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The desert, forest, cavern, breaker's foam,
Of his land's tongue, which he would oft forsake
Like the Chaldean,' he could watch the stars,
To which it mounts, as if to break the link
But in Man's dwellings he became a thing
Self-exiled Harold wanders forth again,
, -as on the plundered wreck When mariners would madly meet their doom
With draughts intemperate on the sinking deck,Did yet inspire a cheer, which he forebore to check.
? The Chaldean.] The primitive astrologers to whom we are indebted for the sun-dial. Chaldæans or Chasdim in Babylonia.
2 He had been happy.] Beatus fuisset.
3 Wearisome.] A passive use of the word, suffering weariness. Just as in Puritan days a painful sermon was a sermon on which pains had been expended,
Stop !—for thy tread 1 is on an Empire's dust!
but the moral's truth tells simpler so,
And is this all the world has gained by thee, Thou first and last of fields ! king-making Victory?'
And Harold stands upon this place of skulls,
Pierced by the shaft of banded nations through ;
Fit retribution ! Gaul may champ the bit
Pay the Wolfe homage ? proffering lowly gaze
i Thy tread.) Byron is traversing the field of Waterloo.
2 Column.] "A column now exists, but was erected subsequent to Byron's visit.
3° King-making Victory.) The issue of the battle of Waterloo was the restoration of Louis XVIII. to the throne of France.
4 Pride of place.]. An expression derived from falconry—the highest flight which the hawk attains.
5 One.] What the feeling of Byron was to Napoleon we can scarcely surmise. Under the frequent allusion we can discern great fascination. See Mazeppa,' i., 'Age of Bronze,' • D. J.' canto xvi.
6 Wolf.] It is not inconsistent with Byron's sympathy with the revolutionary Carbonari of Italy-the secret society whose
If not, o'er one fallen despot boast no more!
Glory, is when the myrtle wreathes a sword 1
There was a sound of revelry by night,
And all went merry as a marriage bell ;
Did ye not hear it ?-No; 'twas but the wind,
But hark !-that heavy sound breaks in once more, object was to destroy all kingly governments—to imagine that the word wolf may even mean Guelph. He dwells on this subject of monarchs again (and the Holy Alliance formed in 1815 between Russia, Austria, and Prussia) in Canto iv. st. xcv. See • D. J.'ii. 147, viii. 26.
Myrtle wreathes a sword.] Myrtle, as an emblem of love and peace, wreaths a sword when it gains the freedom of men, as when Harmodius and Aristogeiton, in 514 B.C., slew Hipparchus, and released Athens from the Peisistratids. See · D. J.' xvi. 109.
2 This description of the Duchess of Richmond's ball at Brussels might well be learnt by heart. 3 Youth and Pleasure.] Conf. Gray, The Bard:'
In gallant trim the gilded vessel goes,
As if the clouds its echo would repeat ; - And nearer, clearer, deadlier than before ! Arm! Arm ! it is—it is—the cannon's opening roar!
Within a windowed niche of that high hall
And roused the vengeance blood alone could quell ;
Ah! then and there was hurrying to and fro,
If ever more should meet those mutual eyes,
And there was mounting in hot haste : the steed,
While thronged the citizens with terror dumb,
1 Brunswick's fated chieftain.] William Frederick, who was killed at Quatre Bras.
? His father.] Charles William Ferdinand, Duke of Brunswick, who promulgated in 1792 his manifesto of Coblent which led so disastrously to the murder of Louis XVI. He was killed at the
And wild and high the Cameron's gathering '1 rose !
The stirring memory of a thousand years,
And Ardennes waves above them her green leaves,
Of living valour, rolling on the foe
Last noon beheld them full of lusty life,
Last eve in Beauty's circle proudly gay, battle of Auerstadt, the victory of Davoust over the Prussians, the same day as the battle of Jena, October 14, 1806.
1 Cameron's gathering.] A well-known piece of music, commonly called Lochiel's March.'
2 Lochiel.] The chief of the clan Cameron.
3 Albyn.] The Highlands, probably containing the Gaelic root Alp, a mountain.
4 Evan.) Sir Ewen Cameron, called Evandhu (Black Evan) of Lochiel, first to join the insurrection of 1652 in favour of King Charles II., and the last who held out against Cromwell. He fought at Killiecrankie, though then an old man, and died in 1719.
5 Donald.] Donald Cameron of Lochiel, grandson of the last, joined Charles Edward in 1745 with a considerable body of men, and fought at their head many times. After Culloden he retired to France, and died in 1748, after commanding the Regiment of Albany.
His great-grandson, Donald (of Lochiel), entered the Grenadier Guards in 1814, and fought at Waterloo.
6 Ardennes.] (In Celtic forest, the ‘Sylva Arduenna' of Cæsar.) Extends from the Aisne to the Roer,