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by Queens, especially by Widows and QueenMothers : So on the contrary, the reason of the Argument used in Difputations, is clearly against it. For She, who cannot be Queen in her own Right,, can never have any Power of Governing in another's Right; But here a Woman cannot Reign in her own Righr, nor can the Inheritance of the Crown fall ta her, or any of her Descendants; and if they be filed

Queens, 'tis only accidentally; as they are Wives to the Kings their Husbands.' Which we have prov'd out of Records for twelve hundred years together. ! rsi ei

31. jul : • To this may be added (which we have likewise prov'd) that not only the sole Power of Creating and Abdicating their Kings, but also the Right of electing Guardians and Adminiftrators of the Commonwealth; wać lodged in the fame Publick Council. Nay, and after the Kings were created, the supreme: Power of the Administration was retained ftill - by the fame Council. And 'tis not yet full a hundred year's fince 36 Guardians of the Commonwealth were conftituted by the same Council, like so many Epbori : and this during the Reign of Lewis the Eleventh, as crafry and cunning as he was. If We seek for Authorities and Examples from our Ancestors, we may find several ; there is a remarkable one in Aimoinus, lib. 4. cap. I. where speaking of Queen Brunechild, Mother to young Childebert; “The Nobility of France (says he)

understanding that Brünecbild designed to keep the chief Management of the King. 9. dom in her own hands; and having always ". hitherto, for fo long a time disdained to be Si subject to a Female Domination, did,&c. And indeed it has so hapned in the days of our


Ancestors, that whenever Women got into their hands the Procuration of the Kingdom, they have bëen always the occasion of wonderful Tragedies & Of which it will not be amiss, to give some Examples. Queen Crotildis, Mother bfc the two Kings, Childebert and Clotarius, got once the Power into her hands; and being extravagantly fond of the Sons of: Clodomer, Canother of her sons then dead) occasion d a great deal of Contention, by her endeavouring to exclude her Sons, and promote these Grandfons to the Riegal Dignity and upon that score She nourished their large Heads of Hair with the grearéft care and diligence imaginable, according to that ancient Custom of the Kings of the Franks, which we have before given an account of. The two Kings (as soon as they undera stood it ) prefèntly fent one Arckaliuswho presenting her with a naked Sword and a pair of Shears, gave her her choice which of the two She: had rather Mou'd be applied to the Boy's Heads. But She ( fays Gregory of Tours » being enraged: with Choler, especially when She beheld the naked Sword and the Scisfars; ánswer'd with a great deal of Bitterness ----"Since they cannot be advanced to the King“doin, I had rather see them dead than shaven-And: thereupon both her Grandsons were beheaded: iú -her Presence., The same. Gregory, lib. 2. cap. 18. subjoynst----" This Queen, by ". her Liberalities and Gifts conferr’d upon " Monaiteries) got the Affections Plebisco Ci vulgi, of the Cominon People and Mob.: Date freno's (says Cato) impotenti nature, and indomito animali, & fperate ipsas modum licentia

facturas. Give Bridles to their unruly Na tures, and curb the untamed Animal ; and

" then

" then you may hope they shall set some “ Bounds to their Licentiousness. What an unbridled Animal and profligate Wretch was that Daughter of King Theodorick, by Birth an Italian; who being mad in Love with one of her Domesticks, and knowing him to have been kill'd by her Mother's Orders, feigned a thorough Reconciliation, and defir'd in token of it to receive the Holy Sacrament of the Lord's Supper with her Mother ; but privately mixing some Poyson in the Chalice, She at once gave the strangest instance both of Impiery and Cruelty in thus murdering her own Mother. The account given of it by Gregory of Tours is this: ". They were (fays he) of " the Arrian Seat, and because 'tis their Custom “ that the Royal Family shou'd communicate

at the Altar out of one Chalice, and People

of inferior quality out of another. ( By the " way, pray take notice of the Custom of Communi

cating in both kinds by the People.) She dropp'd

Poyson into that Chalice, out of which her Mother was to communicate ; which as s soon as she had rafted of it, kill'd her pre“ fently.----- Fredegunda, a Queen-Mother, and Widow of Chilperick the First, got the Government into her hands; She, in her Husband's time, lived in Adultery with one Lander ; and as soon as she found out that her Husband Chile perick had gor wind of it, she had him murdered, and presently seized upon the Adminiftration of the Kingdom as Queen-Mother, and Guardian of her Son Clotharius, and kept pofseflion of it for 13 years; in the first place The poyson's her Son's Uncle Childebert, toge: ther with his wife ; afterwards she stirred up the Hunns against his Sons, and raised a Civil

War an




) of



-me War in the Republick. And lastly, She was the

Firebrand of all those Commotions which was

wasted and burnt all Francogallia, during many
years, as Aimoinus tells us, [lib. 3. cap. 36. &
lib. 8. cap. 29.] .
..There ruled once in France, Brunechild, Wi-
dow of King Sigebert, and Mother of Childc.
bert. This Woman häd for her Adulterer à

certain Italian, called Protadius, whom She adtely vanced to great Honours: She bred up her two se at Sons, Theodebert and Theodorick, in such a wicked

and profligate course of life, that at last they became at mortal Enmity with each other And after having had long Wars, fought a cruel

fingle Combat. She kill'd with her own hands tom her Grandson Meroveus, the Son of Theodebert ;

She poysoned her Son Theodorick: Whạt need we say more? Date frenos (as Cato says ) ima

potenti natura, do indomito animali ; o perate illas =nunia modum licentice fact ur as. She was the occasion of

the Death of Ten of the Royal Family:And when
a certain Bishop reproved her, and exhorted
her to amend her Life, She caused him to be
thrown into the River. At last, a Great Council
of the Franks being summoned, She was judged,
and condemned, and drawn in pieces by wild
Horses, being torn limb from limb. The Real
lators of this story are, Greg. Turonensis, [lib. s.

cap.39.] and [lib.8. cap.29.] And Ado [Ætat.6.] DU- Otto Frifing. [Chron. s. cap. 7.] Godfridus Vitera

bicnfis [ Chron. parte 16.] & Aimoinus [lib. 4.

cap. 1.] Also the Appendix of Gregory of Tours, ' [lib. 11.] whose Words are thefe: “ Having

convicted her of being the Occasion of the Death of " Ten Kings of the Franks; to wit, of Sigeberts

Meroveus, and his Father Chilperick; Theos, debert, and his Son Clothair; Meroveus, the Soñi of Clothair; Theodorick, and his three

ší Children


Children, which had been newly killed, they or der'd ber to be placed upon a Camel, and to be tor

tured with divers forts of Torments, and so to be carried about all the Army; afterwards to be tied

by the Hair of the Head, one Leg and one Arm to " a Wild Horse's Tail; by which being kick'd, and S Swiftly draggd about, She was torn Limb from

Limb. . Let us instance in some others : Plectrudis got the Government into her hands; a Widow not of the King, but of Pipin, who ruled the Kingdom whilst Dagobert the Second bore the empty Title of King. This Plectrudis having been divorced by her Husband Pipin, because of her many Adulteries and flagitious Course of life; as soon as her Husband was dead, proved the Incendiary of many Seditions in France. She compellid that gallant Man Charles Martel, Mayor of the Palace, to quit his Employment, and in his place put one Theobald, a most vile and wicked Wretch; and at last She raised a moft grievous Civil War among the Franks, who in divers Battels discomfited each other with most terrible Slaughters. Thus, says dimoinus, [lib. 4. cap. 5o. & cap. fequen.] Allo the Author of a Book called, The State of the Kingdom of France under Dagobert the Second, has these Words : When the Franks were 110 " longer able to bear the Fury and Madness of Plec-. ” trude, and saw no hopes of Redress from King “ Dagobert, they elected one Daniel. for their King, (2020 formerly bad been a Monk) and called him “ Chilperick. Which Story we have once before told you.

But let us proceed. The Queen-Mother of Charles the Bald, ( whose Name was Judith) and Wife of Lewis the Picus, who had not only been King of Francogallia, but Emperor of Laly


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