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Rom. x. 14. 1 Tim. i. 4. but our
author is for discarding wholly "the
belief of the truth" and "the con-
fession of it with the mouth," on both
of which so much stress was laid in
primitive times, that no man was
acknowledged to be a Christian with-
out them; (Matt. x. 32, 33. Rom. x. 9,
10.) and he is for resolving the whole
grounds of their right to church-
membership into their giving credible
evidence, by their external conduct,
of having been born again. p 23. and
38. And though he had at first
stated "obedience to Christ's com-
mands," as included in the "essen-
tials of Christianity," he soon finds
it expedient to contend that positive
precepts may be dispensed with, where
moral purity and personal holiness
can be found to supply their place.
p. 25. How excessively inconsistent
is this way of talking about the sub-
ject! it is as if Christ had enacted
laws for the regulation of the conduct
of his disciples, and at the same time
allowed them the privilege of dis-ly affirmed," said the late Dr. John-
pensing with them at their pleasure,
and yet all the while acknowledging
one another as Christian brethren.
How insulting to the legislative
authority of THE KING OF KINGS!

inevitably have subjected the per-
petrators to the gallows, and of which
crimes Mr. Goakman cannot possi-
bly know the certainty, though he
has laid his allegations in the most
absolute and unqualified manner. It
is happy for him that the parties
whom he thus wantonly libels, are
not in the country to defend them-
selves; for had that been the case,
'tis very certain, he would not be
long at large! Our sorrow and grief
have been excited at finding so little
apparent fruit resulting from the
labours of "the Society for promot-
ing Christianity among the Jews,"
after an expenditure, according to
Mr. Goakman, of £10,000.
If we
can believe him, almost every convert
which has been made during the last
seven years, has turned out either a
hypocrite, or a knave, or both; and
the public has from time to time been
gulled with the most false and spuri-
ous representations of the Society's
success. "Where much is confident-

[To be continued.]

The London Society for promoting Christianity among the Jews, examined; and the pretensions of the Converted Jew, Investigated: an Account of the Institution since its commencement in 1809, to the present time: with various facts highly important to the Jew, the Christian, and the Public at large. By B. R. GOAKMAN. London. Sherwood and Co. Price 2s. 6d. pp. 64.

1816.

We have read this pamphlet under
the mingled sensations of surprise,
sorrow, indignation and disgust.
Surprise, that any man could be
found hardy enough to prefix his
name to such a libellous production
as the one now before us. Hitherto
it has been the boast of Englishmen,
that in their favoured country, and
under their glorious constitution,
every subject is presumed innocent
until he has been proved guilty by a
jury of his peers.
But here we have
individuals boldly charged with crimes
of the most atrocious nature, some
of which, if brought home, must

son, "the probability is, that some-
thing is true." The application of
this maxim to Mr. Goakman's Pam-
phlet is sufficiently obvious. That
many of these professed converts
have turned out withered branches,
is credible enough; but the circum-
stances under which his pamphlet
appears before the public, caution us
against giving implicit credit to his
statements. Credat Judæus Apella,
for an impartial person to go through
non ego! It is impossible, however,
this pamphlet without feeling his
indignation excited by the glaring
manifestations, every where apparent
in it, of a mind carried away with
the force of prejudice against the
Society. What actual injury he may
have sustained from them we know
not, for on that subject his pages
throw no light. But we are quite
certain that no provocation can pos-
sibly warrant the unjustifiable manner
in which he has attacked them as a
body. Insinuations the most vile
and despicable are thrown out against
individuals who have been employed
in the service of the Society, and
whose sole offence, so far as we can
perceive, is, that they have been
employed by them! but not content
with this, Mr. Goakman has raked
together all the mire and filth which
lay in his way, for the unworthy pur-
pose of bespattering every member

scriptural duties; that ignorance, and implicit faith, and an inquisition, are evangelical privileges and divine

of the Institution. How is it possible, then, to restrain our disgust, when we recollect that the writer of this pamphlet had been for years "Prin-blessings; vain we trust, will be all

ter to the Institution," with a Salary, if we are correctly informed, of 80 per annum; that while he was in the actual receipt of this liberal stipend, he was mute respecting any abuses in the management of its affairs; and that it is only since his connection with that Society has terminated that his mind has become filled with indignation at its proceedings. Mr. Goakman, who is a Hebrew printer, should have placed as a motto in the title page of his pamphlet, the wellknown words" Quorum pars magna fui!" And though a certain degree of mystery must be admitted to attach to the enquiry how the London Society contrived to expend £70,000. of the public money in the space of seven years,' it is a question which, after all, we shrewdly suspect that no one man is so competent to answer as Mr. Goakman himself!!!

6

attempts to persuade Protestants with the bible in their hands to unite with the church of Rome.

The present is a plain and judicious discourse, in which the principal errors of that corrupt communion are clearly stated, and briefly shewn to be inconsistent with the principles of reason, and contrary to the dictates of scripture. It forms an excellent little manual, worthy to be in the hands of every protestant. Having no doubt that the first impression will be soon exhausted, we will take the liberty of recommending a new edition in a small and cheap form for more extensive circulation among plain Christians, whose information and advantages the author appears particularly to have had in view.

We have only room for one extract which we shall make from the head of errors in discipline.

Not that we have dominion

"But the church of Rome, having formed an alliance with the state, has employed its sword, which she calls St. Peter's sword, to cut off men's ears, regardless of Christ's reproof to Peter,-

"Our Lord Jesus came into the world, armed with power to kill and to make The Errors of the Church of Rome. alive. But he never employed this power A Sermon preached at the Nether to frighten or compel men to submit Chapel, Sheffield, April 17, 1816. at to him. He appealed to his works a Meeting of the Associated Churches as evidences, which should convince of the West-riding of Yorkshire; friend or brother. His Apostles, also, men; and reasoned with them as a and Published at their Request. could kill or make alive; yet they comBY JAMES BENNETT. Rotherham.mended themselves to every man's conCrookes; Hamilton, Williams and science in the sight of God, and said, Son; London. Pp. 40. 8vo. 1816. I speak as unto wise men: judge ye what I say. So long as Popery retains any part over your faith; but are helpers of your of its usurped dominion over man- joy.' kind, it behoves the friends of genuine Christianity to bear testimony against its corruptions. If this testimony be more suitable at one period than another, it must certainly be so at the present, when the antichristian power has regained extensive territories which it had once given up for lost, has reorganized its Jesuitical Janizaries of proselytism and persecution, and has begun to react in some places the horrors and atrocities of past ages: while in our own country no small ingenuity and sophistry are exerted to conceal the deformities of this odious system, and to make the demon of darkness appear like an angel of light.. But till it can be shewn, that to pray without understanding, to obey without reason, and to believe against sense, are

Put up thy sword into the sheath: all they that take the sword shall perish by has empowered them to compel men to the sword.' They pretend that Christ come in to the gospel-feast: though common sense would convince every man, that the compulsion which our Lord intended to inculcate in that parable, is such as is employed with friends invited to a feast: that is earnest invitations and entreaties, which they could not refuse. For who would ever have thought of beating men, much less of threatening to kill them, if they would not come and sup with us? Might they not as well have forced those

who were at first invited; but, as they were allowed to stay away if they deter mined, so the persons found in the high

We cannot conclude our review without adding, that for a clear method, simple and perspicuous style, correct taste and scriptural sentiment, we feel pleasure in recom

ways and hedges were only to be compelled by kind entreaties. But the church of Rome having become a harlot to the state, has employed the power of the world to execute her decrees, and has burned men, for conscience sake, with all the horrors of her infernal Inquisi-mending this sermon to the imitation tion. Infernal! The tribunal of the In- of younger preachers; and we hope quisition is ten thousand times worse than especially, that those who are receivhell. For in the abodes of the damned, ing the author's academical instrucpunishment is inflicted by almighty jus- tions to prepare them for the Christice, according to the sentence of wisdom tian ministry, will give evidence in and equity; but in the court of the In- their future ministrations that they quisition, which the church of Rome has have profited by so good an example. established to punish those whom she terms heretics, all equity is renounced, and the most iniquitous modes of torture are employed, to make men confess themselves guilty, in order to obtain a plausible pretext for burning them alive. Thus Rome has shed more blood than would float the largest ship of war in the British navy, and has added so many martyrs for truth, that the floor of this building would not contain the catalogue.

66

Poetical Effusions, on Subjects Religi ous, Moral, and Rural. BY MARGARET BURTON, of Darlington. London, Printed for the Author, and sold by Gale and Fenner. F. C. 8vo. pp. 150. 5s. boards. 1816.

This, I should not think it right to Ir may be in the recollection of some mention, did not that church still justify volume, p. 351. we presented them of our readers, that, in our first her bloody deeds; for many of her murders were committed in an age, in which with some specimens of this Lady's all denominations seemed to think it law-poetry, with which she very politely ful to burn their neighbour for the love of their Maker. Calvin and Socinus sanctioned persecution, by words or deeds; but they who now condemn the conduct of their forefathers, should not bear the reproach of their sins. church of Rome, however, has never reThe nounced the doctrine of persecution. A truly catholic-Popery would be a solecism. The claim of right to rule the consciences of men, is interwoven into the very nature of this false religion, and the late events in France and Spain, have shewn that Popery is unchanged; as all who have closely studied its genius, must pronounce it unchangeable. Spain, delivered up to its priests and monks, again

groans under the infamous burden of the

favoured us, at the solicitation of a mutual friend. It struck us at the time that the productions of her muse were of no ordinary cast, and that opinion, appeared to be sanctioned by better judges (on this subject) than ourselves. We have now the pleasure of announcing the publication of a volume by the same fair authoress, which we beg leave to recommend to the particular attention of our readers in general, and especially of our younger poetical friends, who, un'ess derive no inconsiderable pleasure and we much mistake the matter, may profit from them. The "Elegy on a neighbouring scene, written in Winter" and the affecting Tale of "William and Maria," would reflect no discredit on the pen of Southey or Wordsworth. And if it be true, as we have been informed that Mrs. Burton is the mother of a numerous offspring, that in her younger days her situation in life afforded her the martyrs of Jesus. Who would not advantages of mental cultivation, and exclaim with the dying Patriarch, in that she is now actively employed in struments of cruelty are in their habita- the education of young people for tions; O, my soul, come not thou into ministering towards the support of their secret; unto their assembly, mine her own family, we presume it cannot honour, be not thou united, for in their be too much to say, that this little anger they slew a man, and in their self- volume comes recommended by powwill they digged down a wall: cursed beerful claims upon the public attention. their anger for it was fierce, and their wrath for it was cruel ?'' "2

Inquisition. France has but yesterday displayed the horrors of the dark ages. A nation that boasts of its refinement and gallantry, bas shewn itself Popish again, by violating the modesty of the defence less sex, and whipping to death naked women in her streets. The plunder, and banishment, and murder of Protestants, teach us that the harlot still loves to get drunk with the blood of the saints and

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Religious and Literary Entelligence.

BRITISH AND FOREIGN SCHOOL SOCIETY.

[Concluded from page 30.]

The Duke of SUSSEX then rose amid great applause, and returned thanks in the following speech:-" It would be presumptuous in me to rise in order to return thanks for the compliment paid the Illustrious Personage who stands first in your motion-that Personage now acts in the name and on the behalf of his Majesty, and therefore I deem it a mark of respect to the august Head of the State, to notice, that in the support my Royal Relative gives this Society, he treads in the steps of his Sovereign and Father-he follows the example so admirably set for him, and in so following it, gives a sincere hnd unequivocal proof of the sincerity with which he engages in your inestimable cause.-As to the compliment paid to my dear and Illustrious Relative, the Duke of Kent, whose absence no man has more reason to regret than myself, I feel the flattering tribute deeply-his absence presses strongly on me, because I know the feeling of his heart in your good cause-and because I know that when you all recollect his transcendent and pre-eminent talents for entering upon the lucidation of so great a design as that which composes the superstructure of this Society, you will be the more strongly sensible from that recoliec- | tion, and his absence now, of the weakness and inadequacy of my powers in the feeble attempt to which my inclination prompts me, of advocating the cause of the British and Foreign School Society. In returning thanks, therefore, for my Royal Relatives, I venture to make some suggestions arising out of what I have heard this day. True indeed, after the clear and able speech of an honourable and intimate friend of mine (Mr. Williams), I can have little to say on the general merits of this Institution, and I am not insensible to the good and wholesome admonition, that when an argument has been once handsomely handled, the less that is afterwards said upon it the better, lest its effect should become weakened, or somebody be led to say that all was not right where so much was to be said or repeated.-I cannot, however, refrain from stating, what indeed you all know, that various opinions prevail upon the merits of one institution or another connected with the business of education. The common question, indeed, is not whether all are good, but which of them is best and most people are inclined to express their determination to support the best. The particular quantum of merit

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belonging to such institutions (each of them good) I shall leave to others to decide. I cannot, however, refrain from the expression of my opinion, which is, that that plan which is the most comprehensive in its sphere of action, and most general in the facility of admission for the benefits of its system, is likely to carry with it the warmest impressions. Now why do I make this observation, Ladies and Gentlemen, or endeavour to impress it upon you? because the universality of your excellent plans call upon me to do so. We come here not to promote one particular system on its own peculiar merits, or to support it to the exclusion of another. We are here not to exclude the churchman, the sectarian, or the dissenter-not to look into the qualifications of this man's or that man's belief, but to embrace all in our circle of opera tion. Each may have its separate inte rest and influence, but we ask ALL to enter our establishment, and we are therefor entitled to a combination of advo cates. In calling, however, for such general support, it is obvious that we, in our progress, advance the interest of each class of thinkers-in the progress of the whole, each must have its share of profit; It was, therefore, but a matter of justice that the institution which communicated to all the greatest accumulated benefit, should receive the largest contribution from the aggregate mass of society. One great object, then, must undoubtedly be to multiply our subscribers, and to do so by effective arrangements and meetings. One of the objects this day was, to create a fund for the building of the Borough school. Now it was most important, that as this was the principal branch of the establishment, it should be in a complete form. When the Emperor Alexander was in this country, he was much and actively engaged in the examination of some of its best institutions. He particularly attended to the plan of this society, and evinced his feelings upon the occasion, and the interest he felt in the adoption and dissemination of their principles, by sending into this country several persons expressly for the purpose of obtaining the necessary information of all the arrangements of the plau, with a view to their diffusion over a considerable surface of the globe. If other sovereigns followed so splendid an example, we must have some place to receive those sent for instruction here. ther school (for such I will call the principal school of this society) is one which ought to have means commensurate with your good intentions, for the general dis

Now the mo

tribution among mankind of the system you have set afloat. Only £1,400 were wanted. The plan of an honourable gentleman near me, (Mr. Smith) is a good one, for which we must all feel indebted to him, and while you engage yourselves in adopting and giving effect to it, recollect the extensive benefits you diffuse. Great as the general benefits of this society are in the promotion of its objects, yet you will do still more at this moment of distress, by setting afloat the building in question. By such means you will at once give employment to a number of poor and industrious men. When you reflect on this, it will be surely an additional inducement to you to enable the work to be completed. By so exerting yourselves you will promote two great offices of charity. I am gratified, and so are you, I feel confident, at seeing so many distinguished foreigners present at this meeting. One eminent personage, who has come from Mount Caucasus, though he has told you of his being only five weeks in this country, has yet shewp you not only the deep interest which he feels in your prosperity, but also his full knowledge of the plan of your system. I am satisfied you have been gratified at his speech, and pleased at the interest which the speaker evinced for the cause you have at heart. Doubtless such a meeting was novel to this distinguished stranger-nor was his candid and genuine tribute of praise less novel to them. It was novel to him, because in no other country but this could those of the highest and lowest ranks in society intermix with zeal and familiarity in the promotion of one object. Such an association arose from the free constitution of this country: the highest and lowest are proud of it, because they alike feel the state of things it developes to be the proudest bulwark of the constitution under which they live. We have no contest here for religion or politics; our only contest is how to do the most extensive portion of good to the community. Our revered sovereign warmly patronised this plan, and his sons had only to travel in the course laid down by their revered parent: to that full extent I mean to go, and am proud that in so doing you conceive me entitled to your thanks.

Rev. Mr. SCHAWBE was desired by his Excellency Baron Juste, the Saxon Ambassador, to express his high opinion of the merits of this society, and his regret that he could not personally express himself in the manner he could wish upon its merits. His Excellency had come from a country where education prevailed for several hundreds of years, and where the Reformation had first made its appearance; he had also given the fullest assurance that he would communicate to his sovereign the details of the British plan of education, which he had no doubt would be recommended by authority on

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the continent. The reverend gentleman, after alluding in flattering terms to the presence of distinguished foreigners, concluded by moving thanks to the Duke of Bedford and other supporters of the institution.

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Mr. JOSEPH HUME, in seconding this motion, pronounced a just and well-merited tribute to the Duke of Bedford, as one (nay, the principal) of those distinguished persons who had been the early patrons of Joseph Lancaster in the estab lishment of his system. It was a trite and a common maxim, that a friend in need was a friend indeed; and such had the Duke of Bedford proved himself, in conjunction with Messrs. Allen, Forster, Jackson, and others, throughout the developement of this plan. The honourable gentleman, in an argumentative speech, reviewed the merits of the British and Foreign School Society, which had spread the blessings of education all over the world. When a difference of opinion prevailed on the subject of education, and when some very eminent and good men advocated the cause of the National Schools and others of a different system, he would be exceedingly sorry to make a severe reflection upon those who took a contrary view of the subject from himself. It would be harsh to make a severe reflection under such circumstances, particularly when they considered that it was the proud privilege of an Englishman to express his opinion as he pleased; but so far was he from harbouring such a reflection against those who advocated a different system of education from that which he supported, that he looked upon them as fellow-labourers in the same work as himself, and, indeed, as having sprung from the same stock, their object was good and laudable, they had seized the hint given tbem by the founders of the original plan, and pursued it in their own manner. In thus candidly acknowledging the pure motives of the National Society, he was yet ready to confess his preference for that plan which was the most comprehensive in its system, and cheapest in its means; such, undoubtedly, was the British and Foreign System. It embraced a combination of the advantages which all public charities contained. It gave to youth the instruction which kept them in the proper path in their maturer years. Mark what had been the effect of their system in Ireland, where propriety and temperance succeeded ignorance and violence in different parts of the population, among whom education was diffused.

Sir JOHN JACKSON, as one of the VicePresidents, returned thanks for the favour done to them on this occasion. He was a sincere member of the church of England, and he would be sorry if any one could suppose that, in supporting this institution, he was departing from,

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