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file, killed; 1 major, 1 captain, wounded; 3. opened their fire upon it on the 24th June; tank and file missing. 1st battalion 95th foot,' and, adverting to the nature and position of 1 lieutenant, 11 rank and file, killed; 2 cap- the place, to the deficiency and detects of its tains, 5 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 1 serjeant, 54 works, to the advantages which the enemy rank and file, wounded; 1 lieutenant, 1 ser. had in their attack upon it, and to the numjeant, 52 rank and file missing. 1st battalion bers and formidable equipment by which it Fortuguese casaciores, 2 rank and file, killed; was attacked, I consider the defence of Ciudad 7 rank and file, wounded; 7 rank and file, Rodrigo to have been must honourable to the missing; 3d ditto, 2 rank and file, killed; 1 governor, Don Andres Hervasti, and its garri. serieant, 23 rank and file, wounded; 2 rank son; and to have been equally creditable to and file, missing

the arms of Spain with the celebrated defence Tutul.] lieutenant-colonel, 1 captain, 2 of other places by which tbis nation has been lieutenants, 3 serjeants, 29 rank and file, 3 illustrated during the existing contest for its loorses, killed; 1 staff, 1 major, 7 captains, independence. There was an affair between 12 lieutenants, 1 ensign, 10 serjeants, 16+ our piquets and those of the enemy this mornsank and file, 12 horses, wounded; 1 lieute. ing, in which the enemy lost two officers and pant, 1 serjeant, 1 drummer, 80 rank and thirty-one men, and twenty.nine horses prix fle, missing. One officer of the Portuguese

We have had the misfortune to lose casadores wounded, rank and name not ascer- lieutenant-colonel Talbot, and eight men of tained.

the 14th light dragoons killed, and twenty. C. STEWART, Brig.-Gen. and Adj.-Gen. eight men wounded. Dispatcb from Lieut.-Gen. Lord Vis. Wellington

to obe Earl of Liverpool; dated Alverca, 1176 An account of the reduction of the Na." of July, 1810.

tional Debt, from the 1st August 1786, to The enemy passed the Agara in force on the 1st August, 1810: the morning of the 4th inst. and obliged Brig. Redeemed by the Sinking Fund £163,527,088 Gen. Craufurd to fall back with his advanced Transferred by Land Tax reguard to the neighbourhood of the fort of La deemed

23,576,480 Conception, which had been occupied by a Ditto by Life Annuities purpart of the third division of infantry. In chased

1,200,306 making this movement, captain Krauckenburg and cornet Cordeman, at the head of a small On Account of Great Britain £188,303,954 body of the 1st hussars, had an opportunity of Ditto of Ireland

7,132,030 distinguishing themselves by making a gallant Ditto of Imperial Loan

1,070,173 charge upon a superior body of the enemy. Dicto of Loan to Portugal

43,618 Upon mentioning the 1st hussars, it is but justice to inform your lordship, that they Total

£196,549,75 have been with the advanced guard through- The sum to be expended in the ensuing out the winter, and have performed their duty quarter is 2,728,0261. 195. 31d. in the most satisfactory manner. The 3d Account of the expences incurred, since baccalion of Portuguese chasseurs, under the commencement of the present war, in lieutenant-colonel Elder, had also an opportu. building, repairing, and making fortifications, nity of shewing their steadiness during this Martelo towers, and the purchase of lands movement of the advanced guard, and the connected therewith, throughout the United skamishing of the enemy which attended it. Kingdom, to the 5th January, 1809 :. The 1st hussars had five men and three horses North Britain

£16,834 18 101 wounded, and the 16th light dragoons three Northern District

3,753 0 7 horses killed.

Yorkshire District

9,406 10 6 Alverca, July 11. Eastern District

141,496 15 7 Since I wrote to your lordship, this day I Thames Division

5,234 1 0 have received a report that Ciudad Rodrigo Medway Division

716,965 13 surrendered to the enemy yesterday evening. Southern District

868,640 3 8 There was a large practicable breach in the Portsmouth Division 150,998 1 101 place, and the enemy had made preparations Plymouth Division

42,756 12 103 for a storm; when marshal Ney having offer.. Severn District

3,865 4 8 ed terms of capitulation, the garrison surren- Ireland

154,419 19 111 dered. The enemy took up their ground be. Guernsey

47,037 7 fore this place on the poth of Aprit; they Jersey

78,874 58 invested it completely on the 11th June, and Ordnance, June 14, 1810.



INCIDENTS, MARRIAGES, AND DEATHS, IN AND NEAR LONDON : With Biographical Memoirs of distinguished Churucters recently deceased.

THE premises of Mr. Gillet, printer, in Sa- of Benjamin Kennett, esq. of Northfeets

lisbury court, Fleet street, were early on Kent. Sunday morning, the 29th of July, destroyed At Folkstone, James Colquhoun, esq. to by fire, together with the dwelling-house of Catharine Deacon, daughter of James Deacon, Mi. Swan, pristeradjoining. Some houses esq. of James-street, Westminster. at the back of these buildings in Crown-court At S: George's, Hanover-square, Evelyn and Haiging sword-alley, were also much John Shirley, esg of Eatingtun, 10 Miss Stan. da.nazed. as was the late house of che Vac. hope, only diughter of Arthur S. esq cine Instiru ion. It is remarkable, that the 'The Riv. Jonn Cholmeley, second son of premises of Mr. Gillet, on the same spot, the late M. Cholmeley, Easton, Lincoln. were destroyed abou: four years ago; and the shire, and brother to Sir Montague Cholme. present tire is supposed to have been occasiona ley, bart. to Selina Eliza, third daughter of ed by some incendiary throwing combus:ibles R. Pulien, esq. of Great Winchester-strect. into the ware-room, the window of which At St. George's, Hanover squire, James had been left open to dry the sheets, as the Staveley, esq. of Gray's Inn, to ann Ewbank, flames were first observed to js:ue from daughter of the late John Abraham, esq. of thence, though neither fire nor canjle had Tottenham. been for some weeks introduced into it, and it At Woolwich, Captain J. E. Jones, of the had that very evening been inspected by Mr. royal artillery, to Luisa, daughter of the late Gillet himself.

William Smith, esq treasurer of his Is jesty's MARRIED.

Ordnance. At the seat of Sir Robert Preston, bart. at Ac St. Martin's-in-the-Fields, Miss Ann Woodford, Lieut. -general Sir David Baird, Collins, of Belcon-street, Lorg Acre, to Mr. bart. K. B. to Miss Preston Campbeil, of N. Kinton, of Lamb's Conduit.street. Fernton and Lochlane, in the county of At St. Pancras Church, Andrew Treror, Perta.

esq. surgeon of the 3cu foot, tu Harriet, At Woodford, Michael Henry Percival, to youngest daughter of Charles Benny, esq. Miss Flower, eldest daughter of Sir Charles of Howland urteet. F. bart.

Ac Ss. George's, Hanover square, Richard At Mary le-bone Church, the Rev. Ri. Curran, esq. eldest son of the Right Hoooure chard Hartley, of Newcastle upon. Tyne, to 'able fonn P. Curran, master of the rolls in Jane, daughter of N. Bishop, esq. of Glou. Ir land, to Miss Wysel, of York place. cester-place, New-road.

At St. Mary le-bone Church, Mr. Robert At Chelsea Church, Mr. J. T. Nottige, of Newman, to Miss Laws, both of Oxford. Barking, to Miss Louisa Robinson, of Cheyne. Sireet. tow, Chelsea.

At St. Mary's, Newington, J. Hanbury, At St. Ann's, Thomas Canham, esq. of jun. of Bartlett's-buildings, Holborn, to Miss the Middle Temple, to Miss Swainson, of Sarah Fuller Langton, eldest daughter of Frith-street.

Richard Langtua, esq. banker, of LumbardAt Hadley, Mr. James Boyd, jun. of Wels beck-street, Cavendish-square, to Miss Ogil

DIED. vy, daughter of David Ogilvy, esq. of Cock At Hillingdon, at the house of her uncle,, Middlesex.

Lacey Primatt, esq. Miss Maud. At Mary-ic-bone Church, the Rev. Ed. At Highgate-grove, Miss Ann Minshaw, 13. ward Whitby, to Mary, daughter of the late At Pentunville, Isabella Anna, wife of Mr. Benjamin Way, esq. of Denham-place, George Moxon, and only daughter of W. Bucks.

Mann, esq. láte of syleham Sultolk, 20. At St. George's, Hanover-square, Lieut.- In the Straad, Mrs. Goodwin, wite of Mr. colonel Pierce, of the Madras establishoient, G. bookseller. to Miss Lester.

At Stamnes, Mrs. Elizabeth Perkins, relict At Finchley, Mr. C. B. Jones, of St. John's. of John Davis P. esq. 69. street, to Miss M. A. Verrals, of East End, in Great Prescotassreet, Goodman's fields, Finchley.

Edmund Horrex, esq. At St. Clement Danes, John Deacon, esq. Ac Upper Ground, Christchurch, Blacka of Bishopsgate street, to Miss Inwood, or the friars, Mr. G. Farquharson, formerly a jewele Sirand.

ler and silversmith, in che Strand, 74. Robert Panthen, jun. esq. of the Inner At Putney, Mrs. Pertiward, relict of the Temple, 10 Miss Rosina Burrell.

late Rev. Dr. P. 86. Ai Hornsey, Peter Tetrode, esq. of Har. At Islington, Daniel Sebbon, esq. 82. Engen, North Holland, to Mrs. Oyze, of At Harniswurth, Lieut.. Col. Hall, late of Muswell-hill.

the 75th regiment, and quarter maser-gene. Ac Nostflect, Benjamin Sharpe, esq. of ra of his Majesiy's troups in India, 57. Fleet street, banker, to Ann, eldest daughter In Bedford row, Wm. Blake, esq. banker. MONTHLY MAG, No. 203.




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At his house in Bear-street, Leicester- Richard Chambers, c.q. of Portman place, square, where the family had resided for near 76. a century, Mr. Jacob Furnell, currier, 53. As

At Vauxhall Walk, Mrs. Page, wife of a tradesman, none surpassed him in integrity. Mr. F. P. of the Transport Office. With a frame of body extremely feeble, and At Paradise-row, Lambeth, John Parry, esq. subject to frequent attacks of the palsy, he

formerly barrister-at-law. possessed strong powers of mind; his literary

Mr. Windham, (whose death is mentioned attainments were considerable; he had read

in our Number for July,) was descended from much, and his memory was retentive. Above an ancient and highly respectable family in all, he was a man of sincere and unaffected

the county of Norfolk, where they had resided pitty.

for several generations, and possessed a conAt his house in St. James's Palace, Williama siderable property. His father, William Wybrow, esq. aged 67, first master cook to the Windham, was one of the most admired king, after near fitty-three years honourable characters of his time; and, in 1756, soon and faithful duty to his royal master. He after the plan of a National Militia was was apprenticed to his majesty when he was

formed by Mr. Pitt (afterwards Earl of ChatPrince George, as was the custom of those ham), this gentleman, in conjunction with days; and, on his majesty succeeding to the the late Marquis. Townshend, was extremely throne, he appointed him one of his cooks, zealous and active in promoting and carand from his good and meritorious, conduct, rying into execution that scheme, which rose to be first cuok.

has since proved so salutary to his coun. At her house in South-street, Finsbury, try. On this subject he published one or Mrs. Rebecca Tomkins.

two very excellent pamphlets. He died Neil Steward, late of the Custom House, 87. in 1761, leaving his only son, then eleven Foseph Cade, esq. of Garlick-bill, aged 38.

years old, under the care of the executors At his house, in Eyre street, Hatton Gar. of his will, the Rev. Dr. Dampier, then den, in the 73d year of his age, Mr. Thomas Under Master of Eton-school, and Mr. Gara Cruckley. He was one of the very few survi- rick. Mr. Windham was born at Felbriggevors who served under the immortal Wolfe, hall, the in Norfolk, in March at the memorable battles and taking of Que- 1750. He received the carly part of his bec, Louisburgh, and the Havannah.

education at Eton, where he continued At his house in Manchester.street, Pierce from 1762 to the autumn of 1766, when Bryan, csq. 78.

he removed to the University of Glasgow, At his lodgings in Great Russell.street, where he resided for about a year in the Major Silvester Ramsay, late of the Honourable house of Dr. Anderson, Professor of Natur East India Company's service.

ral Philosophy, and diligently attended At Dulwich, aged 77, Mrs. Saraḥ Hucks, his Lectures, and those of Dr. Robert relict of William H. esq. a lady whose loss Simson, Professor of Mathematics, the will be severely felt by the poor, and whose well-known author of a Treatise on Conic memory will be long cherished with affec. Sections, and of other loarned works. tionate regret by her relatives and the select Here first probably he became fond of circle of friends who enjoyed the happiness of those studies, to which he was ever after. her society.

wards strongly addicted.* in September 1767, The Rev. Fichard Cecil, A.M. of an apo. he became a gentleman commoner of Uniplectic fit, late minister of St. John's Chapel, versity college in Oxford, Mr. (afterwards Bedford-row, and vicar of Cobham, in Surry. sir Robert) Chambers, being his tutor.

General Charles Verne, 92. He was lieute. During his' academic courset (from 1767 to nant of the Tower, and senior general of his 1771) he was highly distinguished for his Majesty's forces.

application to various studies, for his love At the Bush Inn, Sraines, Thomas Griffith, of enterprise, for that frank and graceful esq. Solicitor, Bath.

address, and that honourable deportment, At Hackney-grove, Helen, fifth daughter which gave a lustre to his character through of Mr. William Flower. At Vale-place, Hamincrsmith, Wm. Tims, Mr. W. has left behind him three

treatises on mathematical subjects, which At his house in Earl's court, Thomas Forsyth, he direc:ed, by his will, should be put into esg. of Upper Wimpole-street.

the hands of the Bishop of Rochester (Dr. Mrs. Wimboli, wife of the Rev. Thomas W. Horsley,) who was then living; adding, of Southgate Chapel.

that it he should think them of any value, At Chelsea, Benjamin, second son of Mr. they might be published. Wright, solicitor, Hyde-street, Bloomsbury, + In 1789, he was created M.A. and in 15.

1793, D. C. L. at the Installation of the In Charlotte-street, Portman-place, Lieut. Duke of Portiand; when so high was the Charles Brown, of the royal navy, 33. admiration of his characcer, that on his

In Tavistock-row, Covent Garden, Alrs. entering the theatre, the whole assembly Johnstone, wife of Mr. J. of the Drury-lane rose from their seats, and hailed him with Company.

loud applause.

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esq. 54.

every period of his life. In 1773, when Norwich, and afterwards for various bo. he was but twenty-three years old, his roughs; and he so early distinguished love of adventure, and his thirst of know- himself in'the House of Commons, that he ledge, induced him to accompany his was selected by Mr. Burke in June 178+, to friend Constantine Lord Mulgrave, in second his motion for a representation to his voyage towards the North Pole; but his Majesty on the state of the nation. In he was so harassed with sea-sickness, that the preceding year, he had been appointed he was under the necessity of being landed principal Secretary to the Earl of Northin Norway, and of wholly abandoning his ington, then constituted Lord Lieutenant of purpose. In 1778, he became a Major in Ireland; and in that capacity he visited the Norfolk Militia, then quartered at Dublin in the spring of 1783, and intended Bury in Suffolk, where, by his intrepidity to have accompanied his Excellency, when and personal exertion, he quelled a dan. he afterwards opened the session of Par, gerous mutiny, which had broken out; liament there in October;* but being prepotwithstanding he was highly beloved by 'vented by illness, he relinquished his office; the regiment. On one of the mutineers and his friend the Hon." Thomas Pelham laying hold of a part of his dress, he felled (now Earl of Chichester,) was appointed him to the ground, and put him into con- Secretary in his room. From the time of finement; and, on his comrades after his coming into Parliament to the year wards surrounding him, and insisting on 1793, he usually voted with the Opposithe release of the delinquent, he drew tion of that day; but he never was what his sword, and kept them at bay, till is called a thorough party-man, frequently 2 party of his

cwn coinpany joined deviating from those to whom he was in ane rescued him. Soon afterwards, in con- general attached, when, in matters of imsequence of his being obliged to remain for portance, his conscience directed him to several hours in wet clothes, he was seized take a different course from them; o with a dangerous bilious fever, which nearly which account, his virtues and talenss were deprived him of his life. In the autumn of never rightly appreciated by persons of that year, partly with a view of restoring his that description, who frequently on this health, he wens abroad, and spent the two ground vainly attempted to undervalue following years in Switzerland and Italy. him. After the rupture between Mr. Fox Previously to his leaving England, he was and Mr. Burke, in consequence of the chosen a member of the Literary Club, French Revolution, Mr. Windham attached founded by Sir Joshua Reynolds and Dr. himself wholly to the latter, with whom Johnson, (who had the greatest esteem for he had for many years lived in the closest Mr. Windham ;) and, notwithstanding his intimacy; and of whose genius and virtues engagements in consequence of his Par- he had always the highest admiration. liamentary business, and the important Being, with him, thoroughly convinced of offices which he filled, he was a very fre. the danger then impending over his country quent attendant at the meetings of that from the measures adopted by certain classes respectable society, (for which he always of Englishmen, in consequence of that treexpressed the highest value,) from 1781 mendous convulsion, he did not hesitate to to near the time of his death. So early unite with the Duke of Portland, Lord as the year 1769, when he was at Oxe Spencer, and others, in accepting offices ford, and had not yet altained his twen- under the administration in which Mr. Pilt tieth year, the late Marquis Townsliend, then presided. On this arrangement Mr. then Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, whom Windham was appointed Secretary at War, he twice visited during his residence in with a seat in the Cabinet, an honourable that country, offered him the oilice of his distinction which had never before been an. principal Secretary; but he declined it in á letter which is still extant, and which

* When about to visit that county in his very forcibly displays that excellent sense, official capacity, he called on Dr. Johnson; and those honourable sentiments, which and in the course of conversation, lamented afterwards uniformly regulated his conduct., that he should be under the necessity of sanc1u 1782 he came into Parliament, where tioning practices of which he could not he sat for twenty-eight years, at first for approve. " Don't be afraid, sir," said the

Doctor, with a pleasant smile, “ you wiil Of his dauntiess courage many instances soon make a very pretty rascal."--Dr. John. might be given. In May 1785, he ascended son in a letter to Dr. Brocklesby, written from Moulsey Hurst in a balloon, with Mr. at Ashbourne, in 1781, says: “Mr Wind. Sadler; and in 1793, having visited the ham has been here to see me he came, I army engaged in the siege of Valenciennes, think, forty miles out of liis way, and staid he surveyed all, the works with the most about a day and a balf; perhaps I make che minute attention, in company with Captain time shorter than it was. Such conversation (now Colonel) Thornton, and approached so I shall not have again till I come back to the near the enemy, that he was often within regions of literature, and there Windham is the reach of their cannon.

inter stellas luna minores." Evit.

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nexed to that office. This station he conti- and detect latent prischief, concealed under nued to fill with the highest reputution from the plausible appearance of public advantage. that time (1794) till 1801, when he, Lord Hence all the clamourers for undefined and Spencer, Lord Grenville, and Mr. Pitt, imaginary liberty, and all those who mediresigned their offices ; and shortly afterwards tate the subversion of the constitution under Mr. Addington (now Lord Viscount Sid. the pretext of reform, shrunk from his mouth) was appointed Chancellor of the

grasp; and persons of this description were Exchequer and First Lord of the Ticasury. his only enemies. Bui his dauntiess. intreOn the preliminaries of peace with France pidity, and his noble disdain of vulgar popu. being aceeded to by that statesman and his larity, held up a shield against their malice; coadjutors, in 1801, Mr. Windham made and no fear of consequences ever drove him his celebrated speech in Parliament, which from that manly and hon.uranle course, was afterwards ( Afrii 1802) published, with which the rectitude and purity of his mind an Appendix, containing a character of the induced him to pursue. As an orator, he was present usurper of the French throne, which simple, elegant,

prompt, and graceful. will transmit to posterity the principal fiagi- His genius was so fertile, and his reading so tious passages of his life up to that period, extensive, that there were few subjects on in the most lively colours. On Mr. Auding which he could not instruct, amuse, and ton being driven from the helm, in 1805, pursuide. He was frequently (as has justly principally by the battery of Mr. Windham's

been observed) " at once entertai ing and eloquence, a new administration was again abstruse, drawing illustrations promiscuously formed lsy Mr. Pitt, which was dissolved by from familiar life, and the recondite parts of his death, in 1806; and shortly afterwards, sci-nce; nor was it unusual to hear him on Lord "Grenville's accepting the office of through tliree adjoining sentences, in the First Lord of the Treasury, Mr. Windham first witry, in the second metaphysical, and was appointed Secretary of State for the in the last scholastic.” But his eloquence War Department, which he held till his derived its principal power from the qualiness Majxty, in the following year, thought fit to of his apprehension, and the philosophical constitute a new administration. During profundicy of his mind. Of this his speech this period he carried into a law his Bill on Mr. Curwen’s Bill (May, 1809) is an for the limited service of those who enlist eminent ir.stance; for it unquestionably coll. in our regular army; a measure which will tains more moral and political wisdom than ever endear his name to the English soldiery. is founr in any similar performance which The genius and talents of this illustrious has appeared since the death of Mr. Burke, statesman are well known and universally and may be placed on the same platform with acknowledged. He was unquestionably the the most admired productions of that distinmost distinguished man of the present time, guished orator. In private life no man perand not in erlor, in many respects, to the haps of any age had a greater number of most admired characters of the age that is zealous friends and admirers. In adition to just gone by. . He had been in his earlier

his extraordinary and accomplishyears' a very diligent student, and was an

ments, the grace and happiness of his address excellent Greek and Latin scholar. in his

and manner gave an irresiscible charm to his latier years, like Burke and Johnson, he was conversation; and few, it is believed, of an excursive reader, but gathered a great either sex (to: his address to ladies was inimin variety of knowledge from different books, tably elegant and graceful) ever pa! took of and from occasionally mixing, like them, his society without pleasure and admiration, with very various classes and descriptions of or quitted it without regret His brilliant

His memory was most tenacious. In imagination, his various knowledge, his his Parliamentary speeches his principal acuiene:s, his goud taste, his wit, his dignity object always was to convince the understand: of sentiment, and his gentleness of mans or ing by irrefragible argument, which he at (fur he never was loud or intempérate) made the same time enliyened by a profusion of him universaliy admired and respected. To imagery, drawn sometimes irom the mosç crown all these virtues and accomplishments, ábstruse parts of science, but oftener from it may be added, that he fulfilled all the the most familiar objects of common life, duties of life, the lesser as well as the great, But whaç gavę a peculiar lustré to whatever est, with the most scrupulous attention; and he urged, was his known and uniformi inte- was always particularly ardent in vindicating grity, and a firm conviction in the breasts the cause of oppressi d meriț. But his best of his hearers, that he always uttered the eulogy is the general sentiment of surrou genuine and disii.terested sentiments of his which agitated every boscm on the sudden heart. His language, both in writing and and unexpected stroke which terminated in speaking, was always simple, and he was his death. During the nineteen days of his extremely fond of idiomatic phrases, which sickness, bis hall was daily visited by several he tliought' greatly contributed to preserve hundred successive enquirers concerning the the purity of our languazë. He surveyed state of his hcaith ; and that part of raila every subject of importance with a philoso- mall in which his house was situated, was phic eye, and was tlıçaçe enabled to discover thronged with carriages filled with laợies,

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