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“ The sultry summer-noon is past ; And mellow evening comes at last, With a low and languid breeze Fanning the mimosa-trees, Which cluster o'er the tangled vale, And oft perfume the panting gale With fragrance faint-that seems to tell Of primrose-tufts, in Scottish dell, Peeping forth in tender spring, When the blithe lark begins to sing. " But soon, 'mid Afric's landscape lone, Such reminiscences are gone : Soon we raise the eye to range O'er prospects wild, grotesque, and strangeSterile mountains, rough and steep, That bound abrupt the valley deep. Heaving to the clear blue sky Their ribs of granite, bare and dry; And ridges, by the torrents worn, Thinly streak'd with scraggy thorn, Which fringes Nature's savage dress, Yet scarce relieves her nakedness. " Yet, where the vale winds deep below, The landscape wears a warmer glow : There the speck boom spreads its bowers Of light green leaves and lilac flowers ; And the bright aloe rears its crest, Like stately queen for gala drest ; And gorgeous erythrina shakes Its coral tufts above the brakes, Brilliant as the glancing plumes Of sugar-birds, among its blooms, With the deep-green verdure blending, In the stream of light descending. “And now, along the grassy meads, Where the skipping reebok feeds, Let me through the mazes rove Of the light acacia-grove ; Now, while yet the honey-bee Hums around the blossom'd treo : And the turtles softly chido, Wooingly, on every side ; And the clucking pheasant calls To his mate at intervals; And the duiker at my tread Sudden lifts his startled headThen dives, affrighted, in the brake, Like wild-duck in the reedy lake. “My wonted seat receives me nowThis tall grey cliff, with tufted brow, Towering high o'er grove and stream, And gilded by the parting gleam. With shatter'd'rocks loose-sprinkled o'er, Behind ascends the mountain hoar, Whose crags o'erhang the Bushman's cave, (His fortress once, and now his grave,) Where the grim satyr-fac'd baboon Sits railing to the rising moon, Or chiding, with hoarse angry cry, The herdsman as he wanders by. “ Spread out below, in sun and shade, The shaggy glen lies full display'd Its sheltered nooks and sylvan bowers, And meadows flush'd with purple flowers : And through it, like a dragon spread, I trace the river's tortuous bed. And there the Chaldee willow weeps, Drooping o'er the dangerous steepe, Where the torrent, in his wrath, llas riited out a rugged peth, -

Like fissure cleft, by earthquake's shock, Thro' mead and jungle, mound and rock, But the swoln water's wasteful sway, Like tyrant's rage, hath pass'd away, Leaving alone, to prove its force, The ravage of its frantic course. Now, o'er its shrunk and slimy bed Rank weeds and whither'd wrack are spread, With the faint rill just oozing through, And vanishing again from view; Except where, here and there, a pool Spreads 'neath some cliff its mirror cool, Girt by the palmite's verdant screen, Or shaded by the rock-ash green, Whose slender sprays above the flood Suspend the loxia's callow brood In cradle.nests, with porch below, Secure from wing'd or creeping foe, (Weasel, or bawk, or writhing spake,) Wild waving as the breezes wak', Like ripe fruit, hanging fair to see Upon the rich pomegranate tree. " But lo, the sun has stoop'd his head Beyond yon granite peaks of red; And now along the dusky vale The homeward herds and flocks I hail, Returning from their pastures dry Amid the stony uplands high.First, the swart Shepherd, with his flock, Comes winding round my hermit-rockAll unlike, in gait or mien, Fair Scotland's jocund swains, I ween: For shephord's crook, the gun he bears; For plaid, the sheep-skin mantle wears ; Slow sauntering languidly along ; Nor flute has he, por merry song, Nor book, nor tale, nor rustic lay, To cheer him through the listless day. His look is dull, his soul is dark ; He knows not hope's electric spark, But, born the white man's servile thrall, Feels that he cannot farther fall. “ Next, the stout neat-herd passes by, With bolder step and blither eye, Humming low his tuneless song, Or whistling to the horned throng. From the destroying foeman fled, He serves the Christian for his bread; Yet this poor heathen Bechuan Bears on his brow the port of man; Though naked, homeless, friendless, be Is undebased--for he is FREE. “Now wizard Twilight slowly sails, With murky wing, adown the vales, Warning with his mystic rod The owl and bat to come abroad, With things that hate the gairish sub, To frolic now when day is done. Now along the meadows damp. Th' enamour'd fire-fly lights his lampLink-boy fit for Elfin queen 'Mid fair Avon's woodlands green; Here, I ween, more wont to shine, To light the thievish porcupine, Plundering my melon-bed ; Or villain lynx, whose stealthy tread Rouses not the wakeful hound, As he creeps the folds around. “But lo! the night-bird's boding scream Breaks abrupt my twilight dream,



And warns me it is time to haste

doubt not like the excellent author of the book My homeward walk across the waste,

itself, aspires not to be “witty, or learned, or Lest my rash tread provoke the wrath

eloquent," but“holy,” we strongly recommend Of natchslang coild across the path, the present volume. It is not, however, defiOr tempt the leopard in the wood,

cient in that best“ learning” which has refer. Prowling round athirst for blood.

ence to the interpretation of Scripture, and its

application to the various exigences of the " So thus I close my rambling strain,

human soul; or in that true “ eloquence" And seek my wattled cot again.” p. 103-111. which flows from lips speaking out of the

The volume contains a very pleasing series of abundance of the heart on subjects the best sonnets, serving as so many poetical memoran

calculated to warm and elevate the affections, da of scenes and feelings, which is the proper

and to make the tongue “the pen of a ready design and character of this elegant species of writer.” The pious author has truly described

the character of his volume when he says: poem. The disproportionate length of our citations will restrict us from taking more than

“ It is the object of this work to exhibit an a single specimen.

Old-Testament believer in a New Testament

garb, as one walking in the same spirit, and in « ON VISITING A MISSIONARY SETTLEMENT. the same steps' with ourselves; and in bring“ By Heaven directed, by the world revil'd,

ing his features of character to the EvangeliAmidst the wilderness they sought a home,

cal standard, it is presumed that the correspon.

dence will be found to be complete-Faith Where beasts of prey, and men of murder

which worketh by love,' the fundamental dis. And untam'd Nature holds her revels wild.

tinction of the Gospel, pervades the whole man, There, on their pious toils their Master smild, with at least an implied reference to the one And prosper'd them, unknown or scorn'd of way of access to God, and a distinct regard

alike to the promises and to the preceptive Till, in the satyr's haunt and dragon's den,

parts of Divine revelation. Nor are the workA garden bloom'd, and savage hordes grew

ings of this principle delineated with less accu. mild.

racy. In all the detail of spiritual exercises

and holy conduct we observe its operations "So, in the guilty heart, when heavenly grace leading the soul into communion with God, Enters, it ceaseth not till it uproot

and moulding every part into a progressive All evil passions from each hidden cell ; conformity to his image." pp. ii. iii. Planting again an Eden in their place,

“ The several graces of the Christian system, Which yields to men and angels pleasant fruit; delineated in this Psalm, form an excellent And God himself delighteth there to dwell.” touchstone of the sincerity of our profession,

by marking its practical influence in our daily This sonnet (and we know that the Author

walk and conversation ;--a touchstone, which will deem this high praise) would have been

appears especially needful in this day of proworthy of Wordsworth, who sometimes in his fession ; not as warranting our confidence in noble sonnets, the finest in the language, rises

the Saviour, or as constituting in any measure almost as high in point of sentiment. It is un

our ground of acceptance with God, but as exnecessary to say any thing as to the character citing us to give diligence to make our calling of the present voluine in this respect. The and election sure,' and tending to quicken our extracts we have given, will sufficiently evince sluggish steps in the path of self-denying obedithe spirit of genuine piety and glowing philan

ence. p. v. thropy by which the Author's poetical talents

“ The descriptive character of the book will are consecrated. Mr. Pringle has recently be found to be interspersed with matter of disaccepted the honourable office of secretary to cussion, personal address, hints for self-inquiry, the Anti-Slavery Society, in which capacity and occasional supplication, with the earnest he will find a congenial employment for a endeavour to cast the mind into that meditamind animated by a detestation of that moral tive, self-scrutinizing, devotional frame, in blight and curse, of which, in its existing which the new creature is strengthened, and effects, he has been an eye-witness. The increases, and goes on to perfection." p. x. notes to the poems supply some very interest- The volume of which this is the plan, is truly ing information respecting the Caffer tribes.

scriptural in its character, and embedded in Scripture quotation, the author always referring by chapter and verse in the margin to “the law and to the testimony." He is evi

dently a sound and conscientious friend of the From the Christian Observer.

invaluable church to which he belongs; but we EXPOSITION OF PSALM CXIX; as il

observe nothing of party-spirit in his volume. lustrative of the Character of Christian He is too much absorbed in the great verities Experience. By the Rev. Charles Bridges, of Christian truth, too anxious for the converVicar of Old-Newton, Suffolk. 1 vol. 12mo? sion of sinners and the edification of believers, 6s. London. 1827.

to occupy himself or his readers in matters of

minor disputation. Quotations would scarcely To those who wish for a manual of simple furnish a specimen of the work, and we have piety; a book which enters into the mysteries already too far transgressed our limits to allow of the Christian life; a book not of debate or of our making them; nor are they perhaps controversy, but of faith, hope, and charity; a necessary, as the work has already been widebook which, like Herbert's Parson, and we ly read, and has reached a second edition. Rel. Mag.--No. 6,

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We regret that our respected author has oc- lation of their phrases. The hypocrite and casionally adopted a phraseology, which is nei. parrot will grievously wince under such a poc ther classical English nor scriptural quotation, bation. but which was chiefly invented by the Puritan Our truly pious and candid author will not writers, and is of no service either for force or

we feel assured, be displeased, that we har: perspicuity, while it is offensive to simplicity, taken the liberty, from a few phrases in bia and unintelligible to persons not versed in its book, to append the above general cauticas peculiar idioms. We allude to such expres. His own occasional use of such expressions be sions as “gracious actings," " gracious souls,” evidently arisen unconsciously from his inti

a gracious frame;" “experimental comfort," mate acquaintance with the rich lore of the "experimental benefit," " experimental express divines of the seventeenth century, whose whole sions ;" wrestling prayer," " a wrestling sup- style was, in many instances, modelled a:te: pliant;" “ sanctified improvement;" “ a lust: this fashion. It is the very excellence of is ing heart;" "a leading wanderer;" “poor in manual that makes us unwilling that any reatgrace ;" dry barren souls ;” “ walk” for con: er should turn from it, as savouring of a partduct or deportment, as "a considerate walk," cular school of divinity, when it is most cler

an unsteady walk," "a walk of righteous- that he acknowledges no school but that ness," "close-walking Christians ;" “ the Christ, whom to know and to make known :3 word,” for the word of God; “professors,” others is the great object of his devout labours for professors of religion-though even that is May he be blessed in his deed! not correct English, unless in the meaning of S.T.P.; "the Lord's family," for Christians or believers; “ darting up cries into the Lord's ear;" "plying the Throne of Grace," tered crumbs of goodness," &c. &c.

From the Evangelical Magazine. It has been said that there is " an unction, a holy freemasonry, so to speak, in such idioms;'

A SCRIPTURAL EXPLANATION AND but for ourselves we perceive no “unction" in

EXHIBITION OF THE MILLENNIAL them; and the freemasonry is by no means a

REIGN OF CHRIST. recommendation, as, by this freemasonry, poor Great and eventful are the times in which and illiterate persons sometimes fancy them- we live. Great are the doings of the Church selves initiated in the knowledge and practice of of Christ to facilitate the knowledge of the true religion, or at least pass themselves off as Redeemer throughout the world. The varices religious with others, because they can string a religious institutions which are in operation to few phrases, the import of which they neither propagate Divine truth, at home and abroad, understand nor feel. But besides puzzling the indicate that a great and glorious æra is Ded! ignorant, few things repel men of the world at hand; certifying that shortly will be real

and this without any necessity, than ized the ancient promise which God made të such ill-chosen phrases. To say, in the lan- | Abraham," In thy seed shall all the familiei guage of Scripture, that a Christian " walks of the earth be blessed." The expectation of with God," is simply and beautifully characte- the Church is more than usually awakened to ristic of true piety; nor can any man find it a consideration of those predictions which te unintelligible, or be justly offended with such late to the glory of the laiter day, when Christ an explanation of the phrase, as is given, for shall have the heathen for his inheritance, example, by Cruden, who says that it means and the uttermost parts of the earth for his living“ in communion with God, having a possession :"-when with the fulness of the lively sense of his presence, and endeavouring Gentiles, the Jews also shall be gathered into above all things to please Him, and to be ap- the Gospel church, and there shall be “ one proved and accepted of Him." But speak of fold and one shepherd.” And as this glorious

a close-walking Christian," and the beauty event approaches, the means by which it is to of the idea is obscured in the displeasing quaint be accomplished are more clearly seen and unness of the expression. Our language does derstood. Just before our blessed Lord's as. not adınit of such compound theological adjeccension, he delivered his charge to his disci. tives; the Puritans tried them and failed : Dr. ples, “ Go ye into all the world, and preach the Hawker, with his “sinner-state" and "saint. Gospel to every creature." " And behold, I state," "time-state” and “eternity-state,” fail- send the promise of my Father upon you." ed too: why then attempt to turn our vernacu- They were the instruments; the power was lar idiom into new moulds, and to make a His. They understood their commission, and technical phrase of what had much better be went forth planting the Gospel far and wide; expressed either in the exact words of Scrip-“the Lord working with them, and confirming ture, or in plain English phrases, even at the the word with signs following." The foundarisk of circumlocution; for circumlocution is tion of the Gospel church was laid upon that better than either a want of intelligibility or a immoveable basis which neither earth nor hell want of simplicity. A clergyman will often was able to overturn. Still however, soon affind it necessary to check among those of the ter the primitive age had elapsed, " wolves enpoor of his flock, who are "professors,” a cer- tered into the fold, not sparing the sheep." tain knowingness of expression, which is by no Gross apostacy and persecution prevailed, and means indicative of true humility, or any other a long night of tribulation afflicted the followChristian grace. The best way to unmask ers of the Lamb. Those times of darkness and these “knowing” ones, and at the same time distress to the Church were the subjects of to discover and encourage the really simple- prophecy, both with respect to their severity hearted and sincere, is to ask them for a trans- 1 and duration. Our Lord himself gave intima


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tion to his disciples of the trial his Gospel of the mention of a new heaven. This cannot should occasion to his followers; and after- refer to that state of spotless purity, the gloriwards, by visions, more fully revealed to his ous heaven above; for the heaven here menbeloved Apostle John, for the information of tioned, has a manifest connexion with the earth: the Church, the circumstances of its future and there is an evident inconsistency in giving condition. A long succession of ages, there. these and similar passages a literal meaning ; fore, according as it was predicted, the Church because it is contradictory to those prophecies has been suffering, and the Old and New Tes- of both the Old and New Testament which tament Scriptures have borne their testimony aro declaratory of the glory of the latter days. in sackcloth. But the times are fulfilled. The The error must have arisen in bringing precon1260 years' reign of the Apocalyptic Beast and ceived notions to the study of certain parts of of the little Horn in Daniel, are numbered and Scripture, and putting upon them that forced ended. Light has broken in upon the Church, construction which will favour a particular hy. and primitive zealand unanimity have succeed. | pothesis. Scripture never contradicts itself. ed to the contracted bigotry and spirit of sloth The right and only method to understand the of the times that are past. Although, for prophetic parts is, by diligently and devoutly ages, the people of God had been praying, comparing Scripture with Scripture. Again, Thy kingdom come," and had entertained the the various tering and phrases of the prophetic belief that all the ends of the earth would see parts have often different significations, and the salvation of our God,-it hardly entered must be judged of according to their connexion, into their minds the manner how the great and from the relation they bear to the subjects work would be accomplished. No effort was introduced. This rule must be strictly attendmade, nor means devised, for the salvation of ed to, to come to a clear understanding of the the heathen. The stupendous work seems matter and spirit of prophecy. Some passages, rather to have been left in expectation of some upon their very faco, bear a literal construction, extraordinary interposition of Divine provi. and others are veiled in highly figurative and dence, accompanied with new revelations and metaphorical language; but by a careful and miraculous gifts of the Holy Spirit. Even so diligent examination, one portion will explain lately as the latter end of the last century, it another : and there will arise such an easy and had not occurred to the religious public, that natural solution of difficult parts, as to comthe simple mode of sending out missionaries, mend itself to the judgment of the truly pious would become the efficient agency of convert- and judicious mind ing the heathen world; nor, indeed, was the The first verse of the twenty-first chapter of Church, at that time, in a fit stale to engage Revelation, referred to, is a figurative descripwith any effect in so important an undertaking: tion of the spiritual, moral, and political condi. This could only be done by one great simul. tion of the world during the Millennium. The taneous movement; and the various denomina language here made use of, is similar to that tions of which the Christian world was com. which describes the altered condition of a per. posed, still adhered with such tenacity to their son who believingly receives Christ into his own sectarian prejudices, that nothing could heart. The change is termed a new creation. be done in concert. It is truly astonishing that “ If any man be in Christ, he is a new creature : the genius and spirit of the Gospel was so lit- old things are passed away ; behold, all things tle understood. "Glory to God! this darkness are become new.”—2 Cor. v. 17. So here, is past. The day-spring from on high has dis- " He that sat upon the throne said, Behold, I pelled the mist of ignorance, and knowledge is will make all things now.”—Rev. xxi. 5. “ A increasing. The wonderful success that has new heaven, and a new earth ; and there was attended the labours of the Missionaries no more sea." In this first verse, these three amongst the heathen nations, draws forth the figures are made use of, heaven, earth, and sea. exclamation, “ What has God wrought!" and By heaven, here, is to be understood that sphere infallibly proves that the original command of in which royalty movos; the element of the Christ comprises the most effectual means of powers that be.—Matt. xxiv. 29. By the earth, evangelizing the world.

the mass of mankind.--Gen. xi. I. And by The notion entertained by some, of the per- sea, wars, commotions, and tumults.- Jer. li. sonal reign of Christ, and of the resurrection of 42; Luke xxi. 25. As then the conversion of the saints to live and reign with Him a thou

a sinner to God makes him a new creature, so, sand years on the earth, is a doctrine quite at by parity of reasoning, when that blessed pevariance with the general tenour of the pro-riod shall arrive, wherein the earth shall be full phecies, and of the express declarations of our of the knowledge of the Lord, and the blessings Lord and his Apostles. Those who maintain of the Gospel universally enjoyed, then will this opinion, suppose that the earth itself will this vision of John be fully realized-“And I undergo such a physical revolution as to make saw a new heaven and a new earth : for the it a fit residence for Christ and his glorified first heaven and the first earth were passed Church; and they found their doctrine upon away; and there was no more sea. Rev. xx. 4, 5, and xxi. 1—“And I saw a new Ever since there has been a nation, the poheaven and a new earth: for the first heaven | litical heavens and earth have been filled with and the first earth were passed away; and disorder. The unbridled passions of men, prothere was no more sea.” If this passage refers ducing oppression, slavery, wars, and devastato that kind of renovation the earth must tion, have filled the world with misery and necessarily undergo to make it a fit paradise crime. The Scriptures of the New Testafor the glorified Church, with Christ, as their ment, whose effulgent and healing beams were king, to bear royal rule ; that is, if it must lite designed by its Great Author to renovate the rally become a new earth, there was no need condition of man in the various relations he sustains, have been wickedly perverted to sub- imagery to the Millennial state ; for no suserve the worst of purposes. Fundamental blimity of language, or splendour of decoralaws, simple yet comprehensive, for the con- tion, is sufficient to display that glorious adornduct of governors and the governed, are ex- ing of the church when the earth shall be plicitly laid down; the literal observance of filled with the knowledge of the glory of the which would infallibly produce benignity and Lord, as the waters cover the sea."—Hab. justice on the part of governors, and subordi. | ii. 14. nation, peace, and good-will, on the part of the The thousand years inentioned in Rev. II. governed.-Rom. xiii. 1-10. But whatsoever relates to the self-same glorious period, seemgovernment that answers not to the descrip- ingly in a political point of view :-“ Satan tion given in this chapter, though permitted, and his emissaries shall lose all their influence is yet not ordained, of God. Froin the days of in the thrones and powers of that day. He is Nimrod, however, to the present time, with bound and imprisoned, and a seal set upon very few exceptions, the governments of king- him." “ The souls of them that were beheaddoms and states have but little answered to ed for the witness of Jesus, lived and reigoed this description. And the exploded doctrines with Christ a thousand years.” “This is the of passive obedience and non-resistance, in vio- first resurrection.” Daniel vii 13, 14, and 2 lation of this Scripture, have been continually to 27, afford an illustration of this passage. urged in support of civil despotism, and to up- This, then, is not a literal resurrection of the hold the usurpations of papal domination. But dead bodies of the saints. No mention is made new heavens and a new earth are promised; of their bodies; but “ the souls of them that and there are numerous prophecies of the Old were beheaded,” &c. lived again; and is to be Testament, of a literal construction, which al understood of a political resurrection, wherein lude to this happy state of things, tending to the saints shall possess the kingdom, and the elucidate this highly figurative language,- sceptre of Christ, as before mentioned, shall Isa. ii. 2, 3, and 4"And it shall come to pass bear universal rule. And as Elias lived in John in the last days, that the mountain of the the Baptist, so the spirits of the martyrs shall Lord's house shall be established in the top of live in the saints at that triumphant period; the mountains, and shall be exalted above the not to reign with Christ personally, for there hills; and all nations shall flow unto it. And will be no second coming of Christ in person, many people shall go and say, Come ye, and until he comes to judge the world.-Matt. In. let us go up to the mountain of the Lord, to 27 ; xxv. 31, 32; Acts iii. 21; Jolin xviii. 36. the house of the God of Jacob; and he will « But the rest of the dead lived not again teach us of his ways, and we will walk in his until the thousand years were finished." No paths : for out of Zion shall go forth the law, unbeliever or wicked person shall then have and the word of the Lord from Jeruralem. any political power or distinction.-Isa, lx. 17, And he shall judge among the nations, and re- 18. None but the blessed and holy shall have buke many people: and they shall beat their part therein," on whom the second death bath swords into ploughshares, and their spears into no power;" “the royal priesthood," and they pruping hooks: nation shall not lift up sword only, shall be raised for the first time to uniagainst nation, neither shall they learn war any versal dominion, and “shall reign with Christ more." There is a parallel passage in Micah a thousand years." Christ and the Church iv. 1-3. These are the days of the full estab- are here identified. His will is their law, and lishment of Sion's glory on earth. The moun- this then shall be the law of the whole earth.tains and hills here mentioned, are the ruling

Dan, vii. 27. powers; and whereas it is said that the moun. And there is a great probability that the du. tain of the Lord's house shall be established on ration of this reign will be literally a thousand the top of the mountains, it is intended to re- years. I think this may be fairly inferred from present that the political institutions of all na- 2 Peter iii. 8. It pleased the Lord to he six tions shall be moulded after the maxims of the days creating the heavens and the earth (our Gospel, and the administrations of their laws system), and to appoint the seventh day for shall be governed by the righteous and peace- the Sabbath; perfecting the week. Peter, in ful sceptre of the kingdom of Christ. But a this chapter, is speaking of the creation and mote particular description of the glorious destruction of our world, and exhorts us to be state of the church on earth is revealed in Rev. not ignorant of this one thing, that one day is xxi. 2. “ And I, John, saw the holy city, new with the Lord as a thousand years, and a thouJerusalem, coming down from God out of hea- sand years as one day ;" which I apprehend ven, prepared as a bride adorned for her hus

that as six days were appropriated for band." And from the tenth verse to the end the work of the creation, and one day for the of the chapter, is a gloriously magnificent ex- Sabbath, so should the world continue six thoubibition of her consuminate earthly felicity du- sand years, and one thousand the reign of ring the term of the Millennium. That it can. Christ. not relate to the glories of the heavenly para- The great work of the establishinent of this dise, but exclusively to the Church's condition kingdom will be achieved by the dissemination here below, may be inferred by the circum- of Divine knowledge, for - the earth shall be stances related in the twenty-fourth and twen- filled with the knowledge of the Lord." The ty-sixth verses. “And the kings of the earth announcement of the angel, Rev. xiv. 6, is emdo bring their glory and honour into it." " And blematical of the Missionary exertions of these they shall bring the glory and honour of the times. The various religious societies which nations into it.” Compare with this Isa. Ix.; are in progressive operation, have all this one also, xlix. 6, to the end, and liv. 11-14. Í grand object in view—the propagation of Dithink we are fully justified in applying this VINE TROTH; before which all idolatry, super

to mean,

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