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Such an influence, Professor Lewis would regret, we doubt not, as much as any one. He has endeavored, in his writings, to sustain and magnify the word of God. He has brought to the task a mind rich in classic learning and imbued with firm religious faith. He has erred, not in purpose, but, like many others who have disdained science, by regarding mind as, of itself, an absolute source of knowledge with regard to nature, instead of a dependent agency deriving light through the works and workings of God around us. He enjoins humility on the man of science, and will undoubtedly admit that we should all be humble. And if we have not partly failed in our end, he will acknowledge with us, that, in becoming humility, we should seek for knowledge from nature, before attempting to expound her laws, taking God's manifestation of His power and wisdom as our guide to physical truth, as God in Christ is our source of spiritual truth, our light, our life, and our eternal joy.



I. THE ROMAN EXILE.? This is a volume of rare interest. We had anticipated its perusal with much pleasure, but we have received more delight and improvement from its pages than, in our partiality for its author, we had ventured to expect. Dr. Gajani was educated at the University of Bologna. He is a gentleman of a clear, active mind, excellent culture, and sound religious principle. His charming simplicity of character shines through his style of writing, and delights those of his readers who have no personal acquaintance with him,

1 The Roman Exile. By Guglielmo Gajani, Professor of Civil and Canon Law, and Representative of the People in the Roman Constituent Assembly in the year 1849. Boston: Published by John P. Jewett and Company. Cleveland, Ohio: Jewett, Proctor and Worthington. New York: Sheldon, Blakeman and Company. 1856. pp. 450. 12mo.

while it absorbs the interest of those who have indulged in the gratification of his society. His affectionate solicitude for the honor of his native land, his warm appreciation of all the good which he finds in this, the land of his adoption ; his fervent aspirations for the progress of rational liberty throughout the world; his sincere and childlike attachment to the truths of the Gospel; his many felicities and refinements of thought and style, commend his volume to the regard of the patriot, scholar, and Christian. Truly vivid is the idea which he imparts of the practical working of the papal system. The mental and moral influence of that system, as depicted in the pages of Dr. Gajani, is, in the popular mind, a more effective argument against that system, than can be gleaned from the most exact of our metaphysical treatises. It is impossible that a tree bearing fruits like those which our author describes so graphically, can flourish long in an age of free thought and free speech.

II. HISTORY AND REPOSITORY OF Pulrit ELOQUENCE. This massive work has been prepared by Rev. Henry C. Fish, of Newark, New Jersey, who is well known as the author of the Premium Essay entitled “ Primitive Piety Revived," published by the Congregational Board of Publication. That Essay has been extensively read, but it deserves a far wider circulation than it has received. It will interest its readers in the present work, which is truly imposing in its outward appearance, and invites the earnest perusal of the student. “ The History and Repository of Pulpit Eloquence" appears in two octavo volumes, of 613 and 622 pages, and contains discourses from Tertullian, Cyprian, Athanasius, Cyril, Gregory Nazianzen, Basil, Chrysostom, Augustine, among the Church Fathers ; from Wickliffe, Latimer, Jewell, Donne, Joseph Hall, Thomas Adams, Chillingworth, Baxter, Bunyan, John Howe, Tillotson, Barrow, South, Keach, Atterbury, Wesley, Whitefield, Robert Robinson, Robert Hall, Jay, John Foster, Richard Watson, among the English preachers; from Luther, Melanchthon, Spener, Zollikoffer, IIerder, Reinhardt, Schleiermacher, Harms, Theremin, among the German preachers ; from Jeremy Taylor, Kirwan, Carson, Wolfe, among the preachers of Ireland; from Calvin, Bossuet, Bourdaloue, Flechier, La Rue, Fenelon, Abbadie, Superville, Massillon, Saurin, Vinet, as representatives of the French Pulpit ; from Knox, Erskine, M'Laurin, Walker, Blair, Logan, M'Crie, Chalmers, Irving, as representatives of the Scotch Pulpit ; from Thomas Hooker, Cotton Mather, Jonathan Edwards Senior, Samuel Davies, Livingston, William White, John Leland, Maxcy, Griffin, John M. Mason, Staughton, Bedell, Olin, Summerfield, Bela B. Edwards, Dod, among the American Preachers; and Charles, Evans, and Elias, among the Preachers of Wales. The work also contains Historical Sketches of the Greek and Latin Pulpit,of the English, the German, the French,the Scottish,the American, and the Welsh Pulpit. It is further enriched with a succinct Biographical Sketch Vol. XIII. No. 51.


of each author who is represented in the collection, with brief Indexes, and with a valuable Introduction to the whole. It will be perceived that none but deceased preachers are represented in these volumes. The plan of the author comprehends one or more additional volumes, which shall contain discourses from divines now living. Should the editor be encouraged, by the reception of the present work, to favor us with another, including sermons from Tholuck, Julius Müller, Nitzsch, and other European preachers, the community would be still further indebted to him.

The labor expended on this work has been very great, and can be appreciated by those only who have been engaged in some similar enterprise. The historical information communicated in the volumes will, of itself, more than repay the expense of their purchase. The taste and judgment of their author and editor require, in the main, no other commendation than is suggested by the alluring titles of the sermons which he has selected for publication. Every minister needs these volumes as illustrating the rules of Sacred Rhetoric, as affording rich nutriment to his mind and heart. Those sermons, which are not distinguished for their intellectual or moral power, are yet valuable as specimens of the style characterizing the pulpit of their age and clime. But a large number of the discourses here presented to us, deserve the repeated perusal of the minister and the layman. Some of them should be read once a year by every one who desires to retain a familiarity with the best thoughts uttered in the best style. Had our space permitted, we should have specified the faults and the excellences of some of these discourses, and the peculiar advantages resulting from their frequent and earnest study.

We will only add, that the publisher of these volumes, Mr. Dodd of New York, deserves the gratitude of the public for the enterprise and skill which he has exhibited in the mechanical execution of the work.

III. IIISTORY AND THEOLOGY OF THE THREE Creeds. Tuis work, by a rector of the English church, contains a history, analysis, and criticism of the three earliest creeds of the Christian church: the Apostles', the Nicene, and the Athanasian. While recognizing the great value of the treatises of Bull, Waterland, and Pearson, and making use of them, the author gives evidence of having faithfully examined the immediate sources for himself, and of possessing an original mind, able to make further expansions and combinations of existing historical materials. Through the work there runs a steady reference to the philosophical problems of the present generation, and the whole showing of the book goes to prove that these can find their successful solution only in those dogmatic statements regarding the nature of God, man, and the universe, which are embodied in the symbolism of Christianity. The analytical examination and explanation

1 The History and Theology of the Three Creeds. By Rev. William W. Harvey, M. A. 2 vols.

of the Athanasian creed in particular, in this treatise, is well worth studying by any one who has confused ideas of the distinction between “substance” and “person” and other kindred ones, so vital to a clear statement of the mystery of the trinity. The task of the human mind, in reference to the doctrine of God's unity in trinity, does not consist in an exhaustive explanation of this truth, but in a self-consistent statement of it. All that can fairly be required of the theologian, is such a specification of the parts and elements of the revealed dogma as shall be harmonious with itself— as shall not be self-contradictory. The theological scientific mind is no more bound to clear up this mystery, than is the secular scientific mind to dispel all mystery within its own domain. All that can be demanded of Christian science, as of secular, is that its statements and theories shall be logically harmonious and self-coherent. Self-contradiction anywhere, must of course be rejected.

It is for this reason that the nomenclature of the doctrine of the trinity is of the utmost importance. The theologian can easily maintain himself in the conflict with sceptical dialectics, provided he masters a few fundamental distinctions, shows their validity, and compels their recognition and adoption. He, for example, who carefully discriminates between the essential and the hypostatical character, in the statement and defence of the doctrine of the trinity, cannot be convicted of inconsistency. He cannot be charged with asserting that a thing is both one and three, in one and the same sense and respect.

The great value of the Athanasian creed, and in this regard its superiority over the Nicene, consists in its rigorously technical use of terms, its sharp discriminations, and its guarded analysis of the elements of the dogma. The writer of this work has clearly perceived this excellence, and in his own representations throws additional light over the whole subject. We recommend this work as exhibiting a just mingling of the historical with the philosophical talent, in the writer, and of research with original reflection, in the contents. It indicates a reviving interest in theological science, in a portion of the church in which Christian science has greatly slumbered for more than a century, and is a valuable guide to the student in those higher ranges of Christian speculation which cannot safely be deserted by the mind that would be thoroughly furnished for the conflict with an unbelieving speculation.


Rev. John HUMPHREY was the third son of Rev. Dr. Humphrey, late President of Amherst College. He was born in Fairfield, Ct., March 17, 1816; graduated at Amherst College in 1835 ; admitted as a member of

1 A Selection from the Sermons of Rev. John Humphrey, edited by his father, Rev. Heman Humphrey, D. D., with Introductory Memoirs by Rev. William I. Budington. New York: Ivison and Phinney, No. 321 Broadway. 1856. pp. 320. 8vo.

Andover Theological Seminary in 1836; and, having spent one year as Tutor in Amherst College, he left the Seminary in 1841. He was ordained Pastor of the Winthrop Church in Charlestown, Mass., in 1842 ; and, having resigned his pastorate in 1847, was installed Pastor of a Presbyterian church in Binghampton in 1848. Here he remained until 1854, when he was appointed Professor of Moral Philosophy in Hamilton College. He visited Europe in 1854, but returned in extreme prostration of body and mind, and died Dec. 2, 1854. The present volume contains fifteen sermons of Mr. Humphrey, all of them good illustrations of his clear mind and pure heart. Mr. Budington's Memoir gives a life-like and delightful picture of his friend, and forms a most happy introduction to the sermons which follow it.

There was a simplicity of feeling, a childlike affectionateness of manner, a ready and a general intelligence belonging to Mr. Humphrey which made him a favorite among literary men, and endeared him warmly to his clerical associates. He was a Christian scholar. Ile loved the literature of his ministerial office, and was devoted to its practical, spiritual duties. Ile exhibited to youthful clergymen a winning example of the union which ought to exist between a well stored mind and an earnest, pious heart. The present volume of his discourses is fitted to exert a benign influence upon those who have recently entered, and those who are preparing to enter, the sacred office. They are influenced, more than themselves even are aware, by men of their own age; by men who are before them in the path of professional excellence, but still are near enough to them to take them by the hand and lead them forward. Twenty-one years ago we were attracted to the guileless and sweet temper of Mr. Humphrey, and his patient, accurate scholarship. It is delightful to refresh our memory, at this late day, with the mementos of his youthful diligence, and to admire his progress in the divine life. How soon, amid the revolutions of time, does the pupil become the teacher, and how impressive are that pupil's words when he reads lessons from the skies to those who feebly essayed to instruct him on earth!

We bespeak for this thoughtful and carefully written volume an extensive circulation.

V. Bishop HEBER's Menoin.1 The original Memoir of Bishop Heber appeared in two octavo volumes. But “they contained a great amount of matter which the general reader would not expect to find in a work of biography.” From the present edition this irrelevant matter is omitted, and the distinguished prelate is presented to us in an attractive, impressive style. The religious community

1 Memoirs of Reginald Heber, Bishop of Calcutta. By his widow. Abridged by a clergyman. Boston: Published by John P. Jewett and Company. Cleveland, Ohio: Jewett, Proctor and Worthington. New York: Sheldon, Blakeman and Company. 1856. pp. 348. 12mo.

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