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Name those who are called civilized nations. United States of America, England, France, Spain, Russia, Germany, India and China.

Have all nations the same kind of government? They have not.

What are the different governments called? Empires, kingdoms, dutchies, republics.

What is an empire? It is a nation that is governed by an emperor.

What is a kingdom? It is a nation that is governed by a king.

What is a republic? It is a nation where the people govern.

Do all the people govern? No; a few men from every part of the nation are chosen to meet, and assist each other in making laws for the people.

How does the great God view the nations of the earth? God sitteth upon the circle of the earth, and the inhabitants thereof are as grashoppers. Behold the nations are as a drop of the bucket, and as the small dust of the balance. He bringeth the princes to nothing. He maketh the judges of the earth as vanity.

Lesson XII.

What is the most interesting and important part of North America? The United States.

How large a country is the United States? It is 1700 miles from north to south, and 3000 miles across, from east to west.

How many states are there? Twenty-four.* [See Appendix.]

What is a state? It is a part of a nation where the people have a separate government.

They choose their own rulers, who meet at the capital and make laws for the people of the state.

What are their meetings called? A general court or assembly.

* The children may be easily taught to repeat the states, and similar lessons, while the teacher, holding the numerical frame in their view,, moves out one ball for each name.

In what house do they meet? State house.
What is the chief ruler called? Governor.
Name the governor of this state.
How are the states divided? Into counties and towns.

What is a county? It is a part of the state where the people of several towns unite in building a court house and jail.

For whať purpose do they build the court house? For judges and other men to assemble, to take care of bad people, especially of those who quarrel or steal, and do not obey the laws of the state.

What is a jail? It is a house made very strong to confine bad people.

Must bad people be confined in a jail? They must.

Of what use is it to confine them? It keeps them from hurting other persons.

What hurt will they do? They will do all kinds of mischief. If they were not shut up, we should be afraid of being killed by them, and people would be robbed, and have their things stolen by them.

Do bad children do mischief? They do, and make themselves, and their brothers, and sisters and parents unhappy.

How do bad children behave in school? They disobey the rules, and disturb the school.

What do you choose to be? Good children.

How do good children behave? They do right; they are happy, they make others happy. God loves them, and will keep them from harm.

What is the town called where the people of one county build a court house and a jail? Shire town. What is a town? A small part of the county,

where the people unite in choosing several men, to take care of the poor that live among them; also to take care of such as are disposed to hurt themselves and others, and disturb the people.

What are these men called? Selectmen.

In what other things do the people of one town commonly unite? In choosing a minister to take care of the church, and preach the word of God to the people, and committees to take care of the schools and provide teachers for them.

What other things do they unite in? In building meeting-houses, and school-houses, and in making roads and bridges.

Should people be willing to give their money for such things as will be useful to the town in which they live? They should, for in doing things for the good of the town, they benefit not only themselves, but many others.

What does the bible say about our seeking the good of others? Look not every man on his own things, but every man also on the things of others.

Lesson XIII.

How many people are there in all the states? 12,000,000.

Are these states all united under one general government? They are.

What is the government of the United States? Republican.

What are the rulers? A president, senate, and house of representatives.

What is the senate and house of representatives called? Legislature.

What is the business of the legislature? Making laws for the people.

What part of government is the president? He is called the executive power.

What is the business of the executive? To take care of the nation, and inform the people how things are; also to give consent to the laws which are made.

How are these rulers chosen? The people of all the states choose one representative for every 40,000 inhabitants, for two years.

How are the senators chosen? Two from each state, are chosen by the state legislature for six years.

How is the president chosen? Men called electors are chosen by the people to elect a president for four years.

What are the meetings of these rulers called? Congress.

Where do they meet? In a house called the capitol. Where is this house? In the city of Washington, which is the capital of the United States.

Why was this city named Washington? It was so named in memory of the first president, who was a great and good man.

How many different presidents have the United States chosen? Seven. Can you

tell me their names? George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, James Munroe, John Quincy Adams, Andrew Jackson.

What does the bible say a ruler should be? The God of Israel said, He that ruleth over men must be just, ruling in the fear of God, and he shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, even a morning without clouds. For he is not a terror to good works, but to the evil. For he is a minister of God to thee for good.

Lesson XIV.

You have learned that a lake is a large extent of water surrounded by land. Are there any lakes in the United States? There are a number; some of them are very large.

In what part of the United states are they? The northern.

What are the names of the largest lakes? Superior, Huron, Michigan, Erie, Ontario, Green-Bay, Lake of the Woods, Champlain, and St. Clair.

Which is the largest lake in the United States? Superior.

How large is Lake Superior? Almost 500 miles in length and 100 in breadth.

How many large rivers are there in the United States? Eighty-six. [See Appendix.]

[The names of them may be taught by the help of the numerical frame. Ten will ordinarily be sufficient for one lesson.]

What is a river? A large stream of running water, which

passes many miles over the land, and then empties into the ocean.

Where do rivers usually rise? On the sides of the mountains.

How large are they where they begin to run? They are only a little spring, which bursts out of the ground.

How large do they become, before they reach the ocean? Some become very large, so that they are many miles in width.

How do they grow so large? A great many other streams of water unite with them as they pass along by the hills and mountains.

What are these small streams called which unite with the large ones? Tributary streams.

What is the beginning of a river called? It is called its source or head.

What is the end called where it empties into the ocean? The mouth.

God has made rivers in almost every part of the earth; can you tell, for what rivers are useful? Large rivers are useful for boats to sail on, and carry goods from one part of the country to the other.

Of what other use are rivers? They are very useful to make mills grind grain into flour, for our bread, and to make factories spin and weave cloth for our clothes.

Of what other use are rivers? They furnish plenty of water for the beasts.

Could not the animals live without water? No, they need a great deal of water to drink every day.

What does the bible say of a large animal, which is supposed to be the hippopotamus? Behold he drinketh up a river, and hasteth not; he trusteth that he can draw up Jordan into his mouth.

Is there any water to be found besides what is in rivers? Yes; there is water in the ground.

How do people obtain the water, that is in the ground? They dig wells and draw up the water by pumps and buckets.

Could people live without water? No; we must have water for drink, for food, and for washing.

What may we learn from God's supplying the earth with such plenty of water? We may learn that God is good, and that his tender mercies are over all his works.

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