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he assented to the Repeal, he had holders; for such were Bostonians in given more pleasure to three million 1766. good subjects, than ever he or his Dr. Mayhew survived the delivery roval grandfather gave them by all of this discourse only a few weeks. the triumphs of their arms." These The concluding article in this collecgood subjects are exhorted “ to pay tion is the discourse on his decease, due respect in all things to the British preached to his congregation
by Parliament" (p. 25). “I hope," says Charles Chauncy, D. D. A Pastor the preacher, (p. 26,) " there are of the first Church in Boston,” Bosvery few people, if any, in the colo- ton, 1766. A passage in this disnies, who have the least inclination to course shews thai Dr. Mayhew's disrenounce the general jurisdictiou of order had affected bis mental faculties. Parliament over them, whatever we The preacher having mentioned (p. 83) may think of the particular right of “his dependence on the mercy of God, taxation.” He adds, (p. 29,) “ It through the mediation of the only would be our misery, if not our ruin, Saviour Jesus Christ,” adds, " in this to be cast off by Great Britain, as un- temper he lived, and in the same worthy her farther regards. What temper, I believe, he would have died, then would it be, in any supposable had it pleased the all-wise, righteous way, to draw upon ourselves the and holy Sovereign of the world, to whole weight of her just resentment! have permitted the free use of his What are we in the hands of that reasonable powers.' It appears from pation, which so lately triumphed a Note (p. 28), that Dr. Mayhew had over the united powers of France and been represented in a pamphlet, as Spain!” The preacher, however, “an enemy to the atonement by Jesus qualifies this strain of humility, by Christ.” Dr. Chauncy testifies that recollecting that Britain “ did this, “he never had the least doubt about in a great measure, by means of her it.” But the question returus, What commercial intercourse with, and aids did Dr. Mayhew or his friend underfrom the colonies."
stand by that equivocal term? Per.' From these passages it will appear haps any thing rather than the Calthat the language of “ this transcen. vinistic scheme of satisfaction by vicadent genius," as a sensible and well- rious punishment. informed scholar and divine is fondly
N. L. T. panegyrized, (p. 297,) is not always suited to express the manly feelings of
Liverpool, consistent Republicans. Dr. Mayhew Sir,
October 9, 1819. I Y
JOUR Correspondent Dominicus, in his country's history, to shew what in your last Nuinber, (p. 553,] poor and contracted views of civil has giveu sufficient evidence to shew policy, and what abject notions of what were John Calvin's notions recolonial dependence were entertained specting the observance of the Sabin 1766, by an American patriot; bath day. I am by vo means inclined though one who had been initiated, to “ esteem one day above another,” in youth, in the doctrines of civil li. abstractedly speaking ; but I have berty, as they were taught by such doubts which I should much like men as Plato, Demosthenes, Cicero, Dominicus, or some other intelligent and other renowned persons among reader, to solve. the ancients; and such as Sidney In the first place, some persons and Milton, Locke and Hoadly, seem to be of opioion with Calvin, among the moderns” (p. 35). It that the observance of religious ordi. would, however, be unjust not to
on any given day, is a mere mention a probable hint against negro. matter of “ utility and expedience," slavery, which occurs at p. 4 of this for, say they, unless some specific
Speaking of men “ made time is appointed, “ how can they slaves by the right of conquest in be observed?" Farther, Calvin is war," the preacher adds, “if there said to have expressed his “approbe indeed any such right.” This bation of the conduct of the ancient doubt, was probably, all which could Fathers in substituting the Lord'sbe endured by an audience of slave- day for the Sabbath, at the same
time not wishing to be understood as The British Critic" commenced supposing that “Christiaus, like Jews, an article in its Number for June, were under any divine law, which which was concluded in the subse. had consecrated a seventh portion of quent Number, upon a subject partheir time for exclusively religious ticularly interesting to most of your uses." I want to know where, iu readers : the Genevese controversy. Scripture, we are left at liberty to Many parts of this article merit our consult our own convenience in this attention, and, in my opinion, would matter. Jesus Christ preached no
be worth transferring to your pages. such doctrine; but, on the contrary, I leave this to your better judgment, observed the Jewish Sabbath himself, while I drop a remark or two en pas. and declared that he came not “ to sunt. I took up the work with feels destroy the law.” Who were the ings of eager curiosity, to see how “ ancient Fathers,” whose conduct orthodox members of an Established Calvin approved for “ substituting Church would treat a question in the Lord's-day for the Sabbatdı,"thus which ministers and professors of anotaking upon themselves to do what ther establishment, charged with he Jesus Christ never did or taught? terodoxy, were implicated. It is but When and where did these "ancient justice to say, that the clergy of Ge Fathers" first introduce this innova- leva are treated by the high Churchtion into the Christian system? I men of Englaud with much greater couceive that it is little to the purpose humanity, not to say liberality, than to say that the New Testament no by orthodox Seceders or Dissenters. where commands the observance of The Reviewers appear to bave beeu one day in seven, whilst it contains much hampered to reconcile caniono revocation of the old law, which nical obedience with the obedience of appears to have been binding on our faith; and a Calvinistic student, isSaviour, his observations respecting clined to rebel against the autbority it, going only to condemu the super- of his Unitarian tutor, would find stition which had crept into it. some difficulty in comprehending the
Our modern Fathers have undoubt- line of conduct which English divines edly the same authority as the ancient of the High Church would have him ones to alter laws for convenience adopt. Did my time and your pages or utility;" but till I am satisfied of admit, I should like much to presept the validity of their warrant, I shall your readers with an abstract of the continue to believe that the fourth article with remarks, but having called commandment stands precisely on the their attention to the subject, shall same footing, and claims the same re. content myself with a quotation or gard as the other nine.
Speaking of the Geneva edition of the Bible of 1805, a new translation,
of the great merit of which many Cainscross, Gloucestershire,
your readers are well aware, the Re Sir, October 18, 1819.
viewer remarks : pages of critical pub- “ In proof of the general opinioe
jected themselves to criticism, there Bible Society of Geneva have refused would be no end to animadversious to circulate it, while a reimpression and replications, till the wearied has been promoted of the Bibles of readers ceased to become purchasers. Martin and Ostervald. In reply, it Some persons may even object to an is urged, that the style of the new occasional notice of this kind of the ephemeral pages of a monthly publication; but of this sentiment the Re
“ liberality," for the viewers in question evidently are not,
Reviewer bas most ingenuously pointed ast since they devote many lives, in a
a gross inisrepresentation of Granus, ek subsequent article of the very Nutober presentation which the Dissenting writer
of the opponents of the clergy, a wise. which I shall presently have to notice, of an article in the Eclectic Review, *** to an attack upon the Edinburgh not ashamed to adopt and give fartber Review.
. We may say
“ British Critic' on Unitarianism at Geneva.
667 translation, though still defective in as it regards both the beauty of the many points, is incontestably better sense and noblevess of the style."* than that of its predecessors, and that, in particular, the books of Job, the
* Extract from the Avertissement prePsalms and Isaiah are acknowledged fixed to.“ La Liturgie, ou Formulaire des
Prières Publiques, selon l'Usage de l'Eglise to be greatly superior to all the other French translations. Though'opposed
Anglicane."---à Londres chez Scatcherd
et Letterman, &c. 1811. by the “ Trinitarians' from the first
“ Les Eglises Françoises Conformistes moment of its publication, (an impor. établies en Angleterre se servent dans le tant admission, which it is of conse- culte public, de la Liturgie Anglicane, quence to remark,) it is not to be d'après une traduction qui, pour le style, supposed that learned and able theo. étoit bien intérieure à l'original. logians would have admiited grave “ La partie la plus importante étoit alterations, without being supported malheureusement la plus délectueuse. by authentic manuscripts. I decried Dans tous les passages tirés des Livres by the Bible Society of Geneva, it is Saints, on avoit i-pen-près suivi l'an
Version held in such estimation in England, cienne Version de la Bible. that it is the only French Bible which surannée pour le langage, remplie d'ex
souvent inexacte pour le sens, toujours is sought after in this country. We pressions qui par laps de temps sont devehave some reasons for doubting the nues triviales ou même grossières. On ne accuracy of this latter assertion,” &c. s'en étonnera pas si l'on considère que The Reviewer procceds to speak of les deux Versions de la Bible, faites d'après an edition published by the Bible le Texte Hébreu par les Eglises Reformées Society in England, intended appa
sont du 16e, siècle, la première de 1535, rently to oppose the Geneva Bible;
la seconde de 1588, c'est-à-dire avant la this latter I have not compared, and publication d'aucun des ouvrages qui ont
fixé la langue Françoise, Ce sujet de can say nothivg of it; but that all “ Trinitariaus" did not "oppose" the regret a cessé d'exister. Les Livres Sanew Genevese Version, “ from the qui ne les altère plus: la religion est
crés nous ont été présentés dans une forme first," I have good proof, and such as redevable de cet éminent service aux Pasthe British Critic will not, I think, teurs et Professew's d'Eglise de Genève. be disposed to undervalue. Mon. Ils ont profité de toutes les lumières qui Abauzit, minister of the French Con- dans cet intervalle de deux siècles, se sont formist Church of St. Martin's Organ, répandues sur la critique sacrée, comme in Canyon-street, Loudon, shewed l'étude plus approfondie des langues Orime, while he was preparing for the entales, - la collation d'anciens manu.
scrits,-les voyages faits daus les pays press, about ten years since, his new Translation of the Liturgy, a copy
mêmes qn' avoient habitée les Ecrivains
of the Genevese Bible, of which he spoke lois, des coutumes, des mœurs, et les pro
Sacrés,-la connoissance des lieux, des in the bigliest terms of eulogy. I was grès de diverses sciences, qui ont indirecteat the time a Trinitarian, as well as ment servi à l'éclaircissement des Livres that gentleman himself, and his or- Saints. C'est avec tous ces secours et un thodox y will scarcely be questioned, zèle à les employer, digne de l'importance while it is known that he was the du sujet, que l'Eglise de Genève a enfin protégé of the late Bishop Porteus. public en 1805, me Version complète qui, When his new Prayer Book appeared, d'après les sutirages les plus éclairés, est he gave his sentiments to the public intiniment supérieure à l'ancienne. Nous in an “ Avertissement," in which he
nous sommes prévalu d'un si grand avanspeaks of the “ eminent service tage dans l'edition que nous donnons
aujourd'hui de cette Liturgie. · Evan. which religion has received from the giles, Epitres, Pseaumes, Sentences, nous pastors and professors of the Church
avons tout emprunte de la nouvelle Verof Geneva," calls it a " complete sion. Nous l'avons généralement suivis Version, which, according to the most dans les autres passages, tirés de nos Livres enlightened suffrages, is infinitely su
apercevra par tout du grand perior to the old one." Acting agree. avantage qui en resulte pour la beauté du ably to these views he gives the
sens et la poblesse du style. Ce travail Gospels, Epistles, Psalms and Sev
est devenu interressant pour nous par tences of Scripture, all froni the New l'espoir de contribuer à l'édification com. Version, informing his readers of “the même; par les fragmens admirables qu’ou
inaine et de porter à la lecture de la Bible great advantages which tlience result, en trouve ici.
It has often been remarked that the pale of salvation, nor are the orthodox Christians, in classing Uni- proposed as infallible, but as acts of tarians with Deists, &c., have only reference," &c. (The word “ infalfollowed the example (would to God lible" is the only one which the Rethey had done so in no other point) viewer has thought fit to distinguishi of the Roman Catholics, who have by italics, but there are others in the constantly maintained, from Bossuet sentence which equally merit that downwards, that Protestantism and distinction, and I respectfully solvit Infidelity are synonymous, or nearly it on their behalf.) I cannot alios connected. The ministers of Geneva myself to trespass further by con“ have subscribed to no articles normenting on the last-cited passage ; confession of faith for more than a perhaps it needs none, but such a century, because" (says one of their must suggest itself to every reflecting advocates) “such formularies are too mind. often a fruitful cause of disagree.
J. READ ment." The British Critic here re marks, The Catholics have not Thoughts on a Country Life, sug. failed to avail themselves of this argu- gested by a Paper in “ The Ronad ment. The Abbé Labouderie has Table," published a pamphlet at Paris, of “ Truth is not local. God alike pere which the following is a translation vades of the first sentence:
The hun of cities and the peaceful “ All the world is now convinced
sbades; that the religion of the Protestant And may be fear'd amid the busiest Churches is little more than disguised scenes, Socinianism." Again, “ There will
Or scorn'd where business never interbe no schism between the clergy of
venes." Geneva and the Reformed Churches TAKING up « The Round Ta. of France, Switzerlaud, England and ble," a collection of Essays, the Germany, on account of this Socinian chief part of which is ascribed to the heresy. They are all alike," &c. pen of Mr. Hazlitt, my eve fell upoa
What do you think of the pious the following passage : “All country Abbé's integrity and charity? Is it people hate one another : there is possible he can be so ignorant as not nothing good in the country, or if to know that “ Socinians" are so- there were, they would not let you lemnly anathematized in the Esta- have it." This, the beginning of a blished Church of England twelve very strong pbilippic against the times per annum, and that too in the country, and the hapless dwellers set form of words which his own therein, afforded me some amuse church adopts; only translated faith- ment, but concluded by leading me fully from barbarous Latin, into. En- into a train of thoughts, of which the glish equally barbarous ? When I following, perhaps, have fixed them. read this I looked for a pretty severe selves the most strongly in my mind. castigation of the Abbe's temerity, There cannot be a more egregious with a solemo defence of the Critic's mistake, it seems 10 me, than that church against the odious charge of into which many individuals have Socinianism; but judge of my surprise fallen in their views of the happiness to find him parrying instead, the keen to be derived from retirement. There thrust of Boileau :
is, indeed, a spur, an impulse given “ Tout Protestant est Pape, une to the miod by an abrupt transition Bible à la main," and the following from the sameness of cities to the wild sentence, in support of orthodox cha- liberty of nature, wbich, while it rity, is perhaps one of the boldest that lasts, is delightful. That freedo'n ever proceeded from the pen of a may exist in the busiest scenes, is defender of a “ church, by law esta- certain. But yet are we so much blished:” “ The Protestant Confes- the creatures of association, that we sions of faith, differ from the Catholic cannot separate the idea of mental in this important point, that it is not from that of bodily subjection. We pretended ihat those who affirm any of cannot persuade ourselves that our them to be erroneous, are rejected from wills are so free, that our spirits can
Thoughts on a Country Life.
-669 take so wide a range where custom pose between earth and beaven. Conhas prescribed certain modes of speak- tinued communion with the world ing, living and acting, as in scenes lowers the tone of our minds: there which are placed beyond the con- is a worldliness contracted by iutertroul of fashion and fancy. Personal course with the great and vain, which liberty, a freedom from those re. it is well to, set right, and to send the straints which in large towns are for “ life and blood" of virtuous enthu. ever crossing our inclinations, is uni- siasm once in a while through the speakably precious to unsophisticated heart. A view of the works of God, man: yet this idea of liberty, delicious apart from the ways of man, comas it is, will never remain long upon monly does this. It purifies, rectifies the mind. It may be the first and and refines. Yet we have many the most powerful thouglit which proofs that the attempt to live above presses upon us wheu we begiu a life the world is as unnecessary to the secluded from the observation of the perfection, as it is fatal to the useful. world, but it must soon share the fate ness of a character. “ Men ought to of all other solitary feelings, and cease know,” says Bacon, “ that on the to in part either counfort or delight: theatre of the world it is only for for the pleasure of doing what we like, God and the angels to be spectators." is, after all, nothing more nor less But is the view which revelation and than the most solitary and sensual reason lead us to take of even the of the beasts of the forest may con. Divine Being, that of a passive aud test with us; and the less the desire quiescent spectator? Or, is he not of serving, pleasing and improving rather continually operating to proothers, mingles with our daily habi. duce and perfect ihe harmony of creatudes, the closer is our approxima- tion? And shall we think ourselves tion to them. Freedom, to be duly at liberty to remain enraptured, but enjoyed by a rational being, must be indolent spectators of his work, when a rational and active freedom. Man he calls us to lift up our feeble hands is degraded as soon as he tries to live in its support? above the sympathies of human na- So with regard to genius.--I very ture, quite as surely, though not per- much doubt whether thought is ever haps so obviously, as when he volun- so lofty and inventive, as it is in the tarily places bimself below them. minds of those who enjoy a pretty
So with regard to religion. I do large, or, at least, an active comnot wish to revive the ancient dispute muuion with their fellow-creatures. between the recluse and the dweller Would Milton have written better in this world: but I cannot help just had his mind been less worked upon mentioning, that one sect of our mo. by the passing events of his time? dern poets * has thrown a degree of Would Shakespeare have described sacreduess over its tenets by pretend. The most simple and secluded scenes ing to a much more intimate commu- of nature with more beauty, had his pion with the Deity than is allowed to whole life been past in the contemthe inembers of its rival contemporary plation of them? Would Franklin sects. I cannot forbear entertaining have thought more profoundly, or, in great doubts as to the foundation on general, to better purpose, had he rewhich this pretension rests; for, taking tired from the cares of the world to a survey of wbat has been, it does not indulge in solitary reflection ? Per. seem that the holiest amung men haps, too, the habits of inaction, have been those who have lived in which female education often engenthe abstract coutemplation of the ders, have a strong tendency to keep Deity.
down the powers of mind possessed It is easy, it is natural, when we by that sex, below their natural level. come forth among ibe works of God, The sickly dreams of sentiment in to lift up our hearts at once to the which they are led to indulge, often source of beauty and blessing, for then from a dearth of better employment, 110 intervening object seems to inter prove the little counexion which a
life of leisure and speculation has with
strong and inventive genius. • The Lake Poets..
However, it must be confessed, to