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of this name is frequently noticed. It was taken after a long siege by the Emperor Hadrian, and its inhabitants slain. Reland places it between Cæsarea and Decapolis or Lydda.

BETHESDA, A pool in Jerusalem, near the sheep-market. John v. 2. This was perhaps a spring which only flowed at certain seasons, and whose waters were of a medicinal nature.

BETH-GADER. A place mentioned in connexion with Bethlehem, and most probably not far from it. 1 Chron. ii. 51. See Gadara.

BETH-GAMUL. A city of the Moabites. Jer. xlviii. 23.

BETH-HANAN. Mentioned 1 Kings iv. 9. See Elon-beth-hanan.

BETH-HORON. Two Bethhorons are mentioned, the Upper and Lower. 1 Chron. viii. 24. Josh. x. 10, 11. xvi. 3. 5. & xviii. 13, 14. 1 Sam. xiii. 18. It is supposed they were both in the tribe of Ephraim, and near each other, about twelve miles and a half from Jerusalem. Near Beth-horon the Upper was a narrow defile, where the Jews slew many of the Romans on the retreat of Cestius, as Josephus informs us.


BETH-JESIMOTH. This was a station of the Israelites not far from the Dead Sea, near to the Jordan. Josh. xii. 3. & xiii. 20. Numb. xxxiii. 49. It fell to the tribe of Reuben. It was after re-taken by the Moabites, and is reckoned as a city of Moab. Ezek. xxv. 9.

BETH-LEBAOTH. A city of the tribe of Simeon. Josh. xix. 6. & xv. 32.

BETH-LEHEM. A town belonging to the tribe of Zebulon is thus named. Josh. xix. 15. Judges xii. 10. But Bethlehem of Judah, the city of David, is most frequently mentioned. Judges xix. 1. 1 Sam. xvi. 4. Mic. v. 2. Matt. ii. 1. This town was formerly called Eprath or Ephrata, Gen. xxxv. 19. & xlviii. 7. Ruth iv. 11. Ps. cxxxii. 6. It was a city in the time of Boaz, but Rehoboam strongly fortified it. 2 Chron. xi. 6. To this city Joseph and Mary, who were of the house and family of David, went up to be enrolled; and here was born our Lord and Saviour. It is about six miles south-west of Jerusalem; and the monks now show the place of the nativity. At some distance are some famous springs of water, which are conveyed to Jerusalem. On the west is still shown the well of Bethlehem, whose waters David desired. 2 Sam. xx. 15. It is now only a small village.

BETH-MAACAH. See Abel-beth Maacah...

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BETH-MEON. See Baal-meon.

BETH-MARCABOTH. A city of Simeon. Josh. xix. 5. Compare Solomon's cities for chariots. 1 Kings iv. 26. 2 Chron. i. 14. & ix. 25.

BETH-NIMRAH. A city of the tribe of Gad. Numb. xxxii. 3, 36. Josh. xiii. 27. L

BETH-PHAGE. A place without the walls of Jerusalem, and between that city and Bethany. Matt. xxi. 1. Luke xix. 29. It is probable that here were a number of gardens, abounding in fig-trees, and other fruits, with which the city was in part supplied.

BETH-PEOR. See Baal-peor.

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BETH-SAIDA. A city of Galilee, on the sea or lake of Genesareth. Josh. xii. 21. Mark vi. 45. & viii. 22 Three of the apostles, Peter, Andrew, and Philip, were of this city. John i. 44. The town lay at the influx of the Jordan into the Lake, and as its name signifies, it was the town of fishers. The woe of Christ has long ago come upon it, only five or six poor cottages now remaining.

BETH-SHAN. A city on the west of the Jordan, belonging to the half-tribe of Manasseh; it was not far from the Jordan, and the south coast of the sea of Galilee. Josh. xvii. 1. Judges i. 27. 1 Sam. xxxi. 10. The body of King Saul was fixed to the wall of this city. From an irruption of the Scythians into Syria, and Galilee, and their possess-· ing this city, it was called by the Greeks, Scythopolis, or city of the Scythians. Josh. xvii. 11. 16. 1 Kings iv. 12.

BETH-SHEMESH. A city in the north border of the tribe of Judah, and westward of Kerjath-jearim. It was given to the Levites. Josh. xv. 10. & xxi. 16. 1 Sam. vi. 12. 1 Chron. vi. 59. Here the ark returned from the land of the Philistines. There were four other cities of this name; one in Naphtali. Josh. xix. 38. Judges i. 33. One in Issachar. Josh. xix. 22. One in Dan. 1 Kings iv. 9. and one in Egypt. Jer. xliii. 13. This is called by the Greeks Heliopolis, City of the Sun, the meaning of the Hebrew name, and this shows how the worship of the sun prevailed.

BETH-ZUR. A town in Judah, Josh. xv. 58. 1 Chron. ii. 45. 2 Chron. xi. 7. According to Josephus, this city was on the border of Judah, and adjoining Idumea. It was strongly fortified, and endured a siege against Antiochus Eupater. Here also Judah Maccabæus fought with Lysias. 1 Mac. iv. 29, 61. & xiv. 33. 2 Mac. xiii. 19.


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BETH-TAPPUAH. A town of Judah, Josh. xv. 53.

BETHUEL. A city belonging to Simeon. Josh. xix. 4. 1 Chron. iv. 30. It is probably the same place as is called Bethulia, in the book of Judith, vi. 10. & vii. 3.


BETONIM. A city of the tribe of Gad. Josh. xiii. 26. The Gadites extended from Heshbon to Ramoth-mispeh, and Betonim, so that it was on the border of this tribe, and near the half-tribe of Manasseh.

BEZEK. A city where reigned Adonizebek. Judges i. 47. And the district around seems to be called by the same name, 1 Sam. xi. 3. Eusebius places it between Beth-shan and Shechem, or Samaria.

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BEZER. A city of refuge in the half-tribe of Manasseh, beyond the Jordan. Josh. xxi. 27. 1 Chron. vi. 56.) BOZRAH. A city of Edom or Idumea. Gen. xxxvi. 33. Isa. xxxiv. 6. & lxiii. 1. Jer. xlix. 13, 22. It appears to have been the chief city, and called by the Greeks Bostra. It is thought to be a contraction from Beth-astaroth, the temple of Astarte, who was worshipped here. In the land of Moab was a city of the same name. Jer. xlvi. 24. BOZEZ. A remarkable rock opposite to anotlier called Seneh, noticed 1 Sam. xiv. 4. Here Jonathan displayed his valour against the Philistines.

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CABBON. A town of Judah. Josh. xv. 40. This is thought to be the same place mentioned. 1 Chron. ii. 49. and called Machbenah. ong he be


CABUL. A city in Asher. Josh. xix. 27. Also a district in Galilee given to Hiram, king of Tyre, by Solomon, 1 Kings ix, 13...


CABAH. A city of Assyria, thought to have been about the head of the Lycus or Zab, where was a country, called Calachene. Gen. x. 11.

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CALNEH, A city in the plain of Shinar, built by Nimrod. Gen. x. 10. Isa. x. 9. Ezek. xxvii. 22. Amos vi. 2. It is thought to be the same city which was afterwards called Ctesiphon, a noble city on the Tigris, in a district called Chalonites. The Targums, Jerome, and Eusebius are of this opinion.

CALVARY. A mount adjacent to the city Jerusalem; and so near its walls, that the priests standing on them could see what passed there.,,It was a part of mount Moriah, and is thought to be so called from its resembling the scull of the head, as the Hebrew Golgotha, and this Latin name, signifies. Criminals were executed here; and here our Lord was crucified for us.

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CAMON. A city of Gilead, where Jair died. Judges x. 5..

CANA. A town of Galilee, where Jesus wrought his first recorded miracle. Nathaniel, who is supposed to be the same as Bartholomew, was a native of this place. John xxi. 2. This Cana was in Zebulon and not very far from Nazareth, north west. John iv. 48. & ii. 1-11. There was a Cana in Asher. Josh. xix. 28. See Kanah. 1—11,


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CANAAN. The land of Canaan seems to be taken in a larger and a more confined sense. In its largest sense it extended south to the desert of Sin or Kadesh, and north to mount Lebanon; on the east to the Euphrates, and west to the Mediterranean Sea, Gen, xv. 18. Deut. xi, 24. Josh. i. 3, 4. xxi. 43, 45. & xxiii. 14. By the victories of David this whole land became subject to the posterity of Abraham; and they had a right to it from the divine promise. In a more restrained sense, Canaan extends from the desert south to Lebanon north, about one hundred and sixty miles; and in breadth from the Jordan east, to the Mediterranean west, about fifty miles.

CAPERNAUM. This place is often mentioned in the Gospels, but never in the Old Testament. It was situate on the sea of Galilee, and most probably built by the Jews after their return from Babylon. It lay on the confines of Zebulon and Naphtali; and consequently towards the upper part of the sea coast. Mat. iv. 15, 16. & xi. 23. Here our Lord frequently preached and wrought miracles.

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CAPHTORIM, are mentioned next to the Casluhim, and were probably neighbours, both lying on the east of Egypt. The Philistines are called by this name, Deut. if. 23. Jer. xlvii. 4. Amos ix. 7. The district they inhabited is called the country of Caphtor. Egypt is derived from this name Egophtus, softened into Egypt, hence the christians are still called Cophts..


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CAPPADOCIA. A kingdom of Asia, bounded on the east by Armenia, on the west by Paphlagonia and Galatia, on the north by the Euxine Sea, and on the south by Mount Taurus, towards Cilicia. This country is famed for its fine breed of mules and horses; and its inhabitants for their servile spirit, not accepting freedom, when offered to them by the Romans. Here were settled many Jews, and here were many, who embraced the gospel. Acts. ii. 9. 1 Pet. i. 1.



CARCHEMISH. This city or town was on the Euphrates, and thought to be the place called by the Latins Circesium. 2 Chron. xxxv. 20. Isa, x. 9. Jer. xlvi. 2.

CARMEL, On the western side of the Holy Land, the only remarkable mountain is Carmel, Iying on the sea coast, and was the south boundary of the tribe of Asher. Josh. xix. 26. This mountain extending some way into the sea, a considerable bay is formed north of it, into which the river Kishon empties itself. This mountain abounded in fine trees and shrubs, and pastures. It is celebrated as the scene of Elijah's miracle, 1 Kings xviii. 19-46 2 Kings ii. 25. & iv. 25. Here is a convent of Carmelites; and at the foot of the mountain a village named· Caiaphas, formerly a town. A town of this name is mentioned belonging to Judah. Josh. xv. 55. 1 Sam. xxv. 5.


CASLUHIM. Joined with the Caphtorim, and dwelling near them, east of Egypt. Gen. x. 14. See Caphtor. CASIPHIA. A town where some of the priests were captives. Ezra. viii. 17. It is with great probability supposed to be near the Caspian sea,

CEDRON. See Kidron,


CENCHREA. This was the eastern port of the city of Corinth, distant from it about nine miles. Here Paul took ship and sailed thence into Syria. Acts xviii. 18. Here also was formed a christian church. Rom. xvi. 1.

CESAR, or CÆSAR. Was the sirname of Julius, the first Roman emperor, and from this name are derived the names of many cities in Syria, as well as in other parts. Hence,

CÆSAREA, in Palestine. This was formerly called the Tower of Strato. Herod the Great observing that there was no good sea-port, capable of containing and protecting any large number of vessels, on the sea-coast, and conceiving the situation of Strato's Tower to be the best for his purpose, resolved to build here a new city. He drew his plan, set men at work, and in twelve years finished it. The buildings were all of marble, and the streets regularly formed. On a mount in the middle stood a beautiful temple, dedicated to Cæsar, containing two statues, one of Rome, and another of the emperor. Here were also a theatre and amphitheatre, where plays and shows were exhibited. The port was the greatest curiosity. A mole was made in the form of a half moon, and carried so far into the sea, that a royal navy might ride safely in it. One half of the mole had two towers on it, and a rampart. There was a quay around the port, with a walk upon it, and where goods could be landed. This city became the metropolis of Judea, and here the Roman pro-consul resided. Peter was sent here to instruct Cornelius and his kinsmen. Acts x, xi. Here lived Philip the Evangelist. Acts xxi. 8. Here Paul defended himself before Felix and Festus. Acts xxiv-xxvi. In the amphitheatre of this city Herod Antipas was smitten by an angel. Acts xii. 20-23. This city was inhabited by many Gentiles as well as Jews.


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CÆSAREA-PHILIPPI. This city was anciently called Leshem, Josh. xix. 47. and on the Danites having conquered it, they called it Dan. Judges xviii. 29. Being rebuilt by Philip the tetrarch of Iturea and Trachonitis, he called it Cæsarea in honour of the emperor; and his own name was added to distinguish it from the other Cæsarea. It was situate at the springs of the Jordan, not far from mount Lebanon. Mat. xvi. 13. Mark viii. 27.

CHALDEA. In the later ages, Chaldea denoted the country lying between Mesopotamia north, Susiana east, the Persian Gulf south, and Arabia-deserta west. Its capital was Babylon, and the country around it was called Babylonia; and Babylonia and Chaldea were used as synonymous. In the Holy Scriptures, Chaldea seems to comprise the whole of Mesopotamia or the country between the rivers Tigris and Euphrates, Acts vii. 1, 2. where Haran is said to be in Chaldea.

'.. CHEBAR. A river of Chaldea, near to which Ezekiel received his divine visions. Ezek. i. 3. iii. 15, 23. & x. 15, 22. Some suppose this river has its rise near the head of the Tigris, and running south west falls into the Euphrates near Charchemish. The Greeks call it Chaboras.

CHERITH. A brook near to the Jordan, where Elijah was fed by ravens. 1 Kings xvii. 3-7. It is probable it issued from the same rock, and ran but a short distance; hence its waters did not fail.

CHEPHIRAH. A city in Benjamin. Josh. xviii. 26. It was not far from Beeroth and Gibeon.

CHERETHITES. A name given to the guards of David; and also of a people, who adjoined the Philistines or, were a part of them. 1 Sam. xxx. 14. Ezek. xxv. 16. Zeph. ii. 5.


CHESALON. The same as mount Jearim. Josh. xv. 10. in the south border of Judah, and adjoining mount


CHESULLOTH. A city in Issachar. Josh. xix. 18. As it is mentioned next after Jezreel, it was probably at no great distance from it.

CHILMAD. Mentioned among the towns, whose merchants visited and traded with Tyre. Ezek. xxvii. 23. and was most probably a town of Media.

CHIMHAM. A place near Bethlehem, mentioned Jer. xli. 17.


CHINNERETH. A city of Naphtali, Josh. xix. 35. and a lake called most probably from the city by the same name. Numb. xxxiv. 11. Josh. xiii. 27. The lake is the same as that of Genesareth, which see, and Tiberias.

CHIOS. An island in the Ægean Sea, between Lesbos and Samos, celebrated by Horace and Martial for the excellence of its wine and figs. It is mentioned Acts xx. 15.


CHORAZIN. A city of Galilee, two or three miles distant from Capernaum, on the sea of Genesareth. Mat. xi. 21. Luke x. 13.

CILICIA. A country of the Lesser Asia, having Pamphylia on the west, Pieria on the east, mount Taurus on the north, and the Cilician Sea on the south. Cicero was pro-consul here; and here in Tarsus Patil was born. In this province there was a synagogue. Acts vi. 9.

CITIES, Levitical. Their number was forty-eight; and they may be regarded as so many schools of learning, to which the people might resort. In this view their institution was wise and beneficial.

CLAUDA, An island near Crete, in the Mediterranean, Acts xxvii. 16. It lay south west of Crete.

CNIDUS. A city and promontory of the same name, in that part of the province of Caria, in the Lesser Asia,

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called Doris. It was famed for the worship of Venus, and for a statue of the goddess made by the celebrated Praxiteles. Paul sailed by it. Acts xxvii. 7.

COA. Mentioned 1 Kings x. 28. 1 Chron. i. 16. It is perhaps the same place as Coos, whence Solomon might buy horses as well as from Egypt.


COLOSSE. A city of Phrygia Minor, standing on the river Lyceus; and was situated at an equal distance between Laodicea and Hierapolis. Paul wrote an epistle to a church here, in which he mentions these three cities together. Col. iv. 13. Eusebius relates that they were destroyed by an earthquake in the tenth year of Nero, and not long after Paul wrote his epistle. They were rebuilt, but Colosse has long ago been made a desolation.

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COOS. An island of the Archipelago, lying near the south-west point of Asia Minor. Acts xx. 1, 5. celebrated as the birth-place of Hippocrates the physician, and Apelles the painter; and for its manufactory of vests, something like our gauzes, which the Roman ladies highly valued.

CORINTH. This was a noble city of Achaia-propria, anciently called Ephyre, but afterwards Corinth from one Corinthus who took and rebuilt it. This city was advantageously situated, not only for trade, but for the command of all Greece, lying at the bottom of the isthmus, or neck of land, which joins the Morea to the main land. The inhabitants were employed in commerce, and in consequence became numerous and wealthy. The merchants from Asia and Italy met here, and transacted their business. The Acro-Corinthus, or citadel, built on a high rock, had a delightful view of the two gulfs, and an extensive prospect of the land east and west. It had two sea-ports, that on the Ægean named Cenchræa, and that on the Ionian Sea, Lechæus. The people, proud of their wealth and the strength of their city, treated the Roman legates with great insolence, which induced L. Memmius, to sack and burn it. In the burning of it so many statues of gold, silver, brass and other metals were melted together, that hence arose that mixed metal, called Corinthian-brass, and esteemed of more value than gold. The buildings of this city were noble, and ornamented with pillars ever since called by the name of the Corinthian Order. Many philosophers dwelt here, and the people were celebrated for their wisdom, and called "the light and glory of Greece." 1 Cor. iv. 9, 10. They had a famous temple of Venus, to whom, says Strabo, a thousand prostitutes were consecrated, whence they became infamous to a proverb for their licentiousness. Hence Paul speaks so much against this vice in his epistles to them. Here the Jews resorted and dwelt in great numbers, as well as in most parts of the Peloponnesus; and had a synagogue. Acts xviii. 8.

CRETE. An island in the Mediterranean, at a nearly equal distance from Europe and Asia, opposite the Archipelago, now called Candia. It is also nearly opposite to Egypt, and was probably peopled from thence. It was anciently called Macarios, or the Happy Island, for the goodness of the soil, and temperature of the air. In ancient times Minos and Rhadamanthus reigned here, whose laws were of great repute among the Greeks; and who for their equity are feigned by the poets to be the judges in the world of spirits. The inhabitants were good seamen, but addicted to gluttony and lying. Tit. i. 12. The Venetians long possessed this island, but the Turks reduced it under their power in 1669, to whom it has since been subject. Phænice was a port of Crete, lying on the south-west of the island, where the master of the ship in which Paul sailed had intended to put in and winter. Acts xxvii. 12.

CYPRUS. An island at the bottom of the Mediterranean Sea, lying about one hundred miles west from the main land of Syria, opposite the district and city called Seleucia; and about sixty miles south-west of Cilicia. Its length from east to west is about two hundred miles; its breadth about sixty; and therefore one of the largest isles in the Mediterranean. The inhabitants of it are called Chittim or Chittites, from Chittim, the brother of Tarshish. Hence they are mentioned together. Isa. xxiii. Tarshish is in Cilicia, where was a city called Tarsus, well known as the birth-place of Paul. Its present name is derived from the Cyprus-tree, which grows here in great abundance. Joses was a native of this island. Acts iv. 36. Some disciples who were scattered by the persecution, on the death of Stephen, came here preaching to the Jews. Acts xi. 19. Some of the Cyprians preached to the Greeks, ver. 20. Paul and Barnabas went here on sailing from Antioch, Acts xiii. 4. and preached at Salamis, a town or city on the eastern part. Mnason an old disciple lived here, Acts xxi. 16. The Jews abounded in this island; and rebelling they slew two hundred and forty thousand of the inhabitants.

CYRENE. A celebrated city and country of Africa, west of Egypt on the Mediterranean Sea. Of this city was Simon, on whom the soldiers laid the cross of our Lord, Luke xxiii. 26. See Lybea.


DABBASHETH. A city in the tribe of Zebulon. Josh. xix. 11.

DABERATH. A city of Issachar on the borders of Zebulon. Josh. xix. 12. & xxi. 28. 1 Chron. vi. 57. DALMANUTHA. A district on the east side of the sea of Galilee, and not far from Tiberias, and Magdala. Mark viii. 10. See Magdala.

DALMATIA. A province of Illyricum, which was divided into Liburnia and Dalmatia, lying on the Adriatic




or Gulf of Venice. Dalmatia was to the east adjoining Macedonia. Titus went to this country as Paul informs Timothy. 2 Tim. iv. 10.

DAMASCUS. This city is of very great antiquity, being the birth-place of Abraham's servant Eliezer. Gen. xv. 2. Nor less considerable on account of its greatness and strength, being for ages the capital of Syria, and the residence of the Syrian kings, mentioned in the Old Testament. It is situated in a plain of great extent, so that the mountains which encompass on the farther side can but just be seen. It stands on the west side of the plain, at the foot of mount Libanus, or Lebanon, and is surrounded by hills in the manner of a triumphal arch. It is bounded by the river Chrysorrhoas, now called the Barady, whose waters are let into various canals, which intersect the plain, and thus become the source of the most luxuriant vegetation. The present city is near two miles long, and is surrounded by gardens extending above twenty miles round, which makes it look like a noble city in a vast wood. Saul obtained letters of authority to the Jews of this city, to seize all that had embraced the christian faith; but on his way hither was converted. Acts ix. 1, &c. Here dwelt Ananias, who was sent to open Saul's eyes, and to assure him that he should receive the Holy Spirit; and probably he baptized him. Here Saul began to preach Christ in the synagogues. Acts ix. 10-22. From this place he went into Arabia, where he received a full revelation of the gospel; and this excursion probably was made before he preached in the synagogues. Aretas king of Arabia Petrea, a tributary of the Roman emperor, had then the jurisdiction of Damascus and its territory; and the unbelieving Jews stirred him up to apprehend Saul, but the disciples contrived to send him away. Gal. i. 17. 2 Cor. xi. 31, 32.

DAN. A city belonging to the tribe of Dan, formerly called Leshem, situated in the north-border of the land of Israel. Hence "from Dan to Beersheba," denotes from one extremity of the land to another. It was near Cæsarea Philippi, and not far from Lebanon, and the heads of the Jordan. Josh. xix. 47. Judges xviii. 29. Deut. xxxiv. 1.

DEBIR. A city in the tribe of Judah, formerly called Kirjath-sepher, and Kirjath-sanah. Josh. xv. 15, 49. The tribe of Gad extended from Mahanaim to Debir. Josh. xiii. 26. Some think this city was a seat of learning, hence called the Book-city, and the sharpening city, as the two old names signify.


DECAPOLIS. The ten cities and their district, which united for their security and defence, lying in Iturea and Peræa. D'Anville reckons them to be Scythopolis, Gadara, Hippas, Gerosa, Canatha, Pella, Dium, Philadelphia, and Capitolias. Others reckon them differently. Mat. iv. 25. Mark v. 20. & vii. 31. These cities were probably inhabited by Gentiles.

DEDAN. As towns and cities took their names often from their founders, it is probable that Dedan, mentioned Gen. x. 7. gave his name to a city on the Arabian side of the Persian Gulf. To this refers Ezek. xxv. 13. & xxvii. 15. Jer. xxv. 23. & xlix. 8. The two latter passages are thought to refer to a city of Arabia, founded by a son of Abraham called Dedan. Gen. xxv. 5.

DERBE. A city of Lycaonia, in the Lesser Asia, to which Paul came after he had been stoned at Lystra, another city of the same province. Acts xiv. 6, 20. See Lycaonia.

DIBLATH. The same as Almon-Diblathaim, Numb. xxxiii. 46. a city of the Moabites, at no great distance from the mountains of Abarim. Ezek. vi. 14. Jer. xlviii. 22. In the last prophet it is called Beth-Diblaim.

DIBON. A city of Judah, Neh. xi. 25. Also a city of Moab. Numb. xxi. 30. & xxxii. 3. Josh. xiii. 9, 17. Isa. xv. 2. This is thought to be the same as Dimon. Isa. xv. 9. and Dimonah, Josh. xv. 22. This city was at no great distance from Heshbon.

DIBON-GAD. A city of Moab. Numb. xxxiii. 45, 46. Perhaps the same as Dibon.

DILEAN. A city of Judah. Josh. xv. 38.

DIMNAH. A city of Zebulon. Josh. xxi. 35. It is supposed to be the same as Rimmon, 1 Chron. vi. 77. and Remmon-methoar-neah. Josh. xix. 13.

DIMON. See Dibon.

DINHABAH. A city in Edom. 1 Chron. i. 43.

DOPHKAH. A station of the Israelites in the wilderness. Num. xxxiii. 12, 13.

DOR. A maritime city of Manasseh. Josh. xi. 2. & xii. 23. Judges i, 27. 1 Kings iv. 11. It was about twelve miles distant from Cæsarea, and now called Tartoura.

DOTHAN. A city not above twelve miles from Shechem, or Samaria north. It was in the way in which the Ishmaelite merchants went from Gilead to Egypt. Gen. xxxvii. 17. 1 Kings vi. 13.

DUMAH. A town of Judah. Josh. xv. 52. Dumah, Isa. xxi. 11. is generally supposed to denote Idumea. DURA. A plain or valley in the province of Babylon. Dan. iii. 1. Here Nebuchadnezzar set up his image of



EAST. The country whence the Magians came, who saw the star, which appeared on the birth of our Lord. Mat. ii. 1. Arabia is called Kedem or the East; and from some part of it they came.

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