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the secret poison of those principles has given too many of the clergy a bias towards Popery, with an aversion to the Reformation, which has brought them under much contempt..... The violences of Archbishop Laud, and his promoting arbitrary power, ruined himself and the Church both. A return of the like practices will bring with it the like dreadful consequences.” (Ibid, pp. 1263–1265,1274.)
Such was the counsel of Bishop Burnet to the clergy of his own time; and the prayer which he offered up, in the preparation of this counsel, was this: "I do most earnestly beg of God to direct me in it, and to give it such an effect on the minds of those who read it, that I may do more good when dead, than I could ever hope to do while I was alive." The earnest prayer of the Editor is, that this petition may be fully realized in the existing generation.
"In the last days perilous times shall come
men having the form
of godliness, but denying the power thereof.”—(2 Tim. iii. 1, 5.)’
THE rapid extension of railways in all directions forms quite a new era in our history, and brings with it the responsibility of new and important duties, which ought not to be lost sight of. It is a prevailing feeling, that whatever inconveniences may be sustained by the course which railways take, the evil most dreaded is that which is connected with the prosecution of the work. Large companies of men are congregated together, estranged from their homes, if, indeed, they have any; and, unknown and uncared for in the country through which they are working, they feel themselves free from all restraint, having no character to lose or gain. Few persons have any idea of the vast numbers so circumstanced at this moment; while, in the course of this year, they will probably be increased fourfold. What, then, can be done to put them within the reach of moral and religious influence? Let no one withhold his hand, from the feeling that the men (“naveys," as they are called— navigators,) are impracticable.
We believe that on any locality of new railroad, they will be found not an unpromising soil; and not the less so, because, having the impression that no man cares for their soul, they will be the more readily moved when care, unexpected, is extended to them.
We rejoice to be able to give an encouraging instance in proof of this, from a quarter which has certainly not appeared the most promising. Our readers are aware that a line of railway is forming from Lancaster to Carlisle. It passes through the mountainous district of Westmorland, called Shap Fells. The line is singularly alpine and beautiful; winding through lovely, picturesque valleys, and then along wild and barren mountain scenery. It will form, when completed, one of the most enjoyable lines of railroad, perhaps, in the kingdom. The first doings of the workmen were anything but orderly. The neighbourhood, for several miles round, was filled with terror. Shops were broken open; sheep slaughtered; cows milked; every thing was frightfully lawless and disorderly. In one locality, near Shap, there are about 500 men at work; and in a few weeks, the number will probably be doubled. The
men have formed themselves into a colony on Shap Fells, where they have built for themselves their sod huts. We rejoice to say, that active measures are on foot for their spiritual welfare. The railway directors have given every encouragement to the building of a church and schools, to which the Bishop of Carlisle gives his full sanction, and promise of license. A benevolent gentleman has contributed a large sum for the distribution of Bibles; and the vicar of Crosby Ravensworth, through which parish the railway passes, is actively at work, circulating tracts, visiting the families, attending the sick, &c., &c.; and the kindly, grateful feeling which is thus induced, is most promising.
The church, with sods for walls, and boards for roof, will soon be got ready. The difficulty is, to find a faithful, simple-minded man of God, who, full of love for perishing sinners, will go, in a missionary spirit, to this peculiar and insulated community. If he could also undertake the duties of schoolmaster, he would greatly add to his influence and usefulness. We believe that above £100 a-year will be ensured to him, and we do earnestly hope that all the Christian promptness, with which the parties concerned have come forward to discharge their responsibility, will not be rendered abortive for want of a clergyman to carry their important designs into effect.
CHURCH MISSIONARY SOCIETY.
SPIRITUAL AWAKENING AT KAI
KOHI-NEED OF EARNEST PRAYER.
The village of Kaikohi, New Zealand, is in the neighbourhood of Waimate, and for many years has been visited by the Missionaries of that station. It is now the residence of the Rev. R. Davis-who was ordained on Trinity Sunday, 1843, by the Lord Bishop of New Zealand -its situation being favourable as a point from which to visit other villages under Mr. Davis's charge. At first, considerable opposition was made to Mr. Davis's residing at Kaikohi; but this was eventually overcome: and in a letter dated December 15, 1843, he gives the following deeply-interesting particulars of an earnest spirit of inquiry which had been for some time manifest.
I was much struck with the remarks in the "Church Missionary Gleaner" of November and December, 1842, on the necessity of the outpourings of the Holy Spirit for the growth of grace in the Society's young converts. I trust that prayer was made, according to the request
contained in that resolution, as I hope I see some indication of an answer being given thereto.
For some time there has been a growing seriousness among some of our leading characters and teachers at Kaikohi. They have, for years, had their stated prayer meetings: but of late their minds appear to have led them to search the Scriptures with a greater degree of diligence.
Two of the younger Chiefs, in particular, have spent much time together in conversation and religious exercises. In the month of September last, when I visited Kaikohi, I was informed that one of them was ill. I inquired the nature of his illness: they told me he was sorrowing after Christ. When I saw him, next day, he was in a most pleasing state of mind. His sorrow for sin was great; but it was so mixed with a sense of love to Christ, that the feeling occasioned, if I may use the term, was that of joyful pain. His countenance was doubtless the index of his heart. He was always a pleasant-looking man; but now it was indicative of the peace of God, which passeth all understanding.
6 A few weeks after, on a Lord's Day morning, just as I was going to Taiamai to hold Divine service, a special messenger came from Kaikohi, to request me to go to see the companion of the Chief above mentioned, as he was very ill. After
some inquiry, I found that his illness was of a mental nature, and sent the messenger back to give notice that it was my intention to be at Kaikohi sufficiently early for afternoon service. On my journey I met some people belonging to the Kaikohi congregation, and inquired after the Chief. They remarked that he held service in the morning, he being one of the teachers. I afterwards inquired the subject on which he addressed them. They answered, "He addressed us from these words of St. Paul, O wretched man that I am! who shall deliver me from the body of this death?"" These circumstances convinced me of the nature of the complaint.
'I found him under deep and serious convictions of sin, unaccompanied with that strong sense of a Saviour's love which predominated in the other case. His convictions were strong, and caused a great weight on his mind. He was deeply impressed with the evil of sin; but no desponding fears were produced, to any extent, nor gloomy or doubtful appre hensions as to his acceptance with God through the atonement of Christ. During the previous week, he had his parents, brothers and sisters, and friends, assembled, in order that he might speak to them on the state of their souls. They thought him ill in body, and that he was going to die.
He told them that he was not affected with any bodily ailment: it was his heart thatwas affected, and he doubted not that it was for the good of his soul. His conversation had a considerable effect on his people, especial. ly on his father, who is a leading Chief of the tribe, but living with three wives, to the great grief of his children.
On the next day I went out, in
company with another of the teachers, to visit some sick people. During our walk, we were engaged in a religious conversation, and I had to appeal to Scripture to elucidate some subject which I had brought forward. As we stood still to refer to the passages, I observed his head sink on his bosom, and the tears run down his cheeks. I enquired the reason, when he modestly observed, "It is not only myself; but others of my little party are similarly affected: our affection is, a sorrow for sin, and love to Christ."
It is the hand The lighting
Since the above, many others at Kaikohi have been affected in a similar manner: some have been more deeply convinced than others. There are now about twenty who have been thus awakened, and the work is in good progress: much humility is at present manifested by these people, and considerable zeal. of the Lord alone. down of His arm is too visible to be mistaken. He has taken His cause into His own hand, and is doing His own work in his own way. It is remarkable how silent are the natives who are thus affected, and how much they keep it to themselves. consist principally of those who have made most progress in Christianity, one case only excepted-one of the catechumens. Let us most earnestly entreat the prayers of the Christian Church IMMEDIATELY in our behalf. I am aware that it is at such seasons as these that the enemy sows his tares with most advantage. I am anxiously on the watch. I tremble for myself. I did not write at an earlier period, for fear the feeling might pass away; but as every week deepens the work, I felt I ought not any longer to withhold the knowledge thereof from you. May Christians be stirred up to pray more earnestly for an outpouring of the Spirit! In a few months I hope to be living at Kaikohi with my people. I expected a blessing was at hand, as Satan had done so much to keep me from them.
BRITISH AND FOREIGN BIBLE SOCIETY.
FROM THOMAS CADDICK, Esq., TO THE SECRETARIES.-Tewkesbury, Nov. 19, 1844.-Esteemed Friends, Please to apply, either of you, to Sir John Easthope and Son, 39, Lothbury, who will be so kind as to pay you, on my account, TWO THOUSAND POUNDS, to aid your valuable Institution, the Bible Society.
I beg to call your attention to the communication from the Rev. James Watkin, of Waikowaiti, relating to the distribution and sale of the portion of the Society's grant placed at his disposal, in the accompanying October Notices.'
'September 16th, 1843. This week I have been gladdened by the arrival of the long looked-for, ardently, anxiously wished-for case of Testaments; for which I give thanks to God, in the first place, and then to that truly Christian Association, the British and Foreign Bible Society. The arrival caused great joy in our city. The anxiety for books is intense. Some I have given, more I have sold; but as my people are very poor, and have little besides potatoes and firewood to offer, my circuit will make but a small contribution in money. Some few have money, and willingly give half-a-crown for the book of priceless value. I am glad to be able to supply in a measure the desire of these people for books: the long delay in their arrival has caused me pain enough; but that is past. I was pleased with the following incident: I gave a young person a Testament, telling her that her tane (man) must pay for it. "Oh," she
said, "I will pay for it myself." went, but soon returned with a perforated half-crown, which she had long prized, and worn as an earpendant, and which, I dare say, four times its value in money would hardly have tempted her to part with.
Already I have had applicants from seven, ten, and thirty miles distance; and the cry, "Let me have a book! let me have a book!" has almost stunned me, and seriously annoyed my poor sick wife. Some who had one, wanted to purchase a second, as a reserve when the one in use shall have become old or illegible. "Let me have one for my wife, my sister, my brother, my girl, my boy," as the case might be, has often been urged. Some who cannot read have applied; and upon my intimating that a book in such cases would be of little use, I am met with the reply, "We will learn! we will learn!" and I believe they will. Never did such a precious case reach this place before. Cases of muskets have arrived, and casks and cases of an article equally, if not so immediately, fatal in its result, have been brought; cases of clothing, useful and necessary, have reached; but this, this is the good thing, the better, the best thing that any ship has yet, or can possibly bring themthe word of life. On Wednesday, my English service was better attended; on Thursday my Native one pretty well: this evening I have held an interesting conversation upon Scripture facts, characters, and doctrines. Later in the evening I examined some candidates for baptism, to whom, God willing, I shall tomorrow administer that rite.
'18th. I had good congregations yesterday, of both races, for this place. In the morning I baptized nine persons. May they have grace to be faithful! We want two more missionaries for this coast, and then the New Zealanders might be properly attended to-one at Port Levy, another at Ruapuke; but how are they to be afforded? I never wished to be rich, but with a desire to send the Gospel to the Heathen; but I am poor: all I can do is to pray, "Send forth more labourers into thy vineyard."
JOURNEY OF THE REV. DR. M'CAUL
TO BERLIN AND WARSAW.
Dr. M'Caul has rendered to the Committee a full Report, of which the concluding paragraphs are now subjoined:
Having thus detailed the mercies of our gracious God in reference to the more immediate objects of my journey, it now becomes my duty to advert to the state of the missions, and the general aspect of affairs; and I am happy to be able to state, that everything I saw and heard led me to believe that the day of Israel's visitation from on high has advanced far beyond the dawn. The questions
of the oral law, Jewish emancipation, and reform, keep all Germany alive. The Jewish mind is thoroughly roused: all are striving after some thing, they know not what. In the great struggle many fall away to Infidelity, but many also find rest for their souls in the promises of the Gospel. The number seeking baptism is very great.
'Since May, Mr. Bellson has baptised eight persons; and, when I was in Berlin, had six under instruction, exclusive of a whole family who had just arrived. I was present at the baptism of three persons, two young Jewesses, and a Jewish youth. mothers of both, who are both baptized and truly pious Christians, were present. The father of one is dead; of the other, a highly respectable person, still alive, who is still unbaptized, but allows his family to follow their convictions. The whole deportment of the catechumens, and the deep emotion which they manifested, as well as their conversation afterwards, were very edifying. After the baptism was over, the father was informed of what had happened, and received the information with great kindness, and for the first time expressed a desire to see and converse with Mr. Bellson, remarking that he desired to converse with him because Mr. B. was himself a Jew. Two days before I left, the reader of a synagogue in a small town, not far from Berlin, arrived with his family,
to be received into the Christian Church. They have literally forsaken all for Christ. Until he has attended lectures at a schoolmaster's seminary for six months he cannot be employed at all, and even then, if he get an appointment, his salary will be far inferior to that which he has hitherto had. And this leads me to press with the utmost earnestness the necessity of affording efficient temporal relief to deserving cases in all the Missions, but especially at Berlin. Mr. Bellson is very active-very liberal of his own means; his field of labour in Berlin itself is immense, and of peculiar interest. Students, schoolmasters, Jewesses,crowd around him-attend his services. But without the means of temporal assistance, he will have the mortification of seeing his little flock drawn aside.
It is said that a person lately assembled all the converts and inquirers whom he could collect, and plainly said, "The London Society leaves its converts to starve. Come to us, and we will provide for you.' And this is the general cry. Besides temporal aid, Mr. Bellson also requires a fellow-labourer. He cannot possibly manage three services on Sunday, and all the instruction and out-door business of the Mission in the week.
'Poland still continues the same rich and boundless field of labour that it ever was. The labours of the Society for so many years have produced a most happy change in the tone and feeling of the Jews towards Christianity. Those who still reject it understand better its doctrines and its precepts; and are especially much more kind towards their brethren, whose conscientious convictions have led them to confess Christ. The missionary journeys this last summer were particularly successful. In every place crowds of Jews assembled in the missionary's lodgings to hear and dispute; and thousands of books and tracts were circulated. In Warsaw itself, the missionaries are never without visits from Jews, and several are always under instruction. The Rev. F. W. Becker still continues to discharge his duties, now multiplied