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to be more or less interesting as they are duces a very different mode of thinking, or connected with and have a bearing on at least of speaking and acting. When this; it has pressed upon bis mind the James was King of Scotland he could find more forcibly, as he has felt his days ra. no authority in Scripture for either Easter pidly passing away ; and every thing has or Christmas. In a speech delivered in reminded him of the approach of the mo- the Scotch General Assembly, held at ment which will terminate his earthly pil. Edinburgh, August 4, 1590, he is said to grimage.”—P. 61.
bave used the following words: The The Essayist views the subject in Kirk of Genera, what are they? They all its bearings, and gives in a few keep Pasch and Youle (i. e. Easter and
Christmas]: what authority have they in pages the substance of volumes. He God's word, and where is their institation? believes in the total mortality of man, And as for our peighbour tbe Kirk of and consequently places his hopes England, their service is an evil-said pass of life future upon the resurrection. in Englislı; they want nothing of the His statement of both, the evidence of mass but the liftings; but the Kirk of the resurrection of Christ, and of the Scotland is the finest in all the world.' purport of the general resurrection is (See Calderwood's History of Scotland, premarkably clear. And at the end 256.)”—Pp. 11, 12. are Six Meditations of a devotional
In a note, p. 24, Mr. Hawkes gives character, which are as well calcu. the following passage from Turner's lated to affect the heart, as the former Hist. of Anglo-Saxous. II. 15: part of the work is to satisfy the understanding
“ Bede, in bis History, mentions Eastre
as the name of one of the Anglo-Saxon Art. VII.-A Dissenter's Reasons brated in April, which thence obtained the
Goddesses, whose festivities were celefor not observing Good-Friday and
name of Eostre-Monath. Her name is "Christmas-Day. By James Hawkes. still retained to express the season of our 8vo. pp. 26. Lincoln, printed and great paschal solemnity, and thus the me. sold by W. Brooke; sold by Eaton, mory of one of the idols of our ancestors London. ls.
will be perpetuated as long as our lanTHIS Tract consists of a Sermon guage and country continue.”
The preacher makes great use of Preface.
Robinson's humourous tract entitled The preacher takes for his text “ The History and Mystery of Good Acts xii. 1-4, making use of the last Friday." of these verses as an opening to his While Mr. Hawkes vindicates to subject. The verse contains the word Dissenters the “ liberty wherewith Easter as the name of a religious fes- Christ hath made us free," and extival, and the English reader would horts them not to be “ again enhence infer that the church-holiday tangled with the yoke of bondage," now known by that title is intended he speaks with great candour of such by the Evangelist and is of apostolic as can seriously and profitably oborigin. No such thing. The term serve days and seasons. This is is thrust in by King James's transla. agreeable to Paul's liberal doctrine tors to shew their anti-puritanism. and benevolent advice, Rom. xiv. 5, There is no colour of reason for it. 6, “ One man esteemeth one day The word is passover, and is thus above another: another esteemeth given in other parts of this very trans- every day alike. Let every man be lation, and it had been so given in fully persuaded in bis own mind. He this place by preceding translators. that regardeth the day, regardeth it Mr. Hawkes says,
unto the Lord, and he that regardeth “ It is rather curious to observe how a not the day, to the Lord he doth not change of circumstances sometimes pro. regard it."
Tand several pages of explanatory
All nature's tribes behold the kindled Father and Friend! Thy light, Thy love
rays, Beaming thro' all Thy works we see; Joyful with life, and active to his praise. Thy glory gilds the heav'ns above, Shall man forbear, blest with his kind diAnd all the earth is full of 'Thee.
rectious, Thy voice we bear-Thy presence feel,
To sing the glory of his bright perfections ! Wbilst Thou, too pure for mortal sig lit, Involv'd in clouds-invisible,
Wise is our God, who form'd the human Reignest, the Lord of life and light.
In one vast scheme creation's laws comWe know not in what hallow'd part
bin'd; of the wide heav'ns Thy throne may Governs all nations with unerring skill,
And guides the universe to work his will. But this we know, that where Thon art, His counsels 'deep, and bigh beyond all Strength, wisdom, goodness dwell with vision, Thee.
And fix'd for ever bis supreme decision. And thro’ the various maze of time, And thro' th' infinity of space,
Good is our God, whose plenteous bounty We follow Thy career sublime,
pours And all thy wondrous footsteps trace.
Blessings in sun-beams, dews, and fruitful
show'rs; Thy children shall not faint nor fear, Whose grace provides for men the living Sustain'd by this delightful thought,
bread Since Thou, their God, art every where, And lively hope of rising from the dead. They cannot be where Thou art not. Jesus from him proclaims a great salvation A. For penitents of ev'ry tongue and nation.
We saw no better world beyondO what should check the rising sigh? [From Dramatic Scenes and other Poems, What earthly thing could pleasure give?
by Barry Cornwall. 12mo. 1819.] O who would venture then to die? O who could then endure to live?
'Gone froin ber cheek is the summer bloom,
And her lip has lost all its faint perfume; Were life a dark and desert moor,
And the gloss bas dropped from her golden Where clouds and mists eternal spread
hair, Their gloomy veil bebind, before,
And her cheek is pale, but no longer fair. And tempests thunder overhead : Where not a sunbeam breathes the gloom, And the spirit that sate on her soft blue And not a flow'ret smiles beneath :
eye, Who could exist in such a tomb?
Is struck with cold mortality; Who dwell in darkness and in death? And the smile that played round her lip Yet such were life without the ray
bas fled, From our divine religion giv'n;
And every charm bas now left the dead. 'Tis this that makes our darkness day!
Like slaves they obeyed her in beight of 'Tis this that makes our earth a heav'n!
pow'r, Bright is the golden sun above,
But left her all in her wintry hour; And beautiful the flow'rs that bloom; And the crowds that swore for her love to And all is joy—and all is love,
die, Reflected from a world to come.
Shrunk from the tone of her last faint A.
And tlais is man's fidelity!
Can see all these Idols of life depart, The worlds created, and bade light to And love the more; and smile and bless shine.
Man in his uttermost wretchedness.
that it was represented that it might LIGAL.
be either brought forward on the Act, which was commonly called Sir Sa
muel Romilly's. Act, or otherwise Right of Jews to share in Christian under the Act of Parliament wbich Charities.
had passed for regulating this parti
cular Charity.–The difficulty on that This case was, as our readers will recollect, reported at length (we be- Sir Samuel Roinilly, a lawyer whose
point had been argued most ably by lieve) exclusively in the Repository name could not be too highly vebe[XIU. 586—594]. After a lapse of rated, and a man whose great taleuts
, sufficient time for mature consideration a judgment has been pronounced, yond all praise. Under the original
integrity and independence were beof which we subjoin a Report.
Act, as he would have occasion to Lincoln's-Inn Hall, state by and bye, much difficulty oc
Aug. 29, 1819. curred as to the Chancellor having The Lord Chancellor began by ob. any power to act in a summary way serving, that this case came originally when a petition was presented to him, before him in consequence of a peti. unless, indeed, the trustees were the tion presented to him by Levi Lyon subject of complaint, they having and Sheba Lyon, daughter of the said conducted themselves not in a manner Levi, praying that the said Sheba consonant to the spirit of the deed by might be admitted to a participation which they were constituted trustees. of the benefits of the Charity, esta. Another difficulty had also presented blished in the town of Bedford by itself, which was this, that if a Jew Edward VI. This petition was after. inhabitant of Bedford, properly quawards followed by one signed by five lified every way to be a partaker of persons, describing themselves as El. this Charity was refused, then he of ders of the Congregation of German course had a right to apply to the and Dutch Jews assembling in the Great Seal; but why should the elSynagogue in Duke's place, and by ders of the Jewish Synagogues in several other persons, who also stated Loudon be allowed to come here: themselves to be Elders of the New That interested persons had a right to Syoagoguein Leadenhall-street, which apply, he would not doubt, but then petition prayed that this Court would the elders of the Synagogue could declare that all the poor inhabitants not, because this would be giviug a of the borough of Bedford were kind of corporate character to the apequally entitled to the Charity, whic- plicants, which he would not, and ther they were Jews or Christians, could not, as a judge, in any degree provided they had such qualifications sustain. By the Act of Parliameot, as the deed of grant by the letters the Court had the power of ioterpatent of his late Majesty Edward VI. fering in case of any misconduct; but prescribed, and that this Court would this power did not surely mean that be pleased to order the governors, persons who had no interest in the visitors and trustees to admit such Charity, who were living far from it, children, and particularly Sheba Lyon, who in truth had nothing to do in it, to enjoy the privilege of drawing her were to have liberty whenever they lot for the apprentice fce, as pre- chose to apply to the Great Seal scribed by the Act of Parliament, and He must be allowed to say, that such that such fee might be paid to her never was the intention of the Legisfather, the petitioner. Such was the lature in the Acts passed on account prayer of these gentlemen, and when of this Charity. Accordingly, he bad it was first heard before lum, he suggested that the most expedient (Lord Chancellor) had felt some con- measure to be adopted would be, for siderable difficulty in the case, seeing the trustees to present a petition us
der the provisions of the Act, which order of the Court had been thus petition they had presented, and obtained, by which the Warden and which prayed that the Court, by vir- Fellows of the New College were aptue of ihe powers with which it was pojuted to elect the master and usber, invested by the Act of Parliament, who were to teach the children gratis, would declare whether Jewish boys and that when the salary of the maswere equally entitled to be mixed in- ter and usler were paid, the proceeds, discriminately with Christians in the if any, were to be devoted to ihe other enjoyment of this Charity, or that the parts of the Charity. The Act, after Court should make such order as it stating the limited sum to be paid to should see proper. Such was the ap- poor maideus on their marriage, next plication niade to bim, and he would referred-to a decree of this Court in now, on this highly interesting and the year 1761, which decree referred most important question, go shortly it to the Master to ascertain what into the facts and history of the case. sums were due to poor maidens, to This Charity was, it appeared, founded receive proposals for new leases, all by letters patent by Edward VI., to be referred to the Master to act as who founded it as a Grammar School he should think proper. The Act of in that town, as indeed, that young Parliament they declared the improveand amiable, but lamented monarch, ments already made, and about to be did in many parts of the kingdom, made in the grounds of the Charity, and here the Grammar School was to which would, in a short period, be “pro instructione, institutione et amount to £3000. It further stated, disciplina Juvenum, in grammaticâ lic that the mayor, clergy, &c, should teralurâ et bonis moribus," (with re- have the power of acting as trustees, gard to which expression “ bonis but those persons who acted as trus inoribus," there was considerable di- tees must have previously served as versity of explanation, he believed, churchwardens. It declared also, that even in classical authors,) in addition should any doubt arise as to the conto which certain lands were left for struction of the Act, the parties were the sustentation of the master. There at full liberty to apply to the Great was an Act of Parliament in 1764, Seal for redress, that is, to consider which recited all the letters patent, how the funds had been applied, as and then mentioned an agreement or
the orders of the Great Seal, it should indepture, entered into in the 8th of be remembered, were final, and the Queen Elizabeth, between the mayor, children in such schools were to be burgesses, &c. of Bedford and Sir instructed “ bonis moribus," which Wm. Harper, which indenture re- plainly meant (though classical conlated, that the said mayor and bur- mentators had entertained different gesses had erected a school to be views on the subject) that the children perpetually called a Free School, and in such school or schools were to be that there should be one master and educated in religious and moral prinoute usher in the school for ever. Sir, ciples, as well as in general public William Harper at the same time duties. gravted lands also for what he was His Lordship detailed the other pleased to call the “sustentation" of provisions of the Act, which had been the master and usher of the school; repealed by an Act in 1793, which and also, he had provided a suitable declared that the former Act had been sum for the marriage of poor maids, repealed, it having been found quite &c., on his doing which, the mayor, inadequate to the very important puraldermen, baililis, &c. covenanted poses it was intended to accomplish, that they, their heirs and successors, and containing provisions which ocshould employ the funds as directed casioned infinite difficulty to the iuin the letters patent of the King (Ed. habitants, and which might be the ward VI.) and act as Parlia ent source of endless litigation. However, should farther direct them. The Act the former Act was repealed, and the of Parliament then went on to say, lord-lieutenant of the county, the that several streets had been erected members of parliament for the bo. io Bedford, that there had been a suit rough, &c. were made governors, in this Court in 1725, and that an with the others already mentioned in
the former Act, and a meeting was looking into all the affidavits, it apdirected to be held in the Town-Hall peared to him, that, tiil lately, that is, of Bedford, for the election of trustees within the last thirty years, no resni. by the ballot, notice being giveni, ance had been made to Jewishi applihowever, in the parish churches, that cants. He had now before bim, such election was to be held. The however, the affidavit of Isaac Lyon Act then prescribed the form of the Goldsmidt, a Jew, who declared that oath to be taken by the trustees, with he was an elder in the Jewish Synaregard to which he should observe, gogue of Duke's place, and that in that it certainly contemplated that December he wrote to the mayor on Quakers might be elected trustees, if the subject, stating that he understood they chose, only by giving their some difficulty had arisen on the subaffirmation instead of iheir oath. The ject, but that the Jewish nation bsd Act also prescribed, that if any “ of already, to a limited extent, enjorel the powers of this Act should be the benefits of uie Charity. The lei. found to be inconvenient, that thei, ter also stated, that the writer had if any doubts should arise on its nature recently been told, that Jewish appliand importance, such doubts should, cants were refused, but that he doubted by a petition, be referred to the per- whether such information was accuson or persons holding the Great Seal, rate, the Act of Parliament relative which Court had full power to hear to the Charity having been acted the same in a summary way, and the upon for fourteen years. The lette: orders made by the person holding further said, that it hoped the time the Great Seal were to be final." It was now come, when man would act was further ordained, that, in the with charitable views and friendship event of the trustees having misde. to man, whether the applicant wormeaned themselves, then the Attorney- shiped his Creator in the church, the General might, either on his own ac. chapel or the synagogue. By the bye, count, or at the instance of others, on this point he might say, that much complain that the funds of the Cha- had been stated at the bar relative to rity were misapplied. Surely, when the Act of Toleration. Much as be the Act of Parliament specified the respected that Act, he must say, it individuals to be rewarded, this was was not at all concerned here; but in to be borne in mind. The school reference to what was said in the letwas the place, and also the manner ter of Mr. Goldsmidt, he must say, as was pointed out where education was a judge in that high Court, that when to be taught, in which the children a judge in that Court was told that were to be instructed. The Act fur. there was not and should not be in ther prescribed, that all the children the administration of public justice, born in the town of Bedford should any difference between him who worbe taught in such manner as the shiped in the church and chapel, and master, with the approbation of the him who offered up his prayers in the trustees, should think proper. The synagogue, such a judge ought always nivth resolution ordained, that the to remember, that, by the blessed proWarden and Fellows of New College vidence of Almighty God, the Chris should appoint Visitors, &c. and that tian religion was happily a part of the at least three scholars should enjoy law of the land, and as it was such the privilege of having £40. a-year part of the law, he must apply to it each, as exhibitioners at either of the such just construction as the Acts of two Universities. All the other funds Parliament prescribed.' An answer being thus applied, the remainder, was sent to the letter of Mr. Gold. viz. £800. yearly, to poor maids, smidt, by the mayor, in which it was which sum was to be given them in declared that the trustees had inderd equal shares, to be drawn by lot; a admitted the child of Michael Joseph residue to be given to poor house- to a participation of the benefits of keepers, and the rest to female ser- the Charity, but that finding that the vants, who had for five years lived in number of Jews were on the increase, the town of Bedford.
they (the trustees of the Charity Such were in general the provisions doubted whether such persons as of both Acts of Parliament; and, after Jews could be admitted, and on this