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spondent writes, of the date of March of securing emoluments to the clergy, 20, 1823 :
rather tends to retard the progress of “ I wrote you in November last truth than otherwise ; it also occafrom Philadelphia, acknowledging the sions sometimes disagreeable feuds receipt of your most valuable pre-in parishes when a new sect arises. sent of your excellent work on the But I am not very confident in my Epistles, which the more I consult, opinion. As for the camp meetings the more highly I esteens, and think I believe they are declining every it beyond question the greatest of where, and chiefly_ prevail in the those great services you have ren- western country. Fanaticism, howdered to the cause of Christian truth. ever, in various shapes, is a very preIts effects will be widely and perma- vailing evil. Unitarianism will cure nently felt in a future generation of it, and I believe a large number of
I hope it will soon be reprinted people, chiefly among the Baptists in this country, and read not only on in Ohio, Kentucky, and West Virthe shores of the Atlantic, but be- ginia, have cast off their belief in the yond the Alleghany chain on the banks Trinity. They have still much to of the Mississipi and Missouri. I learn. One of their preachers, a have introduced it to the knowledge plain man without education, but of several members of Congress, who good plain sense and a strong underappear to feel much interested in it. standing, was lately on a visit among The suggestion in your esteemed fa- us and our Baltimore friends, to get vour of October 1st, respecting ' a information on some points. This public provision for the support of man had travelled above 600 miles religion in every parish,' &c., is a on horseback, and perhaps may rething concerning which I have no turn with some new ideas.” religious scruple. In the Eastern States it is adopted and maintained
London, by some of the governments. But in Sir, September 2, 1823. the middle, southern and western States of this Union, nothing of the crept into the newspapers relating kind has been admitted. In this mat- to an attempt at the late Conference ter Congress have no power ; the of the Wesleian ministers to impose constitution prohibits thein making the Liturgy of the Church of England any law respecting religion. In En- upon the societies in that connexion, gland the Imperium in Imperio which has been contradicted. Perhaps some is peculiar to this country is little of your readers can inform the publie understood. Each of the twenty-four to what this contradiction amounts ; States is a perfect, absolute and inde- whether it applies to the fact in toto, pendent sovereignty, in all things per. or merely to the wording of the resotaining to its own territory and in- lution proposed. I am informed that habitants. And the general govern- the question of a Liturgy was actually ment is a government of specific and moved and supported by the leading linnited powers, sovereign and su- ministers in the connexion, and negapreme, with regard to the united tived by a majority of seventy and force and independence of the whole, upwards; and also that the movers and also in all the external relations intended that the Liturgy should bring of the country with other powers, in with it, according to John Wesley's and in the collection and use of re- original plan, episcopal ordination, venue for the Union ; but entirely the readers being designed to be taken incapable of interfering with the in- from amongst persons in holy orders. ternal legislation of each particular My information leads me to conclude State. Owing to their not under- that this attempt to approach towards standing this complicated system, we the Church of England, though deoften smile to see in the English pa- feated, will be renewed. Should this pers things said of the transactions of conclusion be correct, it is easy to the American government, which are foresee that the Wesleians will divide completely at variance with facts, into the two branches of Churchmen and with its constitutional principles. and Dissenters. I have visited New England, and am
EPISCOPUS. still disposed to think that their plan
Art. I.-Sermons, selected from the “Attention to our Work in its pro
Papers of the late Rev. Henry per Season,” [John ix. 4,] is inculTurner, fc.
cated in the twelfth discourse. We (Concluded from p. 473.)
have been impressed by the following tenth sermon in this volume,
observation, (177) THE
True and False Shame, “ If our Saviour, with his extraordiand the Necessity of Universal Obedi- nary powers and incomparable means of ence.” (Psalm cxix. 6.] Mr. H. T. usefulness, considered himself as under correctly remarks, that, in the judg- obligation to observe the strictest indusment of the author of the text, « the try, and the most unwearied diligence, most probable method of repressing imagine that our duties are not calcu
how little would it become any of us to the predo,ninance of shame, is faith. lated to occupy a constant and habitual fully to observe all the Divine com
attention!” mands.” (140.)
Agreeably to the judicious arrange- The case of “the Syrophenician ment made by the editor, a discourse Woman,” [Mark vii. 27,] furnishes succeeds, (XI., from Rom. i. 16,) the interesting topic of No. XIII. which is entitled, “ Reasons for not Our Lord's apparent unwillingness to being ashamed of the Gospel." We relieve her, is clearly explained, and had the happiness of knowing, that the virtuous features of her character this was, at least, one of the earliest are with equal distinctness pointed of the sermons composed by the de- out. In this discourse the author has parted preacher: and it reflects great evidently kept his eye upon one of credit, in every view, upon his me- the late Bishop Horsley's, of which, mory. He points out various ways in however, no servile or indiscriminate, which a
most unworthy shame” but a truly judicious, use is made. respecting Christianity finds a place Among the most valuable sermons among us, and then takes into consi. in the volume, we rank No. XIV., deration the motives assigned by Paul, which bears the title of “All live for his open and courageous profes- unto God.” [Luke xx. 38.] It treats, sion of the doctrine of a crucified as might be expected, of the ChrisSaviour. We transcribe a few sen- tian doctrine of a resurrection from tences :
the grave. The text is correctly pa“ How many men hare there been, ing this vital air, or long since re
raphrased: "All, whether now breathwhen exposed to the taunt of the unbe turned to that dust, from which they liever, they have been eager to make were taken, live unto him, who has their timely escape, by a quick adoption decreed their future resurrection, and of the opinions of him, whom they so regards it as if it were present ; 'who unworthily dread! Or, if not moved to quickeneth the dead and calleth those this act of desperation, how anxiously things which are not, as though they do they decline the coutest, as one in were.' (203.) which they have no concern ; and refer We lay before our readers another it to professional men, whose business it is to defend their religion! Profes
passage : sional men! What, do we live iu a “Do men attempt to intimidate or Protestant country, and have we yet to allure you into disobedience ? You have leary, that Christianity is every one's a life hidden with Christ in God, with profession ; that no man can be a Chris- which they cannot interfere ; a life far tian by proxy; and that none will be more enduring than the tieeting shadows asked, in the great day of account, what which compose this earthly life. You his priest, or his minister, believed, but what he himself believed ! and still more, how his behaviour corresponded with his Vol. III. Nos. 37 and 38. Mon. belief?"--P. 162.
Repos. VIII, 334. 3 z
• live unto God! What a pleasing, aw- signing them over to receive the full seful prospect is before us! That great verity of the divine sentence !" end of all things, for which this world of men was constituted, for which they From Matt. xx. 22, Mr. H. T. prohave lived, and in the expectation of fesses to discourse, in No. XVII., which they have died, is still to come. on the proper Objects of a ChrisThe pious dead still wait for their re- tian's pursuits.” Yet a considerable demption ; they wait because we are not portion of the sermon is occupied in yet prepared for that awful trial which
an illustration of that incident in the is to ensue ; because the long-suffering evangelic narrative, which furnishes of God still allows time for our repentance; and his wise providence is the text. The reader will meet here
with a clear and faithful illustration still multiplying and extending the means of grace, in behalf of a sinful and dis- of the expression, “worshiping him.” obedient world. They have not yet re
“ Means of securing the Love of ceived the promise : it is delayed, be- Christ,” (John xv. 9, 10,] are stated cause the world is not yet ripe for the in the eighteenth sermon: these are consummation of all things; they have mainly, obedience to his commands received it not, that (as the apostle says) and the imitation of his example. • they without us should not be made This preacher well observes, “ that it perfect;' and I cannot but conceive of is the excellent effect of the Christian our pious fathers as waiting in peaceful scheme to make religion familiar to and patient expectation, till children, and children's children, be perfected."
our thoughts, and to bring home to
our business and bosoms the justest Pp. 208, 209.
and sublimest motives of conduct." Of the fifteenth discourse the title
(267.) is on Love to Christ” (1 Pet. i. 8]; The nineteenth discourse treats of the nature and foundation of which
a very attractive and interesting subhabit of mind are excellently stated. ject, and bears the title, Religion This serinon was preached before suited to this world, as well as to the celebration of the Lord's Supper:" the next” [John xvii. 15] : it is emand a powerful admonition to the ployed in an illustratration of two observance of a rite so interesting and
propositions ; “first, that the world significant forms the conclusion. Ac
is the appointed field for the exercise cording to the preacher, we should of Christian duty; secondly, that the love Jesus Christ, because he is the Christian ought to unite his earnest beloved Son of God, and the most endeavours with his prayers to God, perfect example of every human vir- that he may so live in the world, as tue, because the most tender compas- to be kept from the evil of it.” Tosion for mankind was a governing wards the conclusion, Mr. H. T. motive of his services and self-denial, makes a very appropriate extract from because of the sufferings which he Milton's Areopagitica. voluntary underwent for our sakes, In No. XX. (Matt. xxiii. 7] the because he still lives, and ever inter- reader is presented with a sermon of cedes for us, and, lastly, because, great value, on “The Woe denounced though now we see him not, yet, if against Causes of Offence.” The fact we are faithful unto the end, we shall and its consequences are first represee him, and be received into the feli- sented : then it is viewed as arising city of an everlasting fellowship with out of the established order of Provi. him.
dence; and, finally, the writer shews, The sixteenth discourse, is on that this must not be used as an Uncharitable Judgment of others' argument for any kind of wickedness, Faults.” [Jonah iv. 9.] A more
or even of negligence, in regard to the pertinent text might, perhaps, have best interests of mankind." Another been selected. The sermon, however, charming passage is introduced from consists principally of very good ok. that treatise of our sublime poet, servations on Jonah's character, and which has just been mentioned : paon part of his history, one of the re
rents and children, governors and submarks suggested by which is, (239,) jects, masters and servants, the aged
" How carefully should we guard and the young, in short, men of all aginst an unfeeling temper in forming classes, and those, in particular, who our judgments of mankind, aud con- are nearly and mutually related, may derive instruction from the reasoning with a supposed falsehood, merely beand admonitions of the admirable dis- cause we innagine good effects will be course to which it is transferred. produced on our own minds, by such a
By the next, XXI., we are scarcely practice. But it is altogether a 'fallacy; less impressed and gratified: it is “on
no such prayer was ever presented; and the Duty and Elicacy of Prayer.” the valuable tendency of the exercise
as the [Matt. vii. 7.] A most important ob- worshiper believes, 'that nature and ligation, an essential as well as a salu. religion hold out to him no hope of tary practice, is here urged with great obtaining a favourable answer to his strength of reasoning. To the fol- sincerest prayer, under his greatest aflowing observations we cordially sub- flictions." scribe, and are reminded by them of
The arguments which the Scriptures Ogden * and of Pricef (310, 311):
contain in behalf of prayer, are then “ I know it has been said, that the excellently set forth. important practical tendeucy of the exer- “A sermon on New Year's Day," cise of prayer will, of itself, operate as (No. XXII.) closes this part of the a suflicient motive for engaging in it. volume: the subject [Eccles. xi. 7] Our prayers, it is said, for support under is, the tenure on which we possess aflliction, or of [for) virtuef in tempo
even the innocent and allowable plea. tation, though they do not induce God to bestow more of his supporting grace,
sures of life; and the discourse rethan by his iuherent goodness he is ever
ceives a melancholy interest from the disposed to bestow, have a most bene- circumstance of its being “the last ficial effect upon our own temper, and composed by the author.” serve to impress upon us a sense of our Three Addresses at the celebration constant dependence upon the Almighty, of the Lord's Supper, one at a funeral, for every thing which makes our lives and an office for public worship, are happy: In like manner, our interces- annexed; with a view to the gratificasions in behalf of our fellow-creatures, tion and benefit of different classes of though they cannot have any direct in
readers. fuence in promoting their welfare, pro
The sermons that we have now reduce, indirectly, the most important results, by engaging us, in a solemn and viewed are short ; without, however, impressive manner, to the performance being meagre and superficial. They of charitable and benevolent duties. But are, at the same time, methodical: and I think I may safely appeal to the good the method is, for the most part, sense and experience of every religious announced. This we consider as a person, whether these are the reasons capital excellence. Hume, whose li which have ever led, or ever would lead, terary taste and judgment are almost to that spontaneous and sincere devotion, universally admitted, censures “ our from which alone these good effects modern orators,” for their rejection would flow? Nay, whether they would of that order, «« which seems so requieven consider it as justifiable to use the site to argument, and without which forms of devotion, under such impreso it is scarcely possible to produce an sions ? Could the form of petition be used with propriety by those, who do
entire conviction on the mind.” * not believe that the Divine Being regards
Mr. Henry Turner appears to have the prayers of men ? Might it not ap- possessed the qualifications of a sound pear eren 'impious, to address the Al. theologian-industry, candour, a sinmighty in language which we considered cere and pious mind, discernment, as expressing false and unfounded vo- and a correct acquaintance with scriptions? For surely no apparent advan. tural praseology. He was evidently tages can justify us, in acting upon ficti- characterized by an enlightened zeal tious principles. And in religion espe- for the tenets which he embraced on cially, where every thing should breathe inquiry and conviction : hence they simplicity and godly sincerity, it cannot be warrantable to act conformably with nor disingenuously kept back or co
are neither unseasonably introduced ideas which we believe to be erroneous ; to connect the venerable name of God loured. His style is in general pure,
glowing and agreeable; such as marks
the scholar and the man of taste. • Sermons on Prayer and Interces. The grand charm of these discourses sion.
+ Dissertations, No. If. Sect. 1. I Perhaps, the prayers of virtue.
. Essays, &e. (1793) Vol. 1. p. 111.
will be found, however, in the fine their ancient books." Precepts of spirit which they breathe, in the de- Jesus, &c., London Edition, p. 122. votion and benevolence, by which they “ The mysterious doctrine of three are manifestly dictated. This author Gods in one Godhead,” is stated by values the simple Christianity of the this Christian Hindoo to be “ the New Testament, for its moral genius origin of Mohummudanism, and the and excellence; and his compositions stumbling-block to the conversion of prove, as did his life, that he saw the more enlightened amongst the nothing in the gospel, which should Hindoos.”—Ibid. p. 121. forbid it to enter into all our feelings, In reference to this topic, he proall our circumstances, all our objects nounces a high eulogium upon Chrisof pursuit and care. We perceive tianity: him to be in earnest, ardent, yet gen- “ If Christianity inculcated a doctrine tle, the determined foe of vice, but which represents God as coosisting of the friendly monitor of the vicious. three persons, and appearing sometimes To the religious body, of which he in the human form, at other times in a was an ornament, his posthumous bodily shape like a dove, po Hindon, in sermons must be eminently accepta- my humble opinion, who searches after ble: and we are encouraged, by the truth, can couscientiously profess it in demand for them,t to "hope, that preference to Hindooism ; for that which they will be most extensively useful. renders the modern Hindoo system of By those of the young, at whose religiou absurd and detestable, is, that
it immediate desire they have been pub
represents the divine nature, though
one, as consisting of many persons, calished, may they be read in the teinper pable of assuming different forms for the with which they were written and de- discharge of different offices. I am, livered ! “ There is not a stronger however, most firmly convinced, that bond of union between the youthful Christianity is entirely free from every heart, and those to whom the forma- trace of Polytheism, whether gross or tion of the mind is,” in any shape or refined.”—Ibid. pp. 317, 318. degree, “ intrusted, than that which
Rammohun Roy's books are renis established by the communication dered the more interesting by his and reception of knowledge.” In the blending with his arguments and critipresent instance, may the knowledge cisms occasional appeals to his own which has been so impressively, re experience. For instance, he says, corded, make numbers of the rising wise unto salvation !"
“ For my conviction, and for the satisfaction of those who cousider the Precepts of Jesus as a guide to peace and
happiness, his word, 'They may be one Unitarian Controversy at Calcutta.
as we are,' John, -ch. xvii, ver. II, in ART. II. III. IV.-Concluded from God and Jesus, fully suffices. Disgusted
defining the nature of the unity between
with the puerile and unsociable system N the subject of the principles of Hindoo idolatry, and dissatisfied at doos, Rammohun Roy is the best of against Nonmoossulmans, I, ou my all witnesses. He says that 3.5ths searching after the truth of Christianity, of the inhabitants of Hindoostan con- plexed with the difference of sentimeuts
felt for a length of time very much persist of this people; the remaining found among the followers of Christ, (I 2-5ths being chiefly Moosulmans. The
mean Trinitarians and Unitarians, the latter are, as all the world knows, grand divisious of them,) until I met firmly devoted to the belief of one with the explanation of the unity given God; the former, (says our author,) by the divine 'Teacher himself as a guide are, with a few exceptions, immersed to peace and happiness,"—Ibid. p. 167. in gross idolatry, and in belief of the
In answer to a question of the Mismost extravagant description respecto sionary's “Did Mohummud, arrogant ing futurity, antiquity, and the miracles of their deities and saints, as
as he was, ever make such a declarahanded down to them and recorded in with you always, even to the end of
tion as Jesus did, namely that I am
the world ?” our author says, • A second edition will soon appear.
“ I only eutreat the attention of the