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In her wide streets the lonely raven bred, Albion,-still prompt the captive's wrong to aid, There barked the wolf, and dire hyænas fed. And wield in freedom's cause the freeman's geneYet midst her towery fanes, in ruin laid,
rous blade! The pilgrim saint his murmuring vespers paid; Ye sainted spirits of the warrior dead, 'T was his to climb the tufted rocks, and rove Whose giant force Britannia's armies led!(47). The chequered twilight of the olive grove; Whose bickering falchions, foremost in the fight, 'T was his to bend beneath the sacred gloom, Still poured confusion on the Soldan's might; And wear with many a kiss Messiah's tomb: Lords of the biting axe and beamy spear,(48) While forms celestial filled his tranced eye, Wide-conquering Edward, lion Richard, hear! The day-light dreams of pensive piety,
At Albion's call your crested pride resume, O'er his still breast a tearful fervour stole, And burst the marble slumbers of the tomb! And softer sorrows charmed the mourner's soul. Your sons behold, in arm, in heart the same,
Oh, lives there one, who mocks his artless zeal ? Still press the footsteps of parental fame, Too proud to worship, and too wise to feel ? To Salem still their generous aid supply, Be his the soul with wintry Reason blest, And pluck the palm of Syrian chivalry! The dull, lethargic sovereign of the breast ! When he, from towery Malta's yielding isle, Be his the life that creeps in dead repose, And the green waters of reluctant Nile, No joy that sparkles, and no tear that flows ![(37) Th' apostate chief,—from Misraim's subject
Far other they who reared yon pompous shrine, shore And bade the rock with Parian marble shine.(38) To Acre's walls his trophied banners bore; Then hallowed Peace renewed her wealthy reign, When the pale desert marked his proud array, Then altars smoked, and Sion smiled again. And Desolation hoped an ampler sway; There sculptured gold and costly gems were seen, What hero then triumphant Gaul dismayed ? And all the bounties of the British queen;(39) What arm repelled the victor renegade? There barb'rous kings their sandaled nations led, Britannia's champion !-bathed in hostile blood, And steel-clad champions bowed the crested head, High on the breach the dauntless seaman stood: There, when her fiery race the desert poured, Admiring Asia saw th’unequal fight,And pale Byzantium feared Medina's sword,(40) E'en the pale crescent blessed the Christian's When coward Asia shook in trembling wo,
Inight. And bent appalled before the Bactrian bow; Oh day of death! Oh thirst, beyond control, From the moist regions of the western star Of crimson conquest in th' invader's soul ! The wand'ring hermit waked the storm of war.(41) The slain, yet warm, by social footsteps trod, Their limbs all iron, and their souls all flame, O'er the red moat supplied a panting road; A countless host, the red-cross warriors came: O'er the red moat our conquering thunders flew, E'en hoary priests the sacred combat wage, And loftier still the grisly rampire grew. And clothe in steel the palsied arm of age; While proudly glowed above the rescued tower While beardless youths and tender maids assume The wavy cross that marked Britannia's power The weighty morion and the glancing plume.(42) Yet still destruction sweeps the lonely plain In sportive pride the warrior damsels wield And heroes lift the generous sword in vain. The pond'rous falchion, and the sun-like shield, Still o'er her sky the clouds of anger roll, And start to see their armour's iron glearn And God's revenge hangs heavy on her soul. Dance with blue lustre in Tabaria's stream.(43) Yet shall she rise ;--but not by war restored,
The blood-red banner floating o'er their van, Not built in murder,--planted by the sword. All madly blithe the mingled myriads ran: Yes, Salem, thou shalt rise: thy Father's aid Impatient Death beheld his destined food, Shall heal the wound his chastening hand has And hovering vultures snuffed the scent of blood. made;
Not such the numbers, nor the host so dread, Shall judge the proud oppressor's ruthless sway, By northern Brenn or Scythian Timur led,(4+) And burst his brazen bonds, and cast his cords Nor such the heart-inspiring zeal that bore
[(50) United Greece to Phrygia's reedy shore! Then on your tops shall deathless verdure spring; There Gaul's proud knigiits with boastful mien Break forth, ye mountains, and, ye valleys, sing! advance,(45)
No more your thirsty rocks shall frown forlorn, Form the long line,(46) and shake the cornel lance; The unbeliever's jest, the heathen's scorn; Here, linked with Thrace, in close battalions stand The sultry sands shall tenfold harvests yield, Ausonia's sons, a soft inglorious band;
And a new Eden deck the thorny field. There the stern Norman joins the Austrian train, E'en now, perchance, wide-waving o'er the land, And the dark tribes of late-reviving Spain; That mighty Angel lifts his golden wand, Herc in black files, advancing firm and slow, Courts the bright vision of descending power,(51) Victorious Albion twangs the deally bow:-- Tells every gate, and measures every tower;(52)
And chides the tardy seals that get detain
Note 6, page 1, col. 2. Thy Lion, Judah, from his destined reign!
Thy house is left unto thee desolate.
St. Matthew, xxiv. 38.
Note 7, page 1, col. 2.
Note 8, page 1, col. 2.
Almocana's tide. Lo! cherub hands the golden courts prepare,
Almotana is the oriental name for the Dead Lo! thrones arise, and every saint is there ;(51) Sea, as Ardeni is for Jordan. Earth's utmost bounds confess their awful sway, The mountains worship, and the isles obey;
Note 9, page 1, col. 2. Nor sun nor moon they need,—nor day, nor night;
The robber riots, or the hermit prays. God is their temple, and the Lamb their light :(55)
The mountains of Palestine are full of caverns, And shall not Israel's sons exulting come, which are generally occupied in one or other of Hail the glad beam, and claim their ancient home ? the methods here mentioned. Vide Sandys, MaunOn David's throne shall David's offspring reign, drel
, and Calmet, Passim. And the dry bones be warm with life again.(56)
Note 10, page 1, col. 2. Hark! white-robed crowds their deep hosannas
Those stormy seats the warrior Druges hold. raise, And the hoarse flood repeats the sound of praise ;
The untameable spirit, feodal customs, and afTen thousand harps attune the mystic song,
fection for Europeans, which distinguished this Ten thousand thousand saints the strain prolong; extraordinary race, who boast themselves to be a “Worthy the Lamb! omnipotent to save,
remnant of the Crusaders, are well described in “Who died, who lives, triumphant o'er the grave!" Pagés. The account of their celebrated Emir,
Facciardini, in Sandys, is also very interesting.
Puget de S. Pierre compiled a small volume on NOTES.
their history; Paris, 1763. 12mo.
Note 11, page 1, col. 2.
Teach their pale despot's waning moon to fear.
"The Turkish Sultans, whose moon seems fast is represented in ancient statues. See also Pindar, approaching to its wane.” Sir W. Jones's Ist Pyth. Ι. ν. 16, 17. κνωσσων υγρον νωτον αιωρu.”
Discourse to the Asiatic Society.
Note 12, page 2, col. 1.
Sidonian dyes and Lusitanian gold.
The gold of the Tyrians chiefly came from Porfound, Josh. v. 13. 2 Kings vi. 2. 2 Macc. v. 3. tugal, which was probably their Tarshish. Ibid. xi. Joseph. Ed. Huds. vi. p. 1282. et. alibi
Note 13, page 2, col. 1. passim.
And unrestrained the generous vintage Nowg.
In the southern parts of Palestine the inhabi-
tants reap their corn green, as they are not sure It is scarcely necessary to mention the lofty site that it will ever be allowed to come to maturity. of Jerusalem. “The hill of God is a high hill, The oppression to which the cultivators of vineeven a high hill as the hill of Bashan.” yards are subject throughout the Ottoman empire
is well known.
Note 14, page 2, col. 1.
Note 15, page 2, col. 1.
The guarded fountains shine. Common practice, and the authority of Milton, The watering places are generally beset with seem sufficient to justify using this term as a per-'Arabs, who exact toll from all comers. See Harsonification of poetry.
mer and Pagés.
Note 16, page 2, col. 1.
stic ruins of Estakhar, or Persepolis, the ancient Thy tents, Nebaioth, rise, and, Kedar, thine ! capital of Persia, an account follows of the wild See Ammianus Marcellinus, lib. xiv. p. 43. local traditions just alluded to. Vol. ii. p. 190. Ed. Ed. Vales.
Amst. 1735, 4to. Vide also Sale's Koran; D'Her
belot, Bibl. Orient. (article Soliman Ben Dao ud); Note 17. page 2, col. 1.
and the Arabian Nights' Entertainments, passim. Nor spare the hoary head, nor bid your eye
Note 26, page 2, col. 2.
Houseless Santon. “ Thine eye shall not spare them.”
It is well known that the Santons are real or afNote 18, page 2, col. 1.
|fected madmen, pretending to extraordinary sancSmokes on Samaria's mount her scanty sacrifice.
tity, who wander about the country, sleeping in A miserable remnant of Samaritan worship still caves or ruins. exists on Mount Gerizim. Maundrell relates his
Note 27, page 3, col. 1. conversation with the high priest.
How lovely were thy tents, O Israel !
Numbers xxiv. 5.
Note 28, page 3, col. 1.
For thee his iv'ry load Behemoth bore.
Behemoth is sometimes supposed to mean the Note 20, page 2, col. 1.
elephant, in which sense it is here used. To Israel's woes a pitying ear incline,
Note 29, page 3, col. 1. And raise from earth thy long-neglected vine!
And far Sofala teemed with golden ore. See Psalm lxxx. 8–14.
An African port to the south of Bab-el-mandeb, Note 21, page 2, col. 2.
celebrated for gold mines. The harnessed Amorite.
Note 30, page 3, col. 1. Josh. x.
The temple reared its everlasting gate.
Psalm xxiv. 7.
No workman steel, no pond'rous axes rung.
" There was neither hammer, nor axe, nor any Note 23, page 2, col. 2.
tool of iron, heard in the house while it was in The mighty master of the iv'ry throne.
building." 1 Kings vi. 7. Solomon. Ophir is by most geographers placed
Note 32, page 3, col. 1. in the Aurea Chersonesus. See Tavernier and
Viewed the descending flame, and blessed the present God. Raleigh.
“And when all the children of Israel saw how Note 24, page 2, col. 2.
the fire came down, and the glory of the Lord upThrough nature's mazes wandered unconfined. on the house, they bowed themselves with their The Arabian mythology respecting Solomon is faces to the ground upon the pavement, and worin itself so fascinating, is so illustrative of the pre-shipped.” 2 Chron. vii. 3. sent state of the country, and on the whole so
Note 33, page 3, col. 1. agreeable to Scripture, that it was judged improper
Beat o'er her soul the billows of the proud.. to omit all mention of it, though its wildness might
Psalm cxxiv. 4. have operated as an objection to making it a principal object in the poem.
Note 34, page 3, col. 2.
Weep for your country, for your children weep.
Luke xxiii. 27, 28.
Note 35, page 3, col. 2. built by Solomon, (1 Kings ix. 2 Chron. viii.) and
And the pale parent drank her children's gore. universal tradition marks him out, with great pro- Josephus vi. p. 1275. Ed. Huds. bability, as the founder of Balbec. Estakhar is also attributed to him by the Arabs. See the Ro
Note 36, page 3, col. 2. mance of Vathek, and the various Travels into the
The stoic tyrant's philosophic pride. East, more particularly Chardin's, in which, after The Roman notions of humanity can not have a minute and interesting description of the majes | been very exalted when they ascribed so large a
1, page 3, col. 1.
share to Titus. For the horrible details of his con
Note 43, page 4, col. 1. duct during the siege of Jerusalem and after its
Tabaria's stream. capture, the reader is referred to Josephus. When we learn that so many captives were crucified, that used for the Sea of Galilee in the old romances.
Tabaria (a corruption of Tiberias) is the name δια το πληθος χωρα τι εθελαπετο τους σταυροις και STAUPCI Tas OWU&Tiv; and that after all was over,
Note 44, page 4, col. 1. in cold blood and merriment, he celebrated his bro- By northern Brenn, or Scythian Timur led. ther's birthday with similar sacrifices; we can
Brennus, and Tamerlane. hardly doubt as to the nature of that untold crime, which disturbed the dying moments of the “ dar
Note 45, page 4, col. 1. ling of the human race.” After all, the cruelties
There Gaul's proud knights with boastful mien advance. of this man are probably softened in the high
The insolence of the French nobles twice caused priest's narrative. The fall of Jerusalem nearly the ruin of the army; once by refusing to serve resembles that of Zaragoza, but it is a Morla who under Richard Caur de Lion, and again by retells the tale.
proaching the English with cowardice in St. Louis's Note 37, page 4, col. 1.
expedition to Egypt. See Knollee's History of the Yon pompous shrine.
Note 46, page 4, col. 1.
Forin the long line.
The line (combat a la haye), according to Sir See Cotovicus, p. 179, and from him Sandys.
Walter Raleigh, was characteristic of French tacNote 39, page 4, col. 1.
tics; as the column (herse) was of the English. The British queen.
The English at Créci were drawn up thirty deep. St. Helena, who was, according to Camden, born
Note 47, page 4, col. 2. at Colchester. See also Howel's History of the
Whose giant force Britannia's armies led. World.
All the British nations served under the same Note 40, page 4, col. 1.
banner. And pale Byzantium feared Medina's sword.
Sono gl'Inglesi sagittarii ed hanno The invasions of the civilized parts of Asia by
Gente con lor, ch'è più vicina al polo,
Questi da l'alte selve irsuti manda the Arabian and Turkish Mahometans.
La divisa dal mondo, ultima Irlanda.
Tasso, Gierusal. lib. i. 44.
Ireland and Scotland, it is scarcely necessary to Peter the hermit. The world has been so long observe, were synonymous. accustomed to hear the Crusades considered as the
Note 48, page 4, col. 2. height of phrenzy and injustice, that to undertake their defence might be perhaps a hazardous task.
Lords of the biting axe and beamy spear. We must however recollect, that, had it not been
The axe of Richard was very famous. See for these extraordinary exertions of generous cou- Warton's Hist. of Anc. Poetry. rage, the whole of Europe would perhaps have
Note 49, page 4, col. 2. fallen, and Christianity been buried in the ruins. It was not, as Voltaire has falsely or weakly as
And burst his brazen bonds, and cast his cords away. serted, a conspiracy of robbers; it was not an un
Psalm ii. 3. cvii. 16. provoked attack on a distant and inoffensive nation;
Note 50, page 4, col. 2. it was a blow aimed at the heart of a most power
Then on your tops shall deathless verdure spring, ful and active enemy. Had not the Christian
“I will multiply the fruit of the tree, and the inkingdoms of Asia been established as a check to
crease of the field, that ye shall receive no more the Mahometans, Italy, and the scanty remnant of
the reproach of famine among the heathen."—And Christianity in Spain, must again have fallen into their power; and France herself have needed all they shall say, This land that was desolate is bethe heroism and good fortune of a Charles Martel come like the garden of Eden,” &c. Ezek. xxxvi. to deliver her from subjugation.
Note 51, page 4, col. 2.
Courts the bright vision of descending power.
The weighty morion and the glancing plume. ing out of heaven from God, having the glory of
Note 52, page 4, col. 2.
God Almighty and the Lamb are in the temple of Tells every gate and measures every tower. it. And the city had no need of the sun, neither Ezekiel xl.
of the moon, to shine in it: for the glory of God
did lighten it, and the Lamb is the light thereof."
Rev. xxi. 22.
Note 56, page 5, col. 1.
And the dry bones be warm with life again
"Thus saith the Lord God unto these bones,
Behold I will cause breath to enter into you, and
ye shall live."-"Then he said unto me, Son of. God is their temple, and the Lamb their light. man, these bones are the whole house of Israel." “And I saw no temple therein: for the Lord | Ezek. xxxvii.
LINES ON THE PRESENT WAR.
WRITTEN IN 1809.
ID. QVANDO. ACCIDERIT. NON. SATIS. AVDEO
NEC. SERVAT. PENITVS. FIDEM
QVOD. SI. QVID. LICEAT, CREDERE. ADHVC. TAMEN
ET, GALLVM. REPRIMAT. FEROX
PETRVS. CRINITVS. IN. CARMINE
AD. BER. CARAPHAM.
At that dread season when th' indignant North To catch the war-note on the quivering gale,
Oh! on that hill may no kind month renew
There Europe, soiled with blood her tressés gray,
road. Yes, sweet it seems across some watery dell Thus mused my soul, as in succession drear To catch the music of the pealing bell;
Rose each grim shape of Wrath and Doubt and
Death the last.