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town; P. 45,372.-6th, a county, state Vir ginia, Orange county-town; P. 14,637.7th, a county-town, state Virginia, Orange county, 80 m Richmond, 92 Washington. -8th, a town, state Massachusetts, Franklin county; P. 880.-9th, a county, state North-Carolina, Hillsborough county-town; P. 23,875.-10th, a county, state Indiana, Paoli county-town; P. 7909: all in 1830.

ORANGEBURGH, 2 in North America, United States:-1st, a district, state South Carolina, Orangeburgh seat of justice; P. 18,455.-2nd, a seat of justice, state South-Carolina, Orangeburgh district, 43 m Columbia, and 530 Washington.

ORANGETOWN, a town of North America, United States, state New-York, Rockland county, on the w side of the Hudson, opposite Phillipsburg, 27 m N New-York; P. 1947 in 1830.

ORANIENBAUM, a town of the principality of Anhalt-Dessau, 6 m N by E Dessau. ORANIENBAUM, a small town of Russia, government Petersburg, chief of district, on the gulf-of-Finland, 23 m Petersburg, and facing Cronstadt; has an imperial palace: at first merely a castle built by prince Menchikoff to please Peter-the-Great, but after his disgrace it passed through various hands, each augmenting its extent, adding barracks for infantry and cavalry, a fort, canal, &c., till at length it has now arrived to some degree of importance; 2 streets, 1 church.

ORANIENBURG, a small fortified town of Russia, government Rezan, chief of district, at the junction of the Yagodnaia and Stanovaia-Riassa, 112 m s Rezan; fortifications, a regular pentagon of earth, faced with sods and dry ditch, covert-way in ruins; P. 2500: Lg. 37.55 E, Lt. 52.50 N.

ORANIENBURG, a town of Prussia, province Brandenburg, anciently called Bretzow, its present name, from a villa built by the margrave, 18 m NNW Berlin.

ORANMORE, a town of Ireland, county Galway, at the NE extremity of Galway bay, 7 m E by s Galway.

ORBE, a town of Switzerland, canton Vaud, with a single-arched bridge over the Orbe, 6 m w Yverdun.

ORBE, a town of Bavaria, province UnterMayne, celebrated for salt-works, 26 m ENE Frankfurt.

ORBITELLO, a seaport of Italy, with a good harbour protected by several forts, near the mouth of the Albegna, 68 m s by w Sienna: Lg. 11.6 E, Lt. 42.28 N.

ORCADES; see ORKNEYS.

ORCHA, a town of Russia, government Mohilev, chief of district, 48 m N Mohilev, on the Dnepr, at the mouth of the Orchitza; one of the most ancient towns, containing

4 Greek churches, 5 Roman-Catholic con vents, a Jesuits' college, and a synagogue, but has very little trade: Lg. 31.26 E, Lt. 54.29 N.

ORCHIES, a town of France, department Nord, 12 m SSE Lisle.

ORCHILLA, a small island of North America, in the Caribbean-sea, 80 m N of the coast of Caraccas: Lg. 65.20 E, Lt. 12.0 N. Luxemburg, 18 m N Sedan. ORCHIMONT, a town of Belgium, duchy

ORDUNA, a city of Spain, Biscay, in a valley, surrounded by high mountains, 22 m s Bilboa: Lg. 2.50 w, Lt. 42.55 N.

OREBRO, a province of Sweden, bounded on the N by Stora-Kopparbergs, NE, E, and SE by Westeras, Nykoping, and Oster-Gottland, s by lake-Wettern, sw and w by Scaraborgs and lake-Wenern, and Nw by Carlstads, area 2108 geographical square m; P. 108,800: Orebro is the capital.

OREBRO, a town of Sweden, capital of province Orebro, on the Swart, which, 2 m below, enters the lake Hielmar, 56 m wsw Westeras, and 100 m Stockholm. In the middle of the town, on an island formed by the river, stands the castle, formerly a royal residence, and here the diet of the kingdom assembles it has a considerable trade with Stockholm by the lakes Hielmar and Maeler, and by the river and canal of Arboga, particularly in iron, vitriol, and red paint; P. 4000: Lg. 15.12 E, Lt. 59.16 N.

OREGRUND, a seaport of Sweden, province Stockholm, on the sea-of-Bothnia, opposite the island of Grason, with a harbour defended by a mole, 46 m NE Upsal, and 70 N by E Stockholm: Lg. 18,15 E, Lt. 60.20 N.

OREL, a government of Russia, bounded on the N by Calouga and Toula, E by Tambow and Voroneje, s by Voroneje and Coursk, and w by Tchernigof and Smolensk; 400 m from E to w, and 130 from N to s, divided into 12 districts, each named from its chief town, viz., Orel, Sevsk, Eletz, Briansk, Caratchef, Cromy, Mtsensk, Bolkhof, Troubtchefsk, Livny, Dmitrofsk, and Malo-Arkhangelsk; chief rivers, the Don, Oca, Desna, Zoucha, Sosna, Vorgole, Neroutcha, Noukhre, Neroussa, Snejat, Croma, Sev, Nablia, Maritza, Vichnevetr, and the Orlik; soil very fertile, and its export of corn, hempseed, and oil, considerable; manufactures candles, leather, glass, ironworks, and has distilleries: the church is governed by the archbishop of Orel and of Sevsk; P. 996,720: Lg. 33 to 41 E, Lt. 51 to 54 N.

OREL, a city of Russia, capital of government Orel, chief of district, on both banks of the Oca and Orlyk, which unite in the city, 244 m ssw Moscow; 18 churches and 2 convents; in the centre is the market

house, and shops well-stocked with Greek and Russian goods; manufactures, ropespinning and cloth: hence the Oca is navigable; P. 15,000: Lg. 36.17 E, Lt. 56.32.40 N.

ORELLANA, a town of Spain, province Estremadura, near the Guadiana, 28 m E Merida.

ORENBURG, a government of Asia, Russia, bounded on the N by Viatka and Perm, E by Tobolsk, and the steppe of the Kirguiss-Caissak, s by the latter and Astrakhan, and w by Saratof, Simbirsk, and Cazan; divided into 12 districts, each named after its chief town, viz., Orenburg, Sterlitamatsk, Birsk, Menzelinsk, Bouhoulma, Bouzoulouk, Troitsk, Verkho-Ouralsk, Tcheliabinsk, Loubourouslane, Belebeie, and Oufa, the capital of the government; chief rivers, the Oural, Cama, Tobol, Belaia, Sakmara, Oufa, Oui, Samara, Kivel, and the Mass; the lakes are very numerous, the principal ones lakes Thernopad and Saryoulk; very mountainous, the most remarkable are mount-Oural, which branches out into mount-Obstchei-Syrt; it exports corn, fish, honey, wax, and Caviar, and the mountains yield vast quantities of iron and copper; P. 639,426.

ORENBURG, a fortified town of Asia, Russia, governnient Orenburg, chief of district, on the right bank of the Oural, 234 m SSE Oufa; it has 4 gates, a cathedral on a rock of red jasper, a governor's house, chancellery, police-office, and a hospital; the commercial square contains 150 vaulted shops and a custom-house; the exchange, on the Oural, contains 246 shops, and 140 granaries; trade very considerable, streets strait, about 2000 houses, many of them of brick, and 9 churches; P. considerable.

ORENSE, a city of Spain, province Galicia, and a bishop's see, with some celebrated tepid and hot springs, at the foot of a mountain, on the Minho, 47 in SE Compostella: Lg. 7.48 w, Lt. 42.24 N.

ORFA, or ROHA, a city of Asia, Turkey, in Diarbek, formerly called Edessa by the Greeks, and said to be the Ur of the Chaldees; the walls are 3 m in circuit, defended by square towers, and on a rocky hill to the s is a stately castle; it has a good trade, particularly in carpets and yellow leather, is a great thoroughfare from Syria into Persia, and has a canal to the Euphrates; the country round is fertile in corn and fruit: near the Scirtus, 85 m sw Diarbekir, and 120 NE Aleppo: Lg. 38.46 E, Lt. 37.5 N.

ORFORD, a town of North America, United States, state New-Hampshire, Grafton county, on the Connecticut, 11 m N Hannover; P. 1829 in 1830.

Suffolk, on the Ore, at its conflux with the Alde, 18 m E by N Ipswich, and 88 NE London, governed by a mayor, with a market on Monday; remains of a castle, which, with the church, are a seamark; P. 1302.

ORFORD-NESS, a cape of England, on the SE coast of Sussex, where a lighthouse is erected for the direction of ships: Lg. 1.6 E, Lt. 52.4 N.

ORIA, a town of Italy, Naples, in Terrad'Otranto, with an ancient castle, 20 m E Tarento.

ORIENT, L', a fortified seaport of France, department Morbihan, seated on Louis-bay, at the mouth of the Scorf; its principal exports are salt and wine; formerly the depot of the French East-India-Company: the harbour, defended by a citadel opposite Port-Louis on the same bay, can contain but a small number of men-of-war. English attempted to become masters of it in 1746, but miscarried; it is 24 m w by N Vannes; P. 17,115: Lg. 3.20 w, Lt. 47.44 N.

The

ORIHUELA, a city of Spain, province Valencia, and a bishop's see, with a university, and a citadel built on a rock: here are made curious snuff-boxes, with the root of the terebinthus, much esteemed for preserving Spanish snuff; 36 m N Carthagens, and 96 ssw Valencia.

ORISSA, a province of Asia, Deccan of Hindostan, 230 m long by 130, bounded on the N by Bengal, E by the bay-of-Bengal, s by the Circars, and w by Gundwana: formerly of much greater extent, including Midnapoor and other territories now annexed to Bengal. The interior consists of rugged hills, uninhabited jungles, and deep watercourses, surrounded by pathless deserts, forests, or valleys, forming a strong natural barrier to the fertile maritime districts belonging to the British; all the rest is pos sessed by tributary chiefs, who mostly pay a fixed rent, and are under British protec tion: chief town, Cuttack.

ORISTAYNI, or ORISTANO, a fortified seaport of the island-of-Sardinia, and an archbishop's see, with a good harbour; thinly inhabited; on the w coast, on a gulf of the same name, 42 m Nw Cagliari : Lg. 8.51 E, Lt. 39.53 N.

ORIZABA, a town of North America, Mexico, in Vera-Cruz; manufacture of cloth, and the vicinity produces abundance of tobacco: to the Nw is the Pike-of-Orizaba, a volcano, and after Popocatepest, the most elevated mountain in Mexico, being 17,371 feet above the level of the sea: near the Blanco, which flows to the lake of Alvarado, 50 m wsw Vera-Cruz.

ORKNEYS, OF ORKNEY-ISLANDS, the ancient Orcades, a cluster of islands to the N of Scotland, from which they are ORFORD, a borough of England, county parated by the Pentland-frith,' between

se

Lt. 57.35 and 49.16 N, and are upward of 30 in number, of which one greatly exceeds any other in extent; and, like the principal one of Shetland, is sometimes dignified with the appellation of Mainland, but is more frequently called POMONA. To the NE are seen, among others, Rowsa, Eglisha, Westra, Shappinsha, Eda, Stronsa, Sanda, and North Ronalsha; and to the s appear Hoy and South-Ronalsha, with others of inferior note, many of them small and wholly appropriated to the pasturage of sheep.

The currents and tides which flow between these islands are rapid and dangerous, and near the small island of Swinna are two whirlpools, very dangerous, especially in a calm. The seacoast swarms with seals and

otters, and is visited by whales, cod, ling, haddocks, and herrings, and on the shores are found oysters, muscles, cockles, &c. The islands are visited by eagles, falcons, wild geese, ducks in great variety, herons, hawks, gulls, &c. Springs of pure water are found in all the mountainous parts of these islands, and there are numerous lakes and rivulets abounding in fish. The heath, on the mountains, shelters grouse, plovers, snipes, &c., but there are no partridges, hares, nor foxes; there are great numbers of sinall sheep and beeves. The products of the valleys and plains are bigg and oats, but no other sort of grain; except juniper, wild myrtle, heath, and a shrub called cyorhordon, there is scarce a tree or plant to be seen; but this nakedness cannot have been

moon.

their former state, as many trunks of large oaks are to be found in all the mosses : climate, in summer moist and cold, but in winter never much snow, and that lies only a short time: preceding the autumnal equinox, they are visited by dreadful storms of wind, rain, and thunder. In the gloomy season of winter the absence of day is partly supplied by moonlight, and partly by the radiance of the aurora-borealis, which here gives a light nearly equal to that of the The coast affords numerous bays and harbours for the fisheries. The chief exports are linen and woollen yarn, stockings, butter, dried-fish, herrings, oil, feathers, skins of various kinds, and kelp. The English language prevails in all these islands, although there are many words in the Norse, or Norwegian, still in use; the inhabitants have the general character of being frugal, sagacious, circumspect, religious, and hospitable; P. of Orkney-Isles 15,787. The islands of Orkney and Shetland constitute one of the counties of Scotland, and it sends a member to parliament; P. of Orkney-Isles and Shetland 46,824 in 1801, and 58,239 in 1831.

ORLEANOIS, an old province of France, divided by the Loire into the Upper and Lower; now forms the department of Loiret.

ORLEANS, a city of France, capital of deLoire, and has a canal thence to the Loing, partment Loiret, and a bishop's see, on the near Montargis. Under the sons of Clovis it was the capital of a kingdom. In 1428 it stood a memorable siege against the English, which was raised by the celebrated Joan-ofArc, called the Maid-of-Orleans, now one of the largest and most pleasant cities in France. The cathedral is partly ancient and partly modern, and the view from its magnificent towers is a boundless extent of vineyards. The commerce consists in stockings, caps, linen-cloth, wine, brandy, corn, wood, and particularly sugar, which is brought raw from Nantes and Rochelle. length, and that of Olivet, left side of the The fauxbourg of Paris is of a prodigious Loire, has a communication with the city by a bridge of 9 arches. Near the city is a forest, containing 94,000 acres, planted with oak and other valuable trees; 70 m ssw Paris; P. 43,000: Lg. 1.54 E, Lt. 47.54 N.

ORLEANS, a fertile island and town of North America, Lower-Canada, in the St. Lawrence, 6m below Quebec.

ORLEANS, 5 in North America, United States:-1st, a county, state Vermont, Chelsea county-town; P. 27,285.-2nd, a town, state Massachusetts, Barnstable county; P. 1799.-3rd, a town, state NewYork, Jefferson county; P. 3101.-4th, a county, state New-York, Albion countytown;

Louisiana, New-Orleans, chief town, seat of P. 18,485.-5th, a parish, state justice, and capital of the state; P. 3793; exclusive of the city: all in 1830.

ORLEANS, NEW; see NEW-ORLEANS.

ORLOV, a small town of Russia, government Viatka, chief of district on the Viatka, and two small rivulets, 33 m w Viatka.

ORLOVSKAÏA, a German colony, Russia, government Saratof, district Volsk, 40 m above Saratof, on the Volga; 82 families.

ORLOVSKAYA, a small fort, Russia, government Ecatherinoslav, district Constantinograd, one of the military line of Ukraine, right bank of the Orcli, between forts Efremof and Ivanofsk, 16 m Constantinograd.

ORLOVSKAÏA, a small fort, Russia, one of the military line of Orsk, right bank of the Oural, between forts Tanalytskoie and Ourdasymskoie.

ORMSKIRK, a town of England, county Lancaster, with a market on Tuesday, 11 m N by E Liverpool, 209 NNW London; P. 14,053. Polling-place.

ORMUS, Asia, a celebrated island, straitof-Ormus, entrance of the gulf-of-Persia, 9 m SE Gombron, about 12 m in circuit, and seems to be a mass of rocks and shells thrown up by a violent convulsion of na

ture. In 1507 the Portuguese were per mitted to form a settlement here; frequented by a number of rich merchants. In 1622 the Persians, aided by the English, expelled the Portuguese, and demolished the buildings: some time after the Persians rebuilt the fort, and though they could never bring it to be a place of trade as before, it is still the key of the gulf-of-Persia, on account of the commodiousness of the harbour; almost deserted, for it produces nothing but salt: Lg. 56.25 E, Lt. 27.12 N.

ORNANS, a town of France, department Doubs, 10 m SE Besançon.

ORNE, department France, including the SE part of the old province of Normandy and the territory of Perche, surrounded by departments Calvados, Eure-et-Loir, Sarte, Mayenne and Manche; area 2500 square m; takes its name from a river that rises in the

department, and runs into the English channel, 8 m below Caen; P. 422,000. The capital is Alençon.

ORONOKO; see RIVER ORINOCO.

ORONSA, a small fertile island, Scotland, one of the Hebrides, s of Colonsa, from which it is separated by a narrow channel that is dry at low water: it has ruins of an abbey, with many splendid sepulchral statues, and some curious ancient sculpture.

OROPESA, a town of Spain, province Va lencia, with a castle, on a cape of its name, in the Mediterranean, 55 m NNE Valencia: Lg. 0.5 E, Lt. 40.8 N.

OROPESA, in Charcas; see CoCHABAMBA. OROSEI, a town w coast of Sardinia, at the entrance of the gulf-of-Orosei, 75 m ESE Sassari.

OROTAVA, a town of Africa, on the w side of the island of Teneriff, and the chief place of trade, at the bottom of an amphitheatre of mountains, out of which rises the Pike of Teneriff. Near the town is a botanical garden, belonging to the government. The port of Oratava is at 3 m distance: Lg. 16.24 w, Lt. 28.23 N.

OROU MICH; see URMIA.
ORSHA; see ОRCHA.

ORSKAÏA, a town of Russia, government Orenburg, on a hill, banks of the Oural, 2 m from the mouth of the Or: 1 church built of red-jasper: near it is an observatory; the houses very inferior, excepting that of the commandant: there are 2 redoubts. The Asiatic caravans going to Orenburg cross the river at this place, where the goods are sealed with lead, excepting a small quantity which are allowed to be sold, in order to discharge or release

the exhausted camels. The hill on which this place stands is entirely of jasper in beds which facilitates the raising of fine slabs, and they have an inclination from w to E:

the deep beds are most esteemed, and are of a pale green colour, or deep brownish red; the most common is mottled, red, white, and grey, and sometimes mixed with yellow and black.

ORSOVA, a town and fort of Turkey, confines of Servia and Wallachia. The fort was besieged by the Austrians in 1790, but without success; on the N side of the Danube, 100 m SE Temesvar, and 105 E Belgrade; P. 2800: Lg. 22.40 E, Lt. 44.45 N.

ORTENBURG, a town and citadel, Bavaria, province Unter-Donau, 10 m w Passau.

ORTENBURG, a town of Austria, Carinthia, s bank of the Drave, opposite the influx of the Liser, 32 m w Klagenfurt.

ORTHES, a town of France, department Basses-Pyrenees. In 1814 the allied army defeated the French under marshal Soult, from Spain, under the duke of Wellington, on the side of a hill, by the Pau, 20 m xw Pau.

ORTON, a town of England, county Westmoreland, with a market on Wednesday, 10 m sw Appleby, 276 NNW London; P. 1501.

States-of-the-Church, capital of a territory, ORVIETO, a fortified town of Italy, a bishop's see, with a magnificent palace, and a fine Gothic cathedral; on a craggy rock, 50 m NNW Rome.

ORURA, a city of South America, BuenosAyres, Charcas, capital of a district, abounds in cattle, sheep, and camels, and has many gold and silver mines, 150 m NW Plata: Lg. 68.30 w, Lt. 18.10 s.

OSACA, a city of Asia, Japan, island-ofNipon. It has a harbour at the mouth of the Gava, the largest river in the island, and is the port of the Meaco, intersected by canals, over which are several bridges of cedar, 34 m s by w Meaco: Lg. 136.5 E, Lt. 35.5 N.

OSCHATZ, a post-town of Saxony, 28 m by post-road Nw Dresden, post-road to Leipzig, on the Chemnitz, with a college; manufactures, fine woollen cloths.

OSENOVKA, a German colony, Russia, government and district Saratof, right bank of the Greater Caraman, 25 m Saratof; P. 105.

OSERO, an island; see CHERSO.
OSIOT; see SIOUT.

OSMA, a city of Spain, province Old-Castile; a bishop's see, with a university much decayed, and the cathedral and episcopal palace are at Borgo d'Osma, a little to the E, on the Douro, 48 m SE Burgos, and 112 ENE Madrid: Lg. 2.52 w, Lt. 41.50 N.

OSMANJEK, a town of Asia, Turkey, in Natolia, on the side of an enormous insu

lated height, with the remains of an exten sive fortress on the summit, and a fine bridge over the Kizil-Irmak, 50 m wNw Amasia.

OSMIANA, a small town of Russia, government Vilna, chief of district, on a small river which falls into the Villia, 32 m Vilna.

OSNABURG, or MATILDA-ISLAND, Australasia, Pacific, low, coral, 14 m long, uninhabited, discovered by Carteret; E extremity in Lg. 138.44.28 w, Lt. 21.50.32 s.BEECHEY.

OSNABURG, or OSNABRÜCK, a province of Hannover, lately a bishopric, bounded N and NE by Oldenburg and Diepholz, E, S, and w by Prussia and Lingen, and Nw by Meppen, 40 m long by 20, producing much corn and flax, and plenty of turf, coal, and marble. The most beneficial manufacture is a coarse kind of linen which is exported to distant parts.

OSNABURG, a fortified town of Hannover, capital of province Osnabrück, with a castle and a university, celebrated for a treaty of peace concluded between Germany and Sweden, in 1648, in favour of the protestant religion. The catholics and protestants have each two churches, and the magistrates are Lutherans; on the Hase, 25 m N by E Münster: Lg. 7.54 E, Lt. 52.18 N.

County, in Ireland.
It gives name to a
bishopric, but the cathedral is now at Irish-
town, county Kilkenny.

OSSUNA, a town of Spain, province Andalusia, with a university; was formerly strong, but less by its ramparts than by a fountain of water, while the country for 8 m round is totally deprived of that article, 50 m E by N Seville: Lg. 5.8 w, Lt. 37.22 N.

OSTACHKOF, a town of Russia, government Tver, chief of district; site low, swampy, on a peninsula projecting into lake-Seliguer, 123 m w Tver: 2 convents and 1 monastery, in which is a school for 200 boys, who hence are passed to the seminary at Tver; several other schools, and a foundling hospital; the shops are all collected in one brick building; manufactures, leather, tallow, &c.; P. about 7000: Lg. 34.30 E, Lt. 56.40 n.

OSTALRICH, a town of Spain, in Catalunia, on the Tordera, 28 m NE Barcelona.

OSTEND, a fortified seaport of Belgium, province West-Flanders, among a number of canals, and almost surrounded by two of the largest, into which ships of great burden may enter with the tide; commerce rather considerable, famous for the long siege it sustained against the Spaniards, from July 1601 to September 1604, when it surrendered by an honourable capitulation: since then it has been often taken the last time by the French in 1794. In 1798 the English landed here, and destroyed the OSRUSHNA, a town of Asia, WesternTartary, in Turkistan, capital of province, shifting before they could re-embark, they works of the Bruges canal; but the wind 80 m NNE Samarcand, 260 S Taraz: Lg. 66.20 E, Lt. 40.40 N.

OSORNO, a town of South America, Chili, on the Rio-Bueno; mines of gold, 80 m s Valdivia: Lg. 73.20 w, Lt. 40.58 s.

Ossa, a small town of Russia, government Perm, chief of district, left bank of the Coma, 75 m sw Perm, surrounded by an old wooden enclosure: 1 church, 1 hospital, 152 houses; district very fertile, and contains of iron and of copper: many mines Lg. 54.29 E, Lt. 56.59 N.

Ossi, or OSSETI, Asia, one of the seven Caucasian nations, between the Black-sea and the Caspian, bounded N by Circassia, E by the Lesguis-Tartars, and s and w by Imeritia: it contains 19 districts, of which one is subject to Imeritia, and the others to Georgia. These districts are of very unequal size, some containing only 5, and others 50 villages, each of which comprise from 20 to 100 families: their language has some analogy with that of the Persians; their history is entirely unknown. The Circassians and Tartars call them Kusha.

OSSINIBOIA, a colony of North America, on the banks of the Red-river, s of lakeWinnipeck, founded by Lord Selkirk.Expedition to Lake-Winnipeck.

OSSOLV; see DOмо D'OSSOLA.

OSSORY, the w division of Queen's

were obliged to surrender to the French; 10 m w Bruges, and 22 NE Dunkirk: Lg. 2.56 E, Lt. 51.14 N.

OSTER, a town of Russia, government Tchernigof, chief of district, on the Oster, near its mouth in the Desna, 117 m Tchernigof: 4 churches, 200 to 300 houses; not so flourishing as it was under the Polish government; trade in building-timber, and has many mills in the district.

OSTERBY, a town of Sweden, province Upsala. Here are smelting-houses, and forges; and near it is the iron mine of Dannemora, the most celebrated in Sweden. It is 30 m NNE Upsala.

OSTER-GOTTLAND, or LINKOPINGS, a province of Sweden, bounded NE by the Baltic, SE by Kalmar, sw by Jonkopings, w by Lake-Wettern, and Nw by Orebro; area, 2782 geographical square m; P.180,775. Linkoping is the capital.

OSTERHOLZ, a post-town of Hannover, province Bremen, 15 m by post-road N Bre

meu.

OSTERODE, a town of Hannover, province Grubenhagen. Here is a manufacture of woollen stuffs; also a magazine for

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