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A Copy of the Letter which my Lord sbe Prince of

Orange sent unto the Kings and Potest ares


Doubt not, but that your Majesty hath been advertis'd of

a certain Proscription, which the King of Spain hath appointed to be publish'd againft me, because he hath caused the same to be spread abroad in all Languages, and hath sent it also into divers quarters of Christendom. I and all my very good Friends have thought, that I could not fufficiently dce fend mine Honour (wbich I am advis'd and purpos'd not to hazard or indanger for any thing) but by setting a juft Defence against this unjust Profcription. In regard whereof, I have presented unto my Lords, the Eftates of these Countries, my Answer: which Answer also (for the maintenance of my Honour and Reputation amongst the Princes and Potentates of Europe, who in respect of their Preheminences and Dignities are the Sucçours of poor Princes and diftressed Noble. men) I have been bold to send unto them, and to you, Sir, particularly; moft bumbly beseeching your Majesty, that after you have seen it, you would yield like Judgment thereof, as it hath pleas'd my Lords the Eftates, who have been most faithful Witnesses of all my Actions, to do, and to esteem and judg thereof allo (as it shall plea fe your Majesty to take know, ledg of it) by their Advice and Counsel, which also is annex'd to my said Defence. And because, Sir, your Majesty may think it strange, that the King of Spain having heretofore violently taken from me all my Goods, after that I had put my Governments into the hands of the Dutchess of Pare ma, then the Governess of this Eltate, and had withdrawn my self into the Country of Germany, the Place of my Nati. vity, where I kept my self peaceably among my Brethren, Kinsfolks, and Friends, as also I had fully purpos'd fo to continue : and that having at the same time convey'd or carry'd away from the Schools my Son the Count of Bueren, and both contrary to the Privileges of the Country, and against his own Oath, causing him to be carry'd Prisoner into Spain, where he is as yet cruelly kept captive: and befides, having procur'd me to be condemn’d to death, by the Duke of Alva his own Officer, Because, I say, your Majefty may think it


ftrange, that for all these Reasons (which were nevertheless very great and weighty) I have not hitherto publish'd any Defence, which was directed to the said King, or might dire&tly concern him: which thing notwithftanding I do at this prefent, and declare thereby, that the Faults wherewith the King of Spain mindeth to charge nie, helong unto himself. I do therefore moft humbly beseech your Majesty, Sir, that before you judg of this my Writing, you would consider the Quality both of the Crimes and Faults, wherewith I am charg'd by this Proscription, and also the Quality of mine own Person. For if the King of Spain was content to with. hold from me my Son and my Goods, which he hath in his poffeffion, and further to offer (as at this present he doth) five and twenty thousand Crowns for my Head, and to promise to make such noble as should murder me, and to pardon them all the Faults whatsoever that they could have committed before that time : no man should think it evil in me, that I have attempted by all the means I could (as indeed heretofore I have done) to preserve my self and mine, and to ena. ble my self what I could, to enter again into that which is mine own; and that I have follow'd that Order and Course of Lite that I have done. But further, the King of Spain having all the world thorow_publish'd, that I am a publick Plagne, an Enemy of the World, vi thankful, Unfaithful, a Traiter, and a wicked Person ; these are such Injuries, Šir, that no Gentleman, no tho he were of the baseft of the King of Spain's natural Subjects, can or ought to endure: Insomuck, Sir, that tho I were one of his simple and absolute Vaffals, who oweth Homage unto him by Honour, yet so it is, that by such a Sentence, and so unjuft in all and every part thereof (I also Hraving been by him spoild of my Lands and Lordships, in respect of which I should heretofore have taken an Oath unto him) I might have held my self abfolv'd and free from all my Bonds towards him, and have assay'd also (which thing even Nature hath taught every one) by all the means I could to maintain mine Honour, which ought to be to me and te all Noblemen more dear than Life and Goods. Notwithftanding, seeing it hath pleas'd God to fhew me this greit Grace, that I am born a free Lord, not holding of any other but of the Empire, as do the Princes and other free Lords of Germany and Italy: and further, seeing that I bear the Title, and have the name of an absolute and free Prince, tho indeed my Princedom be not very great: yea whatsoever it be, I not being his natural Subject, neither having held any thing of him, but by reason of my Signiories and Lordships, of which notwithstanding he hath wholly difpoffefs'd me; it hath

seem's feem'd unto me, that I could not defend mine Honour, and satisfy or content my near Kinsfolks, fundry Princes (to whom this is my Honour that I am link'd) and my whole Pofterity, but in answering by publick Writing to this Accufation, which in the presence of all Christendom, is publith'd and set out againft me. And tho I have not been able to do it, without touching his Honour, I hope notwithstanding (Sir) that your Majesty will impute it, rather to the Inforcement that the Quality and Heinousness of this Proscription hath laid upon me, than to my Nature or Win. For as concerning this point, that some Men may think it ftrange, that I do after this fort defend my self, seeing that I have sometimes heretofore held of him fundry Lands and Lordships; for answer thereto, I will moft humbly beseech your Majefty, to confider the Heinousness of the Injury that is done me, which a right Nobleman will never indeed abide : also that I am not his natural Subject, and as concerning my Fees and Pensions, that he hath poíld me of them. But suppose that I had always enjoy'd them, yet so it is, that the same Law which he ureth towards others, should not be deny'd to me. He holdeth of the French King in Loyalty and in the Letter Homage, and even as the Vassal doth of his sent to the Lord, the County or Earldom of Charolois : French King, and yet for all that he cea seth not to make it is written, war against the Crown of France, yea he never He holdeth leaveth off continually to practise and devise of your Ma. somewhat againft the same. He taketh this as jesty. a sure Foundation or Rule, that being a Sovereign Governor in some other place, it is lawful for him to revenge himself of the wrong which he pretended was done unto him by the late French King Henry of moft noble Memory. When he made war against the Pope Caraffa, because as a Vassal he held of him the Kingdoms of Sicily and Naples, he

publish'd his Defence, by which he maintain'd that he was i absolv'd from his Oath, because that the Pope kept not him

self within the terms or points that the Lord oweth to his Vaffal, according to the feodal Laws which are mutual, and respect as well the one as the other. Now, Sir, there is aqthing so natural or kindly, as that every one should in his own cause, receive the very self-fame Rule and Order, that he would have another Man to receive or allow of. Where. fore he should not think it ftrange, that I being so many ways revil'd and injur'd by him, and not being his Subject, that i, I say, do aid my self with the means that God 'hath given me, and with which he hath been willing to help himself against bis Lords, who have not offended him in any thing whatsoever, that draweth nigh to the Wrong which I have suffer'd at his hand: yea, he should not think it itrange, that I use againft him that reproachful Note, by, which he afíayeth to mark as it were in the Forchead both meand my Race.


And because my Lords the Estates (who have more nearly known the truth of all that is contain'd in this my D fence and have approv'd the fame) have yielded unto me fuificient Testimony touching my Life paft; I do most humbly alfo beseech your Majesty (Sir) in approving this same mine Answer, to believe that I am not either a Traitor or wicked Person, but that I am (thanks be to God for it) a Noblemas, of a very good and most antient House, yea a good Man, and true in every thing that I promise; not unthankful, nor unfaithful, nor having committed any thing, whereby a Lord or Knight of my State and Countenance may receive any Reproach or Shame: moft humbly beseeching you to hold and account me in the number of your most humble Servants. And thus having moft humbly submitted my self unto your Ma. jefty, I will pray God, Sir, to give you, together with a perteå Health, a moft blefled and moft long Life. At Delft in Holland, Febr, 4. 1581.

Your Majesty's most Humble

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Phenir XIV.

A Narrative of the Proceedings of

a Great Council of Jews, affembled in the Plain of Ageda

in Hungary, about thirty Leagues from Buda, to examine the Scriptures concerning Cbrift, on the

Twelftb of O&ober 1650. By SAMUEL BRETT, there present. Also a Relation of some other Observations in bis Travels beyond the Seas.

First Printed in 1655.

To the READER.

HERE was nothing I more de fired than to travel beyand the
Seas, and to know the various Manners of the Nations of the

World : for which, thro God's Providence, I had an opportunity offerd me, to my great Satisfaction, being chirurgeon of an Eng lith ship in the Straits, where, for a cure that I did for Orlando



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