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A third Instance we have Anno 1375, when the last Will and Teftament of Charles the Fifth, Sirnamed the Wife, was produced : By which Will he had appointed his Wife's Brother, Phim lip Duke of Bourbon, to be Guardian to his Sons, and Lewis Duke of Anjou his own Brother, to be Administrator of the Kingdom, till such time as his Son Charles shou'd come of Age. But notwithstanding this, a Great Council was held at Paris, wherein (after declaring the Teftament to be void and null) it was decreed, that the Administration of the Kingdom shou'd be committed to Lewis, the Boy's Unckle : “But upon this Condition, that he should be ruled

and governed in that Administration, by the Ado

vice of certain Persons named and approv'd by the “ Council. The Education and Tutelage of the Child was left to Bourbon ; and at the same time a Law was made, that the Heir of the Kingdom shou'd be crown'd as soon as he fhou'd be full 14 years old, and receive the Homage and Oath of Fidelity from his Subjects.--Froissard, Vol. 2. cap. 60. Buchett, lib. 4. fol. 124: Chro. Brit. Cap. ini

A 4th Example we have in the Year 1392; at which time the same Charles the Sixth was taken with a sudden Distraction or Madness, and was convey'd first to Mans, and afterwards to Paris ; and there a General Council was held, wherein it was decreed by the Authority of the States, that the Administratiin of the Kingdom shou'd be committed to the Dukes of siquitain and Froisard, Vol. 4. cap. 44. is our Author. .....

. Neither must we omit what Paponius (Areft. lib.5. tit. 10. Art. 4.) teftifies to have been declared by the Parliament at Paris, within the com


pass of almost our own Memories, when Francis the First had a mind to alienate part of his Dominions ; viz. “ That all Alienations of that “ kind, made by any of his Predecessors, were “ void and null in themselves; upon this very « account, that they were done without the Au" thority of the Great Council, and of the Three « Estates, as he calls them.

A 6th Example we have in the Year 1426, when Philip Duke of Burgundy, and Hanfred [Dux Cloceftria] were at mortal Enmity with each other, to the great detriment of the Commonwealth ; and it was at last agreed between them to determine their quarrel by single con: bat : For in that Contention the Great Council interposed its Authority, and decreed that both fhou'd lay down their Arms, and submit to have their Controversies judicially tryed before the Council, rather than disputed with the Sword. Which History is related at large by Paradinus, in Chron. Burgund. lib. 3. Anno 1426.

A 7th Example' hapned in the Year 1484, when Lemvis the Eleventh dying, and leaving his Son Charles, a Boy of 13 years old ; a Council was held at Tours, wherein 'twas decreed, “The “ Education of the Boy shou'd be committed 5 to Anne, the King's Siiter ; but the AdminiItration of the Kingdom shou'd be intrusted to certain Persons Elected and approved by that Council; notwithstanding Lewis, Duke of Orleans, the next Kinsman by the Father's fide, demanded it as his Right. A Testimony of which Transaction is extant in the Acts of that Council, printed at Paris ; and in Joannes Buchettus 4th Book, folio 167.

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UCHA P. XVIIÍ..! :: of the Remarkable Authority of the Council against Lewis the Eleventh.

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THE Power and Authority of the Corincil and

the Estates assembled, appears by the foregoing Testimonies to have been very great, and indeed (as it were ) Sacred, But because we are now giving Examples of this Power, we will not omit a fignal Instance of the Authority of this Council, which interpofed it self in the Memory of our Fathers against Lewis the Elea venth, who was reputed more crafty and cunning chan any of the Kings that had ever been before him. '

In the Year 1466, when this Lewis governed the Kingdom in fuch.a. manner, that in many cases the Duty of a good Prince, and a Lover of his Country, was wanting the People began to desire the Affistance and Authority of the Great Council, that fome care might therein be taken of the Publick Welfare ; and because it was fuspected the King wou'd not submit, the Great. Men of the Kingdom (ftirsed up by the daily Complaints and Sollicitations of the Comincns;) <resolv.d to gather For C. ces; and raise an Army ;) that (as 6. Comines they might provide for “the: Públick Goed, and expose the King's

wicked Administration of the Commons çc wealth. They therefore agreedito be ready prepared with a good Army, that in case the King Thou'd prove refractory, and refuse to


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follow good Advice, they might compel bim by: Force : For which reason that War was said to have been undertaken for the Publick Goody and was commonly called the Wardu lien Dubai - lic. Commines, Gillius, and Lamarc, have re

corded the Names of those Great Men who - were the principal Leaders, the Duke of Bours bon, the Duke of Berry, the King's Brother; the Counts, of Dunois, Nevers, Armagnac, and Albret, and the Duke of Charolois, who was the Perfon most concern’d in what related to the Government. Wherever they marched, they caused it to be proclaimed, thaç their Undertakings were only design'd for the Publick Good; they published Freedom from Taxes and Tributes, and sent Ambassadors with Letters to the Parliament at Paris, to the Ecclesiasticks, and to the Rector of the University, desiring them not to suspect or imagine those Forces were rais'd for the King's

destruction, but only to reclaim him, and “ make him perform the Office of a Good King,

as the present Necessities of the Publick res "quired.-. These are Gillius's Words, lib. 4. fol. 152. Tr.

;;am ! M... o) - The Annals intituled the Chronicles of Lewis the Eleventh, Printed at Paris by Gallioitus, fol. 27. have these words. -----" The first and “chiefest of their demands was, That a Con

vention of the Three States shou'd be held ;-bethe cause in all Ages it had been found to be the only

proper -Remedy for all Evils, and to have always

had a force sufficient to heal fuch fort of mischiefs.Again, Pag. 28. An Assembly was called on

purpose to hear the Amballadors of the Great “Men, and met on the 24th day in the Town“ house at Paris; at which were present fome

os Chofen

An An uch fort of milways

di purpose to 28.

K 4

Ofts of Seditientu implorauxilium à

“ Chosen Men of the University, of the Pare “ liament, and of the Magistrates. The An« fwer given the Ambassadors, was, That what " they demanded was most juft; and accordingly " a Council of the Three Estates was summon'd.. These are the Words of that Historian.-- From whence the Old Saying of Marcus Antonius appears to be most true.---- " Etsi omnes moleftæ s semper seditiones funt, justas tamen effe non" nullas, & propè necessarias : eas vero juftiffi" mas maximéque necessarias videri, cum pocf pulus Tyranni fævitiâ oppreffus auxilium à “ legitimo Civium conventu implorat. " Al

tho' all sorts of Seditions are troublesome,

yet fome of them are just, and in a manner “ neceffary; but those are extraordinary just “ and necessary, which are occasion'd when

the People oppress'd by the Cruelty of a "Tyrant, implores the Astance of a Lawful “ Convention.

Gaguinus, in his Life of Lewis the Eleventh, pag. 265. gives us Charles, the Duke of Burgundy's Answer to that King's Ambassadors. " Charles (says he ) heard the Ambassadors pa“ tiently, but made Answer, That he knew no " method fo proper to restore a firm Peace, at

a time when such great Animosities, and so many Disorders of the War were to be composed, as a Convention of the Three Estates. Which when the Ambassadors had by Spe

cial Messengers communicated to King “ Lewis, he hoping to gain his Point by De

lavs, fummond the Great Council to meet at

Tours, on the Kalends of April 1467; and at " the appointed time for the Convention, they came from all parts of the Kingdom, &c.


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