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CONTENTS OF VOL. XLVI
ARE WE TO LOSE SOUTH AFRICA? By Sir Sidney Shippard
THE INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL OF WOMEN IN CONGRESS. By the Countess
THE OPEN SPACES OF THE FUTURE. By Miss Octavia Hill
THE MEDIEVAL SUNDAY. By Father Thurston
THE NATIVE AUSTRALIAN FAMILY. By Miss Edith Simcox
DANTE'S GHOSTS By D. R. Fearon.
WHILE WAITING IN A FRIEND'S ROOM. By Sir Algernon West
THE TEETH OF THE SCHOOLBOY By Edwin Collins
THE OUTLOOK AT OTTAWA. By J. G. Snead Cox
THE ENGLISH MASQUE. By Professor Edward Dowden
IS THERE REALLY A CRISIS IN THE CHURCH? By the Hon. Sir Charles Roe 112
LORD ELLENBOROUGH. By Sir Spencer Walpole
OLD-AGE PENSIONS IN FRANCE By Arthur F. Wood
PARLIAMENTARY GOVERNMENT IN JAPAN. By H. N. G. Bushby
A SUPREME MOMENT (a Play in one Act). By Mrs. W. K. Clifford
THE EXCESSIVE ARMIES OF RUSSIA. By Sir Lintorn Simmons
THE LIMITATIONS OF NAVAL FORCE. By Sir George Sydenham Clarke
A WOMAN'S CRITICISM OF THE WOMEN'S CONGRESS. By Miss Frances H.
THE AMERICAN NEGRO AND HIS PLACE. By Miss Elizabeth L. Banks
THE SIERRA LEONE DISTURBANCES. By Harry L. Stephen
AN ALL-BRITISH RAILWAY TO CHINA. By C. A. Moreing
CARLYLE AS AN HISTORIAN. By George Macaulay Trevelyan
WHAT CHURCH HAS CONTINUITY'? By Dr. St. George Mivart
THE RECENT FUSS ABOUT THE IRISH LANGUAGE. By Professor Mahaffy. 213
THE CONNECTION OF ENGLAND WITH NEWFOUNDLAND. By Sir William
LORD ELLENBOROUGH. (A Reply.) By Lord Colchester
DID BYRON WRITE WERNER? By the Hon. Frederick Leveson Gower. 243
THE MARLBOROUGH GEMS. By Charles Newton-Robinson
WHY ARE OUR BRAINS DETERIORATING? By Colonel H. Elsdale.
LIFE ON THE NILE SOUTH OF FASHODA. By Arthur D. Milne
THE 'DECAMERON AND ITS VILLAS. By W. J. Stillman
MADAME NECKER. By the Hon. Marcia C. Maxwell
THE EVOLUTION OF THE PARLIAMENTARY OATH. By Michael MacDonagh 317
THE CASUS BELLI IN SOUTH AFRICA. By Edmund Robertson
THE FATHER OF LETTERS. By Herbert Paul
ROWTON HOUSES. (From a Resident.) By W. A. Sommerville
THE IMPERIAL FUNCTION OF TRADE. By Henry Birchenough
RIFLE-SHOOTING AS A NATIONAL SPORT. By W. A. Baillie-Grohman
THE FUTURE OF THE GREAT ARMIES. By Sidney Low
AN INDIAN PLAGUE STORY. By Cornelia Sorabji
A VISIT TO THE CRAIG BROOK SALMON HATCHERY. By Moreton Frewen 396
THE FUTURE OF THE CHRISTIAN RELIGION. By the Rev. Dr. Percival 514
AFTER THE VERDICT-SEPTEMBER 1899. By Algernon Charles Swinburne 521
THE SITUATION IN SOUTH AFRICA: A VOICE FROM CAPE COLONY. By
LIBERALISM AND ITS CROSS-CURRENTS. By the Rev. Dr. J Guinness Rogers
THE GREAT UNPAID. By Sir Algernon West
THE FEAR OF OVER-EDUCATION. By Alexander Sutherland
ELECTRICITY IN INDIA. By Major C. C. Townsend
THIRTEENTH-CENTURY PERSIAN LUSTRE POTTERY. By Henry Wallis
THE HOSPITAL WHERE THE PLAGUE BROKE OUT. By Miss C. O'Conor-
NORTH CLARE: LEAVES FROM A DIARY. By the Hon. Emily Lawless
THE NEW REFORMATION. II. A CONSCIENCE CLAUSE FOR THE LAITY.
THE CHURCH CRISIS AND DISESTABLISHMENT. By the Rev. Dr. Cobb
LAMBETH AND 'LIBERATION.' By George W. E. Russell
AFTER THE PRESENT WAR. By Edward Dicey
NATIVE UNREST IN SOUTH AFRICA. By E. M. Green
THE BATTLE OF TRAFALGAR: AN UNPUBLISHED NARRATIVE.
THE FUTURE OF LORD ROSEBERY. By H. W. Massingham
THE DALMENY EXPERIMENTS: MANURING WITH BRAINS.' By D. Young 782
CRICKET IN 1899. By A. C. Wootton
LITERATURE BEFORE LETTERS. By Professor Max Müller.
A DEVIL-DANCE IN CEYLON. By Mrs. Corner-Ohlmüs
CHARITY VERSUS Outdoor RELIEF. By Canon Barnett
THE REMITTANCE MAN. By the Rev. D. Wallace Duthie
THE PLAGUE IN OPORTO. By A. Shadwell .
THE NEWSPAPERS. By Sir Wemyss Reid
SOUTH AFRICAN PROBLEMS AND LESSONS:
(2) By Sir Sidney Shippard
ENGLISH AND DUTCH IN THE PAST. By Mrs. John Richard Green
TERMS USED IN MODERN GUNNERY. By Major-General Maurice .
MR. STEPHEN PHILLIPS'S TRAGEDY OF PAOLO AND FRANCESCA. By Sidney
RECENT SCIENCE METEORITES AND COMETS. By Prince Kropotkin
CROMWELL AND THE ELECTORATE. By J. Horace Round
A NEGRO ON THE POSITION OF THE NEGRO IN AMERICA. By D. E. Tobias
THE CHURCHMAN'S POLITICS: A DIALOGUE. By the Rev. Anthony C. Deane
THE WAR-CLOUD IN THE FARTHEST EAST. By Holt S. Hallett .
A HINDU HOME. By the Hon. J. D. Rees.
No. CCLXIX-JULY 1899
ARE WE TO LOSE SOUTH AFRICA ?
In view of the issues at stake in South Africa at the present time, the Editor of this Review has done me the honour of asking me to write an article on the Transvaal crisis. In doing so I have to break for once the rule of silence which is generally binding on ex-officials in respect of political questions of a controversial nature—at least, in cases in which their utterances might possibly tend to embarrass the Government they formerly served. I have hitherto refused all requests of the kind with reference to South African politics, even when sorely tempted to contradict erroneous statements or to expose the fallacies underlying the sentimental tirades which apparently find such ready acceptance among well-meaning but credulous people unacquainted with the conditions of life in South Africa. The present is, however, an exceptional occasion, and I feel at liberty to speak out plainly. The result of the Bloemfontein Conference has created a new situation, and my views, based upon long personal experience, are in accordance with the present policy of Her Majesty's Government, so far as I can judge from the recently published despatches between Mr. Chamberlain and Sir Alfred Milner.
I ought, perhaps, to begin by explaining why my opinion has been asked, and how I am qualified to form an impartial judgment with regard to the present crisis in South Africa. I have been connected with South Africa by the closest personal ties from an early age, and long before I visited the country I was familiar with its history, its politics, its races, and even the characters of its leading men. I first went out to practise at the bar of the Supreme Court in Capetown in 1870. Shortly after the territory of
VOL. XLVI-No. 269
Griqualand West was annexed to the Empire as a Crown colony by Sir Henry Barkly's Proclamation of the 1st of October 1871, I proceeded to the diamond fields in order to practise at the bar of the High Court of Griqualand. I subsequently became Attorney-General there, and had many strange experiences during a somewhat stormy period. Later on-in 1880—I became one of the Judges of the Supreme Court of the Cape of Good Hope in the Eastern Districts, where frequent circuits familiarised me with the whole country and its inhabitants. I held that office for nearly six years, including the time when I was the British Commissioner on the Anglo-German Commission appointed after the German annexation of Great Namaqualand and Damaraland. In 1885, on the return of Sir Charles Warren's Expedition, I was asked by the late Lord Rosmead (then Sir Hercules Robinson) to undertake the Administration of the Government of British Bechuanaland with supreme judicial as well as executive powers, and also the duties of President of the Land Court and Deputy High Commissioner, and I subsequently became Resident Commissioner for the Bechuanaland Protectorate and the Kalahari, with jurisdiction up to the Zambesi. I need hardly say that this multiplicity of duties necessitated a great deal of travelling about, and an intimate acquaintance with all sorts and conditions of men throughout that vast territory. I found British Bechuanaland in a state of chaos. After ten years of very hard work I left it and all its inhabitants peaceful and prosperous. During the whole of that time I managed to maintain friendly relations with the Transvaal Government, in spite of the bitter feeling of many disappointed freebooters, and of the numerous difficulties which from time to time arose on the border. Throughout my tenure of office I remained on the best terms with the comparatively large Dutch population of British Bechuanaland, which included many farmers from the Transvaal and the Orange Free State as well as from the Cape Colony. I had many conferences with them, and knew them well. I mention these facts for two reasons : first, in order to prove that I am well acquainted with the subject on which I have been asked to write ; and secondly, in order to show that I am entirely free from prejudice against the Boers, as they are called. The friendly feeling invariably exhibited towards me personally by the Dutch throughout South Africa suffices to prove this. I entertain sincere admiration for their many sterling qualities, and I can truly say that the Dutch inhabitants of South Africa have no more sincere well-wisher than I am. I therefore feel no hesitation in expressing my views on the present crisis. In the brief observations which I have to make I do not propose
the oft-told tale of the political blunders of Mr. Gladstone, or of those who followed his lead. I do not even wish to dwell on the details of the bad faith and tyranny of the Pretoria Government,
to go over