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Hebrews. in the fathers of old, 22 By faith Joseph, when 31 By faith the harlot Rahe died, made mention of the hab perished not with them departing of the children of that believed not, when she Israel; and gave command- had received the spies with ment concerning his bones.

peace. 23 By faith Moses, when 32 And what shall I more he was born, was hid three say? for the time would fail months by his parents, because me to tell of Gedeon, and of they saw he was a proper Barak, and of Samson, and of child; and they were not a- Jephthae ; of David also, and fraid of the king's command. Samuel, and of the prophets. ment.

33 Who through faith sub21 By faith Moses, when dued kingdoms, wrought right. he was come to years, refused eousness, obtained promises, to be called the son of Pha- stopped the mouths of lions, raoh's daughter;

34 Quenched the violence 25 Choosing rather to suffer of fire, escaped the edge of the affliction with the people of sword, out of weakness were God, than to enjoy the pleas- made strong, waxed valiant in ures of sin for a season : fight, turned to flight the ar

26 Esteeming the reproach mies of the aliens. of Christ greater riches than 35 Women received their the treasures of Egypt; for he dead raised to life again; and had respect unto the recom others were tortured, not acpense of the reward.

cepting deliverance, that they 27 By faith le forsook E- might obtain a better resurgypt, not fearing the wrath of rection : lie king; for he endured,a as 36 And others had trial of seeing him who is invisible. cruel mockings & scourgings,

23 Tirough faith he kept yea, moreover, of bonds and the passover, and the sprink- imprisonment: ling of blood, lest he that de 37 They were stoned, they stroyed the first-born should sawn asunder, touch them.

tempted, were slain with the 29 By faith they passed sword; they wandered about tirough the Red sea by dry in sheep-skins, and goat-skins; land; which the Egyptians being destitute, afflicted, torassaying b to do were drowned. mented;

30 By faith the walls of 38 (Of whom the world was Jericho fell down, after they not worthy;) they wandered were compassed about seven in desarts, and in mountains, days.

and in dens and caves of the a Endured, persevered:

earth. 1steying, attempting

39 And these all, having

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before us,

Exhortations to faith, Chap. xii. patience, and godliness. obtained a good report through 6 For whom the Lord love faith, received not the promise: eth he chasteneth, and scour.

40 God having provided geth every son whom he receisome better thing for us, that veth. they without us should not be 7. If ye endure chastening, made perfect.

God dealeth with you as with

sons; for what son is he whom CHAP. XII.

the father chasteneth not? 1 An exhortation to constant 8 But if ye be without chasfaith, patience, & godliness. tisement, whereof all are par22 A commendation of the takers, then are ye bastards, new testament above the old. and not sons.

WHEREFORE, seeing we 9 Furthermore, we have also are compassed about with had fathers of our flesh, which so great a cloud of witnesses, corrected us, and we gave theni let us lay aside every weight, reverence; shall we not much and the sin which doth so easi. rather be in subjection unto the ly beset us, and let us run with father of spirits, and live ? patience the race that is set 10 For they verily for a

few days chastened us after 2 Looking unto Jesus, the their own pleasure; but he for author & finisher of our faith; our profit, that we might be who, for the joy that was set partakers of his holiness. before him, endured the cross, 11 Now, no chastening for despising the shame, and is set the present seemeth to be joydown at the right hand of the ous, but grievous ; neverthethrone of God.

less, afterward it yieldeth the 3 For consider him that en- peaceable fruit of righteousdured such contradiction of ness unto them, which are exsinners against himself, lest ye ereised thereby. be wearied and faint in your 12 Wherefore, lift up the minds.

hands which hang down, and 4 Ye have not yet resisted the feeble knees ; unto blood, striving against 13 And make straight paths

for your feet, lest that which 5 And ye have forgotten the is lame be turned out of the exhortation, which speaketh way; but let it rather be healunto you,a as unto children, ed. My son, despise not thou the 14 Follow peace with all chastening of the Lord, nor men, & holiness, without which faint when thou art rebuked no man shall see the Lord : of him.

15 Looking diligently, lest

any man fail of the grace of a Speaketh unto yov, Prov. iii. IIÓ God; lest any root of bitter.


Echortations and Hebrews.

'commandments. ness springing up trouble you, 23 To the general assembly and thereby many be defiled and church of the first-born,

16 Lest there be any forni- which are written in heaven, cator, or profane person, as and to God the Judge of all, Esau, who for one morsel of and to the spirits of just men meat sold his birth-right.b made perfect,

17 For ye know how that 24 And to Jesus the media. afterward, when he would tor of the new covenant, and have inherited the blessing, he to the blood of sprinkling, that was rejected; for he found no speaketh better things than place of repentance, though he that of Abel. sought it carefully with tears. 23 See that ye refuse not

18 For ye are not come unto him that speaketh; for if they the mount that might be touch- escaped not, who refused him ed, and that burned with fire, that spake on earth, much por unto blackness, and dark more shall not we escape, if we ness, and tempest,


from him that 19 And the sound of a speaketh from heaven ; trumpet, and the voice of 26 Whose voice then shook words; which voice they that the earth; but now he hath heard entreated that the word promised, saying, Yet onee should not be spoken to them

more I shake not the earth any more:

only, but also heaven.c 20 (For they could not en 27 And this word, Yet once dure that which was com- more, signifieth the removing manded, And if so much as a of those things that are shakbeast touch the mountain, it en, as of things that are made, shall be stoned, or thrust that those things which cannot through with a dart:

be shaken may remain. 21 And so terrible was the sight, that Moses said, I ex c I shake not the earth only, but also ceedingly fear and quake :) heaven. It is supposed that earth is 22 But ye are come unto

here put figuratively for beather idole mount Sion, and unto the city atry,

& beaven for the Levitical worof the living God, the heavenly and that the shaking of the earth Jerusalem,

and to an innume- signifies, the destruction of that idolrable company of angels, atry; and the shaking of heaven,

she abolition & removal of the Jew6 Birthright, before the law was ish worship and government. That given the first-born in the family of this is the true meaning appears from Abraham had a right to the pri verse 27, where the things which hood, Exod. xix. 22, and to a double cannot be shaken, signifies the Gosportion, Deut. xxi. 17, and in the pel, which is to remain to the end of family of Isaac, he was lord, over his the world, as the only form of religbrethren,

ion acceptable to God.

Divers admonitions, as Chap. xiii. to charity, chastity, &c.

28 Wherefore, we receiving hy Remember them which a kingdom which cannot be have the rule over you, who moved, let us have grace, have spoken unto you the word whereby we may serve God of God; whose faith follow, acceptably with reverence and considering the end of their godly fear :

conversation; 29 For our God is a con 8 Jesus Christ, the same yessuming fire.

terday, and to-day, & forever.

9 Be not carried about with CHAP. XIII.

diverse and strange doctrines; 1 Divers admonitions, as to for it is a good thing, that

charity, 4 to chastity, 5 to the heart be established with avoid covetousness, in to re grace; not with meats, which gard God's preachers, 9 to have not profited them that take heed of strange doc- have been occupied therein. trines, 10 to confess Christ. 10 We have an altar, c

LET brotherly love con- whereof they have no right to tinue.

eat which serve the tabernacle. 2 Be not forgetful to enter 11 For the bodies of those tain strangers; for thereby beasts, whose blood is brought some have entertained angelsa into the sanctuary by the high unawares.

priest for sin, are burnt with3 Remember them that are in bonds, as bound with them; 12 Wherefore Jesus also, and them which suffer adver- that he might sanctify the peosity, as being yourselves also ple with his own blood, sufferin the body.

ed without the gate. 4 Marriage is honourable 13 Let us go forth, therefore, in all, and the bed undefiled; unto him without the camp, but whoremongers and adul- bearing his reproach. terers God will judge.

14 For here have we no 5 Let your conversation b continuing city, but we seek be without covetousness; and one to come. be content with such things as 15 By him, therefore, let ye have ; for he hath said, I us offer the sacrifice of praise will never leave thee, nor for- to God continually, that is, the sake thee.

fruit of our lips, giving thanks 6 So that we may boldly to his name. say, The Lord is my helper, 16 But to do good, and to and I will not fear what man shall do unto me.

c We have an altar, &c. We have

a sacrifice, that is, Jesus Christ, of a Enterta ined angels, Paul here re which they have no right to eat, who fers to Gen. xviii. 2.

think to obtain pardon by Jewish 6 Conversation, behaviour.

rites, performed in the tabernacle.

out the camp.

Commandments and Hebrews.

admonitions. communicate, forget not; for 21 Make you perfect in evwith such sacrifices God is ery good work, to do his will

, well pleased.

working in you that which is 17 Obey them that have the well pleasing, in his sight, rule over you, and submit through Jesus Christ; to yourselves ; for they watch whom be glory forever & ever. for

your souls, as they that Amen. must give account; that they 22 And I beseech


brethmay do it with joy, and not ren, suffer the word of exhorwith grief; for that is unprof- tation; for I have written & itable for you.

letter unto you in a few words. 18 Pray for us; for we trust 23 Know

ye that

brothwe have a good conscience, in er Timothy is set at liberty; all things willing to do honest with whom, if he come shortly, ly.

19 But I beseech you the '24 Salute all them that have rather to do this, that I may the rule over you, and all the be restored to you the sooner. saints. They of Italy salute

20 Now the God of peace, you. that brought again from the 25 Grace be with you all. dead our Lord Jesus, that Amen. great Shepherd of the sheep, through the blood of the ever I Written to the Hebrews lasting covenant,

from Italy, by Timothy.


I will see you.

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St. James, the author of this Epistle, surnamed the less or younger, was the son of Alpheus, or according to the Hebrew orthography and pronunciation, Cleophas. He was a relation of Jesus Christ; and because the Jews called relation brethren, he is called the Lord's brother. He was eminent among the Apostles, and was appointed to reside in Jerusalem, and to superintend the churches there; hence by the ancients he was stiled bishop of Jerusalem. There are various conjectures concerning his death ; the general opinion however is, that he suffered martyrdom A. D. 62, a short time after he wrote this Epistle. As

many of the converted Jews were formerly of the sect of the Pharisees, who held the doctrines of fate, they brought in.

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