in forwarding its great object. ed amongst the slaves on different estates, It also appears from the “Monthwith the full approbation of the proprie- ly extracts of Correspondence,” tors. In one of the societies are upwards for August, ult., of this society, of 500 members, whose united contributions on one occasion were $120, for the that application had been made for benefit of their destitute fellow slaves. In 10 Arabic Bibles and 50 Arabic Nevis, St. Kitts and Montserrat, also New Testaments, to be sent by the something has been done to promote Scripture circulation ; and even in Gua expedition about to proceed up the daloupe and Martinique, to promote the river Niger, under the direction of same object, through the booksellers. the Landers, who have lately re
Dr. Patterson has been for some time past turned by that river from the inengaged for the Bible Society, on a jour- terior of Africa. These Bibles ney through Sweden and Norway, with a view to reanimate the societies in those and Testaments are intended for parts, and to promote a more extensive the kings and princes of the Al.
rican tribes of the interior, many reported a series of resolutions, which of whoin can read the Arabic lan- were adopted. In these resolutions the
Board express their approbation of the guage.
memorial and proceedings of the Prudential committee in relation to these subjects, and also of the measures adopted under the sanction of the Prudential committee by Messrs. Worcester and Butler, for
bringing their case before the Supreme American Board of Commissioners Court of the United States. They also for Foreign Missions. express their satisfaction in view of the
decision of that high tribunal, and inThe annual meeting of the struct
struct the Prudential committee to adopt Board was held on Wednesday the sach other measures as they may think 3d inst., in the Murray Sireet expedient for protecting the persons and church, New York. The follow- rights of the missionaries. They declare
their continued confidence in the impriing members of the Board were
soned missionaries, and their fraternal present.
sympathy with them in the painful sepaHon. John Cotton Smith, President, ration from the Christian privileges, their Hon. Stephen Van Rensselaer, Rev. Da: families, and their missionary labours, and vid Porter, D. D., Rev. Archibald Alex- in the protracted and illegal imprisonment ander, D. D., Rev. Calvin Chapin, D.D.,
to which they have been subjected for Hon. Jonas Platt, Rev. Samuel Miller, more than a year; and in conclusion comD. D. Rev. Thomas M'Auley, D. D. mend them and their bereaved families to Rev. Lyman Beecher, D. D., Rev. Leo- the prayers of the friends of missions nard Woods, D. D., Rev. William Allen, throughout the country. D. D., John Tappan, Esq., Rev. Warren Publick Meetings in New York and PhiFay, D.D., Hon. Nathaniel W. Howell, ladelphia, in Muy —The Prudential comRev. Justin Edwards, D. D., Rev. Benj. mittee were instructed to confer with the B. Wisner, D. D., Eleazer Lord, Esq., auxiliary society of New York and Brook. Henry Hill, Esq, Rev. Gardiner Spring, lyn on the subject of holding a publick D. D., Rev. Eliphalet Nott, D. D., Rev. meeting in behalf of foreign missions in N. S. Beman, Rev. Wm. M.Murray, D.D., New York during the week of the reliRev. Thomas DeWitt, D. D., Hon. The gious anniversaries in May, and also with odore Frelinghuysen, John Nitchie, Esq, ihe auxiliary society of Philadelphia, in S. V. S. Wilder, Esq.
regard to a similar meeting in that city James Parish, Esq., of Bombay, during the week of religious anniversa
ries there in the same month. was elected a correspondent meni
The next annual meeting of the Board ber of the Board, and 14 others, is to be held in Philadelphia on the third from different staies in the Ameri: Wednesday of September, 1833, at 10 A. M. can Union. From the New York The Rev. Dr. M'Auley was appointed to Observer we make the following MoMurray bis alternate.
deliver the sermon, and the Rev. Dr. extracts.
Donations from the Bible and Tract Societies.-The Board acknowledge, with gratitude, the donation from the American Bible Society, of $5,000 for printing the Scriptures in the Mahratta language
We have received from the Rev. at Bombay, and $5,000 for the like object Mr. William Ramsey, missionary in the language of the Sandwich Islands; of the A. B. C. F. M. at Bomand the donation from the American bay, a pamphlet neatly printed at Tract Society, of $2,600, for printing Tracts in Bombay, Ceylon, Southeastern
the American mission
press Asia, the Mediterranean, and the South that city, which we shall give Sea Islands.
entire, except the tables at the The Imprisoned Missionaries. The
close. The statements of this committee to whom was referred the me. publication are full of interest. morial of the Prudential committee, claim- Since its publication, the mission ing the protection of the United States' has sustained a great loss in the government for the missionaries and pro: death, by cholera, of the Rev. Mr. perty of the Board at the Missionary stations among the Southwestern Indians, Harvey.
Ch. Adv.-VOL. X.
A BRIEF VIEW OF THE AMERICAN
of Poonah returning by Joonnur and Kal
lian. The schools for boys now connected MISSION AT BOMBAY, FOR THE
with the mission are 21, containing over YEAR 1831.
1600 children. One fourth part of these The following sketch of the operations can read the Scriptures and other printed of the American Mission in Bombay for books fluently and intelligibly. Most of the past year, is respectfully submitted to them can repeat from memory a cateits patrons and friends, and to all who chism of 16 pages containing the princifeel" interested in efforts to extend the cipal doctrines and duties of Christianity, blessings of Christianity to the native po- and have acquired a knowledge of arithpulation of India. Knowing that the metic as far as is required for the transacpreaching of the gospel has, in every age, tion of ordinary business. In most of these been blessed above all other means for re- schools are a few girls. claiming men from their errors, and bring- Of schools exclusively for girls, we have ing them to a knowledge of the truth, now 12, containing upwards of 300 chilwe regard it as holding the first place in dren. The proportion of them who read our labours, and devote to it as much time intelligibly is nearly the same as in the as our circumstances and engagements boys' schools. Some of the larger girls will admit. In the Chapel in Bombay we have learned to do plain needlework, &c. have two services in the native language But as the custom of the country places every Sabbath. The number who attend this kind of work principally in the hands the morning service varies from 60 to 120. of men, and the forms of dress in common Most of these are individuals who are in use among women require little aid from some way connected with the mission as the needle, the children are not much enteachers, scholars, and persons employed couraged by their parents, nor do they see in our families, or in the printing office. sufficient prospect of advantage to excite We have, however, generally the satis- much desire for becoming acquainted with faction of secing some strangers present, this kind of work. and also not unfrequently a considerable A few years ago it was generally re. number who formerly belonged to our garded as a thing quite impracticable to schools, but are now engaged in various introduce female education into India, and kinds of business for a livelihood. On though the experiment has succeeded beSabbath afternoon the boys of the first yond the expectation of those who were and second classes with the teachers of acquainted with the difficulties to be enall the schools in Bombay connected with countered, and a change in feeling and opin. the mission, med in the Chapel, when ion is seen to be gradually taking place they read some chapter, assigned as their among the native population, yet the educa. lesson on the previous Sabbath, and are tion of females is esteemed of little imporexamined in respect to its meaning. They tance by those who think most favourably of are also examined in the commandments, it, while many, (and those not uncommonly and a catechism containing the principal persons of much influence from their rank doctrines and duties of Christianity. An and learning) retain their prejudices in address is then made to the boys, the full force. This is clearly seen in the opteachers, and others who may be present, position and reproach which the teachers, and the meeting is concluded by prayer. ihough generally of the bramhun caste not A meeting is held at the chapel on every unfrequently endure, on account of their Tuesday expressly for the religious in- employment. For these reasons, though struction of the teachers. This meeting we regard the cause of female education is attended by as many of the larger girls as firmly established and continually maof the female schools as can be induced king progress, yet the state of particular to come. The chapel is open daily for the schools is sometimes for months together religious instruction of all who call for quite variable and fluctuating. It has been that purpose and to receive Christian our practice not to commence a school in books; the reading and expounding of the any place without previously ascertaining Scriptures and prayer in Mahratta is at- as far as practicable, the character of the tended daily at 9 o'clock, A. M. for the people, and their feelings on the subject. benefit of those employed in the printing And when a school has been commenced establishment, and others who may be dis- and expense thus incurred, we do not posed to attend. We are also in the habit think it expedient to abandon it on acof daily imparting religious instruction 10 count of any difficulty that may arise, all classes of the native population as we
unless we become satisfied that a scliool may have opportunity, by preaching, con- cannot flourish there until prejudice shall versation, and the distribution of the subside, and the feelings of the penple Scriptures and tracts. For this purpose, shall change. In a few instances we have several short tours to the large villages on with much regret seen some schools, after the continent have been made, and iwo of continuing a short time, decline under cir. our number spent several weeks in the Dec- cumstances which made it clearly expecan on a tour to Ahmednuggar by the way dient to discontinue them; but most of the
female schools have been continued from dow of his own caste. It is well known their first commencement, and their stale that marriages among the Hindoos geneat the present time is such as to afford en rally take place when the parties are quite couragement to perseverance in exertions young,* that it is wholly the act of the pa. to raise the females of India from their rents, and when a bramhun dies, whatever present degraded state to the rank they may be the age of his wife, she can never hold in Christian countries.
again enter the married state. The feThe expense of the boys' schools ex- male referred to was one of this unhappy clusive of books, has been 2,585 rupees. class whose husband, dying before they of the girls' schools 2,1884 rupees. had lived together, left her to a life of so
Our printing establishment is principal. litary widowhood. As Babjee's mind be. ly employed in printing for religious socie- came more impressed with the truth of ties, and in doing work of a miscellaneous Christiantity his connexion with this perkind for the Government and for indivi. son was broken off, and for some time preduals. During the year past the mission vious to his being baptized, he appeared have reprinted an edition of 1600 copies of uniformly to have just views of the improa work containing 160 pages 8vo. in Eng. priety of such conduct. His affection for lish and Mahratta which was originally her, however, still continued. He viewed composed by the Rev. G. Hall, and de- with much anxiety the state of destitution signed to assist natives in learning Eng. and exposedness to temptation in which lish, and Europeans in learning Mahratta. she was left, and was tenderly affected The subjects ireated of in this work are with the remembrance of the promises principally of a religious kind, and it ap- of mutual fidelity, which were made at pears well adapted to be useful to the na- first between them, and to which it is tive population. We have printed several believed both bad adhered. These feel. smaller religious books for gratuitous dis- ings he communicated to some of his tribution and for the use of our schools. Christian friends, and expressed a wish
Three persons have been added to the that, if it would not be inconsistent with church by baptisın during the year. The the precepts of Christianity, they might first of these is of the Mahratta caste, and be regularly married. She was also found was baptized in March. His name is Mo- on inquiry to be desirous of doing the roba. Previously to this he had been a
She had acquired considerable teacher of one of the boys' schools for se- knowledge of Christianity, and was preveral months, and had been apparently for pared to renounce idolatry with all its cemost of the time a sincere inquirer after remonies. She was ready also to promise the truth. His only chi a girl four years attendance on such means of religious inold, was baptized at the same time. He struction as might be within her reach, continued his school for several months and to conform to the precepts of the gosafter his baptism. He suffered much, pel as far as she understood them. These however, from the persecution and ill-will circumstances, considered in connexion of the people around, and as the school with their former acquaintance, (which was becoming small, and opposition seem- had been illicit only because the rules of ed to be rather increasing, it was thought caste which they now renounced would expedient that he should leave teaching not allow of their being married according for some other employment, which he ac- to the Hindoo custom,) were thought to cordingly did.
furnish sufficient reason to comply with Another of the persons baptized is of their wishes, and they were married acthe Bramhun caste, whose name is Babjee. cording to the Christian form in the chaHe had been employed as a pundit by dif- pel where he had been baptized. A large feront missionaries for several years. He number of natives assembled to witness 80 had acquired considerable knowledge of novel a scene. All present appeared to Christianity, and in conversation his mind look on with much interest, and some ex. had often appeared to be labouring under pressed their surprise at the simplicity, a conviction of its truth too strongly to be appropriateness, aod solemnity of the mar. concealed by any effort on his part. Il riage ceremony, and also at the duties of was evident, also, that his confidence in the married state as then illustrated and Hindooism was nearly gone, and he seem- enforced. All so different from the tedi. ed likely soon to become sceptical in re- ous, unmeaning rites, and noisy revelry spect to religion of every kind. In Octo. which usually accompany native wedber, his conviction of the truths of Chris. dings. tianity much increased, and he soon ex- At the time Babjee was baptized, the pressed his wish and determination openly same ordinance was administered to a woto confess it. Having continued for some man of low caste, named Gopee. She is time to give increasing evidence of the nearly blind, and is one of the inmates of sincerity of his profession, and of the genuineness of his faith, he was baptized in the chapel, in the presence of a large num- * The shastrus say that the daughters of ber of natives, on the 20th of November. bramhuns must be married before they are
Babjee had never been married, but had ten years old. They are commonly maglived illicitly for several years with a wi- ried before that age.
the asylum for the native poor. Previous- we see abundant cause for mourning and ly to the establishment of that Institution, humiliation, that so few have believed our she had subsisted for several years, chiefly report, and that the gospel has in so few by begging, and had acquired considerable instances become the power of God unto knowledge of the doctrines and duties of salvation, we would yet be grateful that the gospel at those places where religious God has not left us without some evidence instruction had been imparted to those of his gracious presence and of his designs who assembled to receive rice. Several of mercy to the beathen around us. The other persons profess to be inquirers for dispensations of Providence in removing the truth; but we have so often hoped for three of our number from their labours, better things from those making such pro- though afflictive, yet we know are in no fessions than we eventually found, that we respect contrary to the promises contained find it necessary to proceed with much in his word. God has forgotten none of caution while we would earnestly suppli- the glorious things he has spoken concerncate wisdom from above to guide us. ing Zion. He is not unmindful of the pro
Since the year began we have been mises he has made concerning the future called to mourn the death of three of our
glory of his church, nor is he slack, as unassociates in labour. Mrs. Allen died on belief would often suggest, in fulfilling the 5th of February; Mrs. Hervey on the these promises. But in respect to the 3d of May, and Mr. Garrett on the 16th of ways and means of accomplishing his purJuly. By these dispensations of Providence, poses, he often shows us that his thoughts we feel ourselves admonished to be dili
are not like our thoughts. Though efforts gent and faithful in the cause of our Re- in this cause may often to human appeardeemer. But though we much feel the ance prove useless, and those to whom the loss which we have sustained in their gospel is preached may often hear only to death, yet we have not mourned as with
oppose, despise, and perish, yet these out hope. They had been for many years things should not discourage us. The duty the professed followers of Christ. Their of Christians to extend the knowledge of hope in his mercy supported them in the
the gospel is clear, and its ultimate trihour of trial, and cheered their hearts in umph over every opposing obstacle is certhe view of death; and we rejoice in the
tain. assurance that they have gone to be for- And while we would express our grati. ever with the Lord, and to behold his
tude to our patrons and friends for the aid glory:
they have afforded us by their prayers and In March the mission was strengthened contributions, and for the sympathy they by the arrival of the Rev. Messrs. Hervey, have shown us in our afflictions, we trust Ramsey, and Rend, with their wives,* they will continue to remember us in our from America. In October, Mr. and Mrs. labours, and to beseech the Lord to grant Graves returned from the Neilgherry Hills the gracious influence of his Holy Spirit to to Bombay. Mr. G.'s health has been make the means of religious instruction much improved by his residence in that now in use, effectual in bringing the idolaplace. In the same month, Mrs. Garrett
trous people of India to the knowledge and and her two children embarked for Ameri- worship of the living God, and to the enca. Her health had been feeble for some
joyment of the privileges of his children. years, and her children also were evidently suffering under the debilitating influence of the climate,
The mission having been strengthened by the above mentioned missionaries from America, and also by the return of Mr. and Mrs. Graves to Bombay, it was
In our last number we noticed thought expedient to form a new station; the origin and design of this Sociand after looking at several places, and making inquiries of friends who are ex
ety, and stated" that they were neartensively acquainted on this side of India, ly prepared to send forth their first we fixed on Ahmednuggur as the most missionaries, and that their Coreligible situation. Accordingly Mesars. responding Secretary and General Graves, Hervey, and Read, left Bombay Agent might shortly be expected in December, and proceeded to Ahmed. nuggur, which it is expected will be per
in this city (Philadelphia), to solimanently occupied as a mission station.t
cit contributions in aid of the In review of the year now closing, while funds necessary to the support of
the very important and interest* Mrs. H. died two months after her ar
ing undertaking in which he and rival.
his brethren had embarked.” We 1 Ahmednuggur is about 180 miles east
are now able to state that our exof Bombay
pectations have been realized.
WESTERN FOREIGN MISSIONARY SO