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tors (s), till he should pay all that was due unto him. 35 So likewife shall my heavenly Father do also unte
you, if ye from your hearts forgive not every one his brother their trespasses.
ND it came to pass, that when Jesus had finished
these sayings, he departed from Galilee, and 2 came into the coasts of Judea, beyond Jordan: And
great multitudes followed him, and he healed them
The Pharisees also came unto him, tempting him, and saying unto him, Is it lawful for a man to put 4 away his wife for every cause? And he answered
and said unto them, Have ye not read, that he which
made them at the beginning, made them male and 5 female (a); And said, For this cause shall a man
leave father and mother, and shall cleave to his wife: 6 and they twain shall be one flesh? Wherefore they
are no more twain, but one flesh. What therefore
God hath joined together, let no man put asunder. 7 They say unto him, Why did Moses then comniand
to give a writing of divorcement, and to put her away? 8 He faith unto them, Moses, because of the hardness
of your hearts, suffered you to put away your wives : 9 but from the beginning it was not so. And I say unto
you, Whosoever shall put away his wife, except it be for fornication, and shall marry another, committeth adultery: and whoso marrieth her which is put away, doth commit adultery (b).
(s) To be imprisoned and punished with the utmost severity..
(a) One male and one female, and joined them together as man and wife. This union then kas the fan&tion of God, which cannot be dissolved but for the guilt of the parties.
(6) The ceremony and form of a fubfequent marriage, whilft the former is sublifting, cannot release either man or woman from their
His disciples say unto him, If the case of the man u be so with his wife, it is not good to marry (c). But
he said unto them, 'All men cannot receive this 12 saying, fave they to whom it is given (d). For there
are some eunuchs, which were so born from their mother's womb; and there are some eunuchs, which were made eunuchs of men: and there be eunuchs, which have made themselves eunuchs for the kingdom of heaven's sake (e). He that is able to receive
it, let him receive it. 13
Then were there brought unto him little children, that he should put his hands on them, and pray (f): 14 and the disciples rebuked them. But Jesus said, Suf
fer little children, and forbid them not to come unto 15 me: for of such is the kingdom of heaven (g). And
he laid his hands on them, and departed thence. 16
And behold, one came and said unto him, Good master, what good thing shall I do that I may have 17 eternal life? And he said unto him, Why callest
vows: therefore for such as are already married to others, to cohabit together, though under the name of husband and wife, is adultery. See Rom. vii. 3. Herod's marriage with Herodias, Mark vi. 17. and Felix's marriage with Drufilla, Atts xxiv. 25. though probably folemnized in the usual form, yet were of this kind, and their cohabiting together was not the less sinful.
(c) This was said by the disciples, not in public, but when they were come into the house. Mark x. 10.
(1) Notwithlanding all the hazards and inconveniencies which you may think belong to matrimony, every one cannot enjoy a single life: lúch continence being the special gift of God. 1 Cor. vii. 7. Can the church of Rome then have any right to bind monks and nuns, and all their clergy, by vows not to marry, when probably many cannot abstain without sin?
(e) That is, they abftained from matrimony that they might be free · to embrace christianity, which at that time exposed them who pro-. feffed it io such difficulties and dangers, as the cares of a family: might have discouraged them from undergoing.
f) Pray for thein and bless them. Mark x. 16.
(g) The kingdom of the gospel consists of such subjects. Chap. xvill. 4.
thou me good? there is none good but one, that is
God (b): but if thou wilt enter into life, keep the 18 commandments. He faith unto him, Which? Je
sus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not
commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt 19 not bear false witness, Honour thy father and
thy mother and, Thou shalt love thy neigh20 bour as thy self. The young man faith unto him,
All these things have I kept from my youth 21 up (6): what lack F yet? Jefus faid unto him,
If thou wilt be perfect, go and fell that thou haft,
and give to the poor, and thou shalt have treasure in 22 heaven: and come and follow me. But when the
young man heard that saying, he went away sorrowar fulfor he had great poffeffions. -23
1.:. Then said Jesus unto his disciples, Verily I say
unto you; (that a rich man shall hardly enter into the 24 kingdon.of heaven (k)... And again I say unto you,
It is easier for a camel to go through the eye of a
(h) The title you have given me, if you desire it to be underflood in its true and full import, implies your belief, that I ain come!
from God; for he alone is the author and source of all good, (i) He had kept the commandinents in the way the Jews usually did, according to the letter, but not as Christ required, in a liberal and enlarged sense, Chap. vii. 28. The love of riches was the darling passion of his heart, and he took not due care to subdue or regulate it. It is to this particular case that our Lord's admonition
is directed'; and it is therefore to be understood, not as a precept of perfeétion to Christians to embrace a state of voluntary poverty, but as a command to all to part with riches, as we must with.whatever is dear to us, when we are tempted to do any thing contrary, to our duty. See Chap. v. 29. Note.
(k) Here again we must remember, that to enter into the kingdom of heaven is to become a Christian, which they, who had great poffeßions were unwilling to do, on account of the losses they might sustain by persecution. But the everlasting kingdom of glory hereafter is equally open to all true disciples of Christ, rich, or poor; for, it is not the condițion we are placed in here, whether it be high or low, but the use we make of it, that will determine our condition in the life to come.
needle, than for a rich man to enter into the kingdom 25 of God. When his disciples heard it, they were
exceedingly amazed, saying, Who then can be 26 saved (1)? But Jesus beheld them, and faid unto
them, With men this is impoffible, but with God all
things are poflible (m). 27 Then answered Peter, and faid unto him, Behold,
we have forsaken all, and followed thee; what shall 28 we have therefore? And Jesus faid' unto them, Ve
rily I say unto you, that ye which have followed me in the regeneration, when the Son of man shall fit in the throne of his glory, ye also shall fit upon
twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel. 29 And every one that hath forfaken houses, or brethren,
or fisters, or father, or mother, or wife, or children,
or lands, for my name's fake, thall receive an hundred30 fold (n), and shall inberit everlasting life. But
many that are firft, shall be last; and the last fall be
I FOR the kingdom of heaven is like unto a man
that is an houfholder, which went out early in the morning to hire labourers into his vineyard (a).
2 And (1) If the rich and great do not become Chriftians, how then can the gospel be established ?
(m) In the ordinary course of things it may seem to be impos. fible: but God is nevertheless able to accomplish his own purposes, even by the most improbable and unexpected means.
(n) In the peace, comfort, and joy, of his own mind, which are infinitely more valuable than all worldly goods; and he shall moreover be entitled to an eternal inheritance in heaven.
(0) But presume not on this as an unconditional diftin&ion; all the honours and rewards of Christianity depend on the real excellency of your lives; eminent as you are, you may fall off; and if you do, they who are now inferior, will be preferred before you, in proportion as they excel you in obedience.
(a) By this parable the Jews were taught, that the Gentiles were equally beloved by God wiih themselves, and though not admitted
2 And when he had agreed with the labourers for a 3 penny a day, he sent them into his vineyard. And
he went out about the third hour, and saw others 4 standing idle in the market-place, And said unto
them, Go ye also into the vineyard, and whatsoever
is right, I will give you. And they went their way, 5 Again he went out about the fixth and ninth hour, 6 and did likewise. And about the eleventh hour (b)
he went out, and found others standing idle, and
faith unto them, Why stand ye here all the day idle ? 7 They say unto hiin, Because no man hath hired us.
He saith unto them, Go ye alfo into the vineyard, 8 and whatsoever is right, that shall ye receive. So
when even was come, the lord of the vineyard faith unto his steward, Call the labourers, and give them their hire, beginning from the last unto the
And when they came that were hired about the eleventh hour, they received every inan a penny. 10 But when the first came, they supposed that they
should have received more; and they likewise re. II ceived every man a penny. And when they had re
ceived it, they murmured against the good man of the 12 house, Saying, these laf have wrought but one
hour, and thou hast made them equal unto us,
which have borne the burden and heat of the day. 13 But he answered one of them, and faid, Friend, I do
thee no wrong : didft not thou agree with me for a 14 penny? Take that thine is, and go thy way: I 15 will give unto this last, even as unto thee. Is it not
lawful for me to do what I will with mine own? is
into covenant fo early, yet if they made a better use of that benefit, would be preferred before them. But no conclusion can be drawn from this parable in favour of a death-bed repentance; the plain defigo of it being, on the contrary, to fhew the neceflity of care and diligence, if we expect the favour of God.
(6) The Jews divided the day from sun-rise to sup-set into twelve hours, John xi. 9. The eleventh hour then was the laft hour of the day before the fun went down.