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:7 Publick Calamities;
The CAUSE of
The Interest of the King and his
People, One, G.c.
HE Nation being now at Peace with all the World, and Armed Troops laid aside; I shall give a Summary Account of such Matters as were by me,
during the late War, laid before both Houses of Parliament. And leave your Honours and the World to judge, Whether or no the King's Ministers and Servants have answered the great End and Defign of the late Revolution; or treated the People of England according to their Laws, and his Mjaesty's goodness.
The late Revolution was that which gave a general satisfaction to all true English-men, and no Man sat down with more Pleasure than I did, in looking back to consider how great a Deliverance we re.; ceived thereby. And altho' I saw the War had been divers years on foot, and like to continue, and Trade (the best Jewel in the Crown) greatly oppressed, yet did I not apprehend my self at all concerned in
the matter, as cor.ceiving the King's Ministers would not be wanting of their utmost Care therein. And for ought I know, never had concern d my self in Publick Affairs to this day, had it not been for a Book that was Publish'd by Captain St, Loo, in the year 1692, and by him Dedicated to his Majesty, and both Houses of Parliament, and therein proposed a Law-Tax (which had been granted for the term of Nine Years, the 22d and the 23d of King Charles the Second) to be settled for perpetuity upon Greenwich Hospital; at the fight of which, I was furprized to see a Saylor offer such an absurd thing, much more to find the Matter often debated before the Chief Ministers of State. Upon which my
Mind often suggested to me, I might do a Publick piece of service in digelting my Thoughts, and laying them before the King and Parliament; and it was not long before I took a Resolution so to do; yet not without great reluctancy and struggling within my self, being conscious of my own Weakness. Honever, the sense of the Duty I owed to my King and Country, soon overcame those timorous Though's.
So the following Session of Parliament I writ a Book Entituled, England's Glory reviv'd, Sold by Thomas Newborough at the Golden-Ball
, in St. Paul's Church-Fard, which I Dedicated to his Majesty and both Houses of Parliament, and was so happy in my Notions, as to propose several things that prov'd to be of great use and Service to the King and Kingdom, of which I shall give a brief Account before I proceed to the Matter in Hand.
First, I proposed an Act of Tunnage for fix Pence per Tun upon all Coasters, &
was passed into an Act the fame Session of Parlia. ment, and was the occasion of the raising some Hundreds of Thousands of pounds to the Use of the Publick, tho' the Act has fince been repealed.
Secondly, I propofed that all Saylers on Board Merchant-men and Coasters, should pay somewhat out of their Wages, towards the Relief and Support of such Saylors that should happen to be wounded or maimed in his Majesties Service (and gave my Reasons to prove the Feasibleness, Equity and Justice thereof) which fome time after was also passed into an Act, upon which is founded the Revenue of Greenwich Hospital, which owes its Being and Foundation to his Majesty's Goodness, (as to its being an Hospital) and will be a glorious thing, and greatly to the Honour and Interest of the Nation, when once we come to have Justice duly administred, and the Saylors treated with Humanity.
Thirdly, I made it appear by plain Matter of Fact, and Actions of the Government,
there was no occasion of laying any Embargo upon Shipping (for from the beginning of the War to that time, the Nation had seldom been free from an Embargo) and rendred it to be, as truly it was, like stopping the Circulation of a Man's Blood in his Body, which had its desired effect. I also made it
appear, the Press Ketches were not only a great Charge to the Government (Computed by Captain St. Loo, at 60000 Pounds per Annum) but a Burthen to Trade, and wholly useless; and fewed how the Royal Navy might be manned with ftout and able Seamen, with little or no Charge to the Government,
(6) which was acknowledged and allowed to be true, by the Lords of the Admiralty, but never put in practice.
Thus have I given a brief Account of the Chief Matters contained in the foresaid Book, which I should not have mentioned at all, being Forreign to the : Matter in hand, only the Publishing of it was that which brought to my Knowledge a great deal of . Wickedness that was committed in the Government, by Persons who were then in Places of Publick. Trust So I took a Resolution to lay open their Crimes before both Houles of Parliament ;,. Accordingly the next Session of Parliament I writa Book Entituled Great Britains. Tears, which I Dedicated and Presented to both Houses of Parliament; and therein set forth the horrible Corruption there was in the Government, and how fatal the Consequence would be, if a stop were not put thereto. The House of Commons was pleased to take notice of one Passage therein, wherein 1 offer'd to prove how some Persons had defrauded the King of two or three hundred. Thousand Pounds, upon which I was ordered to appear at the Bar of the House, which I did, and there declared the same, and offer’d to prove it, provi, ded I had the assistance of that Honourable House. Then was I ordered to withdraw, and soon aster came out to me one of the Commissioners for taking and ftating the publick Accounts (whom I very well knew) who told me I was referred to their Board, where he said I should have all imaginable Justice si but making my Application to that Board, they, refused to receive Matter I would have laid before them upon Oath. So finding I could make nothing of it in the House of Commons (in which those v who were Guilty, had too great footing, a Distemper